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butės, (1) and worship; (2) against Christ, and his grace; (3) the Holy Spirit, (4) his witness,(5) and workings ;(6) against superiors, men of eminency, (7) and such as we stand especially related and engaged unto;(8) against any.of Lord, who shall entreat for him ? Acts v. 4. Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.'

(1) Rom. ii. 4. Or despisest thou the riches of his · goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance.

(2) Mal. i. 14.-Cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing. 1 Cor. x. 21, 22.-Ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he ?

(3) John iii. 18, 36.-He that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God-He that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him. Heb. xii. 25.

(4) Heb. x. 29. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God,—and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace ? Matt. xii. 31, 32.

(5) Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

(6) Heb. vi. 4, 5, 6. For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened-and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost ;--if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance.

(7) Num. xii. 8.-Wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? Jude 8. Isa. iii. 5.

(8) Prov. xxx. 17. The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. Ps. xli. 9. Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me. Ps. Iv. 12 to 14,

the saints,(1) particularly weak brethren, (2) the souls of them or any other; (3) and the common good of all or of many. (4)

3. From the nature and quality of the offence; (5) if it be against the express letter of the law, (6) break many commandments, contaip in it many sins:(7) if not only conceived in the heart, but break forth in words and actions, (8) scandalize others, (9) and admit

(1) Zech. ii. 8. ---He that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

(2) 1 Cor. viii. 11, 12. And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ. Rom. xiv. 13, 15, 21.

(3) Ezek. xiii. 19. And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley, and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die ?

(4) 1 Thess. ii. 15, 16. Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted usto fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost. Matt. xxiii. 34-38.

(5) Isa. iii. 9.–They declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Prov. vi. 30 to 33.

(6) Ezek. xx. 12, 13. I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them-and my Sabbaths they greatly polluted.

(7) Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth : fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry. 1 Timn. vi. 10.

(8) Mic. ii. 1, 2. Wo to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds ! when the morning is light, they practise it because it is in the power of their hand. And they covet fields, and take them by violence.

(9) Rom. ii. 23, 24. Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou

of no reparation : (1) if against means, (2) mercies, (3) judgments, (4) light of nature, (5) conviction of conscience, (6) public or private admonition, (7) censures of the


God? For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written. Matt. xviii. 7.

(1) Prov. vi. 32, 33, 34, 35. But whoso committeth adultery with a woman a wound and dishonour shall he get; and his reproach shall not be wiped away. For jealousy is the rage of a man; therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance. He will not regard any ran

Matt. xvi. 26.-What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a'man give in exchange for his soul ?

(2) Matt. xi. 21, 22, 23, 24. Wo unto thee, Chora zin! wo unto thee, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. But I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you, &c. John xv. 22.

(3) Deut. xxxii. 6. Do ye thus requite the Lord, O foolish people and unwise? Is not he thy father, that hath bought thee? hath be not made thee, and established thee? Isa. i. 2, 3. Ezra ix. 13, 14.

(4) Jer. v. 3. O Lord, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock: they have refused to return. Amos iv. 8-11,

(5) Rom. i. 20, 21. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse, &c.

(6) Rom. i. 32. Who, knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death; not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. Dan. v. 22.

(7) Prov. xxix. 1. He that, being often reproved,

church, (1) civil punishments; (2) and our prayers, purposes, promises, (3) vows, (4) covenants, (5) and engagements to God or men :(6) if done deliberately, (7) wilfully, (8)

hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

(1) Matt. xviii. 17.-If he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. Tit. iii. 10.,

(2) Prov. xxvii. 22. Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.

(3) Ps. lxxviii. 34, 36, 37. When he slew them, then they sought him; and they returned, and inquired early after God. - Neyertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues. For their heart was not right with him, neither were they steadfast in his covenant. Jer. xlii. 5, 6, 20, 21, 22.

(4) Eccl. v. 5. Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay. Prov. xx. 25. It is a snare to the man who devoureth that which is holy, and after vows, to make inquiry.

(5) Lev. xxvi. 25. And I wili bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant. xxxi. 32.

(6) Prov. ii. 17. Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. Ezek. xvii. 18. Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.

(7) Ps. xxxvi. 4. He deviseth mischief upon his bed ; he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth not evil,

(8) Jer. vi. 16. Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.


presumptuously, (1) impudently, (2) boasting, ly, (3) maliciously, (4) frequently, (5) obstinately, (6) with delight, (7) continuance, (8) or relapsing after repentance. (9)

(1) Num. xv. 30. But the soul that doeth aught presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the Lord; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Ex. xxi. 14.

(2) Jer. vi. 15. Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination ? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush; therefore they shall fall among them that fall. Prov. vii. 13.

(3) Ps. lii. 1. Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man?

(4) Ezek. xxxv. 5, 6. Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end : therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God,

will prepare thee unto blood. 3 John 10.

(5) Num. xiv. 22.-Have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice.

(6) Zech. vii. 11, 12. But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear. Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone.

(7) Prov. ii. 14. Who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked.

(8) Jer. ix. 3, 5.—They proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the Lord. And weary them. selves to comniit iniquity. Isa. lvii. 17.

(9) 2 Pet. ii. 20, 21. For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the world, through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. Heb. vi. 4, 6.

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