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THE

COLUMBIAN

CYCLOPEDIA

THIRTY-TWO VOLUMES

VOL 10
DROSOMETER-EPAGOGE

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS

BUFFALO, N. Y.
GARRETSON, COX & COMPANY

1897

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SCHEME OF SOUND SYMBOLS

FOR THE PRONUNCIATION OF WORDS,

Nnte.-(-) is the mark dividing words respelt phonetically into syl. ables; (), the accent indicating on which syllable or syllables the uccent or stress of the voice is to be placed.

bound-sym-
bols em Representing the Sounds as

Words respelt with ployed in exemplified in the Words. Sound-symbols and Marks Respelling

for Pronunciation. à...mate, fate, fail, aye.. ..māt, fāt, fal, ā. å...mat, fat...

måt, füt. å... far, calm, father

får, kim, få'ther. å... care, fair

.cär, fär. aw.. fall, iaud, law

fawl, laud, lau. e...mete, meat, feet, free. ...mēt, mit, fèt, frē. ě...met, bed...

..mět, běd. ė...her, stir, heard, cur ..her, stér, hird, kér. i ...pine, ply, height.

pin, pli, hit. š...pin, nyinph, ability. .pin, nimf, å-bilz-. o...note, toll, soul.

. nöt, töl, sõl, ...not, plot...

..nöt, plt. 0...move, smooth..

móv, smúth. ö... Goethe (similar to e in her)...gö'teh. ow. . noun, bough, cow.

nown, bow, koro. oy..boy, boil..

..boy, boyl. ū...pure, dew, few.

pür, , . ů... bud, come, tough.

.bud, kům, tüf: ú...full, push, good.

fül, půsh, gúdo ü... French plume, Scotch guid..plüm, güd.

ch...chair, match..

chär, măch. ih...German buch, Heidelberg,

Scotch loch (guttural)... bóch, hi'dél-běrch, lõch. @....game, go, gun

.gām, go, gün. 3.... judge, gem, gin...

jůj, jěm, jin. k... king, cat, cot, cut.. .king, kút, kot, kút. 8... .sit, scene, cell, city, cypress..dit, ēn, sél, săt'i, ' pre sh...shun, ambition

.shủn, åm-bishủn. th...thing, breath

.thing, brěth. th... though, breathe.

, brệt. 2.... zeal, maze, muse.

.sil, mūz, mū2. eh... .. azure, vision,

ăzh' er, dish'ún.

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ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS WORK.

Ba

A.U.C....... in the year of the

building of the aty (Rome) Anno urbis

conditæ Aug. .August aug

augmentative Aust....... Austrian A. V........authorized version

(of Bible, 1611) avoir. avoirdupois B

Boron B.

..Britannic b

..born

Barium Bart Baronet Bay

Bavarian bl.; bbl. barrel; barrels B.C.

before Christ B.C.L... Bachelor of Civil

Law B.D.. Bachelor of Divinity bef

before Belg. Belgic Beng .Bengali Bi..

Bismuth biog. .biography, biograph.

ical biol. biology B.L.

Bachelor of Laws Bobem....Bohemian bot.

..botany, botanical Вр Br.

Bishop

a., or adj....adjective A,B

..Bachelor of Arts abbr ...abbreviation, abbre

viated abl, or abla.ablative Abp.. ... Archbishop abt. ....about Acad.......Academy acc. or ac..accusative accom.....accommodated, ac

commodation act

.active A.D.. in the year of our

Lord (Anno Dom

ini] Adjt .Adjutant Adm ..Admiral adv. or ad..adverb A. F........Anglo-French Ag. ..Silver (Argenturi) agri.. ..agriculture A. L.. ..Anglo-Latin Al..

Aluminium Ala.. Alabama Alb.

. Albanian alg. .algebra A.M. before noon (ante

meridiem] A.M.

Master of Arts Am.

Amos Amer...... America, -n anat. anatomy, anatomical anc... .ancient, anciently AN. M.. ..in the year of the

world ( Anno Mundi anon. .anonymous antiq ..antiquity, antiqui

ties aor

&orist, -ic app. ..appendix appar... .apparently Apr. .. April Ar..

......Arabic arch ......architecture arrhænl....dr..', ?ology arith ...hineris Ariz... Arizona Ark. Arkansas art.

..article artil, artillery AS. . Anglo-Saxon As.. .Arsenic Assoc. Association asst.. .assistant astrol .astrology astron ..astronomy attrib. .attributive atly .attorney at. wt.

..atomic weight Au . Gold (Aurum]

Bromine Braz .. Brazilian Bret. Breton Brig Brigadier Brit. .British, Britannica bro ...brother Bulg. Bulgarian bush ...busbel, bus hels c

.Carbon c.

..century
Ca

.Calcium
Cal.. California
Camb. Cambridge
Can

Canada
Cant. .Canterbury
сар

...capital Capt. .Captain Card

....Cardinal

.....carpentry
Cath. ....Catholic
caus........causative
cav.. ..cavalry
Cd. ..Cadmium
Ce

..Cerium
Celt. .Celtic
cent.. ..central
cf

..compare (confer) ch or chh...church

carp..

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