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Not felt, nor shall be twice; for never more Is not so heinous now, foretasted fruit,
Profan'd first by the serpent, by him first
Lives, as thou saidst, and gains to live, as Man, Of danger tasted, nor to evil unknown
Higher degree of life : inducement strong
To us, as likely tasting to attain
Nor can I think that God, Creator wise,
Though threatening, will in earnest so destroy Not dead, as we are threaten'd, but thenceforth Us his prime creatures, dignified so high, Endued with human voice and human sense, Set over all his works; which in our fall, Reasoning to admiration; and with me
For us created, needs with us must fail, Persuasively hath so prevail'd, that I
Dependent made ; so God shall uncreate, Have also tasted, and have also found
Be frustrate, do, undo, and labor lose; The effects to correspond; opener mine eyes Not well conceiv'd of God, who, though his power Dim erst, dilated spirits, ampler heart,
Creation could repeat, yet would he loth And growing up to godhead; which for thee Us to abolish, lest the adversary Chicly I sought, without thee can despise. Triumph, and say; .Fickle their state whom God For bliss, as thou hast part, to me is bliss;
Most favors; who can please him long? Me first Tedious, unshard with thee, and odious soon. He ruin'd, now Mankind; whom will he next?' Thou therefore also taste, that equal lot
Matter of scorn, not to be given the foe. May join us, equal joy, as equal love;
However I with thee have fix'd my lot, Lest, ibou not tasting, different degree
Certain to undergo like doom: if death Disjoin us, and I then too late renounce
Consort with thee, death is to me as life; Deity for thee when Fate will not permit.” So forcible within my heart I feel
Thus Eve with countenance blithe her story told; The bond of Nature draw me to my own ; But in her cheek distemper flushing glow'd. My own in thee, for what thou art is mine : On the other side, Adam, soon as he heard Our state cannot be sever'd; we are one, The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz’d,
One Resh: to lose thee were to lose myself.”
So Adam; and thus Eve to him replied.
Engaging me to emulate; but, short
Adam? from whose dear side I boast me sprung, “O fairest of creation, last and best
And gladly of our union hear thee speak, Of all God's works, creature in whom excell'd One heart, one soul in both; whereof good proof Whatever can to sight or thought he form’d, This day affords, declaring thee resolvid, Holy, divine, good, amiable, or sweet!
Rather than death, or aught than death more dread How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost,
Shall separate us, link'd in love so dear,
Whose virtue, (for of good still good proceeds ;
Were it I thought death menac'd would ensue How can I live without thee! how forego This my attempt, I would sustain alone Thy sweet convérse, and love so dearly join'd, The worst, and not persuade thee, rather die To live again in these wild woods forlorn! Deserted, than oblige thee with a fact Should God create another Eve, and I
Pernicious to thy peace; chiefly, assur'd Another rib afford, yet loss of thee
Remarkably so late of thy so true, Would never from my heart: no, no! I feel So faithful, love unequall’d: but I feel The link of Nature draw me: flesh of flesh, Far otherwise the event; not death, but life Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state Augmented, open'd eyes, new hopes, new joys, Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe." Taste so divine, that what of sweet before So having said, as one from sad dismay
Hath touch'd my sense, flat seems to this, and harsh. Recomforted, and after thoughts disturbid
On my experience, Adam, freely taste, Submitting to what seem'd remediless,
And fear of death deliver to the winds." Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turn'd. So saying, she embrac'd him, and for joy
“ Bold deed thou hast presum'd, adventurous Eve, Tenderly wept; much won, that he his love And peril great provok'd, who thus hast dar'd, Had so ennobled, as of choice to incur Had it been only coveting to eye
Divine displeasure for her sake, or death. That sacred fruit, sacred to abstinence,
In recompense (for such compliance bad Much more to taste it under ban to touch.
Such recompense best merits) from the bough But past who can recall, or done, undo?
She gave him of that fair enticing fruit Not God Omnipotent, nor Fate; yet so
With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat, Perhaps thou shalt not die, perhaps the fact Against his better knowledge; not deceiv'd,
But fondly overcome with female charm.
To counterfeit man's voice; true in our fall, Earth trembled from her entrails, as again False in our promis'd rising; since our eyes In pangs; and Nature gave a second groan; Open'd we find indeed, and find we know Sky lourd ; and, muttering thunder, some sad drops Both good and evil; good lost, and evil got; Wept at completing of the mortal sin
Bad fruit of knowledge; if this be to know; Original : while Adam took no thought,
Which leaves us naked thus, of honor void,
Of innocence, of faith, of purity,
And in our faces evident the signs
Of foul concupiscence: whence evil store They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel Even shame, the last of evils ; of the first Divinity within them breeding wings,
Be sure then.-How shall I behold the face Wherewith to scorn the earth: but that false fruit Henceforth of God or angel, erst with joy Far other operation first display'd,
And rapture so oft beheld? Those heavenly shapes Carnal desire inflaming: he on Eve
Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Began to cast lascivious eyes; she him
Insufferably bright. O! might I here
In solitude live savage; in some glade
“Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste, To star or sun-light, spread their umbrage broad And elegant, of sapience no small part;
And brown as evening: cover me, ye pines ! Since to each meaning savor we apply
Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs And palate call judicious; I the praise
Hide me, where I may never see them more! Yield thee, so well this day thou hast purvey’d. But let us now, as in bad plight, devise Much pleasure we have lost, while we abstain'd What best may for the present serve to hide From this delightful fruit, nor known till now The parts of each from other, that seem most True relish, tasting; if such pleasure be
To shame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen; In things to us forbidd'n, it might be wish'd, Some tree, whose broad smooth leaves together sew'd For this one tree had been forbidden ten. And girded on our loins, may cover round But come, so well refresh'd, now let us play, Those middle parts ; that this new comer, Shame, As meet is, after such delicious fare ;
There sit not, and reproach us as unclean." For never did thy beauty, since the day
So counsell'd he, and both together went I saw thee first and wedded thee, adorn'd
Into the thickest wood; there soon they chose With all perfections, so inflame my sense The fig-tree; not that kind for fruit renown's, With ardor to enjoy thee, fairer now
But such as at this day, to Indians known, Than ever: bounty of this virtuous tree!” In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms
So said he, and forbore not glance or toy Branching so broad and long, that in the ground Of amorous intent; well understood
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire. About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade Her hand he seiz'd; and to a shady bank, High over-arch'd, and echoing walks between: Thick over-head with verdant roof embower'd, There oft the Indian herdsman, shunning heat, He led her nothing loth; flowers were the couch, Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds Pansies, and violets, and asphodel,
At loop-holes cut through thickest shade : those And hyacinths; Earth's freshest softest lap.
leaves There they their fill of love and love's disport They gather’d, broad as Amazonian targe; Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal, And, with what skill they had, together sewd, The solace of their sin: till dewy sleep
To gird their waist ; vain covering, if to hide Oppress'd them, wearied with their amorous play. Their guilt and dreaded shame! O, how unlike Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit,
To that first naked glory! Such of late That with exhilarating vapor bland
Columbus found the American, so girt About their spirits had play'd, and inmost powers With feather'd cincture ; naked else, and wild Made err, was now exhal'd; and grosser sleep, Among the trees on isles and woody shores. Bred of unkindly fumes, with conscious dreams Thus fenc'd, and, as they thought, their shame in part Encumber'd, now had left them; up they rose Cover'd, but not at rest or ease of mind, As from unrest; and, each the other viewing, They sat them down to weep; nor only tears Soon found their eyes how open'd, and their minds Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within How darkend: innocence, that as a veil Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was gone ; Mistrust, suspicion, discord ; and shook sore Just confidence and native righteousness, Their inward state of mind, calm region once And honor, from about them, naked left
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent: To guilty shame; he cover'd, but his robe For Understanding ruld not, and the Will Uncover'd more. So rose the Danite strong, Heard not her lore ; both in subjection now Herculean Samson, from the harlot-lap
To Sensual Appetite, who from beneath of Philistéan Dalilah, and wak'd
Usurping over sovran Reason claim'd
Adam, estrang'd in look and alter'd style, Confounded, long they sat, as strucken mute : Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewid. [staid Till Adam, though not less than Eve abash'd, Would thou hadst hearkened to my words, and At length gave utterance to these words constrain’d. With me, as I besought thee, when that strange
“O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give ear Desire of wandering, this unhappy morn, To that false worm, of whomsoever taught I know not whence possess’d thee; we had then
Remain'd still happy ; not, as now, despoil'd
committed, resolve to sit no longer confined Of all our good; sham'd, naked, miserable !
in Hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve place of Man: to make the way easier from The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail." highway or bridge over Chaos, according to the To whom, soon moy'd with touch of blame, thus track that Satan first made; then, preparing for Eve.
Earth, they meet him, proud of his success, reWhat words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe ! turning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan Imput'st thou that to my default, or will
arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows with boasting his success against Man; instead But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, of applause is entertained with a general hiss by Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there, all his audience, transformed with himself also Or here the attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd suddenly into serpents according to his doom Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake;
given in Paradise ; then, deluded with a show of No ground of enmity between us known,
the forbidden tree springing up before them, they, Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm. greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust Was I to have never parted from thy side ?
and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and As good have grown there still a lifeless rib.
Death; God foretells the final victory of his Son Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head,
over them, and the renewing of all things; but Command me absolutely not to go,
for the present, commands his angels to make Going into such danger, as thou saidst ?
several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay ; Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen con. Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
dition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.” then, 10 evade the curse likely to fall on their off
To whom, then first incens'd, Adam replied. spring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which “ Is this the love, is this the recompense
he approves not; but, conceiving belter hope, Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve! Express'd
puts her in mind of the late promise made them, Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I;
that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; Who might have liv’d, and joy'd immortal bliss, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the Yet willingly chose rather death with thee?
offended Deity, by repentance and supplication. And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing ? Not enough severe, MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act It seems, in thy restraint: what could I more? Of Satan done in Paradise ; and how I warn 'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
He, in the serpent, had perverted Eve, The danger, and the lurking enemy
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit, That lay in wait; beyond this had been force; Was known in Heaven; for what can 'scape the eye And force upon free-will haih here no place. Of God all-sceing, or deceive his heart But confidence then bore thee on; secure
Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just, Either to meet no danger, or to find
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Maller of glorious trial; and perhaps
Of Man, with strength entire, and free-will, arm’d; I also errd, in over-much admiring
Complete to have discover'd and repuls'u What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. No evil durst attempt thee; but I rue
For still they knew, and ought to have still reThat error now, which is become my crime,
And, manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.
Up into Heaven from Paradise in haste Thus they in mutual accusation spent
The angelic guards ascend, mute, and sad, The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning, For Man; for of his state by this they knew, And of their vain contést appear'd no end. Much wondering how the subtle fiend had stol'n
Soon as the unwelcome news
From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate, displeas'd BOOK X
All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet, mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.
About the new-arriv’d, in multitudes
forsake Paradise, and return up to Heaven to How all befell; they towards the throne supreme,
Foretold so lately what would come to pass, Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
[first On his bad errand; Man should be seduc'd,
He came; and with him Eve, more loth, though And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
To offend; discountenanc'd both, and discompos'd; Against his Maker ; no decree of mine
Love was not in their looks, either to God,
Or to each other; but apparent guilt,
Anger, and obstinacy, and hate, and guile.
“ My voice thou oft hast heard, and hast not fear'd, By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find But still rejoic'd; how is it now become Forbearance no acquittance, ere day end.
So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked, who Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.
Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree, But whom send I to judge them ? whom but thee, Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat ? Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferr'd
To whom thus Adam sore beset replied. All judgment, whether in Heaven, or Earth, or Hell. “O Heaven! in evil strait this day I stand Easy it may be seen that I intend
Before my judge; either to undergo Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee Myself the total crime, or to accuse Man's friend, his Mediator, his design'd
My other self, the partner of my life ; Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary,
Whose failing, while her faith to me remains, And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall'n." I should conceal, and not expose to blame
So spake the Father; and, unfolding bright By my complaint: but strict necessity Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son Subdues me, and calamitous constraint; Blaz’d forth unclouded deity: he full
Lest on my head both sin and punishment, Resplendent all his Father manifest
However insupportable, be all Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild. Devolv’d; though should I hold my peace, yet thor Father Eternal, thine is to decree;
Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.Mine, both in Heaven and Earth, to do thy will This woman, whom thou mad'st to be my help, Supreme; that thou in me, thy Son belov’d, And gav'st me as thy perfect gift, so good, May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge So fit, so acceptable, so divine, On Earth these thy transgressors; but thou know'st, That from her hand I could suspect no ill, Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light, And what she did, whatever in itself, When time shall be ; for so I undertook
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed; Before thee; and, not repenting, this obtain She gave me of the tree, and I did eat.” of right, that I may mitigate their doom
To whom the Sovran Presence thus replied. On me deriv'd; yet I shall temper so
" Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey Justice with mercy, as may illustrate most Before his voice? or was she made thy guide, Them fully satisfied, and thee appease.
Superior, or but equal, that to her Attendance none shall need, nor train, where none Thou didst resign thy manhood, and the place Are to behold the judgment, but the judg'd, Wherein God set thee above her made of thee, Those two; the third best absent is condemn’d, And for thee, whose perfection far excell'd Convict by flight, and rebel to all law :
Hers in all real dignity? Adorn'd
She was indeed, and lovely, to attract
Unseemly to bear rule; which was thy part
So having said, he thus to Eve in few. Down he descended straight; the speed of gods · Say, woman, what is this which thou hast doner Time counts not, though with swiftest minutes To whom sad Eve, with shame nigh overwhelm'd wing'd.
Confessing soon, yet not before her judge Now was the Sun in western cadence low Bold or loquacious, thus abash'd replied. From noon, and gentle airs, due at their hour, • The serpent me beguild, and I did eat.” To fan the Earth now wak’d, and usher in
Which when the Lord God heard, without delay The evening cool; when he, from wrath more cool, To judgment he proceeded on the accus'd Came the mild judge, and intercessor both, Serpent, though brute; unable to transfer To sentence Man: the voice of God they heard The guilt on him, who made him instrument Now walking in the garden, by soft winds Of mischief, and polluted from the end Brought to their ears, while day declin’d; they heard, of his creation; justly then accurs'u, And from his presence hid themselves among As vitiated in nature : more to know The thickest trees, both man and wife; till God, Concern'd not Man, (since he no further knew,) Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud.
Nor alter'd his oflence; yet God at last Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet To Satan first in sin his doom applied, My coming seen far off? I miss thee here, Though in mysterious terms, judg'd as then best Not pleas'd, thus entertain’d with solitude, And on the serpent thus luis curse let fall. Where obvious duly erewhile appear’d unsought: Because thou hast done this, thou art accurs'
Above all cattle, each beast of the field;
Beyond this deep: whatever draws me on, Upon thy belly grovelling thou shalt go,
Or sympathy, or some connatural force,
With secret amity, things of like kind,
For Death from Sin no power can separate.
But, lest the difficulty of passing back Saw Satan fall, like lightning, down from Heaven, Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Prince of the air; then, rising from his grave, Impassable, impervious; let us try Spoil'd principalities and powers, triumph'd Adventurous work, yet to thy power and mine In open show; and, with ascension bright, Not unagreeable, to found a path Captivity led captive throngh the air,
Over this main from Hell to that new world, The realm itself of Satan, long usurp'd ;
Where Satan now prevails ; a monument
Nor can I miss the way, so strongly drawn
Whom thus the meagre shadow answer'd soon Thine shall submit; he over thee shall rule." “Go whither Fate, and inclination strong,
On Adam last thus judgment he pronounc'd. Leads thee; I shall not lag behind, nor err “ Because thou hast hearken d to the voice of thy wife, The way, thou leading; such a scent I draw And eaten of the tree, concerning which
Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste I charg'd thee, saying, • Thou shalt not eat thereof: The savor of death from all things there that live: Curs'd is the ground for thy sake; thou in sorrow Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Shalt eat thereof, all the days of thy life;
| Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid." Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee forth So saying, with delight he snuff'd the smell Unbid; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; Of mortal change on Earth. As when a flock In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, of ravenous fowl, though many a league remote, Till thou return unto the ground; for thou Against the day of battle, to a field, Out of the ground wast taken, know thy birth, Where armies lie encamp'd, come flying, lur'd For dust thou ari, and shalt to dust return." With scent of living carcasses design'd
So judg'd he Man, both judge and savior sent; For death, the following day, in bloody fight : And the instant stroke of death, denounc'd that day, So scented the grim feature, and upturn'd Remov'd far off; then, pitying how they stood His nostril wide into the murky air; Before him naked to the air, that now
Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin
Then both from out Hell-gates, into the waste Thenceforth the form of servant to assume; Wide anarchy of Chaos, damp and dark, As when he wash'd his servants' feet; so now, Flew diverse; and with power (their power was great) As father of his farnily, he clad
Hovering upon the waters, what they met Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or slain, Solid or slimy, as in raging sea Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid; Tost up and down, together crowded drove, And thought not much to clothe his enemies : From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell : Nor he their outward only with the skins
As when two polar winds, blowing adverse Of beasts, but inward nakedness, much more Upon the Cronian sea, together drive Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness Mountains of ice, that stop the imagin'd way Arraying, cover'd from his Father's sight.
Beyond Petsora eastward, to the rich To him with swift ascent he up return'd,
Cathaian coast. The aggregated soil Into his blissful bosom reassum'd
Death with his mace petrific, cold and dry, In glory, as of old; to him appeasid,
As with a trident smote, and fix'd as firm All, though all-knowing, what had pass'd with Man As Delos, floating once ; the rest his look Recounted, mixing intercession sweet.
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move ; Meanwhile, ere thus was sinn'd and judg’don Earth, And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate, Within the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death, Deep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach In counterview within the gates, that now They fasten'd, and the mole immense wrought on Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame Over the foaming deep high-arch'd, a bridge Far into Chaos, since the fiend pass'd through, Of length prodigious, joining to the wall Sin opening; who thus now to Death began. Immovable of this now fenceless world,
"O son, why sit we here each other viewing Forfeit to Death ; from hence a passage broad, Idly, while Satan, our great author, thrives Smooth, easy, inoffensive, down to Hell. In other worlds, and happier seat provides So, if great things to small may be compar’d, For us, his offspring dear? It cannot be
Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke, But that success attends him ; if mishap,
From Susa, his Memnonian palace high, Ere this he had return'd, with fury driven Came to the sea; and, over Hellespont By his avengers; since no place like this
Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd, Can fit his punishment, or their revenge.
And scourg'd with many a stroke the indignant waves. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise, Now had they brought the work by wondrous art Wings growing, and dominion given me large, Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock,