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for his own glory,(1) and their good ;(2) and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel. (3)
Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation?
A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he, for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death until his resurrection. (4)
Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?
A. Christ humbled himself in his conception
(1) Rom. xiv. 11. As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. Phil. ii. 11. . And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
(2) Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
(3) 2 Thess. i. 8. In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. Ps. ii. 9. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
(4) Phil. ii. 6, 7, 8. Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the
2 Cor. viii. 9. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich. Luke i. 31. Acts ii. 24.
and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her, with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasement. (1)
Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?
A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law,(2) which he perfectly fulfilled, (3) and by conflicting with the indignities of the world, (4) temptations of Satan,(5) and infirmities in his flesh; whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition. (6)
(1) Jobn i. 14, 18. The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us. The only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father. Luke ii. 7. And she brought forth her first-born son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger.
(2) Gal. iv. 4. God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.
(3) Matt. v. 17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Rom. v. 19.
(4) Ps. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Isa. liii. 2, 3. Heb. xii. 2, 3.
(5) Matt. iv. 1 to 12. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil, &c. Luke iv. 1 to 14.
(6) Heb. ii. 17, 18. Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren.For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able tc succour them that are tempted. Heb. iv. 15. Isa, lii. 13, 14.
Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?
A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judus, (1) forsaken by his disciples, (2) scorned and rejected by the world, (3) condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors; (4) having also conflicted with the terrors of death and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath, (5) he laid down his life an offering for sin,(6) enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross. (7)
Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?
A. Christ's huniliation after his death con
(1) Matt. xxvii. 4.
(2) Matt. xxvi. 56. Then all the disciples forsook hiin, and filed.
(3) Isa. liii. 3. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and we hid as it were our faces from him : he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
(4) Matt. xxvii. 26. And when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. John xix. 34. Luke xxii. 63, 64. (5) Luke xxii. 44. And being in an agony,
he more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Matt. xxvii. 46. And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, -Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani ?--My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Rom. viji. 32.
(6) Isa. liii. 10. Thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin.
(7) Phil. ii. 8. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Heb. xii. 2. Gal. iii. 13.
sisted in his being buried, (1) and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day, (2) which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell..
Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?
A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection, (3) ascension, (4) sitting at the right hand of the Father, (5) and his coming again to judge the world. (6)
Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?
A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held) (7) and having the very same body in which he
(1) 1 Cor. xv. 3, 4.
(2) Matt, xii. 40. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Ps. xvi. 10, compared with Acts ii. 24, 25, 26. Rom. vi. 9.
(3) 1 Cor. xv. 4. And that he rose again the third day, according to the Scriptures.
(4) Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven.
(5) Eph. i. 20. And set him at his own right hand.
(6) Acts i. 11. This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.' Acts xvii. 31.
(7) Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death : because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Ps. xvi. 10. For thou will not leave my soul in hell : neither wilt thou suffer thinc Holy One to see corruption.
suffered, with the essential properties thereof, (1) (but without mortality and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soul, (2) he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power;(3) whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God, (4) to have satisfied divine justice, (5) to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of it, (6) and to be Lord of quick and dead. (7) All which he did as a public person, (8) the head of his church, (9) for their jus
(1) Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
(2) Rev. i. 18. I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore; Amen: and have the keys of hell and of death.
(3) John x. 18. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and 'Í have power to take it again.
(4) Rom. i. 4. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
(5) Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condemneth? it is Christ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God.
(6) Heb. ii. 14.–That through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.
(7) Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living
(8) 1 Cor. xv. 21, 22. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
(9) Eph. i. 22, 23.–And gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all. Col. i. 18.