On the amelioration of slavery

n. pub., 1816 - 336 頁

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第 321 頁 - ... forcibly separated from his wife and children, dragged to public auction, purchased by a stranger, and perhaps sent to terminate his miserable existence in the mines of Mexico; excluded for ever from the light of heaven! and all this without any crime or imprudence on his part, real or pretended. He is punished because his master is unfortunate.
第 313 頁 - The ergastula, or dungeons, where slaves in chains were forced to work, were very common all over ITALY.
第 336 頁 - England, and by those laws, we could not make a Christian a slave. I told him, my request was far different from that, for I desired him to make a slave a Christian. His answer was, That it was true, there was a great difference in that: But, being once a Christian, he could no more account...
第 330 頁 - I think the slaves have by law no protection. In this, and I doubt not in every other island, there are laws for the protection of slaves, and good ones ; but circumstances, in the administration of whatever law, render it a dead letter. " "When the intervention of the law...
第 336 頁 - I desired him to make a slave a Christian. His answer was, that it was true, there was a great difference in that : but, being once a Christian, he could no more account him a slave, and so lose the hold they had of them as slaves, by making them Christians ; and by that means should open such a gap, as all the planters in the Island would curse him. So I was struck mute, and poor Sambo kept out of the Church ; as ingenious, as honest, and as good a natured poor soul as ever wore black or eat green.
第 330 頁 - ... his slave, NO FREE PERSON BEING PRESENT TO WITNESS THE ACT. There appears to me a radical defect in the administration of justice throughout the West Indies, in whatever case the wrongs done to a slave are under consideration; or rather, that justice cannot in truth be administered, controlled as it is by a law of evidence which covers the most guilty European with impunity, provided that when having a criminal intent he is cautious not to commit the crime in the presence of a free witness.
第 328 頁 - that one day's labour in Jamaica will produce as much food as twenty-five could raise in Europe." Now, as the population of Europe do contrive, in the 313 working days of the year, to raise food enough to prevent their starving, it follows, that, by applying a twenty-fifth part of that time, or twelve days and a half in the year, to the growth of provisions, the slaves in Jamaica would at least...
第 313 頁 - ... only what might be expected. Now in return for his work and for his occasional punishments, the slave receives two shirts and two pairs of drawers in the course of the year, and frequently two straw hats — a mat to sleep upon, and a piece of baize with which to cover himself at night, — these last are, or rather ought to be, renewed, when worn out. The slave has his hut, for the furnishing of which he must himself provide. His food is salt meat or salt fish and the flour of the mandioc. The...
第 340 頁 - ... through a whole order of men. It is absurd to suppose that the mere difference of colour would present any objection to the amalgamation of society, if this was all that makes a difference of origin. The author of the " Thoughts," tells us that " next to the Spanish colonies their number was greater in proportion at St. Domingo than in any other island. There they instigated the slaves to massacre the whites, and were in their turn massacred by the slaves.
第 316 頁 - It is a truth well known, that the practice of polygamy, which universally prevails in Africa, is also very generally adopted among the negroes in the West Indies; and he who conceives that a remedy may be found for this, by introducing among them the laws of marriage as established in Europe, is utterly ignorant of their manners, propensities and superstitions.