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us, with sighs and groanings which cannot be uttered. Mark, said I, it doth not say the Common Prayer-book teacheth us how to pray, but the spirit. And it is the spirit that helpeth our infirmities, saith the Apostle; he doth not say it is the Common Prayer-book.

And as to the Lord's Prayer, although it be an easy thing to say Our Father, &c. with the mouth; yet there is very few that can, in the spirit, say the two first words of that Prayer; that is, that can call God their Father, as knowing what it is to be born again, and as having experience, that they are begotten of the spirit of God: Which if they do not, all is but babbling, &c.

Keel. Justice Keelin said, that that was a truth.

Bun. And I say further, as to your saying that one man may convince another of sin, and that faith comes by hearing, and that one man may tell another how he should pray, &c. I say men may tell each other of their sins, but it is the spirit

that must convince them.

And though it be said that faith comes by hearing: Yet it is the spirit that worketh faith in the heart through hearing, or else they are not profited by hearing.

And that though one Man may tell another how he should pray Yet, as I said before, he cannot pray, nor make his condition known to God, except the spirit help. It is not the Common Prayer-book that can do this. It is the spirit that sheweth us our sins, and the spirit that sheweth us a Saviour: And the spirit that stireth up in our hearts desires to come to God, for such things as we stand in need of, even sighing out our souls unto him for them with groans which cannot be uttered. With other words to the same purpose. At this they

were set.

Keel. But says Justice Keelin, what have you against the Common Prayer-book?

Bun. I said, Sir, if you will hear me, I shall lay down my reasons against it.

Keel. He said I should have liberty; but first, said he, let me give you one caution; take heed of speaking irreverently of the Common Prayer-book: For if you do so, you will bring great damage upon yourself.

Bun. So I proceeded, and said, my first reason was; because

it was not commanded in the word of God, and therefore I could not do it.

Another. One of them said, where do you find it commanded in the Scripture, that you should go to Elstow, or Bedford, and yet it is lawful to go to either of them,

is it not?

Bun. I said, to go to Elstow or Bedford, was a civil thing, and not material, though not commanded, and yet God's word allowed me to go about my calling, and therefore if it lay there, then to go thither, &c. But to pray, was a great part of the divine worship of God, and therefore it ought to be done according to the rule of God's word.

Another. One of them said, he will do harm; let him speak no further.

Just. Keel. Justice Keelin said, No, no, never fear him, we are better established than so; he can do no harm, we know the Common Prayer-book hath been ever since the Apostles time, and is lawful to be used in the church.

Bun. I said, shew me the place in the epistles, where the Common Prayer-book is written, or one text of Scripture, that commands me to read it, and I will use it. But yet, notwithstanding, said I, they that have a mind to use it, they have their liberty; that is, I would not keep them from it, but for our parts, we can pray to God without it. Blessed be

his name.

With that one of them said, who is your God, Beelzebub ? Moreover, they often said, that I was possessed with the spirit of delusion, and of the Devil. All which sayings, I passed over, the Lord forgive them! And further, I said, blessed be the Lord for it, we are encouraged to meet together, and to pray, and exhort one another; for we have had the comfortable presence of God among us, for ever blessed be his holy

name.

Keel. Justice Keeling called this pedlers French, saying that I must leave off my canting. The Lord open his eyes! Bun. I said, that we ought to exhort one another daily, while it is called to-day, &c.

Keel. Justice Keeling said, that I ought not to preach. And asked me where I had my authority? with many other such like words.

Bun. I said, that I would prove that it was lawful for me, and such as I am, to preach the word of God.

Keel. He said unto me, by what Scripture ?

I said, by that in the first epistle of Peter, the ivth chap. the 11th ver. and Acts the xviiith, with other Scriptures, which he would not suffer me to mention. But said, hold; not so many,

which is the first?

Bun. I said, this. As every man hath received the gift, even so let him minister the same unto another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God: If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God, &c.

Keel. He said, let me a little open that Scripture to you. As every man hath received the gift; that is, said he, as every man hath received a trade, so let him follow it. If any man have received a gift of tinkering, as thou hast done, let him follow his tinkering. And so other men their trades. And the divine his calling, &c.

Bun. Nay, Sir, said I, but it is most clear, that the Apostle speaks here of preaching the word; if you do but compare both the verses together, the next verse explains this gift what it is; saying, If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God: So that it is plain, that the Holy Ghost doth not so much in this place exhort to civil callings, as to the exercising of those gifts that we have received from God. I would have gone on, but he would not give me leave.

Keel. He said, we might do it in our families, but not otherways.

Bun. I said, if it was lawful to do good to some, it was lawful to do good to more. If it was a good duty to exhort our families, it is good to exhort others: But if they held it a sin to meet together to seek the face of God, and exhort one another to follow Christ, I should sin still: For so should do.

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Keel. He said he was not so well versed in Scripture as to dispute, or words to that purpose. And said, moreover, that they could not wait upon me any longer; but said to me, then you confess the indictment, do you not? Now, and not till now, I saw I was indicted.

Bun. I said, this I confess, we have had many meetings together, both to pray to God, and to exhort one another,

and that we had the sweet comforting presence of the Lord among us for our encouragement, blessed be his name therefore. I confessed myself guilty no otherwise.

Keel. Then said he, hear your judgment. You must be had back again to prison, and there lie for three months following; and at three months end, if you do not submit to go to church to hear divine service, and leave your preaching, you must be banished the realm: And if, after such a day as shall be appointed you to be gone, you shall be found in this realm, &c. or be found to come over again without special licence from the King, &c. you must stretch by the neck for it, I tell you plainly; and so he bid my jailor have me

away.

Bun. I told him, as to this matter, I was at a point with him: For if I was out of prison to day, I would preach the Gospel again to-morrow, by the help of God.

Another. To which one made me some answer: But my jailor pulling me away to be gone, I could not tell what he said.

Thus I departed from them; and I can truly say, I bless the Lord Jesus Christ for it, that my heart was sweetly refreshed in the time of my examination, and also afterwards, at my returning to the prison: So that I found Christ's words more than bare trifles, where he saith, he will give a mouth and wisdom, even such as all the adversaries shall not resist, or gainsay. And that his peace no man can take from us.

Thus have I given you the substance of my examination. The Lord make these profitable to all that shall read or hear them. Farewell..

The Substance of some Discourse had between the Clerk of the Peace and myself; when he came to admonish me, according to the tenor of that Law, by which I was in Prison.

WH

HEN I had lain in prison other twelve weeks, and now not knowing what they intended to do with me, upon the third of April, comes Mr. Cobb unto me, (as he told me) being sent by the Justices to admonish me, and demand of me submittance to the church of England, &c. The extent of our discourse was as followeth.

Cobb. When he was come into the house he sent for me out of my chamber; who, when I was come unto him, he said, Neighbour Bunyan, how do you do?

Bun. I thank you Sir, said I, very well, blessed be the Lord.

Cobb. Saith he, I come to tell you, that it is desired, you would submit yourself to the laws of the land, or else at the next sessions it will go worse with you, even to be sent away out of the nation, or else worse than that.

Bun. I said, that I did desire to demean myself in the world, both as becometh a man and a christian.

Cobb. But, saith he, you must submit to the laws of the land, and leave off those meetings which you was wont to have: For the statute law is directly against it; and I am sent to you by the Justices to tell you, that they do intend to prosecute the law against you, if you submit not.

Bun. I said, Sir, I conceive that that law by which I am in prison at this time, doth not reach or condemn, either me, or the meetings which I do frequent: That law was made against those, that being designed to do evil in their meetings, make the exercise of religion their pretence to cover their wickedness. It doth not forbid the private meetings of those that plainly and simply make it their only end to worship the Lord, and to exhort one another to edification. My end in meeting with others is simply to do as much good as I can, by exhortation and counsel, according to that small measure of light

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