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interfusion between the two of the same sap, the same ruling ideas, the same Miltonism, the same life-blood. What God and History, and Milton's own meditations and determinations about himself through fifty years, thus organically united, and transmitted as a conjoint bequest from one man's life to those who in future times might care to know how he figured things and with what thoughts he walked the world, what right have we now, because of our temporary shibboleths, to break so positively into two parts, declaring that the one must be accepted, but the other must be ignored ? Perhaps, in this respect, a cordatior ætas than even the present still awaits Milton. Perhaps to the total body of his writings, prose and verse together, his countrymen may yet learn to address, with enlarged significance, the two opening lines of his Ode to Rous, addressed by himself only to his volume of Poems, as partly English and partly Latin :

" Gemelle cultu simplici gaudens liber,

Fronde licet geminâ."


On the subjects of these two scraps see Introd. I. pp. 333-336.—It may be added, in explanation of phrases in the second piece, that Salmasius ranked as an Eques, or Knight, on the continent, having, as Todd notes, been presented with the Order of St. Michael by Louis XIII. of France.—Of Mungentium cubito virorumin the same piece Warton notes that this was a cant name among the Romans for fishmongers.



Some years ago, Mr. Alfred J. Horwood, when examining the family papers of Sir Frederick U. Graham, of Netherby, Cumberland, Bart, for the purposes of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, came upon an old Latin Common-Place Book of Milton's, a good deal of it in his own handwriting, containing jottings of books he had read, and notes and suggestions from them at various times of his life. Together with this Common-Place Book there was found a single loose leaf of foolscap paper, “much damaged by damp,” on which was a short Latin prose-essay, headed "MANE CITUS LECTUM FUGE,” with some appended Latin verses on the same subject. As

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the leaf bore the name Milton still distinctly legible on its left margin, and as the handwriting bore in parts a strong resemblance to some of Milton's, Mr. Horwood concluded that the essay was a juvenile Academic Prolusion of Milton's on the subject of Early Rising, which he had not thought it worth while to print with the collection of his other Prolusiones Oratoria in 1674. Accordingly, when editing the Common-Place Book for the Camden Society in 1877, he appended the little essay and the verses, entitling the volume “A Common-Place Book of John Milton, and a Latin Essay and Latin Verses presumed to be by Milton.With the essay, as it is in prose, we have nothing to do here; but the verses, if only on the chance that they are an additional and accidentally recovered scrap of Milton's juvenile metrical composition in Latin, deserve reproduction. There are, in reality, two distinct pieces of verse, in different metres, though both on the subject of Early Rising, and both evidently intended as poetical appendages to the Prose Prolusion written on the same leaf :

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Surge, age, surge ! Leves, jam convenit, excute somnos !

Lux oritur; tepidi fulcra relinque tori.
Jam canit excubitor gallus, prænuncius ales

Solis, et invigilans ad sua quemque vocat.
Flammiger Eois Titan caput exerit undis,

Et spargit nitidum læta per arva jubar.
Daulias argutum modulatur ab ilice carmen,

Edit et excultos mitis alauda modos.
Jam rosa fragrantes spirat silvestris odores;

Jam redolent violæ luxuriatque seges.
Ecce novo campos Zephyritis gramine vescit

Fertilis, et vitreo rore madescit humus.
Segnes invenias molli vix talia lecto,

Cum premat imbellis lumina fessa sopor.
Illic languentes abrumpunt somnia somnos,

Et turbant animum tristia multa tuum ;
Illic tabifici generantur semina morbi :

Qui pote torpentem posse valere virum ?
Surge, age, surge ! Leves, jam convenit, excute somnos!

Lux oritur ; tepidi fulcra relinque tori.

Ignavus satrapam dedecet inclytum
Somnus qui populo multifido præest.
Dum Dauni veteris filius armiger
Stratus purpureo P

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Audax Eurialus Nisus et impiger
Invasere cati nocte sub horrida
Torpentes Rutilos castraque Volscia :
Hinc cædes oritur clamor et absonus.

The text in both pieces is given as it stands in Mr. Horwood's transcript, save that the punctuation is corrected. There seem to be errors, or mistranscriptions, in some of the lines. Neglecting these, we may say (1) that the internal evidence on the whole confirms the strong external evidence that the pieces are Milton's, and (2) that the style proves that in that case they must have been very early compositions of his. In all probability, they, and the Latin Prolusion to which they were attached, were done as a Latin theme when he was at St. Paul's School. If they were done later, they must have been among his very first exercises in Latin at Christ's College, Cambridge.




Latin Verses by S. B., M.D.—The author, according to Toland, was Dr. Samuel Barrow, a physician. He has been identified with a Dr. Samuel Barrow who had been principal physician to the English Army of General Monk in Scotland to as late as December 1659, when Monk was preparing for that march of his Army into England which brought about the Restoration, and who was afterwards Judge Advocate-General, and Physician in Ordinary to Charles II. The most exact account of him I have found is in Lysons's Environs of London, vol. ii. p. 371; where, after describing a handsome monument in Fulham Church ("the work of the celebrated Grinling Gibbons, and said to have cost £300 ") to the memory of “Dorothy, Lady Clarke, daughter of Thomas Hylliard, Esq., and wife, first, of Sir George Clarke, Knt., Secretary at War to Charles II., and, secondly, of Samuel Barrow, M.D., Physician to Charles II. and Judge Advocate," Lysons continues "On a slab at “ the foot, enclosed within iron rails, is the following inscription to " the memory of Dr. Barrow, who wrote the Latin verses prefixed to “ Milton's Paradise Lost: ‘P. M. S. Samuelis Barrow, M.D., ex “ vetustâ in agro Norfolk. prosapiâ, Caroli II. Medici Ordinarii, “ Advocati Generalis et Judicis Martialis per annos plus minus “ viginti ; quæ munera jussu regio suscepit quod Albemarlium secutus

optatum Caroli reditum suis maturavit consiliis. Uxorem duxit unicam, relictam Gul. Clarke Eq. aurat. ; cujus felicissimi paris

(cum sexdecim annos rarum amoris conjugialis exemplum præ“ buisset), quæ sola potuit, mors fregit consortium, 12 Kal. Aprilis, A.D. 1682, infracto adhuc manente superstitis amore.

Ob. æt. 57.'(“Sacred to the pious memory of Samuel Barrow, M.D., of

"" “ an ancient family in the county of Norfolk, Physician in Ordinary

to Charles II., and Advocate-General and Judge-Martial for 20 years, more or less; which offices were conferred on him by the


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