網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版
[graphic]

Take all his company along with him.

Fal. My lord, my lord, Ch. Just. I cannot now speak: I will hear you soon.

100 Take them away. Pist. Si fortuna me tormenta, spero contentil. [Exeunt all but Prince John and the

Chief-Justice Lan. I like this fair proceeding of the king's He hath intent his wonted followers Shall all be very well provided for ; But all are banish'd till their conversations Appear more wise and modest to the world. Ch. Just. And so they are. Lan. The king hath call’d his parliament, Ch. Just. He hath.

110 Lan. I will lay odds that, ere this year ex

pire, We bear our civil swords and native fire As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, Whose music, to my thinking, pleased the king, Come, will you hence ?

[Exeunt.

[my lord

Fal. God save thy grace, King Hal! my royal Hal !

Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most royal imp of fame!

Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy!
King. My lord chief-justice, speak to that

vain man. Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you

what 'tis to speak ? Fal. My king! my Jove! I speak to thee, my heart?

50 King. I know thee not, old man : fall to

thy prayers; How ill white hairs become a fool and jester ! I have long dream'd of such a kind of man, So surfeit-swell’d, so old and so profane ; But, being awaked, I do despise my dream. Make less thy body hence, and more tlıy grace; Leave gormandizing; know the grave doth gape For thee thrice wider than for other men. Reply not to me with a fool-born jest: Presume not that I am the thing I was ; 60 For God doth know, so shall the world per

ceive, That I have turn'd away my former self ; So will I those that kept me company. When thou dost hear I am as I have been, Approach me, and thou shalt be as thou wast, The tutor and the feeder of my riots : Till then, I banish thee, on pain of death, As I have done the rest of my misleaders, Not to come near our person by ten mile. For competence of life I will allow you, 70 That lack of means enforce you not to evil : And, as we hear you do reform yourselves, We will, according to your strengths and qualities,

[my lord, Give you 'advancement. Be it your charge, To see perform’d the tenor of our word. Set on.

[Exeunt King, &c. Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand pound.

Shal. Yea, marry, Sir John ; which I beseech you to let me have home with me. 80

Fal. That can hardly be, Master Shallow. Do not you grieve at this ; I shall be sent for in private to him : look you, he must seem thus to the world : fear not your advancements ; I will be the inan yet that shall make you great.

Shal. I cannot well perceive how, unless you should give ine your doublet and stuff me out with straw. I beseech you, good Sir John, let me have five hundred of

my

thousand. Fal. Sir, I will be as geod as my word : this that you heard was but a color.

91 Shal. A color that I fear you will die in, Sir John.

Fal. Fear no colors: go with me to dinner: come, Lieutenant Pistol ; come, Bardolph: I shall be sent for soon at night. Re-enter PRINCE JOHN, the LORD CHIEF

JUSTICE ; Officers with them. Ch. Just. Go, carry Sir Johu Falstaff to the

Fleet:

EPILOGUE.

Spoken by a Dancer. First my fear; then my courtesy ; last nig speech. My fear is, your displeasure ; my courtesy, my duty; and my speech, to be your pardons. If you look for a good speech now, you undo me: for what I have to say is of mine owu making; and what indeed I should say will, I doubt, prove mine own marring: But to the purpose, and so to the venture, be it known to you, as it is very well, I was lately here in the end of a displeasing play, to pay your patience for it and to promise you a bete ter. I meant indeed to pay you with this which, is like an ill venture it come unluckily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditor, lose. Here I promised you I would be and here I commit my body to your mercies : hate me some and I will pay you some and, as must debtors do, promise you infinitely.

If my tongue cannot entrent you to acquit me, will you cominand me to use my legs? and yet that were but light payment, to dance out of your debt. But a good conscience will make any possible satisfaction, and so word I. All the gentlewomen here have forysta me: if the gentlemen will not, then the gende men do not agree with the gentlewomen, which was never seen before in such an assembly.

One word more, I beseech you. If yon la not too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author will continue the story, with Sir John in it, and make you merry with fair Katharine of France : where, for any thing I know, Fa:staff shall die of a sweat, unless already s' ive killed with your hard opinions; for Oldcastie died a martyr, and this is not the man My tongue is weary; when my legs are too, I wa bid you good night: and so kneel down before you ; but, indeed, to pray for the queen.

[graphic]
[blocks in formation]

а

This play is not mentioned by Meres, and the reference in the chorus of Act . to Essex in Iroland, and in the Prologue to this wooden 0,""

i.e. the Globe Theatre, built in 1599, make it probable that 1319 Fas the date of its production. A pirated imperfect quarto appeared in the following year. In this play Shakespeare bade farewell in trumpet tones to the history of England. It was a fitting climax to the

great series of works which told of the sorrow and the glory of bis country, embody; ing us it did the purest patriotism of the days of Elizabeth. And as the noblest glories of England are presented in this play, xo it presents Shakespeare's ideal of active, practical, heroic manhood. if Hamlet exhibits the dangers and weakness of the contemplative nature, and Prospero, its calm and its conquest, Henry exhibits the utmost greatness which the active nature can attain. He s not an astute politiciau like his father; having put every thing upon a sound substantial basis ho reed not strain anxious eyes of foresight to discern and provide for contingencies arising out of doubtful deeds ; for all that naturally comes within its range he has an unerring eye. A devotion to great objects outside of self fills him with a force of glorious enthusiasm. Hence his religious spirit and his humility or modesty-he feels that the strength he wields comes not from any clever disposition of forces due to his own prudence, but streams into him and through him from his Imople, his country, bis cause, his

God. He can be terrible to traitors, and his sternness is without a touch of personal revenge. In the inidst of danger he can feel so free from petty heart-eating cares as to enjoy a piece of lionest, soldierly mirth. His wooing is as plain, frank, and true as are his acts cf piety. He unites around himself in loyal service, the jarring nationalities of his father's timeI nglishmen, Scotchreen, Welshmen, Irishmen, all are at Henry's side at Agincourt. Having presented his ideal of English kinghood, Shakespeare could turn aside from history. In this play no character except Henry greatly interested Shakespeare, unless it be the Welsh Fluellen, whom he lores (as Scott loved the Baron of Bradwardine) for his real simplicity underlying his apparatus of learning, and his touching faith in the theory of warfare.

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ.

RING HEXRY the Fifth.
DUKE OF GLOUCESTER, } brothers to the King.
KE OF BEDFORD,
UCKE OF EXETER, uncle to the King.
DUKE OF YORK, cousin to the King.
CARLS OF SALISBURY, WESTMORELAND, and

WARWICK
TECEBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.
Ir-ROP OF ELY.
AEL OF CAMBRIDGE.
APD SCROOP.
IR THOMAS GREY.
2 THOBIAS ERPINGHAM, GOWER, FLUELLEN,

MACMORRIS, 'JAMY, officers in King

Henry's army.
ATES, COURT, WILLIAMS, soldiers in the

8810E
STOL, NYM, BARDOLPH.
Herald.

CHARLES the Sixth, King of France.
LEWIS, the Dauphin.
DUKES OF BURGUNDY, ORLEANS, and BOUR-

BON.
The Constable of France.
RAMBURES and GRANDPRE, French Lords.
Governor of Harfleur.
MONTJOY, a French Herald.
Ambassadors to the King of England.
ISABEL, Queen of France.
KATHARINE, daughter to Charles and Isabel
ALICE, a lady attending on her.
Hostess of å tavern in Eastcheap, formerly

Mistress Quickly, and now married to

Pistol.
Lords, Ladies, Officers, Soldiers, Citizens, Mes-
sengers, and Attendants.

Chorus.
SCENE : England ; afterwards France.

[ocr errors]
[graphic]

PROLOGUE.

Enter Chorus. Chor. O for a Muse of fire, that would as

cend The brightest heaven of invention, A kingdom for a stage, princes to act And monarchs to behold the swelling scene ! Then should the warlike Harry, like himself, Assume the port of Mars ; and at his heels, Leash'd in like hounds, should famine, sword

and fire Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles

all, The flat unraised spirits that have dared On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth 10 So great an object : can this cockpit lold The vasty fields of France ? or may we cram Within this wooden 0 the very casques That did affright the air at Agincourt ? o, pardon! since a crooked figure may Attest in little place a million ; And let us, ciphers to this great accompt, On your imaginary forces work. Suppose within the girdle of these walls Are now confined two mighty monarchies, 20 Whose high upreared and abntting fronts The perilons narrow ocean parts asunder : Piece out our imperfections with your

thoughts ; Into a thousand parts divide one man, And make imaginary puissance ; Think when we talk of horses, that you see

them Printing their proud hoofs i' the receiving

earth; For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our

kings, Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er

times, Tarning the accomplishment of many years 30 Into an hour-glass : for the which supply, Admit me Chorus to this history ; Who prologue-like your humble patience pray, Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play:

[Exit.

We lose the better half of our possession :
For all the temporal lands which men devont
By testament have given to the church 10
Would they strip from us ; being valued thus :
As much as would maintain, to the king's

honor,
Full fifteen earls and fifteen hundred knights,
Six thousand and two hundred good esquires :
And, to relief of lazars and weak age,
Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil,
A hundred almshouses right well supplied ;
And to the coffers of the king beside,
A thousand pounds by the year : thus runs

the bill. Ely. This would drink dep. Cant. "Twould drink the cup and all. 20 Ely. But what prevention ? Cant. The king is full of grace and fair re

gard. Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. Cant. The courses of his youth promised if

not. The breath no sooner left his father's body, But that his wildness, mortified in him, Seem'd to die too ; yea, at that very moment Consideration, like an angel, came And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him, Leaving his body as a paradise, To envelop and contain celestial spirits. Never was such a sudden scholar made : Never came reformation in a flood, With such a heady currance, scouring faults Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness So soon did lose his seat and all at once As in this king. Ely.

We are blessed in the change Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity, And all-admiring with an inward wish You would desire the king were made

prelate : Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs, You would say it hath been all in all hi

study: List his discourse of war, and you shall hear A fearful battle render'd you in music : Turn him to any cause of policy, The Gordian kuot of it he will unloose, Familiar as his garter : that, when he speak The air, a charter'd libertine, is still, And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears, To steal his sweet and honey'd sentences ; So that the art and practic part of life Must be the mistress to this theoric : Which is a wonder how his grace should glea

it, Since his addiction was to courses rain, His companies unletter'd, rude and shallow, His hours filld up with riots, banquets, sport And never noted in him any study, Any retirement, any sequestration From open haunts and popularity. Ely. The strawberry grows underneath t]

nettle And wholesome berries thrive and ripen be Neighbor'd by fruit of baser quality : And so the prince obscured his contemplatia

ACT I.

SCENE I. London. An ante-chamber in the

KING's palace. Enter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and

the BishOP OF ELY. Cant. My lord, I'll tell you ; that self bill

is urged, Which in the eleventh year of the last king's

reign Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd, But that the scambling and unquiet time Did push it out of farther question. Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it

now ? Cant. It must be thought on. If it pass

against us,

[graphic]

Cnder the veil of wildness ; which, no doubt,
Grey like the summer grass, fastest by night,
Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty.
Cant. It must be so ; for miracles are

ceased ;
And therefore we must needs admit the means
How things are perfected.

But, my good lord,
How now for mitigation of this bill

70
Urged by the commons ? Doth his majesty
Incline to it, or no?
Cant.

He seems indifferent,
Or rather swaying more upon our part
Than cherishing the exhibiters against us ;
For I have made an offer to his majesty,
Upon car spiritual convocation
And in regard of causes now in hand,
Which I save open'd to his grace at large,
As touching France, to give a greater sum
Than ever at one time the clergy yet 80
Did to his predecessors part withål.
Ely. How did this offer seem received, my

lord ?
Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty;
Sare that there was not time enough to hear,
As I perceived his grace would fain have done,
The sererals and unhidden passages
Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms
And generally to the crown and seat of France
Derived from Edward, his great-grandfather.
Ely. What was the impediment that broke
this off ?

90 Cant. The French ambassador upon that

instant Crared audience; and the hour, I think, is

come To give him hearing : is it four o'clock ?

Ely. It is. Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy; Which I could with a ready guess declare, Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Ely. I'll wait upon you, and I long to hear

(Exeunt. SCENE IL The same. The Presence chamber. Enter KıxG HENRY, GLOUCESTER, BEDFORD,

EXETER, WARWICK, WESTMORELAND, and
Attendants.
K. Hen. Where is my gracious Lord of

Canterbury ?
Ere. Not here in presence.
K. Hen.

Send for him, good uncle. West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my

liege ? K. Hen Not yet, my cousin : we would be

resolved, efore we hear him, of some things of weight at task our thoughts, concerning us and

France. ter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and

the BISHOP OF ELY. Cant. God and his angels guard your

sacred throne d make you long become it! < Blen.

Sure, we thank you.

My learned lord, we pray you to proceed
And justly and religiously unfold

10 Why the law Salique that they have in France Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim ; And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord, That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your

reading, Or nicely charge your understanding soul With opening titles miscreate, whose right Suits not in native colors with the truth ; For God doth know how many now in health Shall drop their blood in approbation Of what your reverence shall incite us to. 2 Therefore take heed how you impawn our per

son, How you awake our sleeping sword of war: We charge you, in the name of God, take heed ; For never two such kingdoms did contend Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless

drops Are every one a woe, a sore complaint 'Gainst him whose wrong gives edge unto the

swords That make such waste in brief mortality. Under this conjuration, speak, my lord ; For we will hear, note and believe in heart That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd

31 As pure as sin with baptism. Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,

and you peers, That owe yourselves, your lives and services To this imperial throne. There is no bar To make against your highness'claim to France But this, which they produce from Pharamond, 'In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant:' No woman shall succeed in Salique land :' Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze To be the realm of France, and Pbaramond 41 The founder of this law and female bar. Yet their own authors faithfully affirm That the land Salique is in Germany, Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe ; Where Charles the Great, having subdued the

Saxons, There left behind and settled certain French; Who, holding in disdain the German women For some dishonest marners of their life, Establish'd then this law; to wit, no female 50 Should be inheritrix in Salique land : Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala, Is at this day in Germany call'd Meisen. Then doth it well appear that Salique law Was not devised for the realm of France: Nor did the French possess the Salique land Until four hundred one and twenty years After defunction of King Pharamond, Idly supposed the founder of this law; Who died within the year of our redemption Four hundred twenty-six ; and Charles the Great

61 Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the Frendi Beyond the river Sala, in the year Eight Jaundred five. Besides, their writers say, King lepin, which deposed Childeric, Did, as heir general, being descended

it

[graphic]

of Blithild, which was daughter to King Clo- Is in the very May-morn of his youth, 130 thair,

Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises. Make claim and title to the crown of France. Ere. Your brother kings and monarchs of Magh Capet also, who usurped the crown

the earth Of Charles the duke of Lorraine, sole heir Do all expect that you should rouse yourseli, male

70 As did the former lions of your blood. Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great, West. They know your grace hath cau. To find his title with some shows of truth,

and means and might; Though, in pure truth, it was corrupt and So hath your highness ; never king of England naught,

Had nobles richer and more loyal subjects, Conrey'd himself as heir to the Lady Lingare, Whose hearts have left their bodies her in Dilugliter to Charlemain, who was the son

England To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France. Of Charles the Great. Also King Lewis the Cant. 0, let their bodies follow, my dear Tenth,

liege,

131 Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet, With blood and sword and fire to win your Could not keep quiet in luis conscience,

right; Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied 80 In aid whereof we of the spiritualty That fair Queen Isabel, his grandmother, Will raise your highness such a mighty sum Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare,

As never did the clergy at one time Dug!ter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lor- Bring in to any of your ancestors. raine :

K. Hen. We must not only arm to invade By the which marriage the line of Charles the the French, Great

But lay down our proportions to defend Was re-united to the crown of France.

Against the Scot, who will make road upon So that, as clear is is the summer's sun, With all advantages. King Pepin's title and Hugh Capet's claim, Cant. They of those marches, gracio King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear

sovereign, To hold in right and title of the female :

Shall be a wall sufficient to defend So do the kings of France unto this day ; 90 Our inland from the pilfering borderers Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law K. Hen. We do not mean the coursing To bar your highness claiming from the female,

snatchers only, And rather choose to hide thein in a net

But fear the main intendment of the Scot, Than amply to imbar their crooked titles Who hath been still a giddy neighbor to us : Usurp'd from you and your progenitors. For you shall read that my great-grandfather K. Hen. May I with right and conscience Never went with his forces into France make this claim ?

But that the Scot on his unfurnish'd kingdom Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sover- Came pouring, like the tide into a breach, eign!

With ample and brim fulness of his force, 14 For in the book of Numbers is it writ,

Galling the gleaned land with hot assays, When the man dies. let the inheritance 99 Girding with grievous siege castles and towns Desceud unto the daughter. Gracious lord, That England, being empty of defence, Stand for your own ; unwind your bloody fag; Hath shook and trembled at the ill neigh bei: Look back into your mighty ancestors :

hood. Go, my dread lord, to your great-grandsire's Cant. She hath been then more fear'd thai tomb,

harm’d, my liege ; From whom you claim ; invoke his warlike For hear her

but exampled by herself : spirit,

When all her chivalry hath been in France And your great-uncle's, Edward the Black And she a mourning widow of her nobles, Prince.

She hath herself not only well defended Who on the French ground play'd a tragedy, But taken and impounded as a stray

10 Miking defeat on the full power of France, The King of Scots ; whom she did sendo Whiles his most mighty father on a hill

France, Stood smiling to behold his lion's whelp To fill King Edward's fame with prisoner hing Forage in blood of French nobility.

110 And make her chronicle as rich with praise O noble English, that could entertuin

As is the ooze and bottom of the sea With half their forces the full pride of France With sunken wreck and sunless treasures And let another half stand laughing by,

West. But there's a saying very old All out of work and cold for action !

true, Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant

If that you will France win, dead

Then with Scotland first begin : And with your puissant arm renew their feats: For once the eagle England being in prey, You are their heir ; you sit upon their throne; To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot The blood and courage that renowned them Comes sneaking and so sucks her princely eg Runs in your veins, and my thrice-puissant | Playing the mouse in absence of the cat.

; liege

To tear and havoc more than she can eat

« 上一頁繼續 »