An inquiry into the expediency of applying the principles of colonial policy to the government of India: and of effecting an essential change in its landed tenures, and, consequently, in the character of its inhabitants
J.M. Richardson, 1822 - 382 頁
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admit advantages amount annual applied Barbadoes Bengal Britain British capital cause charges China cial civil colonists colony Company's consequence consider controul cultivation debt demurrage ditto duties East India Company effect empire England established estates Europe European evil Expediency expense exports favour foreign former freight funds government of India Grant gross produce Hindoo improvement increase individuals interest investment labour land land-tax latter less Lord Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley loss Majesty's Government March 25 means measure ment merchants military mode monopoly nation natives nature never observed occasion opinion pany parliament patronage payment permanent settlement political possessions present principles profit proportion proprietors purchase purpose remittance render rents respect Robert Grant ryots Ryotwar says ships sion Sir Henry Strachey slaves supposed surplus revenue tenure territorial tion trade treasury tribute troops vernment wealth West Indies whole Zemindarry Zemindars
第 87 頁 - ... fact were as he supposes, must be irresistible. For I never knew a writer on the theory of government so partial to authority as not to allow that the hostile mind of the rulers to their people did fully justify a change of government; nor can any reason whatever be given why one people should voluntarily yield any degree of pre-eminence to another but on a supposition of great affection and benevolence towards them. Unfortunately, your rulers, trusting to other things, took no notice of this...
第 261 頁 - ... forcibly separated from his wife and children, dragged to public auction, purchased by a stranger, and perhaps sent to terminate his miserable existence in the mines of Mexico; excluded for ever from the light of heaven! and all this without any crime or imprudence on his part, real or pretended. He is punished because his master is unfortunate.
第 261 頁 - His provision-ground, the creation of his own industry, and the staff of his existence, affords him not only support, but the means also of adding something to the mere necessaries of life. In this situation he is seized on by the sheriff's officer, forcibly separated from his wife and children, dragged...
第 111 頁 - ... or crucible, the civil law, though it gives the sole property of the whole to him who has not interfered in the mixture, yet allows a satisfaction to the other for what he has so improvidently lost.
第 144 頁 - Leviathan, though he be right where he says that " riches are power," is mistaken where he says that "prudence, or the reputation of prudence, is power;" for the learning or prudence of a man is no more power than the learning or prudence of a book or author, which is properly authority. A learned writer may have authority though he has no power ; and a foolish magistrate may have power, though he has otherwise no esteem or authority.
第 172 頁 - Much time will, I fear, elapse before we can establish a system perfectly consistent in all its parts; and before we can reduce the compound relation of a zemindar to Government and of a ryot to a zemindar, to the principles of landlord and tenant."3 And Mr.
第 175 頁 - Neither is the privilege which the ryots in many parts of Bengal enjoy of holding possession of the spots of land which they cultivate, so long as they pay the revenue assessed upon them, by any means incompatible with the proprietary rights of the zemindars. Whoever cultivates the land, the zemindars can receive no more than the established rent, which in most places is fully equal to what the cultivator can afford to pay.
第 295 頁 - What fancied zone can circumscribe the Soul, Who, conscious of the source from whence she springs, By Reason's light, on Resolution's wings, Spite of her frail companion, dauntless goes O'er Libya's deserts and through Zembla's snows ? She bids each slumb'ring energy awake, Another touch, another temper take, Suspends th...