« 上一頁繼續 »
“ Now is the parents' mirth quite changed into
mone, “ And now to sorrow is return'd the joy of every
one ; « And now the wedding weeds for mourning weeds
they change, “ And Hymen to a dirge : --alas! it seemeth
strange. “ Instead of marriage gloves, now funeral gowns
they have, “ And, whom they should see married, they fol
low to the grave; “ The feast that should have been of pleasure
and of joy, “ Hath every dish and cup fill'd full of sorrow and annoy."
MALONE. 369. Enter Peter.] From the quarto of 1599, it appears, that the part of Peter was originally performed by William Kempe.
MALONE. 373. My heart is full of woe: -] This is the bur. then of the first stanza of A pleasant new Ballad of Two Lovers, yet, as ancient as the time of Shakspere : “ Hey hoel my heart is full of woe.”
STEEVENS. -0, play me some merry dump, to comfort me.] This is not in the folio, but the answer plainly requires it.
JOHNSON It was omitted in the folio by mistake, for it is found in the quarto, 1609, from which the folio was manifestly printed.
A dump anciently signified some kind of dance, as well as sorrow.
So, in Humour out of Breath, a comedy, by John Day, 1607 :
“ He loves nothing but an Italian dump,
" Or a French brawl." But on this occasion it means a mournful song. So, in the Arraignment of Paris, 1584, after the shepherds have sung an elegiac hymn over the hearse of Colin, Venus says to Paris :
“-How cheers my lovely boy after this dump
of woe? “ Paris. Such dumps, sweet lady, as bin these,
are deadly dumps to prove." STEEVENS. Dumps were heavy mournful tunes; possibly indeed any sort of movements were once so called, as we sometimes meet with a merry dump. Hence doleful dumps, deep sorrow, or grievous affliction, as in the next page, and in the less ancient ballad of Chevy Chase. It is still said of a person uncommonly sad, that he is in the dumps.
REMARKS. 380. the gleek :-] So, in The Midsummer Night's Dream:
“ Nay, I can gleek, upon occasion.” To gieek is to scoff. The term is taken from an an. cient game at cards called gleek.
STEEVENS. The game is mentioned in the beginning of the present century, by Dr. King of the Cominons, in his Art of Love :
“ But whether we diversion seek
NICHOLS. The use of this cant term is no where explained ; and in all probability cannot, at this distance of time, be recovered. To gleek, however, signified to put a joke or trick upon a person, perhaps to jest according to the coarse humour of that age. See Midsummer Night's Dream, above quoted.
REMARKS. 381. -the minstrel.] From the following entry on the books of the Stationers-Company, in the year 1560, it appears that the hire of a parson was cheaper than that of a minstrel or a cook.
“ Item, payd to the preacher vis. iid.
“ Item, paid to the coke xys." STEEVENS. 392. When griping grief, &c.] The epithet griping was by no means likely to excite laughter at the time it was written. Lord Surrey, in his translation of the second book of Virgil's Æneid, makes the hero
“ New gripes of dred then pearse our trenibling
brestes." Dr. Percy thinks that the questions of Peter are designed as a ridicule on the forced and unnatural explanations too often given by us painful editors of ancient authors.
In Commendation of Musicke. “ Where griping grief ye hart would woud (and
dolful domps ye mind oppresse), “ There musick with her silver sound, is wont
with spede to geue redresse, " Of troubled minds for every sore, swete musick
hath a salue in store, “ In ioy it maks our mirth abound, in grief it
chers our heany sprights, « The carefull head releaf hath found, by mu.
sicks pleasant swete delights, “Our senses, what should I saie more, are sub
ject unto musicks lore. “ The Gods by musick hath their pray, the soul
therein doth ioye, “ For as the Romaine poets saie, in seas whom
pirats would destroye, “A Dolphin sau'd from death most sharpe,
Arion playing on his harp. “ Oh heauenly gift that turnes the minde, like as
the sterne doth rule the ship, " Of musick whom ye Gods assignde to comfort
mā, whom cares would nip, “ Sith thou both man & beast doest moue, what
wisemā thē will thee reprove ?” From the Paradise of Daintie Richard Edwards.
Deuises, fol. 31. b. Of Richard Edwards and William Hunnis, the authors of sundry poems in this collection, see an
account in Wood's Athena Oxon. and also in Tanner's Bibliotheca.
Sir J. HAWKINS. Another copy of this song is published by Dr. Percy, in the first volume of his Reliques of Ancient English Poetry.
STEEVENS. 393. And doleful dumps the mind oppress,] This line I have recovered from the old copy. It was wanting to complete the stanza as it is afterwards repeated.
STEEVENS. Simon Catling ?] A catling was a small lutestring made of catgut.
STEEVENS. 398. - Hugh Rebeck?] The fidler is so called from an instrument with three strings, which is mentioned by several of the old writers. Rebec, rebecquin. See Menage, in v. Rebec. So, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle : “ —'Tis present death for these fidlers to tune their rebecks before the great Turk's grace.” In England's Helicon, 1614, is The Shepherd Arsilius, his Song to his REBECK, by Bar. Yong.
SreeVENS, It is mentioned by Milton, as an instrument of mirth :
“ When the merry bells ring round,
MALONE. 406. -because such fellows as you,-) Thus the quarto, 1597. The others read-because musicians, I should suspect that a fidler made the alteration.