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Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments ;(1) are, besides God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us, (2) his fervent zeal for his own worship, (3) and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom ; (4) accounting the breakers of this
titudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. 1 Thess. ii. 15, 16.
(1) Ex. xx. 5, 6.
(2) Ps. xlv. 11.-He is thy Lord; and worship thou him. Rev. xv. 3, 4. And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy.
(3) Ex. xxxiv. 13, 14. But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves : for thou shalt worship no other god; for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.
(4) 1 Cor. x. 20, 21, 22. But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's
commandment such as hate him, and threaten ing to punish them unto divers generations, (1) and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations. (2)
Q. iii. Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. (3)
Q. 112. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requires, that the name of God, his titles, attributes, (4) ordi
table, and of the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? Deut. xxxii. 16, 17, 18, 19. Jer. vii. 18, 19, 20. Ezek. xvi. 26, 27.
(1) Hos. ii. 2, 3, 4. Plead with your mother, plead; for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms,--and her adulteries from between her breasts ; lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms.
(2) Deut. v. 29. O that there were such a heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!
(3) Ex. xx. 7.
(4) Matt. vi. 9. After this manner therofore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven; hallowed be thy name. Deut. xxviii. 58.--That thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD. Ps. lxviii. 4. Extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name
nances, (1) the word, (2) sacraments, (3; prayer, (4) oaths, (5) vows, (6) lots, (7) his works, (8) and whatsoever else there is whereby he makes himself known, be holily and reverently used in thought, (9) meditation, (10)
JAH. Ps. xxix. 2. Rev. xv. 3, 4. See figure (2),
(1) Eccl. v.1. Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools : for they consider not that they do evil. Mal. ii. 4.
(2) Ps. cxxxviii. 2. I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy loving-kindness, and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.
(3) 1 Cor. xi. from verse 23 to 30.-But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
(4) 1 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
(5) Jer. iv. 2. And thou shalt swear, The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness.
(6) Eccl. v. 2, 4. Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God; for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth :-When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it.
(7) Acts i. 24, 26. And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, show whether of these two thou hast chosen.–And they gave forth their lots : and the lot fell upon Matthias.
(8) Job xxxvi. 24. Remember that thou magnify his. work, which men behold.
(9) Mal. iii. 16. And a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name. (10) Ps. viii. throughout.-When I consider thy
word, (1) and writing;(2): by an holy profession, (3) and answerable conversation, (4) to the glory of God, (5) and the good of ourselves (6) and others. (7)
Q. 113. What are the sins forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the third commandment are, the not using of God's name as is required; (8) and the abuse of it in an igno
heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained ; what is man, that thou art mindful of him ?-0 Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth. (1) Ps. cv. 2, 5.-Talk
of all his wondrous works, &c. Col. iii. 17.
(2) Ps. cii. 18. This shall be written for the genera. tion to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the Lord.
(3) 1 Pet. iii. 15.–Be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. Mic. iv. 5.-We will walk in the name of the Lord our God for ever and
(4) Phil. i. 27. Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ.
(5) 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
(6) Jer. xxxii. 39. And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them.
(7) 1 Pet. ii. 12. Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles; that, whereas they speak against you as evil doers, they may, by your good works which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
(8) Mal. ii. 2. If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, saith the Lord of hosts, I will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings.
rant,(1) vain, (2) irreverent, profane, (3) superstitious, (4) or wicked mentioning or otherwise using his titles, attributes, (5) ordinances, (6) or works;(7) by blasphemy;(8) perjury;(9) all
(1) Acts xvii. 23. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship:
(2) Prov. xxx. 9. Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? Or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
(3) Mal. i. 6, 7, 12.-If then I be a father, where è: my honour? And if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name.-But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the Lord is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. Mal. iii. 14.
(4) Jer. vii. 4, 9, 10, 14, 31. Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, are these, &c. Col. ii. 20, 21, 22,
(5) Ex. v. 2. And Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? Ps. cxxxix. 20. For they speak against thee wickedly, and thine enemies take thy name in vain.
(6) Ps. 1. 16, 17. But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth ? seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.
(7) Isa. v. 12. And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts : but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his hands.
(8) 2 Kings xix. 22. Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high ? even against the Holy One of Israel. Lev. xxiv. 11,
(9) Zech. v. 4.-And it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it.