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TALKING MOTION PICTURES IN RADIO. Bowes-Lyon and she was married to the King's April 15-Talking motion pictures were transmitted second son on April 4, 1923. over the radio at a celebration at the City Club, Bos--Rome celebrated its 2,679th birthday and Premier ton, of the 50th anniversary of the invention of the telephone.

-A plea of guilty to a charge of extortion growing out of the bootleg milk investigation was entered in the Supreme Court in Bronx County by Harry Danziger of Middle Village, Queens, formerly general manager of the Metropolitan Milk Dealers' Assoc.

April 16-Krao Farini, 49, of Siam, circus "missing link" woman, died of influenza at N. Y. City. -At Berlin, in the person of King Gustav of Sweden, President von Hindenburg received the first royal visitor ever entertained by the Chief Magistrate of the German Republic.

April 17-Chauncey M. Depew, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the N. Y. Central Lines, 92 years old lacking 1 week, delivered the principal address at a banquet at N. Y. City with which that railroad celebrated the 100th anniversary of the chartering of the Mohawk & Hudson Railroad, the original unit of the N. Y. Central

ystem.

-Mrs. Flora Drummond and 20,000 women, miners' wives and wives and daughters of nobles and gentlemen, marched at London in a protest against strikes and lockouts.

-The Chinese Premier, Chi Teh Yao, has resigned. -U. S. Judge Wilkerson, at Chicago, acquitted the Zenith Radio Corp. and its Pres., Eugene F. McDonald jr., on charges of violating the 1912 radlo law and established its right to broadcast on any wave length in defiance of Sec. of Commerce Hoover.

April 18-Red-hot lava from Mauna Loa volcano destroyed a hamlet, Hoopuloa, on the southwest shore of Hawaii.

-Gen. Pangalos was installed, at Athens, as President of Greece.

-Sinclair Lewis, speaking in the Linwood Boulevard Christian Church, Kansas City, Mo., laid his watch on the pulpit and called on God to strike him dead within 10 minutes.

April 19-Pres. Coolidge, addressing the Congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution, declared the failure of American citizens to exercise the franchise was a growing peril which threatened to place the Government in the hands of practical politicians and selfish persons. He also said there was lack of reverence for authority and of obedience to law.

-Mr. Mabel W. Willebrandt, Asst. U. S. Atty. Gen, in charge of Prohibition enforcement, toli the U. S. Senate committee that the Volstead act can be enforced and is being enforced with increasing success.

-A: San Diego, Cal., the conviction of Col. Alexander 8. Williams on a charge of intoxication brought against him by Brig. Gen. Smedley D. Butler was indicted by the military court which tried him when the tribunal adjourned "to await action by the convening authority." Sec. Wilbur, May 21, approved sentence reducing Col. Williams 4 numbers in grade. -A refusal on the part of the U. S. to participate in a conference of members signatory to the World Court resolution for the purpose of discussing the American reservations to the protocol was contained in a note sent by Sec. of State Kellogg to Alan F. Winslow, American Charge d'Affaires at Berne, for transmission to the Sec. Gen. of the League of Nations at Geneva. -The N. Y. State Assembly, 87 to 62, passed the Karle Phelps Prohibition Referendum Bill, already passed by the Senate.

-Pope Plus, in letter to the Mexican clergy and church members, directed them not to establish any political party under the name of Catholic. April 20-At New London, Conn., an explosion of hydrogen gas in the battery compartment of the Submarine 8-49 resulted in 12 of the crew being badly injured. 3 of the sailors died from their Injuries.

-A check for $1,000, drawn in London by Maj. Gen. J. G. Harbord, was "radio picturegrammed" across the Atlantic and cashed in N. Y. City. -Sencio Moldez, a Filipino flyweight boxer, died at Milwaukee after a bout with Bud Taylor of Terre Haute, Ind.

-Forest fires exploded dynamite In an abandoned ice house at Rockland Lake, N. Y., and destroyed 13 residences. They burned 30.000 acres in Ocean County, N. J., and in Suffolk County, N. Y. -The U. S. Senate, 54 to 33, ratified the U. S.Italy war debt funding agreement. It refused, 43 to 24, on April 23 to reconsider. -The Polish Cabinet resignerl. M. Witos formed a new one May 10.

At London, a daughter was born to the Duchess of York. The Duchess was Lady Elisabeth

His

Mussolini reviewed the Fascist forces. effigy was burned at Brussels by Socialists. April 22-Mayor W. E. Dever of Chicago denied to the U. S. Senate Committee on Prohibition that theclice of bis city are in league with bootleggers. He said the Federal authorities lacked interest in enforcement until he threatened to appeal to Pres. Coolidge.

At Poplarville, Miss., Harold (Doc) Jackson was taken from jail by a band of 100 men and removed to Picayune, where a rope was placed around his neck and he was forced to jump from a bridge, hanging himself. No shots were fired as Jackson was lynched.

April 23-The N. Y. State Legislature adjourned sine die.

-"Hazers" in a theatre play at Chicago broke the neck of Ralph MacKenzie, actor, when they tossed him up in a blanket. He died April 25. -The Gennadion, the building specially constructed to house the library which Joannes Gennadius, for many years Hellenic Minister to Washington and London, presented to the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, was formally dedicated and opened.

April 24-The Prohibition hearings ended before the Senate sub-committee, at Washington. Brig. Gen. L. C. Andrews of the Treasury, in charge of enforcement, denied favoring wine and beer, but reiterated that legalizing them would make enforcement easier. Col. Julien Codman of Boston summed up for the wets; Wayne B. Wheeler, counsel for the Anti-Saloon League, for the drys.

-At Berlin, the Russo-German treaty, guaranteeing the reciprocal neutrality of the high contracting powers in the event of either being attacked by another nation, was signed. -Mayor J. J. Walker officially welcomed to N. Y. City Gen. Bramwell Booth of England, international head of the Salvation Army. -"zip" 84, circus "What Is It?" freak, died at N. Y. City.

-The 9th blennial Nat'l Y. W. C. A. Convention, at Milwaukee, voted, 1,174 to 199, to admit to voting membership other than Evangelical Protestants.

-Romanetti, a famous Corsican bandit, was killed by the police at Ajaccio.

April 25-Daylight saving time went into effect at 2 A. M., N. Y. City, clocks being set forward 1 hour. -Reza Shah Pahlavi, formerly known as Riza Khan, mounted the Persian throne and crowned himself Shah. The ceremony took place in the hall of the Palace of the Shahs at Teheran. April 26-The U. 8. Senate, 55 to 20, ratified the Belgian war debt agreement.

NEGROES ATTACKED IN NEW JERSEY. -At Carteret, N. J., the First Baptist Church, whose parishioners are all Negroes, was burned to the ground, the pastor, his wife and daughter were forced to flee to Elizabeth for refuge and more than 100 Negro families were driven from town by a mob of white men, some masked and armed with clubs. The burning of the church followed the fatal stabbing of John Carroll, a local boxer, and the serlous wounding of Ralph Johnson, both white, by a number of Negroes. -At Mexico City, Dr. Rodrigo Octavio of Brazil, the umpire of the Mexican-American Claims Commission, and Fernando G. Roa, the Mexican member of the commission, signed and made public their decision against the claim of the U. 8. arising from the killing of American mining engineers at Santa Ysabel in 1916, declaring that Mexico was not liable for damages. Judge Ernest B. Perry, the American of the Commission, put in a dissenting report.

-The peace parley between Riffs, France and Spain opened at Oudja, Morocco. April 27-At Buffalo, N. Y., the jury in the trial of Richard Reese Whittemore, charged with the murder of 2 Marine Trust Co. guards during a $93.000 hold-up last Oct. 29, was discharged after being unable to reach a decision. -The U. S. Senate ratified the World War debt settlements with Latvia, Esthonia and Roumania.

-U. S. Judge Wallace McCamant, serving on a recess appointment, has resigned. -The U. S. House, 196 to 4, passed the MellonAndrews bill placing the administration of the Volstead act under the direct supervision of the Sec. of the Treasury and vesting that official with broad authority in organizing the Govt. employees Intrusted with the duty of dry law enforcement.

April 27-At Calcutta 38 have been killed, 330 hurt in 5 days of rioting by Hindus and Moslems.

-William H. McSwiggin, Asst. State's Atty. of Cook
County, Ill., and James J. Dougherty and Thomas
Duffy were assassinated with a machine gun hid
in an auto at Cicero, near Chicago.
April 28-Falling to receive-en, answers from the
Egyptian Govt. to his offer of $10,000,000
to build and maintain a museum of archaeology
in Cairo. John D. Rockefeller Jr. has with-
drawn his offer.

-A clash in Zitacuato, Mexico, between troops
and Catholics has resulted in the killing of 3
persons, including a captain of the Federal Army,
and the wounding of 25 others. The troops
used machine guns on the crowd.
-Richard Rogan was killed in his auto at Colorado
Springs by a falling airplane.

The State Dept made publle a letter from Pres.
Coolidge to Bolivia refusing her mediation in
the Tacna-Arica dispute.

May 4-The British general strike is more effect
at London than elsewhere. About 4,000,0
workers are idle. They received $5 a week fr
the unions. A skeleton rail and subway serv
is maintained: light, heat and power are p
vided. The Govt. is gettish Gazette.
out an official da
Stea

news sheet called the
ships left on time. Some foreign tourists
out of the country in airplanes. The Prince
Wales got to London by airplane from Fran
Shapurji Saklatvala, Parsee Communist Me
ber of Parliament for North Battersea, was
rested at his home at High Gate and arraign
at the Bow St. Police Court charged with maki
a seditious speech in Hyde Park. He was &
tenced to 2 months in prison.
--George Foster Peabody, retired banker
philanthropist, adopted as his daughter M
Marjorie Knappen Walte, a widow, 36, who
5 years has been associated with Mr. Peabo
in his philanthropic enterprises. The adopti
papers were signed at Ballston Spa, N. Y
-At Havana, Cuba, Pres. Machado signed t
sugar control law recently passed by Congre
The law cuts down the present sugar crop
10 per cent, establishes control by the Pros.
the next 2 crops and provides penalties for viol
tion.

April 29-An agreement for the funding of the
French wartime debt of about $4,000,000,000 to
the U. S., under which France undertakes to pay
a total of $6,847,674,104 over a period of 62
years, was signed by the American Debt Com-
mission and Ambassador Perenger, after Pres.-The Nicaragua Govt. declared a state of
Coolidge had given his approval. The terms
had already been indorsed by cable by Premier
Briand.

-At Pikeville, Ky., William H. Turner, on trial
charged with the murder of 2 miners and de-
frauding an insurance company of $89,000, re-
ceived a life Imprisonment sentence by a jury
in The County Circuit Court.
-Lightning near Bakersfield, Cal., set fire to an
earthen reservoir containing 400,000 barrels of
coal oil.

-60 Russians drowned when a bridge over the
River Ochta, 10 miles from Leningrad collapsed.
April 30-The preparatory conference of the Eco-
nomic Conference at Geneva adjourned to Oct.
-Snapshot photos taken at London were radioed
across the Atlantic and reproduced in N. Y.
newspaper.

-5,000 celebrated, at the Sub-Treasury, N. Y. City,
the 137th anniversary of the first inauguration
of George Washington as President. Services
also were held at St. Paul's P. E. Chapel.
MAY.

May 1-The British coal miners and their striking
employees having failed to agree on wages, the
General Council of the Trade Union Congress
called a general strike, effective midnight, May 3.
Thereupon King George proclaimed a "state of
emergency," dated April 30, made public May 1.
Troops were ordered to strike areas. Premier
Baldwin and his Cabinet demanded that the
general strike order be recalled. The printers
on the London Daily Mail struck, May 2, and
the paper was not issued.
-The only bloody May Day in Europe was at
Warsaw, where Polish Socialists and Communists
celebrated by staging bloody battles from fast-
moving motor trucks. 4 killed and more than
30 wounded so severely that they may die was
the toll in a kind of guerrilla warfare waged
against each other by the two factions.
-The American Debt Commission signed. at
Washington, a funding agreement with Jugo-
Slavia.
-The new Transit Commission took office at
N. Y. City.

-Thieves at Paris killed Mme. Eugene L. Reg-
nault, wife of the former French Ambassador to
Japan.

May 2-At San Diego, explosion of a still aboard the U. 8. destroyer John Francis Burns caused the death of Dewey C. Blyckert, a seaman. Blyckert was extracting alcohol from shellac when the blast occurred.

BRITISH GENERAL STRIKE.
May 3-The British general strike began at mid-
night, close of May 2. About 2,500,000 quit
work. The Army was held ready. Thousands
volunteered to work. Transportation, printing
and publishing, iron and steel industries, building
trades, electrical operation, mining, and other
activities ceased, newspapers suspended issue.
The Nat'l Fascisti called for recruits. The strike
was called off May 12.

-At Washington, Federal Judge George W. English
of the Eastern District of Illinois appeared in
the Senate and entered a denial of the charges
which form the basis of the impeachment pro-
ceedings voted against him by the House.
The Italian Cabinet created the post of Minister
of (Trade Unions) Corporations.

revolutionists have captured the towns of Bl
fields and Roma. U. S. marines landed at Blu
fields.

-The 300th anniversary of Peter Minult's pu
chase of Manhattan Island from the India
was celebrated at his birthplace, Wesel, Ge
many: and at N. Y. City, where a memori
grove of trees was dedicated in Riverside Parl
May 5-Prime Minister Baldwin announced in th
House of Commons that the British Govt.
prepared to resume negotiations the moment 1
general strike is called off. A majority of
London taxi drivers struck. There were sporad
clashes in many section of the country.
teer workers ran many trains.

Volu

-At Stateville, Ill., 7 convicts, armed with knive scissors and an iron bar, killed a deputy warde of the new "escape-proof penitentiary, locke up a guard and 2 trustles in a cell, wounde another trusty and kidnapped a guard and trusty, whom they forced to drive them to re dom outside the prison walls. 5 of the fugitive were overtaken near Lenore, where one, Bernar Roa, was killed, and 2 were captured; 2 we caught May 6.

LEWIS REFUSED PULITZER PRIZE. -Sinclair Lewis has refused the 1925 Pulitze Prize of $1,000 for his novel, "Arrowsmith. The author wrote that his action was a protes against the compulsion "put upon writers t become safe, polite, obedient and sterile." Thi conclusion was based upon these grounds: Thai all prizes were dangerous; that by the terms a the Pulitzer Award, novels were appraised n upon literary merit but upon the moment's cod of good form; that a continuation of the Pulitzer Award tended to make its administrators a d preme court impossible to challenge; that onl by regularly refusing the Pulitzer Prize car novelists keep such power from being permanent set up over them.

--Ordered by Gov. Smith (N. Y.) to revoke it
parole of Izzy Presser, Sing Sing convict, pendin
investigation by the Executive, the State B'd
Parole met in the prison and 'deferred"
matter pending any inquiry the Gov. "may make
The parole was to have been effective May
May 6-There were no serious or fatal disorders in
British general strike; over 1,700 trains wer
run shipping was tied up at the big ports,
-Pres. Coolidge told the Bishops of the M.
Church, whom he received at the White Hou
that this Govt., founded upon religion, had d
rived strength and stability from the religion
nature of its people, and, if the country was
maintain its national existence, must continue
foster this spirit, which, he declared, underlie
and pervades all enduring achievement."
-J. A. Drexel, an American banker of Londo
volunteered and drove the locomotive of th
"Flying Scotsman," the crack train for Edi
burgh.

May 7-The British general strike was marked
orders from the rall strike leaders to their men
reconsider all permits for moving food. The
was some rioting at Glasgow and Edinburg
Hamburg and Antwerp dockers refused to los
coal for England. Clerks berthed the Leviatha
at Southampton.

-In French bombardment of Damascus, nean 100 rebels were killed.

ment from the International Miners' Federation that the Russian Soviet Government had contributed $2,100,000 to the British miners' unions with which to carry on the strike. A total of nearly $3,500,000 received from all scurces, including the U. S. and other foreign countries, for the striking miners.

May 8-Electrical and gas men began to go out,
in the British general strike. The unions re-
jected money sent from Russian Communists.
-Pres. Coolidge issued an executive order as fol-
lows: The executive order of Jan. 17, 1873, is
hereby amended by the addition of the following
paragraph-In order that they may more effi-
ciently function in the enforcement of the Na-A
tional Prohibition act, any State, county or
municipal officer may be appointed, at a nominal
rate of compensation, as prohibition officer of
the Treasury Dept. to enforce the provisions of
the National Prohibition act, and acts supple-
mental thereto, in States and Territories, except
in those States having constitutional or statutory
provision against State officers holding office
under the Federal Govt.

-At Detroit, Mich., Mrs. Horace E. Dodge Sr.,
widow of one of the founders of Dodge Bros.,
Inc., was married to Hugh Dillman of N. Y.,
son of a tailor of Columbus, Ohio, former actor
and divorced husband of Marjorie Rambeau,
actress.

BYRD FLIES OVER NORTH POLE. May 9-Lieut. Com. Richard E. Byrd, U. 8. N., with Floyd G. Bennett, pilot, in the airplane, Josephine Ford, left Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, and flew to the North Pole and back, in 15 hours, 51 minutes. They circled the Pole several times but dropped no flags, and found open water. Byrd's trip was made on a bee-line from Amsterdan Island to the Pole (got there about 9.15 A. M.), thence a bee-line to Verlegen Hook, New Friezeland, thence west to Amsterdam Island and home. He saw not a single sign of life after entering the icepack, which begins immediately north of Amsterdam Island and apparently touches Verlegen, reaching much further southward than usual. No birds, seals, polar bears, nor traces of them were seen, neither any indication of life throughout the course.

May 10-Informal parleys were begun in the British general strike. Liverpool and Southampton became normal ports.

-Alton B. Parker, 73, former Chief Judge of the N. Y. State Court of Appeals and Dem. Pres. nominee in 1904, died in his auto, at N. Y. City, from heart disease following bronchial pneumonia. -At Cincinnati, Charles L. Dalton, 34, formerly general manager of the Dalton Adding Machine Co. of Norwood, shot the company's Pres., Harry Landsiedel, 42, and then killed himself in the President's office in the Norwood plant.

AMUNDSEN CROSSES ARCTIC IN DIRIGIBLE NORGE. May 11 The airship Norge, carrying the Amundsen-Ellsworth-Nobile expedition from Spitzbergen to Alaska, left Kings Bay at 4.55 A. M., N. Y. time, and crossed the North Pole at 810.30 P. M., descending and dropping there the Norwegian, American and Italian flags. The news was sent by wireless from the balloon when going over the Pole. The balloon was seen at Point Barrow at 2.55 A. M., May 13, by The World observer with the Wilkins Party at Point Barrow, Alaska. She was headed south for Nome, but landed and ended her journey 3.30 A. M., May 14, at Teller, Alaska.

-The German Reichstag, 241 to 163, rejected local option.

-The U. S. Senate, 69 to 13, passed the House Bill to abolish the Railroad Labor Board and permit railways and their employees to settle disputes over wages and working conditions by mutual agreement.

-The British Govt. seized the London Times paper to print the Official Gazette containing news of the general strike. The seamen's strike has not become serious. Shipbuilding and engineering men were called out.

May 12-The British general strike was called off by the Council of the Trades Union Congress without consulting the Miners' Federation. Premier Baldwin at once offered resumption of mediation in the coal wage dispute The rail strike was ended May 14. The strike cost the railway companies over $27,000,000: the rail unions, $5,000,600; the Govt., $3,750,000, according to a statement in Parliament May 16. On July 21, at Paris, all question as to who were the chief flnancial backers of the British coal miners' strike was set to rest with an announcement from the International Miners' Federation that the Russian Soviet Government had contributed $2,100,000 to the British miners' unions with which to carry on the strike. A total of nearly $3,500,000 was received from all sources, including the U. S. and other foreign countries, for the striking miners.

On July 21, at Paris, all question as to who were the chief financial backers of the British coal miners' strike was set to rest with an announce

military revolt headed by Marshal Pilsudski has begun in Poland, with severe fighting at Warsaw.

-The German Chancellor, Luther, handed the
resignations of his Cabinet to Pres. Hindenburg.
He went down in defeat in the Reichstag as a
result of the Nationalists' withdrawal of their
support on the flag issue promised him.
-The new $1,000,000 American hospital of Paris,
begun in 1923, was dedicated in the presence
of Pres. Doumergue, Marshal Foch, Ambassador
Herrick and several thousand American residents.
-The Mass. Supreme Court denied a new trial to
Nicola Sacco and Bart Vanzetti, convicted July
14, 1921, of slaying April 15, 1920, a shoe factory
paymaster and a guard at South Braintree.
-The Fish Purchasing Corp., which for several
years controlled the purchase and sale of $20,-
000,000 worth of fresh water fish annually, was
ordered dissolved by a decree signed by Federal
Judge Mack at N. Y. City: 17 firms and 12 in-
dividuals, members of the corporation, indicted
in July, 1925, for violation of the Sherman Anti-
Trust act, pleaded guilty and were fined an ag-
gregate of $31.000.

-The Southern Baptist Convention, at Houston,
Tex., banned evolution as against Genesis.
May 13-Owing to employers' war on labor unions,
the British strike, though called off, is still largely

on.

-At Miami, Fla., John F. Dwyer, Police Inspector
in N. Y. City during the Gaynor administration,
was sentenced to serve 3 years in prison for ob-
taining money under false pretenses.
-The first Texas sir mail reached N. Y. City.
May 14-The dirigible Norge, anchored at Teller,
Alaska, at 3.30 A. M., N. Y. daylight time, having
made the 2,700 miles from Spitzbergen, via the
North Pole, in about 71 hours. Amundsen,
Ellsworth and several others of the expedition
arrived at Nome, Alaska, May 16.

The Caliphate Congress, the first in the history
of Islam, opened at Cairo.

PILSUDSKI GAINS CONTROL OF POLAND.
May 15-At Warsaw, Pres. Wojciechowski and the
Witos Cabinet submitted their resignations to
Marshal Pilsudski. The leader of the revolt is
now in control of the Polish Govt. A new Cab-
inet, beaded by Prof. Charles Bartel as Prime
Minister, was formed. Marshal Pilsudski took
over the portfolio of Minister of War; 6 were
killed, 365 wounded in 3 days' fighting at Warsaw.
-Pres. Coolidge, speaking on the Campus of Wil-
llam and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., at
the sesquicentennial observance of the adoption
of the Virginia Resolutions, May 15, 1776, made
a plea for States' rights and local self-government.
-The Mexican Govt. ordered the deportation of
the Rt. Rev. George Caruana, Papal representa-
tive in Mexico, a U. S. citizen, on the ground that
he had improperly entered Mexico by concealing
his identity and mission. Mgr. Caruana denied
the charge, but said he would leave.
-The Jugo-Slav Cabinet resigned.
-The U. S. frigate Constellation was towed to
Philadelphia from Newport, R. I., where she had
been stationed since 1877. She is at League
Island Navy Yard.

-The Capitol plaza at Washington was transformed
into a bit of the Far West by five Hop! Indlans
from the cliffs and pueblos of Arizona. Before a
crowd that included Vice Pres. Dawes, Speaker
Mrs.
Longworth and
Longworth, Associate
Justices Sanford, Holmes and Sutherland of the
U. S. Supreme Court, Senators and Congressmen
and 5,000 other citizens, the Indians, descendants
of chieftains of the tribe which holds that it
originated from snakes, presented 4 of their
tribal religious dances to show they are not cruel
rites.

May 16-Following a meeting of "Reds" at Buenos
Ayres to protest against the refusal of the Mass.
Supreme Court to give Sacco and Vanzetti a new
trial, a bomb partly destroyed the U. S. Embassy
building.

-At París, 5,000 gathered at the Gare du Nord to watch the arrival of 500 members of 3 famous honorary military organizations in America-the Richmond Light Infantry Blues, the First and Second Companies of the Governor's Foot Guard of Hartford and New Haven and the Putnam Phalanx of Hartford. They were reviewed by Marshal Foch, May 17, and put wreaths on the tomb of France's Unknown Soldier.

May 17 Walter E. Shean of Springfield, Mass., arrested 19 months ago charged with complicity with Gerald Chapman in the murder of a New Britain policeman, was sentenced at Hartford to 1 to 5 years in State prison on chargés of carrying concealed weapons and being an accessory to statutory burglary. It was Shean who turned State's evidence against Chapman, who wes hanged 6 weeks ago.

-The Court of Errors and Appeals at Trenton, N. J, 12 to 1, reversed the convlotion of Harrison W. Noel of Montclair, holding that he was insane on Sept, 4 and 5, 1925, when he murdered Raymond Pierce, a Negro taxi driver, and Mary Daly,

6. -At San Diego, Cal., Sgt. J. B. Davis, aviation pilot, and Pvt. R. K. Thrasher, U. S. Marine Corps Aviation Service, were killed when training plane fell 200 feet.

-Sir Esme Howard, British Ambassador,

was

initiated, at Washington, into Phi Beta Kappa, and was made an honorary member of the mother chapter of William and Mary College, founded 150 years ago.

-The Begum of Bhopal, India, 68, has abdicated in favor of her son.

-The Academy of Music, N. Y. City, 72 years old, closed for good, with a farewell programme of singing and speeches.

-At Paris, Mile. Cecile Sorel, actress, was married to Count Guillaume de Segur. May 18-The Preparatory Commission for the Disarmament Conference opened sessions at Geneva. Hugh S. Gibson, for the U. S., read a statement but made no direct proposals. The commission adjourned May 26.

WET WINS IN PENNSYLVANIA PRIMARY. -U. S. Rep. W. 8. Vare, a "wet," won over U. S. Sen. G. W. Pepper and Gov. Gifford Pinchot, both "dry," in the Pa. Republican primary for a nominee in Pepper's place. J. S. Fisher, a "dry," won Republican nomination for Governor. -At Paris, the courts ruled against Mme. Zizi Lambrino, former morganatic wife of ex-Crown Prince Carol of Roumania, in her attempt to have Carol's paternity of her son, Mircea, recognized. -Mrs. A. S. McPherson, evangelist, vanished st Ocean Park, near Los Angeles. She was found, June 23, at Agua Prieta, Mex., and was taken across the border to Douglas, Ariz., where she said she had been kidnapped by 2 men and a woman and held for ransom but escaped, -Ross Kirkpatrick, aviator of the freighter Malden Dearuorn of the Ford Motor Co. air service, was killed at Summit, near Chicago, in a storm which caused a forced landing. Damage estimated from $100,000 to $200,000 was caused by the storm, which extended east from Summit to Harvey, where more than 300 homes were wrecked. May 19--Chinese bandits in Yunnan Province have captured Capt. Thos. J. Betts, U. S. A., attached to the U. S. Legation at Pekin as language officer. -At Berlin, Miss Dorothy Anna Maria Schurman, daughter of the American Ambassador and Mrs. Jacob Gould Schurman, was married to Lieut. James Marshall McHugh, U. S. Marine Corps, at the American Embassy.

-Elder W. Roberson, a Negro, who called himself the "Black Messiah" of the religious sect known as "Temple of the Gospel of the Kingdom," pleaded guilty to violation of the Mann law and was sentenced to the Atlanta penitentiary for 18 months by Fed. Judge Goddard at N. Y. City. May 20-An explosion destroyed the Hasslock Powder factory near Mannheim, Germany, killing 40 and injuring 50.

-The U. S. Navy has admitted chewing gum to the list of things sold to sailors on war ships. It had been banned since 1911,

May 21-A jury at Baltimore found Richard R. Whittemore guilty of murder in the 1st degree in having slain Robert H. Holtman, a guard at the Maryland penitentlary, In escaping, Feb 20, 1925. He was sentenced, June 10, to be hanged. -The U. S. House, 212 to 167, defeated the Haugen

Farm Relief bill proposing a $175.000,000 subsidy to maintain prices of farm products. -At Carson City. Nev., Stanko Jukich, 28, murderer of a girl, was executed at the State prison by lethal gas. Jukich was pronounced dead 24 minutes after the gas was turned on.

May 22-A proclamation conced.ng his defeat and releasing those of his followers who wish to discontinue the war against the French and Spanish has been issued by Abd-el-Krim at Miawaia el All. near Targuist, which latter place was captured by the French May 23.

May 23 The Fifth Ave. Coach Co. bought control of the N. Y. Railways Corp.

May 24-Over 300 persons were killed by the erup tion of a volcano in the mountains of Tokachi Province, Central Hokkaido, Japan.

May 25-The U. S. Senate unanimously ordered an fnquiry of Pres. Coolidge's executive order of May 8 transforming local police officers and others into prohibition agents. The White House explained in a statement that the order was primarily intended for use in California. Atty. Gen. Sargent has pronounced the order to be constitutional and not invasive of State's rights. The Senate sub-committee reported, June 5, the executive order was legally O. K.

Joyce Hawley (Teresa Daughelos), 17, show girl, testified in the Federal Court at N. Y. City that she was nude and intoxicated when, early on Feb. 23, she seated herself in a bath tub on the stage of the Earl Carroll Theatre in the presence of several hundred men and women, guests of Carroll's after-theatre party, Carroll, on trial for perjury, in having denied there was wine or a naked woman in the tub, was convicted on the naked woman Lsue May 27, but acquitted of violating the Volstead act. He was fined $2,000 June 3 and sentenced to 1 year and 1 day in prison. He was released on bail pending his appeal.

Gen. Simon Petlura, ex-Pres. Ukrainian Republle, was assassinated at Paris by a Jewish student from Ukrainia.

ABD-EL-KRIM'S SURRENDER. May 26-Abd-el-Krim, the Riff rebel leader in Morocco, has capitulated and has placed himself under French protection after having surrendered all his French and Spanish prisoners. The formal surrender was at Taza, May 28. -The Budapest police are expelling 7,000 Chinese communists, refugees from other European countries. The court passed sentence in the counterfelting case. Prince Lous WindischGraetz and the Chief of Police, Emmerich von Nadosy, were given 4 years' imprisonment and fined 10,000 gold crowns. Maj. Ladislas Gero, the technical expert of the Cartographie Institute, who made the plates, got 2 years while his supere ors, Gen. Louls Halts, Col. Sandor Kurtz, directors of the Institute, got 1 year. -At Washington, the Fundamentalists of the Northern Baptist Church convention, demanding a declaration for immersion of bellevers as a prerequisite to membership in the church, were defeated by a 2-to-1 vote.

May 27-Crown Prince Gustavus Adolphus and Crown Princess Louise of Sweden were welcomed on their arrival on the Gripsholm by Mayor Walker at N. Y. City, and by Pres. and Mrs. Coolidge at Washington.

-A bomb sent through the mall killed, near Muskegon, Mich., August Krubach, Town Supervisor, and his prospective son-in-law, William Frank, and mortally wounded Miss Janet Krubach, the fiancee. Asa K, Bartlett, a political adversary, pleaded guilty, June 1, and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

-At Plymouth, England, Charles E. Russell. Socialist candidate for Governor of New York in 1910-12 and author of works on Socialism, was barred by the immigration authorities from landing from the steamer Pres. Roosevelt on complaint of the Irish Free State Govt. -The former palace of Count Arcentales at Madrid was opened as the U. S. Embassy premises with a d.nner to the King

-Ambassador Sheffield made a formal demand on the Mexican Govt. to obtain the release of 2 more Americans, named Biggs and Greely, who were kidnapped by bandits from the property of an oil company at El Aguila. J. W. Shanklin. who was kidnapped from an El Protero sugar plantation, is in the hands of bandits, who threaten to kill their prisoner unless the company pays a heavy ransom. Bigge and Greely were quickly released: Shanklin was freed May 30.

May 28-A photograph of the North Pole taken by Lieut. Com. R. E. Byrd, May 9, was sent by radio from London to N. Y. City and there published.

The 8th Division of the Portuguese Army at
Braga has revolted.

-Following a strike at the Renault Automobile works near Paris fire did $1,000,000 damage to the tire department.

May 29 At Washington, D. C. (Bethlehem Chapel, Miss Allsa Mellon, only daughter of Andrew W. Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury, was married to David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce of Baltimore, eldest son of Sen. William Cabell. Bruce of Maryland.

-Pres. Coolidge and Crown Prince Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden dedicated a monument to John Ericsson, at Washington.

May 29-Jesse Sweetser of N. Y. won the British Amateur Golf Championship at Sandwich, Scotland. -A Jury at N. Y. City convicted of robbery Jacob Kraemer and his step-brother, Leon Kraemer, alleged members of the Whittemore gang. They were sentenced, June 11, each to 40 years in prison. May 30 The Portuguese revolution, led by Gen. Gomez da Costa, has succeeded and the da Silva Cabinet has resigned. There was no bloodshed. Pres. Machado resigned June 1.

-At Baltimore, N. Y. State was attacked by Sen. William E. Borah of Idaho for its attitude on prohibition. Speaking at a popular meeting in the Lyric Theatre under the auspices of the Presbyterian General Assembly, he declared that in refusing to aid in the enforcement of the Volstead act It "showed disloyalty to the fundamental principles upon which the Federal Government is founded."

-The Cuban rail strike ended after 44 days. -Gov. W. J. Fields of Ky. pardoned Miss Martha Bates who was sentenced in Letcher County to 40 days in jail for having slapped the face of the Rev. Arlie Brown after his sermon criticising bobbed hair.

-Vice Pres. C. G. Dawes laid the cornerstone of the memorial to Pres. Warren G. Harding at the cemetery, Marion, Ohio. Gov. A. V. Donahes assisted.

-Gen. Sun Chuan-fang, Gov. Gen. of Klangsu, Cheklang, Anhwel, Klangsi and Fukien Provinces, who recen ly consolidated all the districts surrounding Shanghai into I greater municipality, with he view to perfecting administration so as to Justify the Chinese asking the return of the foreign settlements, has now announced the formation of his 5 provinces into an Independent state. Gen. Sun says he applies the Monroe Doctrine to this federation.

-France celebrated Mother's Day for the first time. May 31-Pres. Coolidge, in Memorial Day speech

at Arlington Nat'l Cemetery, stressed peace and prosperity and urged Europe to reduce armaments. The Swedish Crown Prince laid a wreath on the grave of the unknown American soldier, and at night attended a Swedish song concert at N. Y. City.

PHILADELPHIA'S EXPOSITION OPENED. Sesquicentennial Exposition opened at

-The

Philadelphia.

-The National Assembly. 292 to 193 (with 60 blanks), elected Marshal Joseph Pilsudski President of Poland but he declined to serve, and Ignace Mosick! was elected June 1.

-The World Suffrage Congress at Paris barred the Nat'l Woman's Party of America. The Six Point suffrage group of England withdrew. -The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church at Baltimore adopted the report of the commission to provide a plan for peace and unity in that denomination.

-Italy and Czechoslovakia signed, at Rome, a civil and commercial treaty.

-$200,000 in gold, buried in Civil War times by Boaz Whitfield, were found near Middleboro, Ky. -Mrs. J. A. Walker, auto racer, was killed in speed contest. Overland Park, Denver.

JUNE

June 1-The Washington Irving, 4,000-ton flagship of the Hudson River Day Line, was sunk by collision with a steel oil barge off Desbrosses St., N. Y. City, and sank at Pier 12, on the New Jersey side. Two passengers were killed, Mrs. L. A. Hoag of Queens Boro and her daughter. -The Presbyterian Gen. Assembly, at Baltimore, dismisced Fundamentalists' charges against the N. Y. Presbytery.

-The Swedish Crown Prince distributed diplomas at Upsala College, E. Orange, N. J., received an L. D. degree at Princeton and went to Philadelphia.

-The Swedish Labor Govt. resigned after defeat in Riksdag.

-100,000 Nobles of the Mystic Shrine marched at Philadelphia.

June 2-The U. S. House, 236 to 112, approved the World War debt agreement with France. -The Swedish Crown Prince visited Independence Hall, Philadelphia, and dedicated, at the Sesquicentennial Exposition, the building named for John Morton, Swedish American signer of the Declaration of Independence.

-Ensign L. S. Schmidt died in collision of navy airplanes off Pensacola Fla. -A2 weeks' campaign against the Moros, by the Philippine Constabulary, has resulted in the death of 140 Moros and 7 U. S. troopers.

-The death roll of the recent cyclone and tidal wave on the coast of Burma has reached 2,800, according to the commissioner of the district of Arakan. It is feared that the total deaths will reach almost 4.000.

-A letter posted May 10 at Kingsbay, Spitzbergen, and carried by the Norge across the North Pole to Teller, Alaska reached N. Y. City. -Following a duel between Prince C. V. Orloff of Russia and Baron Klinger of Austria, in which both were severely wounded, Baroness Klinger killed herself at Raab, Austria.

June 3-The U. S. Senate's Judiciary sub-committee filed with the full committee a report recommending indefinite postponement of consideration of nearly a dozen bills and resolutions to modify the Volstead act or amend or repeal the Eighteenth Amendment. The majority report of the sub-committee held that there is no legal authority for holding a national referendum on Prohibition.

-At Annapolls, Md., an unprecedented incident occurred at the Naval Academy when Midshipman Earl B. Zirkle of Kan. refused to take oath of induction into the navy, necessary to recelve his commission as an ensign, declaring that he felt himself temperamentally unfit for the service. The commission was withheld, and Sec. Wilbur decided to send him on the summer cruise as a midshipman.

June 4 "Reds" bombed the entrance to the U. S. Legation, Montevideo.

-The U. S. House passed the Jugoslavia debt funding agreement.

-The French Senate ratified the Locarno treatles. -Prof. Ignace Moscicki, Lemburg, chemist, was Inaugurated Pres. of Poland.

June 5-The U. S. Senate adopted the Borah resolution calling on the State and War Depts. for such facts as they may possess concerning a contract granted by the Govt. of Panama to British interests for mining operations. -Maj. John A. Warner, Supt. of the N. Y. State Police, married, at Albany, the Governor's daughter, Miss Emily Josephine Smith.

-Chief Justice W H. Taft was ordered by his physician to qui U. S. Supreme Court duties and rest on account of his heart.

June 6-At Stockholm, Sweden, C. G. Elkman, once a blacksmith and now leader of the Centre group, representing the extreme Prohibitionists, has formed a Cabinet to succeed the Socialist Govt. of Premier Sandlar.

-A new Egyptian Cabinet has been formed, with Adly Yeghen Pasha as Premier and Minister of the Interior.

June 7-The Swedish Crown Prince reviewed the U. S. Cadets at West Point.

-Elmer L. Partridge, air mail pilot, died in plane fall near Mendota Minn. -The Turkish Assembly ratified the Mosul Treaty and the Franco-Turkish-Syrian agreement. -Mrs. W. E. Sibley of Manitoba, wife of a Canadlan Methodist missionary, was murdered at Chengtu, China.

The act of the Philippine Legislature upheld by the insular courts, making it unlawful for any person, firm or partnership to keep account books in any language other than English, Spanish or a local dialect, was declared invalid by the U. S. Supreme Court.

June 8-The Swedish Crown Prince was an incognito "strap hanger" in the N. Y. City subway, on his way to the Polo Grounds, where he saw Chicago beat the Giants. He talked to the Chamber of Commerce, toured Wall St. and gazed from the Woolworth Tower.

With the departure of Charles C. Eberhardt, Minister of Nicaragua, from his post at Managua, the State Dept. served definite notice that it will not recognize the regime of Gen. Chamorro, which was set up by a coup d'etat.

PRIMARY EXPENDITURES.

June 9-Gov. Pinchot told a U. S. Senate committee his primary campaign in Pa. for the Senate cost nearly $195,000, of which he and his relatives contributed $143,000. The Mellon family contributed $75,000 to the Pepper fund, which, in Western Pa., totaled over $306,000. Test!mony later showed contributions of $1,046,295 to Vare forces: $596,405 to Vare-Beidleman forces: $195,000 to Pinchot organization: $1. 105,000 to Pepper cohorts. All contributions approximate $3,000,000.

-Gen. Erich Ludendorff was sued by his wife, at Munich, Germany, for an absolute divorce. June 10-Gregoire Veschapely, Vice Pres. Georgian Party, was assassinated at Paris by a young Georgian Nationalist, Arthandil Meravachbill. Polish troops killed 3 and wounded 20 in ending a strike at the iron and munition works, Ostrowiec.

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