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and salvation by him;(1) and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him, (2) promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit to all his elect, (3) to work in then that faith, (4) with all other saving graces;(5) and to enable them unto all holy obedience, (6) as the evidence of the truth oftheir faith,(7) and thankfulness to God(8)
lasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. 1 Tim.
(1) 1 John v. 11, 12. And this is the record, That God hath given to us eternal life; and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son, hath life.
(2) John iii. 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Chap. iii. 36.
(3) Prov. i. 23. Behold, I will pour out my Spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you. Isa. lix. 21. Zech. xi. 10.
(4) 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak.
(5) Gal. v. 22, 23. But the fruit of the Spirit'is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
(6) Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and shall keep my judgments, and do them.
(0) James ii. 18, 22. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: show me thy faith without thy works, and I will show thee my faith by my works. -Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
(8) 2 Cor. v. 14, 15. For the love of Christ constraineth us, &c.
and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation. (1)
Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same man
A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New. (2)
Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace ad ministered under the Old Testament?
A. The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises, (3) prophecies, (4) sacrifices, (5) circumcision, (6) the passover, (7) and other types and ordinances; which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, (8)
(1) Eph. ii. 10. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. Tit. ii. 14, and iii. 8.
(2) 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament: not of the letter, but of the spirit. Heb. i. 1, 2, chap. viii. 7, 8, &c.
(3) Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Acts iii. 20.
(4) Acts iii. 20, 24.
Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and con fessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. Heb. viii. ix. and X. chapters
by whom they then had full remission of sin and eternal salvation. (1)
Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was, and still is to be, administered in the preaching of the word, (2) and the administration of the sacraments of baptism,(3) and the Lord's supper;(4) in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence and efficacy to all nations. (5)
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ, (6) who being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father, (v) in the fulness of
(1) Gal. iii. 7, 8, 9, 14.
(2) Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
(3) Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
(4) 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, &c. This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. [Till he come to judgment: for he had come in the Spirit long before this time.] See also the gospels.
(5) 2 Cor. iii. 6.
(6) 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Me diator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.
(7) John i. 1. In the beginning was the Word, and
time became man, (1) and so was, and continues to be, God and man, in two entire distinct natures, and one person for ever. (2)
Q. 37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, (3) being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance, and born of her, (4) yet without sin. (5)
the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John x. 30. I and my Father are one. Phil. ii. 6. Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.
(1) Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman.
(2) Luke i. 35. That holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came ; who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Col. ii. 9. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
(3) John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us. Matt. xxvi. 38. My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death.
(4) Luke i. 31, 35, 42. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.-The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God.-Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. Gal. iv. 4. God sent forth his Son, made of a
(5) Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death; (1) give worth and efficacy to his sufferings. obedience, and intercession ;(2) and to satisfy God's justice, (3) procure his favour, (4) purchase a peculiar people, (5) give his Spirit to them, (6) conquer all their eneHeb. vii. 26. For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners.
(1) Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death : because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Rom. i. 4. Declared to be the on God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
(2) Acts xx. 28. To feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? Heb. vii. 25, 26, 27, 28. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them, &c.
(3) Rom. iii. 24, 25, 26. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness, for the remission of sins.—That he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
(4) Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved.
(5) Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto hinself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
(6) John xv 26. But when the Comforter is come,