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AVAILABLE MILITARY MAN-POWER OF THE WORLD.
(Revised by the United States War Department as of Oct. 1, 1926.)

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-Compulsory service, British and Colonial India. d-Estimated. e-National Military Police. units outside of India, c-Includes British troops inf-Gendarmerie; no active army.

MILITARY ORDER OF THE LOYAL LECION OF THE UNITED STATES. Commander in Chief-Rear Admiral Purnell F. Harrington, U. S. N., 20 Dudley Place. Yonkers, N. Y.; Senior Vice Commander in Chief-Brevet Major Henry L. Swords,. U. S. V., U. S. Custom House, N. Y. City; Junior Vice Commander in Chief Brig. Gen. William H. Bisbee, U. S. A., 1906 Beacon St., Brookline, Mass.

| Pa.: Chaplain in Chief-Rev. Alexander Leo (Hereditary), 525 W. Roosevelt Boulevard, Phila delphia, Pa.

Recorder in Chief-Brevet Captain John O. FoerIng. U. 8. V., 1805 Pine St., Philadelphia, Pa.; Registrar in Chief-Mr. Grahame H. Powell, (Hereditary), 1701 H St., N. W., Washington, D. C.; Treasurer in Chief-Capt. William P. Wright, U. S. V., 122 East 31st St., Chicago, Ill.

Chanceller in Chief-Brevet Captain John O. Foering, U. S. V., 1805 Pine St., Philadelphia,

U. 8. A., Cookstown, N. J.; Act. Asst. Paymaster,
Counsel in Chief-Brig. Gen. Edward S. Godfrey,
Henry M. Rogers, U. S. N., 11 Beacon St., Boston,
Mass.; Brevet Lieut. Col. William S. Cogswell,
U. 8. V., 140 Nassau St., N, Y. City: Brig. Gen.
Samuel W. Fountain, U. S. A., Lincoln Court, Over
brook, Philadelphia, Pa.: Capt. John R. King.
U. S. V., The Preston, Baltimore, Md.

The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States was organized by officers and ex officers of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps of the United States who took part in the war of 1861-65. Total membership of the Loyal Legion, 4,148, as of April 30, 1926.

CASUALTIES OF ALL BELLICERENTS IN THE WORLD WAR.
(Compiled by the United States War Department and checked up on Feb. 25, 1924.)

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Grand total...

65,038,810

8,543,515

21,219.452

7.750,919

37,499,386 57.6 Killed and died in the above table includes deaths | marines serving with the army. Wounded casfrom all causes. German and French figures are ualties include, for the United States. those who official. Figures for the United States include died of wounds, numbering 14,500.

AMERICAN ARMY BATTLE CASUALTIES IN WORLD WAR.*

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UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY AT ANNAPOLIS. The students of the Naval Academy are styled midshipmen. Three midshipmen are allowed for each Senator, Representative and Delegate in Congress, one for the Resident Commissioner from Porto Rico, two for the District of Columbia, and fifteen appointed each year from the United States at large.

All candidates, except 4 Filipinos, are required to be citizens of the United States and must not be less than 16 nor more than 20 years of age on April 1 of the calendar year in which they enter.

In addition, one Filipino is allowed for each class. The appointment from the District of Columbia and fifteen each year at large are made by the President.

The selection of candidates, by competitive examination or otherwise, for nomination for vacancies in the quota of Senators, Representatives and Delegates in Congress is entirely in the hands of each Senator, Representative and Delegate in Congress having a vacancy; and all applications for appointment or inquiries relative to competitive examinations should be addressed accordingly. Two examinations for admission are held each year, the first on the third Wednesday in February, the second on the third Wednesday in April.

The law authorizes the appointment of one hundred enlisted men each year, to be selected as a result of a competitive examination of enlisted men of the Regular Navy and Marine Corps, who must not be more than twenty years of age on April 1 of the year they enter, and who will have been in the service at least one year by July 1 of that year.

The law authorizes the appointment of twentyfive midshipmen each year, to be selected as a result of competitive examination of enlisted men of the Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve. Candidates must be citizens of the United States who are not more than twenty years of age on April 1 of the year in which appointed: who have been in the Naval Reserve at least one year by July 1 of the year in which appointed. The competitive examination of these enlisted men is held on the third Wednesday in April of each year. Candidates may also be accepted. on

certificate.

The course fo midshipmen is four years. During the summer, midshipmen of the first, second and third classes go to sea for about three months. Midshipmen after graduation are commissioned as Ensigns in the navy, and occasionally to fill vacancies in the Marine Corps and in certain of the staff corps of the navy.

The height of candidates for admission shall not be less than five feet two inches, at the age of sixteen years, with an increase of one tnch for each additional year or fraction of a year over one-half; and the minimum weight at sixteen years shall be one hundred and eleven pounds, with an increase of not less than three pounds for each additional year or fraction of a year over one-half. Any marked deviation in the height and weight relative to the age of a candidate will add materially to the consideration for rejection. Candidates must be unmarried, and any midshipman who shall marry, or who shall be found to be married before his final graduation, shall be dismissed from the service. Each candidate who has passed the required examinations must, before being admitted as a midshipman, deposit the sum of $100 to cover part of the cost of his initial outfit.

After being admitted, he is credited with the sum of $250, which is needed in addition to the $100 cash deposit to complete paying for the uniforms, clothing, textbooks, etc. This amount ($250) is deducted from the midshipman's pay in monthly installments. Any midshipman may, however, immediately after entering the Academy repay this amount in full.

Each candidate before admission will be required to sign articles by which he binds himself to serve in the United States Navy during the pleasure of the President of the United States (including his time of probation at the Naval Academy) unless sooner discharged. The pay of a midshipman is $780 a year.

NAVAL EDUCATION SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES.
(By the Bureau of Navigation of the Navy Department.)

The Bureau of Navigation of the Navy Department is charged with the training and education of the line officers of the navy and all enlisted men, except those of the Hospital Corps. Each Staff Bureau is charged with the training and education of the staff officers, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery with the training and education of the members of the Hospital Corps.

TRAINING OF OFFICERS-REGULAR NAVY. Midshipmen, when appointed, are given four years' instruction in general and technical subjects at the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. Upon graduation they are commissioned as ensigns, or assigned by the Secretary of the Navy to fill vacancies in the lowest commissioned grades of the Marine Corps or Staff Corps of the navy.

Schools are maintained to give special instruction in various lines or post-graduate work in particular subjects pertinent to the navy, to a certain number of officers who have the requisite qualifications, who show aptitude and who request the instruction. The following courses are in operation:

War College-Newport, R, I., one year; senior course for officers of command or flag rank: Junior course for lleutenant-commanders and Ileutenants with at least six years' service as commissioned officers; correspondence courses for any officer ashore or afloat, A few Marine Corps officers and army officers take this course every year for a study of problems affecting their service branches.

Army War College-Washington, D. C., one year. A few naval officers and Marine Corps officers who have completed the Naval War College course attend this course each year. Special attention is given to problems affecting the joint manoeuvres of the army, navy and Marine Corps.

Post-Graduate Work-Special post-graduate instruction is given in the following: Engineering (mechanical, electrical, communication, steam machinery, radio, internal combustion engines, aeronautical, acoustical); ordnance (design, torpedoes, ballistics, explosives, metallurgy, fire-control); civil engineering: naval construction and law. The courses are of two or three years' duration. The first year of all courses is given at the Post-Graduate School at Annapolis, Md., and consists of prepara tion and technical ground work. The preliminary course merges into the specialization course and is continued at the civilian institution which offers the best facilities in the given work.

Special instruction is now given at the following universities: Columbia, Harvard, Yale, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Chicago, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and George Washington.

Officers taking the law course do so at George Washington University and are assigned to duty in the office of the Judge Advocate General of the navy during their three-year course.

Officers are selected for post-graduate work in engineering and ordnance five or six years after graduation, and in naval construction and civil engineering one or two years after graduation.

Officers successfully completing the latter courses are transferred to the Naval Construction Corps and Civil Engineering Corps respectively.

Submarines-New London, Conn., six months; practical training in handling submarines and firing torpedoes from them. Officers must have had at least two years' sea duty to be eligible for this course.

Torpedoes-Newport, R. I.; five months; theoretical and practical instruction in the assembly. firing, care and maintenance of the various types of torpedoes. Selection confined to junior officers when available for such detail.

Aviation-Pensacola, Fla.; eight months; training in heavier-than-air craft; graduates of the Naval Academy eligible for this course after completing two years' sea duty; age limit thirty-one years, Lakehurst, N. J.; not to exceed twelve months; training in lighter-than-air craft: midshipmen given ground instruction and ten hours' flight training before being commissioned.

Optical Instruction-Navy Yards, Washington, D. C., and Mare Island, Cal.: course for range finder officers, four weeks; long course for officers, six months. Selection confined to junior officers available for this detall.

Gyro Compass-Navy Yards, New York, N. Y., and Mare Island, Cal., four to six months. Gunners (E) with gyro experience available for this detail.

TRAINING OF ENLISTED MEN.
The Bureau of Navigation maintains the follow-
ing Naval Training Stations: Hampton Roads, Va.;
Newport, R. L.; Great Lakes, Ill.; San Diego, Cal.

The course of training of all newly enlisted men covers a period of eight weeks. Special stress during

training is placed on (a) training a recruit property to care for his person and property: (b) infantry drill; (c) pulling an oar: (d) swimming. If the opportunity permits, additional instruction is given in knotting and splicing and small arms practice. Upon completion of the eight weeks' course, a certain number of recruits, selected on a competitive basis, are transferred to service schools for training in specialist lines.

The others are sent to general service and their training continued for an additional eight weeks, when they are advanced from the rating of apprentice seaman to seaman second class or fireman third class.

Service Schools-These schools are maintained to supplement the training carried out on board vessels and at shore stations. Some schools are maintained for special training of petty officers in duties where facilities for training afloat are lacking or inadequate; other schools simply parallel the training activities afloat.

Schools are maintained for training men In the following subjects: Radio material, general electricity, gyro compasses, machine shop practice, and operating engineering, coppersmithing, blacksmithing, bollermaking, music, hospital service. pharmacy, aviation mechanics, aerography, torpedoes, optics. fire control, sound, submarines, aviation piloting, cooking, baking, and stenography. Naval Academy Preparatory Class Hampton Roads, Va., and San Diego, Cal. This is a specia! course five months in length, affording enlisted men an opportunity to prepare themselves for the entrance examinations to the Naval Academy.

Instruction is given under the supervision of officers specially selected for this work.

The law permits the appointment of 100 enlisted men annually to the Naval Academy, and through these classes the Bureau of Navigation is able to practically fill the quota allowed.

NAVAL TRAINING COURSES.

The courses are available to all men of the navy and are furnished free of charge to any ship or station upon official request. There are three kinds of courses: (a) Rating courses, to afford men meass by which they may qualify themselves for a par ticular rating; (b) general technical courses, to increase the skill of the men in naval work: (0 academic courses, to further the general education of the Individual.

NAVAL RESERVE OFFICERS AND MEN.

Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps units have been established in the following universities Yale, Harvard, Georgia School of Technology. University of California, University of Washington, Northwestern University. The naval course at these universities is an elective one, and students enrolled in the course are given credit towards a degree for the successful completion of their naval work. Instruction is given in the following subjects Navigation, seamanship, ordnance and gunnery, naval organization and operation, strategy and tactics, international law, communications and marine engineering. The course is divided into two parts: The basic course, which corresponds to the freshman and sophomore years; and the advanced course, which corresponds to the junior and senior years. Students enroll for each course, but the successful completion of the basic course is a requirement for enrollment in the advanced course. Members of the advanced course receive pay amounting to approximately $110 per year. Uniforms equipment, and books are furnished free of charge to the students. The uniform is similar to that worn by officers of the regular navy with special insignia for this corps. Such students as success fully complete the four-year naval course, and s desire, are given commissions as ensigns in the Volunteer Reserve upon graduation.

Instructions of Officers and Men-Study periode are assigned during each weekly drill and instruction is carried on in accordance with an approved syllabus of instruction.

This syllabus covers primary coursea for all listed men, secondary courses for non-rated mes advanced courses for petty officer ratings, and courses for junior officers and for senior officers in the subjects of navigation, seamanship, ordnance and gunnery, engineering and aviation.

Study courses issued to the regular navy are also provided for the reserve force.

Correspondence Courses-Correspondence courses are issued to officers requesting them, as follows International Law and Strategy and Tactics, by the Naval War College at Newport, R. I.; Duties of Supply Officers and Pay Clerks, by the Supply Corps, School of Application, Navy Department, Washington, D. C.

THE UNITED STATES NAVY, AS OF OCT. 1, 1926. (Treaty allowance of capital ship tonnage to the United States, 525,000 tons.) (Revised by the office of the Chief of Naval Operations.)

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OF OCT. 1, 1926.

Air

STATES NAVY, AS
an oll-burner. All the furniture is of metal.
planes can be catapulted from the deck. The ship
was launched, March 22, 1921.

SUMMARY OF UNITED Personnel-8,353 officers, 86,643 men. In Commission-18 battleships; 5 cruisers, 2d line: 10 light cruisers, 1st line; 3 light cruisers, 2d line: 1 aircraft carrier, 2d line; 2 mine layers, 2d line; 106 destroyers, 1st line; 6 light mine layers; 48 submarines, 1st line: 32 submarines, 2d line; 3 fleet submarines, 1st line: 22 eagles; 30 submarine chasers; 9 gunboats: 6 converted yachts; 6 destroyer tenders; 7 submarine tenders, 1 aircraft tender; 2 repair ships, 2 store ships, 2 colliers: 10 oilers: 1 ammunition ship: 4 cargo ships; 2 transports: 2 hospital ships: 28 ocean tugs; 34 mine sweepers; 6 míscellaneous: 234 airplanes.

Out of Commission-6 cruisers, 2d line; 8 light cruisers 2d line: 2 mine layers, 2d line; 161 destroyers, 1st line: 8 destroyers, 2d line: 8 light mine layers; 1 submarine, 1st line; 33 submarines, 2d line; 3 fleet submarines, 1st line; 31 eagles; 5 submarine I submarine tender; repair ship: 3 store ships; chasers: 2 converted yachts; 3 destroyer tenders: 3 colliers: 10 oilers: 1 ammunition ship: 4 cargo ships; 1 hospital ship: 9 ocean tugs: 10 mine sweepers. Building-2 aircraft carriers, 1st line; 1 submarine tender; 2 fleet submarines, 1st line; one mine-laying submarine.

Navy Yards-Portsmouth, N. H.; Boston, Mass.: Brooklyn, N. Y.: Philadelphia, Pa.: Washington, D. C.; Norfolk, Va.; Charleston, 8. C.: Mare Island, Cal.; Bremerton, Wash.; Pearl Harbor, T. H. Stations-Newport, R. L.; New London, Conn. Key West, Fla.; Pensacola, Fla.; New Orleans, La.: San Diego, Cal.; Guam, Samoa, Cavite, P. I.; St. Thomas, W. I.; Guantanamo, Cuba; Balboa, C. Z. Training Stations-Hampton Roads, Va.; San Diego, Cal.; Great Lakes, II: Newport, R. I.

The light cruiser Memphis, which made an average speed of 34.53 knots on a four-hour test at sea, was placed in commission Feb. 4, 1925, at the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

The Saratoga, originally intended to be the first of the six battle cruisers provided for in the naval building program of 1916, but now the largest airplane carrier in the world, was launched at the yards of the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, April 7, 1925.

She is the fifth United States Navy vessel to bear that name, the first having been built in 1780 at Philadelphia, and served in the Revolution.

The Saratoga carries a complement of forty combat planes and thirty-two bombing planes, and together with these she will cost $45,000,000.

She is 888 feet long and has a beam of 105 feet. Over the entire hull stretches the flying deck.

The only superstructure of the ship is an abbreviated navigating bridge, a stumpy funnel at one side and a short wireless aerial. She will carry eight-inch guns, the largest permitted by the Arms treaty for airplane carriers.

The boat is propelled by electricity. Her engines are sufficient to generate 180,000 horsepower, enough to furnish lights for a city the size of Boston. Her speed was contracted for at thirty-three to thirty-four knots an hour.

The Colorado went into commission Aug. 30, 1923, at Camden, N. J. She has four electricallydriven propellers, each of 7,000 horsepower, and is

Not only has she an eighteen-inch belt of main armor and several heavy protective decks, but she is a honeycomb of watertight compartments.

For dealing with airplanes she has four threeinch anti-aircraft guns with a vertical range of two miles, and also carries several battle planes for direct action.

The latest United States anti-aircraft gun now will shoot a projectile 8,400 yards straight up in the air, and it has a horizontal range of 17,000 yards.

Each battleship has two submerged twenty-one inch torpedo tubes, with the exception of the New York and Texas, which carry four each. One or more airplanes are carried, or will be, by each battleship.

the United States Navy. No battle cruisers have ever been completed for

The West Virginia was commissioned on Dec. 1, 1923, and is the last battleship that can be built by the United States Navy until 1934, when the Florida, Utah and Wyoming may be replaced, due to their age.

Maine coast, made 21.66 knots an hour and deThe West Virginia on her speed trial; off the veloped 35.000 horsepower.

The total tonnage of the remaining eighteen capital ships is 525,850 tons.

On Aug. 17, 1923, the Naval Limitation Pact drawn up at the Washington Conference came into effect.

Bids were immediately asked for by the Navy Department for the scrapping of the capital ships that were building, and for the completed old capital ships already out of commission. The capital ships building were:

Battleships-Washington, Indiana, South Dakota, Montana, North Carolina, Massachusetts and Iowa. (Total tonnage, 291,800.)

Battle Cruisers-Constitution, United States, Constellation, Ranger. (Total tonnage, 174,000.) All the above ships were still on the building ways, with the exception of the Washington, which had been launched and over 75 per cent. completed.

On the following old completed capital ships the first stages of scrapping, that of rendering them unfit for further warlike service, was begun:

Battleships-Virginia, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Georgia, Nebraska, Connecticut, Louisiana, Kansas, Vermont, Minnesota, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Michigan, Delaware, North Dakota. (Total tonnage, 255,240.)

All of the above old battleships were of the predreadnought class, with the exception of the South Carolina, Michigan, Delaware, and North Dakota. By Feb. 17, 1924, all of the above ships were no longer capable of performing warlike service, and by Feb. 17, 1925, they were destroyed. tonnage was 733,540, they had cost $197.418.620. the scrapped material from them fetched $2,257,474. The New Jersey. Washington and Virginia were bombed and sunk by flyers of the Army Air Service.

Their

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AUXILIARY TYPE UNITED STATES WARSHIPS, AS OF OCT. 1, 1926.

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FUTURE BUILDING PROGRAMS OF FOREIGN POWERS. British Empire (passed by House of Commons). Japanese Empire (proposed to be acted upon British building five-year program-cost £58,000,- In coming Diet) forty-ship building program for fiscal years 1926-30, including

000

9 class A cruisers, 10-000 tons each; 7 class B cruisers, 8,000 tons each; 27 destroyers: 23 submarines, type 0-1; 5 gunboats; 4 mine layers; 1 submarine tender: 1 repair ship; 1 net layer; 1 floating dock.

Italy (projected but not yet authorized)-

3 light cruisers-no data; 8 destroyers to be built between 1925 and 1928.

Authorized but not appropriated for-8 submarines over 485 tons.

4 10.000-ton cruisers to replace four light cruisers completed one in 1910, three In 1912, total tonnage of 18.950: 3 special service ships (presumably tenders): 20 (about) first class destroyers of approximately 1,500 tons each; 12 (about) fleet submarines of about 2,000 tons each.

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