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153. Characters in Conversation described as Instruments

of Music


154. Virgil's Allegory and Ideas of a future State


155. Character of the Upholsterer-A great Politician

156. Visit of Telemachus to the other World


158. Pedantry of Tom Folio, the Book-broker


160. A Visit and Letter from the Upholsterer .


161. Dream of the Region of Liberty


162. Duty of a Censor-How

performed by the Author

Subscriptions for the Tatler


163. Critical reading of Ned Softly's Poetry


165. The Impertinence of Criticism-Sir Timothy Tittle 14

192. Characters in a Stage-coach-Anecdote of two Ladies

and their Husbands, Passengers in a Packet-boat 151

216. Taste of the Virtuosi—Legacy of a Virtuoso—Death

of Mr. Partridge

218. On the names given to Flowers-Visit to a Garden 151

220. Account of the Church Thermometer


224. On Advertisements—Quackeries—Washes, &c. 16:

226. Life of Margery, alias John Young, commonly called

Dr. Young


229. Remarks on the Author's Enemies - Fable of the

Owls, Bats, and the Sun


239. Remarks on the Author's Enemies—The Examiner. 174

240. The Science of Physic-Quacks of the Time


243. Adventures of the Author when invisible


249. Adventures of a Shilling :


250. Institution of a Court of Honour


253. Journal of the Court of Honour


254. Sir John Mandeville's account of the Freezing and
Thawing of several Speeches

255. Letters from a Chaplain—Thoughts on the Treat-
ment of Chaplains


256. Proceedings of the Court of Honour


257. Wax-work representation of the Religions of Great



259. Journal of the Court of Honour


260. Essay on Noses—Skill of Taliacotius


262. Journal of the Court of Honour


265. Journal of the Court of Honour


267. On appointed Seasons for Devotion-Bacon's Prayer 22


1. The Spectator's Account of himself

2. Of the Club—Sir Roger de Coverley—the Templar

--Sir Andrew_Freeport-Captain Sentry - Will.

Honeycomb—The Clergyman


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3. Public Credit, a Vision


5. On

the Absurdities of the Modern Opera


7. Popular Superstitions


8. Letters on Masquerades


9. Account of various Clubs


10. The Uses of the Spectator


12. Custom of telling Stories of Ghosts to Children 256

13. Conduct of Lions at the Opera – Merit of Nicolini 259

15. Story of Cleanthe - on Happiness, exemplified in



16. Various Articles of Dress — Lampoons-Scandal-

Politics-Letter from Charles Lillie


17. History of the Italian Opera .


21. Divinity, Law, and Physic, overburdened with Practi-



23. Ill-natured Satire .


24. Letter from a Valetudinarian


26. Reflections in Westminster Abbey


28. Project of an Office for the Regulation of Signs—a

Monkey recommended for the Opera


29. Italian Recitative—Absurdities of the Opera Dresses 288

31. Project of a new Opera


34. Success of the Spectators with various Classes of

Readers, represented by the Club


35. False Wit and Humour-Genealogy of Humour


37. Catalogue of a Lady's Library-Leonora


39. English Tragedy-Lee-Otway


40. Tragedy and Tragi-Comedy


42. Methods to aggrandize the Persons in Tragedy 311

44. Stage Tricks to excite Pity-Dramatic Murders 314

45. Ill Consequences of the Peace-French Fashions-

Childish Impertinence


46. Paper of Hints dropped – Gospel-gossip-Ogling 322

47. Theory of the Passion of Laughter


50. Remarks on the English, by the Indian Kings 328

55. Effects of Avarice and Luxury on Employments .


56. Vision of Marraton


57. Mischiefs of Party-Rage in the Female Sex


58. Essay on Wit--History of False Wit.


59. The same subject continued


60. Wit of the Monkish Ages-in Modern Times 350

61. The subject continued


62. Difference between True and False Wit--Mist Wit 357

63. Allegory of several Schemes of Wit


68. On Friendship


69. The Royal Exchange--Benefit of extensive Commerce 370

70. Critique on the Ballad of Chevy-Chase


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72. Account of the Everlasting Club

73. Passion for Fame and Praise-Character of the Idols

74. Continuation of the Critique on Chevy-Chase

81. Female Party-Spirit discovered by Patches

83. Dream of a Picture Gallery

85. Fate of Writings-Ballad of Children in the Wood

89. Lovers Demurrage–Folly of Demurrage

90. Punishment of a voluptuous Man after Death-Ad-

venture of M. Pontigna

92. Books for a Lady's Library

93. Proper Methods of employing Time

94. Subject continued-Pursuit of Knowledge

98. Ladies' Head-dresses

99. The Chief Point of Honour-Duelling

101. Uncertainty of Fame Specimen of a History of

the Reign of Anne I.

102. Exercise of the Fan

105. Will. Honeycomb's Knowledge of the World-va-

rious kinds of Pedants

106. Visit to Sir R. de Coverley's Country Seat

108. Character of Will. Wimble

110. On Ghosts and Apparitions

111. Immateriality of the Soul

112. A Sunday in the Country—Sir Roger at Church.

115. Labour and Exercise

117. On Witchcraft-Story of Moll White

119. Rural Manners-Politeness

120. Instinct in Animals

121. The subject continued—Wisdom of Providence

122. A Visit with Sir Roger to the Country Assizes

123. Education of Country 'Squires–Story of Eudoxus

and Leontine

124. Use and Difficulties of Periodical Papers

125. Mischiefs of Party-Spirit .

126. The subject continued—Sir Roger's Principles

127. Letter on the Hoop-Petticoat

128. Difference of Temper in the Sexes-Female Levity

129. Fashions in Dress-How imitated in the Country

130. Interview of Sir Roger with a Gang of Gipsies

131. Opinions entertained of the Spectator in the Country

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-Letter from Will. Honeycomb

135. Blessing of being born an Englishman

159. The Vision of Mirza

160. On great natural Geniuses







We now enter on those parts of Mr. Addison's prose works, which have done him the greatest honour, and have placed him at the head of those whom we call our polite writers. I know that many readers prefer Dr. Swift's prose to his :—but, whatever other merit the Dean's writings may have, (and they have, certainly, a great deal,) I affirm it with confidence, (because I have examined them both with care,) that they are not comparable to Mr. Addison's, in the correctness, propriety, and elegance of expression.

Mr. Addison possessed two talents, both of them very uncommon, which singularly qualified him to excel in the following essays: I mean an exquisite knowledge of the English tongue, in all its purity and delicacy ; and a vein of humour, which flowed naturally and abundantly from him on every subject; and which experience hath shown to be inimitable. But it is in the former respect only that I shall criticise these papers; and I shall do it with severity, lest time, and the authority of his name, (which, of course, must become sacred,) should give a sanction even to his defects. If any man of genius should be so happy, as to equal all the excellencies of his prose, and to avoid the few blemishes which may, haply, be found in he would be a perfect model of style, in this way of writing : but of such an one, it is enough to say at present, (and I shall, surely, offend no good writer in saying it,)

“ -hunc nequeo monstrare, et sentio tantùm.”

No. 20. THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1709.

-Though the theatre is now breaking, it is allowed still to sell animals there; therefore, if any lady or gentleman have occasion for a tame elephant, let them inquire of Mr. Pinkethman, who has one to dispose of at a reasonable rate. The downfal of May Fair has quite sunk the price of this noble creature, as well as many other curiosities of nature. A tiger will sell almost as cheap as an ox; and I am credibly



informed, a man may purchase a cat with three legs, for very near the value of one with four. I hear likewise, that there is a great desolation among the gentlemen and ladies who were the ornaments of the town, and used to shine in plumes and diadems; the heroes being most of them pressed, and the queens beating hemp. Mrs. Sarabrand, so famous for her ingenious puppet-show, has set up a shop in the Exchange, where she sells her little troop under the term of Jointed Babies. I could not but be solicitous to know of her, how she had disposed of that rake-hell Punch, whose lewd life and conversation had given so much scandal, and did not a little contribute to the ruin of the fair. She told me with a sigh, that despairing of ever reclaiming him, she would not offer to place him in a civil family, but got him in a post upon a stall in Wapping, where he may be seen from sun-rising to sun-setting, with a glass in one hand, and a pipe in the other, as sentry to a brandy-shop. The great revolutions of this nature bring to my mind the distresses of the unfortunate Camilla, who has had the ill luck to break before her voice, and to disappear at a time when her beauty was in the height of its bloom. This lady entered so thoroughly into the great characters she acted, that when she had finished her part, she could not think of retrenching her equipage, but would appear in her own lodgings with the same magnificence that she did upon the stage. This greatness of soul has reduced that unhappy princess to an involuntary retirement, where she now passes her time among the woods and forests, thinking on the crowns and sceptres she has lost, and often humming over in her solitude,

I was born of royal race,

Yet must wander in disgrace, &c. But for fear of being overheard, and her quality known,' she usually sings it in Italian;

Nacqui al regno, nacqui al trono,
E pur sono

Sventurata pastorellaSince I have touched upon this subject, I shall communicate to my reader part of a letter I have received from a friend at Amsterdam, where there is a very noble theatre; though the manner of furnishing it with actors is something pecu

* Easily expressed, but not exactly. Better :-"But for fear of being overheard, and lest her quality should be known."

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