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ALE.
See Adulteration; Election Law, $ 10; Jails, SS 5, 15, 17; Liquor Tax Law; Public
Health Law, SS 40-44; Sheriff, $ 15.
FOR TRADEMARKS ON BOTTLES, ETC.; see Domestic Commerce Law, SS 28–289, 28j–289.

ALEXANDER, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 63.

ALEXANDRIA, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 61, p. 51.

ALFRED, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 65.

ALIAS SUMMONS.
See Justices' Courts, $ 23.

ALIENATION. OF EXPECTANT ESTATES; see Real Property Law, S 49. OF LANDS IN SUIT, ETC.; see Champerty, etc., SS 1, 2. RESTRAINTS UPON; see Constitution, $ 14. SUSPENSION OF POWER OF; see Personal Property, § 1; Real Property Law, SS 32, 39,

158. WHO MAY CONVEY; see Real Property Law, SS 3, 9. See also Real Property Law.

ALIENS. See Constitution, $$ 28, 29; Domestic Relations Law, $ 72; Emigrants; Executive Law, S 26; Grand Juries, $ 41; Limitations, $ 43; Naturalization; Real Property Law, SS 4-8, 294; State Charities Law, $ 16; Trials, $ 209; Wills, SS 4, 35, 36.

ALIMONY. : See Divorce, SS 18, 25, 28, 31, 32; Jails, $ 2.

ALLEGANY COUNTY. See Agricultural Law, $ 88; Congressional Districts, $ 1; County Law, S 222; Supreme Court, 8 31.

See also County Law.

For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 63, p. 81; and as to towns in, see id., c. 64, p. 65.

ALLEGANY, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 66.

ALLEGANY INDIAN RESERVATION.
See Indian Law, $8 59a-590, 71, 121.

· ALLEGANY RIVER. See Timber, $ 19.

ALLEGHANY, CITY OF.
See Banking Law, § 116.

ALLEN, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 88, c. 64, p. 65.

ALLEYS.
See Constitution, $ 42.

ALLODIAL. See Constitution, $ 12.

ALLOWANCE. IN ADDITION TO Costs; see Condemnation Law, $ 14; Costs, SS 47–49, 57; Executors, etc.,

$ 93; Partition, $ 28.
OF APPEAL; see Appeals, SS 105, 106, 108, 111.
OF OFFICERS; see Military Code, SS 70, 120–127.

ALMA, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 178, c. 64, p. 65.

ALMOND.
See Agricultural Law, $ 82.

ALMOND, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c 64, p. 65.

ALMSHOUSES. See Constitution, $ 21; County Law, SS 12, 230; Election Law, $ 34; Liquor Tax Law, $ 24; Poor Law; Public Health Law, $8 24, 207; State Charities Law; Tax Law, $ 4.

ALTERATION. OF BILLS; see Legislative Law, SS 85, 86. OF COURT PAPERS; see Mistakes, $ 7. OF DOCUMENTS, ETC.; see Evidence, $ 121; Forgery, 88 8–18; Fraud, & 8; Lotteries, $ 8.

See also Amendments; Corporations, SS 11, 40; Gas, $ 1; Highway Law, SS 80–123; Mechanics' Liens, SS 31-36; Public Health Law, $ 164; Stock Corporation Law, § 32; University Law, $ 33.

ALTERNATIVE WRIT OF MANDAMUS. See Mandamus.

ALTERNATIVE WRIT OF PROHIBITION.
See Prohibition.

ALTONA, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 45.

ALUM.
See Public Health Law, $ 46.

ALUMNI. ASOCIATIONS AND FUND; see University Law, SS 77–84.

AMBASSADORS.
See Ministers, Public.

AMBOY, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 49.

AMBULANCES. Obstructing; duty of police, etc. A person, who willfully stops or obstructs the passage of any ambulance or vehicle used for the transportation of sick or wounded persons or animals upon any public street, highway or place, or who willfully injures the same, or willfully drives any vehicle into collision therewith, is guilty of a misdemeanor. All sheriffs, constables and police officers must, when called upon by the persons in charge of such ambulance or vehicle, aid in placing sick or wounded persons or animals therein, and in enforcing the provisions of this section. Pen. Code, § 432.

See also Public Health Law, SS 220–222.
For earlier laws on this subject see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1879, c. 186.

AMENDMENTS.
TO CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION; see Corporations, $ 7; Insurance Law, S 52.
To CHARTERS OF CORPORATIONS; see Constitution, S 105; AND THE TITLES OF THE DIFFER-

ENT CORPORATIONS. TO CLAIMS; see Board of Claims, $ 4. To CONSTITUTION; see Constitution, SS 98, 148, 149; Election Law, S 6. To COURT PAPERS AND PROCEEDINGS; see Appeals, $ 11; Arbitrations, S 11; Assignments

for Benefit of Creditors, SS 6, 20; Banking Law, $ 115; Chattels, $ 40; Corporations, $ 105; Costs, $ 46; Domestic Commerce Law, § 29 z; Exceptions, ss 20–23; Indictment, ss 12, 27-29; Judgment, etc., § 24; Justices' Courts, SS 24, 83, 88, 193; Mistakes ; Names, & 8; Parties, 886, 7; Pleadings, SS 21, 62–69; Railroad Law, $ 7; State Writs, &° 7; Surrogates' Courts, SS 3, 88; Trials, SS 40, 43, 239; Wills,

$ 77.
To BILLS AND STATUTES; see Constitution, SS 37, 41.

AMENIA, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 34.

AMERCEMENT.
See Fines and Penalties ; Rights, Bill of, $ 16.

AMERICAN CONGREGATIONAL UNION. See Religious, etc., Law, $ 15.

AMERICAN EXPERIENCE TABLE. See Insurance Law, $S 82, 84.

ment, under L. 1885, c. 181

SOCIETLAW,

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AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
See Agricultural Law, SS 88–90; Natural History.
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO

ANIMALS.
See Animals; Membership Corporations Law, SS 70–72.

AMHERST, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 64.

AMITY, Town of.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 65.

AMMONIA.
See Domestic Commerce Law, $ 33.

AMSTERDAM, CITY OF.
For charter and acts relating thereto, see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes and Birdseye's Supple-

AMSTERDAM, Town OF.
For earlier boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 42.

AMUSEMENTS.
See Exhibitions.
SOCIETIES FOR; see Membership Corporations Law, $ 31; Transportation Corporations

Law, $ 10.
LICENSING; see Town Law, SS 263–267; also see Public Amusements.

ANÆSTHETIC.
See Assault, & 2; Rape, $ 1.

ANALYSIS, CHEMICAL. See Agricultural Law, SS 2, 3, 6, 12, 20, 21; Dissection, $ 1.

ANCHOR. See Albany, & 13; Malicious Mischief, § 5, subd. 15.

ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE. See Benevolent Orders Law.

ANCILLARY LETTERS.
See Executors, etc., SS 59–68; Guardian and Ward, SS 18-21.

ANCRAM, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 38.

ANDES, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 37.

ANDOVER, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 65.

ANGELICA, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, urder L. 1788, c. 64, p. 66.

ANIMALS.
Note.- Companies to import, raise, and improve the breed of domestic animals, etc., were

formerly to be incorporated under L, 1874, c. 288. (See Birdseye's R. S., 1st ed., p. 56.) Companies to prevent and insure against theft of animals were to be formed under L. 1859

c. 168, and L. 1862, c. 438. (See Birdseye's R. S., 1st ed., pp. 1388, 1390.) Companies to carry on business of slaughtering animals were to be chartered under L.

1848, c. 40. (See Birdseye's R. S., 1st ed., p. 1879.) All of these companies are now to be incorporated under the Business Corporation Law.

See Corporations, $ 2. 1 Incorporation of American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. John T. Hoffman, Henry Grinnell, J. J. Astor, Jr., George Bancroft, Shepherd Knapp, Jas. T. Brady, John A. Dix, Marshall 0. Roberts, James Brown, Horatio Potter, Thomas H. Taylor, Erastus Brooks, Charles P. Daly, Moses Taylor, George T. Trimble, John D. Wolfe, Henry W. Bellows, Peter Cooper, Francis B.

of these compon Birdseye's R. Sa 150 tering animals

Cutting, Wm. H. Aspinwall, John Van Buren, Hamilton Fish, Daniel Parish, John J. Cisco, A. Oakey Hall, Jno. McCloskey, William C. Bryant, Edward G. Steele, Horace Greeley, Samuel B. Ruggles, James Lenox, Augustus Belmont, Moses H. Grinnell, William H. Webb, James Gallatin, Harper Brothers, James J. Roosevelt, C. V. S. Roosevelt, Alexander Stuart, D. C. Kingsland, Jas. W. Gerard, Jas. P. Beach, George T. Olyphant, Oliver S. Strong, Henry Clews, Archibald Russell, Benj. R. Winthrop, John A. Kennedy, Daniel Carpenter, George W. Dilks, Charles Addoms, George Griswold, Simeon Draper, Robert L. Stuart, Andrew Warner, Alexr. T. Stewart, Daniel Butterfield, A. C. Kingsland, E. A. Washburn, M. S. Beach, John D. Jones, Frank Leslie, William Coventry, H. Waddell, Charles A. Bristed, Thomas C. Acton, Wm. McMurray, James Leonard, A. D. Russell, Henry Bergh, all of the city of New York, and such other persons as may hereafter be associated with them, in conformity with this act, and their successors, are hereby constituted and created a body corporate, by the name of “ The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.” L. 1866, c. 469, $ 1.

2 Officers. The officers of the said corporation shall consist of a president, ten vice-presidents, one secretary, one treasurer, an executive committee of fifteen members, and such other officers as shall from time to time seem necessary to this society. Id., $ 2.

78 Hun, 40. 3 Who eligible. The foregoing officers shall be chosen from among the members of the society. Id., § 3.

4. Library. A library may be created for the use of the society. Id., § 4.

5 By-laws. The said society, for fixing the terms of admission of its members, for the government of the same, for the electing, changing and altering the officers above named, and for the general regulation and management of its affairs, shall have power to form a code of by-laws, not inconsistent with the laws of this state or of the United States, which code when formed and adopted at a regular meeting, shall, until modified or rescinded, be equally binding as this act upon the society, its officers and members. Id., § 5.

6 Power to hold property. This corporation shall be capable of taking, holding and enjoying any real property by virtue of any deed or of any devise contained in any last will of any person whomsoever, subject to the provisions of law relating to devises by last will. But this corporation shall not in its corporate capacity hold real estate, the yearly income derived from which shall exceed the sum of fifty thousand dollars. Id., § 6, as am'd L. 1871, c. 76, $ 2.

7 Police to aid society. The police force of the city of New York, as well as of all other places where police organizations exist, shall, as occasion may require, aid the society, its members or agents, in the enforcement of all laws which are now or may hereafter be enacted for the protection of dumb animals. Id., $ 7.

8 Sharing fines. One half of the fines collected through the instrumentality of the society, or of its agents, for violations of such laws, shall accrue to the benefit of said society. Id., § 8.

9 This act general. The provisions of this act shall be general, within the boundaries of this state. Id., § 9.

10 Dogs in cities of 800,000 inhabitants. Every person who owns or harbors one or more dogs within the corporate limits of any city having a population of over eight hundred thousand, shall procure a yearly license and pay the sum of two dollars for each dog, as hereinafter provided; and in applying for such license, the owner shall state in writing the name, sex, breed, age, color and markings of the dog, for which the license is to be procured. L. 1894, c. 115, $ 1, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

11 Licenses. Licenses granted under this act shall date from the first day of May in each year, and must be renewed prior to the expiration of the term by the payment of one dollar for each renewal. Id., § 2, as am'd L. 1895, C. 412.

dog, as hereinahe name, sex, bree 1394, c. 115,

12 Particulars of licenses. Each certificate of license or renewal shall state the name and address of the owner of the dog, and also the number of such license or renewal. L. 1894, c. 115, § 3, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

13 Dogs to wear collars and tags. Every dog so licensed shall, at all times, have a collar about its neck with a metal tag attached thereto, bearing the number of the license. Such tag shall be supplied to the owner with the certificate of license and shall be of such form and design as the society empowered to carry out the provisions of this act shall designate, and duplicate tags may be issued only on proof of loss of the original and the payment of the sum of one dollar therefor. Id., § 4, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

14 Dogs not licensed to be seized. Dogs not licensed pursuant to the provisions of this act shall be seized, and if not redeemed within forty-eight hours, may be destroyed or otherwise disposed of at the discretion of the society empowered and authorized to carry out the provisions of this act. Id., § 5, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

15 Cats to wear collars. It is further provided that any cat found within the corporate limits of any such city without a collar about its neck bearing the name and residence of the owner stamped thereon, may be seized and disposed of in like manner as prescribed above for dogs. Id., § 6, as am'd L. 1895, C. 412.

16 Redemption of dogs or cats seized. Any person claiming a dog or cat seized under the provisions of this act, and proving ownership thereof, shall be entitled to resume possession of the animal on payment of the sum of three dollars, provided, however, that such claim shall be made before the expiration of the forty-eight hours as provided in section five. Id., § 7, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

17. A. S. P. C. A. to enforce this act. The American society for the prevention of cruelty to animals is hereby empowered and authorized to carry out the provisions of this act, and the said society is further authorized to issue the licenses and renewals, and to collect the fees therefor, as herein prescribed, provided, however, that the said society shall defray the cost of carrying out the provisions of this act and maintaining a shelter for lost, strayed or homeless animals. Id., $ 8, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

18 Certain offenses, misdemeanors; riotous, disorderly conduct. Any person or persons, who shall hinder or molest or interfere with any officer or agent of said society in the performance of any duty enjoined by this act, or who shall use a license tag on a dog for which it was not issued, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person who owns or harbors a dog without complying with the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of disorderly conduct, and upon conviction thereof before any magistrate shall be fined for such offense any sum not exceeding ten dollars, and in default of payment of such fine may be committed to prison by such magistrate until the same be paid, but such imprisonment shall not exceed ten days. Id., § 9, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

19 Not to apply to non-residents, or dog shows. None of the provisions of this act shall apply to dogs owned by non-residents passing through the city, nor to dogs brought to the city and entered for exhibition at any dog show. Id., $ 10, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

20 Repeal. The thirtieth subdivision of section eighty-six of chapter four hundred and ten of the laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-two, entitled “ An act to consolidate into one act and to declare the special and local laws affecting public interests in the city of New York,” and all other acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed. Id., § 11, as am'd L. 1895, c. 412.

21 Dogs in cities of more than 20,000 and less than 800,000 inhabitants. Every person who owns or harbors one or more dogs within the corporate limits of any city having a population of more than twenty thousand and less than eight hundred thousand, where a duly incorporated society exists, or may hereafter exist, for the prevention of cruelty to animals, except in the city of Buffalo,

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