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Q. 9. How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A. There be three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one true, eternal God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory: although distinguished by their personal proper
Q. 10. What are the personal properties of the three persons in the Godhead ?
A. It is proper to the Father to beget the Son, (2) and to the Son to be begotten of the Father, (3) and to the Holy Ghost to proceed from the Father and the Son, from all eternity. (4)
Q. 11. How doth it appear that the Son and the Holy Ghost are God equal with the Father?
(1) 1 John v. 7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. Matt. iii. 16, 17, and xxviii. 19. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. John x. 30.
(2) Heb. i. 5, 6. For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son. John i. 14.
(3) John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of .the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace
(4) John xv. 26. But when the Comforter is come, whom I shall send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me. Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
A. The Scriptures manifest that the Son and the Holy Ghost are God equal with the Father, ascribing unto them such names, (1) attributes, (2) works, (3) and worship, (4) as are proper to God only
(1) Jer. xxiii. 6. And this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD (or Jehovah) OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. 1 John v. 20. And we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. Ps. xlv. 6. Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever. Acts v. 3, 4. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thy heart to lie to the Holy Ghost ? --Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
(2) John i. 1. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. Isa. ix. 6. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder ; and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. John ii. 24, 25. But Jesus did not commit himself ûnto them, because he knew all men, and needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
1 Cor. ii. 10, 11. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?
(3) Col. i. 16. For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him. Gen. i. 2. And the earth was without form, and void ; and darkness was upon the face of the deep : and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Job xxvi. 13. Ps. civ. 30, and John i. 3.
(4) Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all
Q. 12. What are the decrees of God?
A. God's decrees are the wise, free, and holy acts of the counsel of his will,(1) whereby, from all eternity, he hath, for his own glory, unchangeably fore-ordained whatsoever comes to pass in time, (2) especially concerning angels and men.
Q. 13. What hath God especially decreed concerning angels and men ?
A. God, by an eternal and immutable decree, out of his mere love, for the praise of his glorious grace, to be manifested in due time, hath elected some angels to glory ; (3) and, in
nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
(1) Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things, after the counsel of his own will. Rom. ix. 15, 18. For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. Rom xi. 33.
(2) Eph. i. 4, 11. According as he hath chosen us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. Rom. ix. 22, 23. What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction; and that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory? Ps. xxxiii. 11. The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
(3) 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels,
Christ, hath chosen some men to eternal life, and the means thereof, (1) and also, according to his sovereign power, and the unsearchable counsel of his own will (whereby he extendeth or withholdeth favour as he pleaseth) hath passed by, and fore-ordained the rest to dishonour and wrath, to be for their sin inflicted, to the praise of the glory of his justice. (2)
Q. 14. How doth God execute his decrees?
A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence; according to his infallible fore-knowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will. (3)
(1) Eph. i. 4, 5, 6. According as he hath chosen us in him, (viz. Christ) before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love: having predestinated us, unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ, to himself,—To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14. But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth. 1 Pet. i. 2.
(2) Rom. ix. 17, 18, 21, 22. For the Scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might show my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.-Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one ves. sel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ? Jude 4. For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. Matt. xi. 25, 26. 2 Tim. ii. 20.
(3) Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have obtained an
Q. 15. What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is that wherein God did in the beginning, by the word of his power, make of nothing, the world and all things therein for himself, within the space of six days, and all very good. (1)
Q. 16. How did God create angels ?
A. God created all the angels (2) spirits, (3) immortal, (4) holy, (5) excelling in knowledge, (6) mighty in power; (7) to execute his
inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.
(1) Gen. 1st chap. Heb. xi. 3. Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God; so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. Prov. xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil. Rev. iv. 11.
(2) Col. i. 16. For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him.
(3) Ps. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels spirits ; his ministers a flaming fire.
(4) Matt. xxii. 30. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
(5) Matt. xxv. 31. When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory.
(6) 2 Sam. xiv. 17. As an angel of God, so is my lord the king, to discern good and bad. Matt. xxiv. 36.
(7) 2 Thess. i. 7. And to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels.