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ALIENS ADMITTED IN YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1926, BY SPECIFIED CLASSES.

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*Does not include aliens born in non-quota

visitors, transits, returning residents, etc.

countries who were admitted as government officials,

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION BY OCCUPATIONS, YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1926.

Occupation.

Immi- Emi

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1926. 1926.

1926. 1926.

1926.

1926.

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CHIEF COUNTRIES WHENCE IMMIGRANT ALIENS CAME, YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1926.

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89 Other miscellaneous

13,301 3,765

981

348 No occupat'n (incl.

414

66

women, children) 114,907 20,163

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Luxemburg.

Total Europe..

155,562 Netherlands.

Norway...

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10,599

13,661

Bulgaria.

Czechoslovakia.

Denmark..

Danzig, Free City of.

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158 Poland.

1,102 Portugal, incl. Azores, Cape

Verde & Madeira Islands.

175 Roumania..

2,953 Russia..

210 Spain, including Canary and 2,549 Balearic Islands..

132 Sweden.

491 Switzerland.

4,181 Turkey in Europe.

50,421 Yugoslavia..

7,126

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666

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Other Europe.

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24,478 Japan.

2981

Wales.

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Italy, incl. Sicily & Sardinia 8,253 Palestine.
Latvia...

Quota immigrant aliens admitted from countries not specifically named in the above table: Andorra, 1; Iceland, 61; Lichtenstein, 12; Monaco, 7; San Marino, 78: Arabia, 7; Iraq (Mesopotamia), 41; Ethiopia, 1; Liberia, 6; Morocco, 19; Union of

210 Other Central America. 1,059 Brazil.

16

Other America...

1,751 Egypt.

93 Other Africa.

654 Australia.

250 New Zealand

Other Pacific Islands.

South Africa, 140: Southwest Africa, 1; Samoa, 1: British West Indies, 604; Dutch West Indies, 17; French West Indies, 27; British Honduras, 40: British Gulana, 58; Dutch Guiana, 4; Miquelon and St. Pierre, 14.

1,335

877

326 Other South America.

2,230

6

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214

315

376

180

35

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Canadian border (1926), 91,786; Mexican border (1926), 42,496.

INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION BY ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES, 1926.

Allens Admitted.

Immi- Non-Im

Aliens Departed.

Emi- Non

grant. migrant. Total. grant. Emigr'nt Total.

496,106 76,992 150,763 227,755

Increase (+) or Decrease ().

+268,351

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4,750 -1,176

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2,159

Russian.

938

1,411

2,349

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788

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Scandinavian (Norw., Danes, Swedes)

19,418

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Scotch.

27,298

10,158

37,456

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Slovak.

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Spanish

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Spanish-American.

2,519

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3,988

5,392

Syrian.

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Turkish

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Welsh

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West Indian (except Cuban).

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373

1,501

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Other peoples.

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1,668

598 14

1,657 649

316

Sex.

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WHITHER IMMIGRANTS WENT AND WHENCE EMIGRANTS CAME, 1926.

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THE UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION LAW.
THE ACT OF MAY 26, 1926, RELATING TO ALIFN VETERANS.

For a period of one year ending May 26, 1927, allens now eligible to citizenship, who served in the military or naval forces of the United States between April 5, 1917, and Nov. 12, 1918, are exempt from the quota, and may apply to the American consuls abroad for non-quota immigration visas. Such visas are issued without charge.

The alien veteran, himself, is exempted by this act from the payment of head tax and from exclualon, unless he is: (1) Afflicted with a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease (except tuberculosis); (2) A polygamist; (3) A member of the immoral classes; (4) A contract laborer; (5) Previously debarred; or, (6) A person convicted of crime. Illiteracy, for instance, or a physical disability would not, therefore, prevent the readmission of an alien veteran under this act.

The unmarried child under 18 years of age, the wife or the husband of such an alien veteran is also entitled to a non-quota status when accompanying or following within six months to join him. These relatives are not exempt from the visa fee nor from head tax and must meet all the standards of admissibility imposed by the general immigration law. An alien veteran already residing in the United States who wishes to bring in an unmarried child under 18 years of age, wife, or husband, would be obliged to accompany them to this country, unless they were following to join him within six months of his own application for admission. If proceeding abroad, an alien previously lawfully admitted for

THE IMMIGRATION

The new United States Immigration Quota Law was passed by Congress May 15, 1924. The President signed the bill on May 26, 1924.

The new act changed the old law of 1917 in two important points.

First-Under the new law the undesirable or ineligible aliens are largely weeded out before they start instead of after they get here.

The law relieves the great body of immigrants of detention at Ellis Island and removes many causes for delays and misfortunes after they reach American ports. The act was intended also to prevent separation of families, and to reduce the number of deportations for causes which can be determined on the other side.

The American Consuls are directed to examine the Information given on questionnaires and eliminate applicants who are feeble-minded and whose prison records make them undesirable.

The principal United States consular officer in each foreign country is designated as quota-control officer, and it is his duty to see that the quota is not exceeded. The Consular service is under the Department of State.

If an allen obtains a certificate and later changes his mind about emigrating to the United States, bts place cannot be taken by another and he will be keeping some one else from coming.

Second-The annual quota from each country until July 1, 1927, is lowered to 2 per cent. of the number of persons born in that country who were residents of continental United States as shown by the 1890 census.

But the minimum quota is 100.

The old quota was 3 per cent. based on the number as shown at the 1910 census.

Tables showing the quotas under the new and old laws will be found with the regular immigration statistics, following the Immigration Act.

The weeding out under the new law is put in the hands of the American consular officers abroad.

THE JAPANESE EXCLUSION CLAUSE. The quotas are available only for persons born in the respective countries who are eligible to citizenship in the United States and admissible by the Immigration Law. This clause excludes Japanese, Chinese and other yellow races.

The 1924 act thus creates two classes of immigrants-quota and non-quota.

A non-quota immigrant is:

(a) The foreign-born wife or unmarried child, under 18 years, of a United States citizen resident bere.

(b) A foreign-born resident of the United States returning from a temporary visit abroad.

(c) A native resident of Canada, Newfoundland, Mexico, Cuba, Haiti, Dominica, Canal Zone, or any Independent country of Central or South America. and his wife, and his unmarried children under 18 years of age, if accompanying or following to join him.

(d) A foreign-born minister or school teacher, having been such for the last two years, who comes here to continue his profession, also his wife and his

permanent residence may apply for a permit to re-enter the United States.

The necessity for accompanying his family from a foreign country may be overcome if the alien veteran becomes naturalized, because the wife and unmarried child, under 18 years of age, of a citizen is entitled to a non-quota status under the Immigration Act of 1924.

The now act provides for special consideration of the petition for naturalization of an aben veteran. Inquiries concerning naturalization should be addressed to the Bureau of Naturalization, Department of Labor, or to the clerk of the nearest court of naturalization.

Brothers, sisters, stepchildren, and other relatives, and the affianced wives or husbands of alien veterans are not entitled to any preferred status. Such relatives must come within the quota when obtaining immigration visas, unless they are entitled to a non-quota status upon some other ground. The veteran could bring his affianced wife or husband within the terms of the act by marriage, but meeting the alien at the port of entry or marriage after admission of the betrothed would not accomplish this purpose.

There are no blanks to be filed with the Bureau of Immigration, nor can passports or visas be obtained from any department of the Government in Washington for alien veterans or their families, Evidence of the veteran's service in the United States forces should be presented to the American consul abroad.

QUOTA LAW OF 1924.

unmarried children under 18 years, if accompanying or following to join him.

(e) A foreign-born student at least 15 years of age who comes here to continue his studies.

A quota immigrant is any other than a non-quota. An alien who is not particularly specified in this act as a non-quota immigrant or a non-immigrant shall not be admitted as a non-quota immigrant or a non-immigrant by reason of relationship to any indiVidua who is so specified or by reason of being excepted from the operation of any other law regulating or forbidding immigration.

PREFERENCES WITHIN QUOTAS.

(a) In the issuance of immigration visas to quota immigrants preference shall be given:

(1) To a quota immigrant who is the unmarried child, under 21 years of age, the father, the mother, the husband, or the wife, of a citizen of the United States who is 21 years of age or over; and

(2) To a quota immigrant who is skilled in agriculture, and his wife, and his dependent children under the age of 16 years, if accompanying or following to join him.

This preference shall not apply to immigrants of any nationality the annual quota for which is less than 300.

(b) The preference provided for those skilled in agriculture shall not in the case of quota immigrants of any nationality exceed 50 per centum of the annual quota for such nationality.

IMMIGRATION VISAS

(For information on non-immigrant visas see

Passport Regulations.)

Visas are issued to immigrants at $9 aplece (plus $1 for executing the application) by the United States consular officers abroad. They constitute the document which admits them to this country. Each visa contains the full details as to the immigrant's nationality, history, etc.; also a description of him, with his photograph.

A visa is good for four months, not counting the ocean trip, and it also validates a passport.

The steamship companies must keep a record of each visa they handle.

When the alien reaches the United States his visa is taken by the immigration officer at the port of arrival, who inspects the holder and, if the immigrant is acceptable, permits the person to enter and forwards the visa to the United States Department of Labor at Washington.

WHO MUST HAVE VISAS.

With the following exceptions all altens are required to obtain from an American consular officer abroad an immigration visa before they can be admitted to the United States:

(1) A governmental official, his family, attendants, servants, and employees; (2) an allen visiting the United States temporarily as a tourist or temporarily for business or pleasure.

(3) An allen in continuous transit through the United States.

(4) An allen lawfully admitted to the United States who later goes in transit from one part of the

United States to another through foreign contiguous territory.

(5) A bona fide allen seaman serving as such on a vessel arriving at a port of the United States and seeking to enter temporarily the United States solely in the pursuit of his calling as a seaman.

(6) An alien entitled to enter the United States solely to carry on trade under and in pursuance of the provisions of a present existing treaty of commerce and navigation.

(7) An allen, lawfully resident in the United States, who is returning from a temporary visit abroad and who is possessed of an unexpired return permit.

(8) An allen lawfully resident in the United States, who is returning from a temporary visit to the Dominion of Canada, Newfoundland, the Republic of Mexico, or the Republic of Cuba, whether such allen is or is not possessed of the return permit.

American citizens residing in the United States desirous of having their wives or unmarried children under 18 years of age admitted as non-quota immigrants, or that a preference in the issuance of immigration visas be granted their father, mother, husband, or unmarried child between the ages of 18 and 21 years, may make application therefor to the Commissioner General of Immigration upon forms which will be provided for that purpose upon application.

If the husband or father, respectively, is residing abroad, his wife and children under 21 years of age are entitled only to a preference and not to the Issuance of a non-immigrant visa.

Applications to have relatives placed in a nonquota or preference class will not be accepted from allens resident in the United States even though they have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States.

An alien in the United States going abroad for a visit may, on application, if his title is clear, get for $3 from the Commissioner General of Immigra tion at Washington a re-entry permit.

A false statement under oath in any immigration document is punishable, on conviction, by not more than $10,000 fine or five years in prison, or both.

Steamship fines are fixed at $1,000, plus refunded fare, for each immigrant involved in attempted unlawful entry.

Parts of the new law took effect May 26, 1924, the rest on July 1, 1924.

The 109,000 Japanese residing in the Hawallan Islands are not affected by the exclusion provisions of the new Immigration Act, but are still subject to the restrictions of the General Immigration Act of Feb. 5, 1917, Secretary of Labor Davis ruled on July 15, 1924.

This ruling, which was promulgated in answer to contentions that, as the Japanese in Hawail are already within the territory of the United States, they have a right to proceed to the mainland, means that even though the new law does not apply to them they may still be prevented from entering this country and are in the same status as they were before the new law went into effect.

The provisions of the 1924 act, says the Secretary of Labor, are in addition to and not in substitution for the provisions of the immigration laws, and shall be enforced as a part of such laws, and all the penal or other provisions of such laws, not inapplicable, shall apply to and be enforced in connection with the provisions of the 1924 act.

An alien, although admissible under the provisions of the 1924 act, shall not be admitted to the United States if he is excluded by any provision of the immigration laws other than this act, and an allen, although admissible under the provisions of the immigration laws other than this act, shall not be admitted to the United States if he is excluded by any provision of the 1924 act.

EXCLUDED CLASSES.

(1) All idiots, imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, epileptics, Insane persons; persons who have had one or more attacks of insanity at any time previously; persons of constitutional psychopathic inferiority: persons with chronic alcoholism: paupers; professlonal beggars, vagrants, persons afflicted with tuberculosis in any form or with a loathsome or dangerous, contagious disease; persons not comprehended within any of the foregoing excluded classes who are found to be and are certified by the examining surgeon as being mentally or physically defective, such physical defect being of a nature which may affect the ability of such alien to earn a living: persons who have been convicted of or admit having committed a felony or other crime or misdemeanor involving moral turpitude; polygamists, or persons who practice polygamy or "believe in or advocate the practise of polygamy.

(2) Anarchists, or persons who believe in or advocate the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law or who disbelieve in or are opposed to organized government, or who advocate the assassination of public officials, or who advocate or teach the unlawful

destruction of property; persons who are member of or affiliated with any organization entertaining and teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government, or who advocate or teach the duty. necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting

ding of any officer or officers, either of specifis individuals of or officers generally, of the Govern ment of the United States or of any other organized Government because of his or their official character, or who advocate or teach the unlawful destruction of property: prostitutes, or persons coming into the United States for the purpose of prostitution or for any other immoral purpose; persons who directie or indirectly procure or attempt to procure or inport prostitutes or persons for the purpose of protution or for any other immoral purpose: perso who are supported by or receive in whole or in par the proceeds of prostitution.

(3) Persons, hereinafter called contract laborers. who have been induced, assisted, encouraged, or solicited to migrate to this country by offers or promises of employment, whether such offers of promises are true or false, or in consequence of agreements, oral, written, or printed, express or Implied, to perform labor in this country of any kind, skilled or unskilled; persons who have com in consequence of advertisements for laborers printed published, or distributed in a foreign country. persons likely to become a public charge, persons who have been deported under any of the provistoas of this act, and who may again seek admission within one year from the date of such deportation unless prior to their re-embarkation at a foreign port or their attempt to be admitted from forele contiguous territory the Secretary of Labor shi have consented to the reapplying for admission

Persons whose ticket or passage is paid for with the money of another, or who are assisted by others to come, unless it is affirmatively and satisfactorily shown that such persons do not belong to one of the foregoing excluded classes; persons whose tick:* or passage is paid for by any corporation, assoc tion, society, municipality, or foreign Government elther directly or indirectly: stowaways, excep that any such stowaway, if otherwise admissible may be admitted in the discretion of the Secretary of Labor, all children under sixteen years of ag unaccompanied by or not coming to one or both of their parents, except that any such children may, in the discretion of the Secretary of Laby be admitted if in his opinion they are not likely t become a public charge and are otherwise eligibl (4) Unless otherwise provided for by existing treaties, persons who are natives of islands not po sessed by the United States adjacent to the continert of Asia, situate south of the twentieth parallel latitude north, west of the one hundred and sixtieth merid ian of longitude east from Greenwich, and nort of the tenth parallel of latitude south, or who are natives of any country, province, or dependency situate on the continent of Asia west of the oc hundred and tenth meridian of longitude east from Greenwich and east of the fiftieth meridian of longitude east from Greenwich and south of the fiftieth parallel of latitude north, except that por tion of said territory situate between the fiftieth and the sixty-fourth meridians of longitude ear from Greenwich and the twenty-fourth and thirtyeighth parallels of latitude north, and no allen now in any way excluded from or prevented from entering the United States shall be admitted to the United States.

ILLITERACY.

All allens over 16 years of age who cannot the English language or some other langua dialect, including Hebrew or Yiddish, are excl with the following exceptions.

(a) Persons who are physically incapable of

ing.

(b) Any admissible allen or any allen heretof hereafter legally admitted, or any citizen o United States may bring in or send for his fat! grandfather, over 55 years of age, his wife, his mi his grandmother, or his unmarried or widowed d ter, who, if otherwise admissible, may be adn. whether such relative can read or not.

(c) Persons seeking admission to the U States to avoid religious persecution in the co of their last permanent residence.

(d) Persons previously residing in the U States who were lawfully admitted, resided c uously therein for five years, and return th within six months from the date of their depa therefrom.

(e) Persons in transit through the United 8 Persons lawfully admitted and who ist In transit through foreign contiguous territory period an allen may remain in foreign conti territory while in transit under this exemption be limited to sixty days; an alien may leave and the United States at the same port and still transit within the meaning hereof).

(g) Exhibitors and employees of fairs and exposllons authorized by Congress.

(h) Allens whose ability to read can be readily letermined by any ordinary method approved by the lepartment may be excused from the actual taking 4 the test.

(D) An illiterate allen girl coming here to marry aay be admitted if her intended husband is a citizen the United States who served in the military or aval forces of this country in the recent war with Jermany, and if such marriage takes place in an mmigration station.

The provisions relating to the payments for tickets passage by any corporation, association, society, aunicipality, or foreign Government do not apply to he tickets or passage of allens in immediate and coninuous transit through the United States to foreign antiguous territory.

Skilled labor, if otherwise admissible, may be aported if labor of like kind unemployed cannot be wind in this country, and the question of the neity of importing such skilled labor in any particur instance may be determined by the Secretary of abor upon the application of any person interested, ich application to be made before such importation nd such determination by the Secretary of Labor > be reached after a full hearing and an investiition into the facts of the case.

The provisions of law applicable to contract labor all not be held to exclude professional actors, artists, cturers, singers, nurses, ministers of any religious enomination, professors for colleges or seminaries. rsons belonging to any recognized learned profeson, or persons employed as domestic servants.

VIOLATIONS AND PENALTIES. Violations of the immoral-women clause are unishable, on conviction, by Imprisonment up to n years and a fine up to $5,000. Violations of le contract-labor clause are punishable, on con

viction, by $1,000 fine in each case and (or) imprisonment up to two years. Violations of the Anarchist clause carry prison up to five years and fine up to $5,000. Other violations carry various penalties. It is unlawful for any person or concern engaged in bringing immigrants to give fare rebates or to solicit immigration: penalty, $400 fine in each case. The penalty for smuggling immigrants is fine up to $2,000 and prison up to five years.

Incoming aliens at all United States ports are examined by United States Public Health Service doctors. An allen can appeal to a board of special inquiry, and then to the Secretary of Labor, whose word Is final. Excluded aliens are returned at the ship's expense.

Allens may be deported at any time within five years of their arrival if found guilty of crime or of having been of the excluded classes at arrival. An alien otherwise admittable may be let in by giving a cash bond that he or she will not become a public charge. The amount of cash is fixed in each case by the Secretary of Labor. It is unlawful for a ship to pay off or discharge an alien seaman in a U. S. port unless he lands merely to reship. An alien seaman unlawfully entered may be deported within three years of arrival, and this applies to any other person who got in unlawfully and who was not of the excluded classes.

Every alien who may not appear to the examining Immigrant inspector at the port of arrival to be clearly and beyond a doubt entitled to land under the provisions of this act, or any other immigration law, shall be detained for examination in relation thereto by a board of special inquiry, which board shall proceed in the manner provided for in the Immigration Act of February 5, 1917.

Allens excluded by a board of special inquiry. under the provisions of this act, shall be entitled to the right of appeal to the Secretary of Labor.

PASSPORT REGULATIONS.
AMERICAN PASSPORTS ISSUED ABROAD.

(A). To native citizens, to whom departmental sports have been issued or who have been included a departmental passports subsequent to Jan. 3, 1918. ! indisputable evidence thereof is presented to the fficer taking the application; and subsequent to the oming into operation of this instruction to native tizens who likewise are identified by service passports issued to or including them.

(C). Persons who claim American citizenship, but who have never established their claims or whose claims are open to doubt. This class will include,

From and after Oct. 1, 1926, a large number of merican Consular officers abroad were authorized to We passports to American citizens abroad. Thereofore, American citizens in other countries had been among others: ble to obtain passports only by applying through 1. Those persons who claim citizenship by birth be Consulates to Washington, or by receiving emer-in the United States and who adduce evidence in enry passports of limited duration through the grace proof of their claims, the authenticity of which reAmerican embassies, legations and a few consulates. quires verification. Passports will be issued by consuls only to appli- 2. Those who claim citizenship by birth but who ants of the classes named below under the conditions possess dual nationality and whose claims to the proescribed and in accordance with certain general in-tection of this Government arc of doubtful vallalty by ructions of the department: reason of their having taken a foreign oath of alleglance, by having abandoned their ties with the United States or for other reasons. These classes as a rule apply for passports for the sole purpose of coming to the United States, and their claims require the strictest investigation, since many unscrupulous aliens endeavor to effect illegal entry into the United States by fraudently claiming American citizenship. (D). If an officer has any doubt as to the loyalty of an applicant for a passport, or if it is suspected that such applicant intends to commit crime or otherwise to bring grave discredit on the United States as an evader of justice or in other ways, the issue of a passport will be declined by the consul and the application will be forwarded to the department with a statement of the facts in the case. If it is considered that an exigency exists which would warrant the issue of a passport promptly and i, after investigation, it is concluded that the doubt or suspicion is not justified. the officer may in his discretion report the facts to the department by telegraph at the expense of the appli

(B). To native and naturalized citizens, whose egistration at a consulate is valid at the time when he application for a passport is filed and has received the approval of the department.

(C). To naturalized citizens, to whom departLental passports have been issued, or who have been ncluded in departmental passports, subsequent to Jan. 3, 1918, and against whom the presumption of patriation prescribed by Section 2 of the Act of March 2, 1907, has not arisen, provided evidence of the issue of such a passport is presented to the officer aking the application.

(D). To citizens not included in the classes named above, in certain emergency cases.

There are still certain Instances in which consuls will not be allowed to issue passports, the passports in ese cases having to come from the State Departtent or be specifically authorized by it. The classes f persons in these cases were named as follows:

(A). All naturalized citizens against whom the presumptionof having ceased to be citizens has arisen, e.. those naturalized citizens who have resided for two years or more in the foreign State from which they came, or for five years in any other foreign State, cept when the registration as citizens of such perOns is current and approved by the department; or ose against whom the presumption will arise within

short time.

B). Women who were citizens of the United States but who, having been married to allens after Sot. 22, 1922, may have become subject to the preumption of expatriation.

cant.

(E). The department may have issued passports to minors having dual nationality, on applications filed in this country, who while subsequently in the foreign country to which they may also owe allegiance may be called for military service by the authonties of that Government. Passports should be issued by consular officers in these cases, but the application should be forwarded to the department with a statement of the facts, unless the officer recelving the application is assured that the applicant has not been called or is not about to be called for military service.

In these cases full explanation of the reasons for refusal of the officer to approve issue, or to issue a service passport, is to be sent to the department with the applications.

A consular officer will not be authorized finally to refuse to issue a passport, since such authority is vested only in the Secretary of State.

GENERAL PASSPORT REGULATIONS.

1. Authority to Issue-The Secretary of State | Vice Consuls when in charge, as the Secretary of ay grant and issue passports, and cause passports o be granted, issued, and verified in foreign counres by diplomatic representatives of the United States and by such Consul Generals, Consuls, or

State may designate, and by the chief or other executive officer of the insular possessions of the United States, under such rules as the President shall designate and prescribe for and on behalf of

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