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election of Mr. Walter for Southwark. The Times Telegraph was started on June 29, 1855, by the retaliated when the time came for Alderman late Colonel Sleigh. It was a single sheet, and the Harmer to succeed to the lord mayoralty. Day after price twopence. Colonel Sleigh failing to make it day the Times returned to the attack, denouncing a success, Mr. Lawson, the present chief proprietor the Dispatch as an infidel paper; and Alderman of the paper, took the copyright as part security Harmer, rejected by the City, resigned in conse for money owed him as a printer by Colonel Sleigh.

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quence his aldermanic gown. In 1857 the Dispatch | In Mr. Lawson's hands the paper, reduced to a commenced the publication of its famous “ Atlas,” penny, became a great success. “It was,” says Mr. giving away a good map weekly for about five years. Grant, in his “ History of the Newspaper Press," The price was reduced from fivepence to twopence, “the first of the penny papers, while a single sheet, at the beginning of 1869, and to a penny in 1870. and as such was regarded as a newspaper marvel ;

The Daily Telegraph office is No. 136 (north). but when it came out—which it did soon after the Mr. Ingram, of the Illustrated London News, Standard—as a double sheet the size of the Times, originated a paper called the Telegraph, which lasted published at fourpence, and for a penny, it created only seven or eight weeks. The present Daily a sensation. Here was a penny paper, containing not only the same amount of telegraphic and The'"Globe Tavern" (No. 134, north), though now general information as the other high-priced only a' memory, abounds with traditions of Goldsmith papers—their price being then fourpence but and his motley friends." The house, in 1649, was 66

— also evidently written, in its leading article de- leased to one Henry Hottersall for forty-one years, partment, with an ability which could only be at the yearly rent of £75, ten gallons of Canary surpassed by that of the leading articles of the sack, and £400 fine. Mr. John Forster gives a Times itself. This was indeed a new era in the delightful sketch of Goldsmith's Wednesday evenmorning journalism of the metropolis. " When Mr. ing club at the Globe," in 1767. When not at Levy bought the Telegraph, the sum which he Johnson's great club, Oliver beguiled his cares at a

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exactly 7s. 6d. "The daily receipts for advertise- humble gathering in the parlour of the "Bedford," ments are now said to exceed £500. Mr. Grant Covent Garden. A hanger-on of the theatres, who says that the remission of the tax" on paper frequented the “ Globe, has left notes which Mr. brought £12,000 a year extra to the" Telegraph. Forster has admirably used, and which we now Ten pages for a penny is no uncommon thing with abridge without further apology. Grim old Mackthe Telegraph during the Parliamentary session. hin" belonged to the club it is certain; The returns of sales given by the Telegraph for the among the less obscure' members was King, the half-year ending 1870 show an average daily sale comedian, the celebrated impersonator of Lord of 190,885'; and though this was war'time, a Ogleby. "Hugh Kelly, another member, v was a competent authority "estimates the average daily clever young Irishman, who had chambers near sale at 175,000 1,75,000 copies

One of the printing- Goldsmith in the Temple. He had been a staymachines recently set up by the 'proprietors of maker's apprentice,' who, turning law writer, and

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through Garrick's patronage, succeeded in senti- wrote his epitaph as he came from his chambers in mental comedy. It was of him Johnson said, the Temple to the “Globe.” The lines are : Sir, I never desire to converse with a man who

“ Here lies poor Ned Purdon, from misery freed, has written more than he has read.” Poor Kelly

Who long was a booksellers' hack ; afterwards went to the Bar, and died of disappoint

He led such a miserable life in this world, ment and over-work. A third member was Captain

I don't think he'll wish to come back." Thompson, a friend of Garrick's, who wrote some good sea songs and edited "Andrew Marvell ;” but Goldsmith sat next Glover that night at the club, foremost among all the boon companions was

and Glover heard the poet repeat, sotto voce, with a a needy Irish doctor named Glover, who had mournful intonation, the words,– appeared on the stage, and who was said to have

“I don't think he'll wish to come back." restored to life a man who had been hung; this Glover, who was famous for his songs and imita- Oliver was musing over his own life, and Mr. Forster tions, once had the impudence, like Theodore says touchingly, “It is not without a certain pathos Hook, to introduce Goldsmith, during a summer to me, indeed, that he should have so repeated it.” ramble in Hampstead, to a party where he was Among other frequenters of the “Globe” were an entire stranger, and to pass himself off as a Boswell's friend Akerman, the keeper of Newgate, friend of the host. “Our Dr. Glover," says who always thought it prudent never to return home Goldsmith, "had a constant levee of his distressed till daybreak; and William Woodfall, the celebrated countrymen, whose wants, as far as he was able, he Parliamentary reporter. In later times Brasbridge, always relieved." Gordon, the fattest man in the the sporting silversmith of Fleet Street, was a freclub, was renowned for his jovial song of “Notting-quenter of the club.

He tells us that among ham Ale;” and on special occasions Goldsmith his associates was a surgeon, who, living on the himself would sing his favourite nonsense about the Surrey side of the Thames, had to take a boat little old woman who was tossed seventeen times every night (Blackfriar's Bridge not being then higher than the moon. A fat pork-butcher at the built). This nightly navigation cost him three "Globe” used to offend Goldsmith by constantly or four shillings a time, yet, when the bridge came, shouting out, “ Come, Noll, here's my service to he grumbled at having to pay a penny toll. you, old boy." After the success of The Good. Among other frequenters of the “Globe," Mr. natured Man, this coarse familiarity was more than Timbs enumerates “ Archibald Hamilton, whose Goldsmith's vanity could bear, so one special night mind was ‘fit for a lord chancellor ;' Dunstall, the he addressed the butcher with grave reproof. The comedian ; Carnan, the bookseller, who defeated stolid man, taking no notice, replied briskly, the Stationers' Company in the almanack trial;

Thankee, Mister Noll.” “Well, where is the and, later still, the eccentric Hugh Evelyn, who set advantage of your reproof?” asked Glover. "In up a claim upon the great Surrey estate of Sir truth," said Goldsmith, good-naturedly, “I give it Frederic Evelyn.” up; I ought to have known before that there is no The Standard (No. 129, north), “the largest daily putting a pig in the right way.” Sometimes rather paper," was originally an evening paper alone. In cruel tricks were played on the credulous poet. 1826 a deputation of the leading men opposed to One evening Goldsmith came in clamorous for his Catholic Emancipation waited on Mr. Charles supper, and ordered chops. Directly the supper Baldwin, proprietor of the St. James's Chronicle, and came in, the wags, by pre-agreement, began to sniff begged him to start an anti-Catholic evening paper, and swear.

Some pushed the plate away; others but Mr. Baldwin refused unless a preliminary sum declared the rascal who had dared set such chops of £15,000 was lodged at the banker's. A year later before a gentleman should be made to swallow them this sum was deposited, and in 1827 the Evening himself. The waiter was savagely rung up, and Standard, edited by Dr. Giffard, ex-editor of the forced to eat the supper, to which he consented St. James's Chronicle, appeared. Mr. Alaric Watts, with well-feigned reluctance, the poet calmly ordering the poet, was succeeded as sub-editor of the a fresh supper and a dram for the poor waiter, “who Standard by the celebrated Dr. Maginn. The otherwise might get sick from so nauseating a daily circulation soon rose from 700 or 800 copies meal.” Poor Goldy! kindly even at his most foolish to 3,000 and over. The profits Mr. Grant calmoments. A sadder story still connects Goldsmith culates at £7,000 to £8,000 a year. On the with the “ Globe.” Ned Purdon, a worn-out bankruptcy of Mr. Charles Baldwin, Mr. James booksellers' hack and a protégé of Goldsmith's, Johnson bought the Morning Herald and dropped down dead in Smithfield. Goldsmith Standard, plant and all, for £16,500. The was

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proprietor reduced the Standard from fourpence "Hunting, Hawking, and Fishing," partly written to twopence, and made it a morning as well as an by Johanna Berners, a prioress of St. Alban's. In evening paper. In 1858 he reduced it to a penny De Worde's “Collection of Christmas Carols” we only. The result was a great success.

The find the words of that fine old song, still sung annual income of the Standard is now, Mr. Grant annually at Queen's College, Oxford, says, “much exceeding yearly the annual incomes

“The boar's head in hand bring I, most of the ducal dignities of the land." The legend

With garlands gay and rosemary." of the Duke of Newcastle presenting Dr. Giffard, in 1827, with £1,200 for a violent article against De Worde also published some writings of Erasmus. Roman Catholic claims, has been denied by Dr. The old printer was buried in the parish church of Giffard's son in the Times. The Duke of Wellington St. Bride's, before the high altar of St. Katherine; once wrote to Dr. Giffard, to dictate the line the and he left land to the parish so that masses should Standard and Morning Herald were to adopt on be said for his soul. To his servants, not forgetting a certain question during the agitation on the his bookbinder, Nowel, in Shoe Lane, he beMaynooth Bill.; and Dr. Giffard withdrew his opposi- queathed books. De Worde lived near the Conduit, tion to please Sir Robert Peel—a concession which a little west of Shoe Lane. This conduit, which was injured the Standard. Yet in the following year, begun in the year 1439 by Sir William Estfielde, when Sir Robert Peel brought in his Bill for the a former Lord Mayor, and finished in 1471, abolition of the corn laws, he did not even pay Dr. was, according to Stow's account, a, stone tower, Giffard the compliment of apprising him of his with images of St. Christopher on the top and intention, Such is official gratitude when a tool is angels, who, on sweet-sounding bells, hourly chimed done with...1 I ti, liit

a hymn with hammers, thus anticipating the Near Shoe Lane lived one of Çaxton's disciples. wonders of St. Dunstan's. These London conduits Wynkyn de Worde, who is supposed to have were great resorts for the apprentices, whom their been one of Caxton's assistants or workmen, was a masters sent with big leather and metal jugs to native of Lorraine. He carried on a prosperous bring home the daily supply of water. Here these career, says. Dibdin, from 1502 to 1534, at the sign noisy, quarrelsome young rascals stayed to gossip, of the "Sun,” in the parish of St. Bride's, Fleet Street. idle, and fight. At the coronation of Anne Boleyn In upwards of four hundred works published by this conduit was newly painted, all the arms this industrious man he displayed unprecedented and angels refreshed, and “the music melodi, skill

, elegance, and care, and his Gothic type was ously sounding." Upon the conduit was raised a considered a pattern for his successors. The books tower with four turrets, and in every turret stood that came from his press were chiefly grammars, one of the cardinal virtues, promising never to romances, legends of the saints, and fugitive poems; leave the queen, while, to the delight and wonder he never ventured on an English New Testament, of thirsty, citizens, the taps ran with claret and nor was any drama published bearing his name. red wine. Fleet Street, according to Mr. Noble, His great patroness, Margaret, the mother of was supplied with water in the Middle Ages from Henry VII., seems to have had little taste to guide the conduit at Marylebone and the holy wells De Worde in his selection, for he never reprinted of St. Clements and St. Bridget's. The tradition the works of Chaucer or of Gower; nor did his is that the latter well was drained dry for the supply humble patron, Robert Thorney, the mercer, lead of the coronation banquet of George IV. As early him in a better direction. De Worde filled his black, as 1358 the inhabitants of Fleet Street complained letter books with rude engravings, which he used of aqueduct pipes bursting and flooding their so indiscriminately that the same cut often served cellars, upon which they were allowed the privilege for books of a totally opposite character. By some of erecting a pent-house over an aqueduct oppowriters De Worde, is considered to be the first site the tavern of John Walworth, and near the introducer of Roman letters into this country; house of the Bishop of Salisbury. In 1478 a Fleet but the honour of that mode of printing is now Street wax-chandler, having been detected tapping generally claimed by. Pynson, a contemporary, the conduit pipes for his own use, was sentenced Among other works published by De Worde were to ride through the City with a vessel shaped like “The Ship of Fools,” that great satire that was a conduit on his felonious head, and the City crier so long popular in England; Mandeville's lying walking before him to proclaim his offence. "Travels ;" “ La Morte d'Arthur” (from which The “Castle Tavern," mentioned as early as Tennyson has derived so much inspiration); "The 1432, stood at the south-west corner of Shoe Golden Legend;" and those curious treatises on Lane. Here the Clockmakers Company held their

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meetings before the Great Fire, and in 1708 the Wales, to whom he was bookseller, once did him “Castle" possessed the largest sign in London. the honour to partake of an entertainment or Early in the last century, says Mr. Noble, its pro- refreshment (I forget which most probably the prietor was Alderman Sir John Task, a wine mer- latter) at his house. He afterwards became a chant, who died in 1735 (George II.), worth, it was bankrupt. After his bankruptcy he set up a newsunderstood, a quarter of a million of money. paper, which became profitable to everybody but

The Morning Advertiser (No. 127, north) was himself.”* established in 1794, by the Society of Licensed No. 93, Fleet Street (south side) is endeared to Victuallers, on the mutual benefit society principle. us by its connection with Charles Lamb. At that Every member is bound to take in the paper and number, in 1823, that great humorist, the king is entitled to a share in its profits. Members un- of all London clerks that ever were or will be, successful in business become pensioners on the published his “Elia," a collection of essays imfunds of the institution. The paper, which took mortal as the language, full of quaint and tender the place of the Daily Advertiser, and was the thoughts and gleaming with cross-lights of humour suggestion of Mr. Grant, a master printer, was an as shot silk does with interchanging colours. In immediate success. Down to 1850 the Morning 1821, when the first editor was shot in a duel, the Advertiser circulated chiefly in public-houses and London Magazine fell into the hands of Messrs. coffee-houses at the rate of nearly 5,000 copies a Taylor & Hessey, of No. 93 ; but they published day. But in 1850, the circulation beginning to the excellent periodical and gave their "magazine decline, the committee resolved to enlarge the dinners” at their publishing house in Waterloo paper to the size of the Times, and Mr. James Grant Place. was appointed editor. The profits now increased, Mr. John Scott, a man of great promise, the and the paper found its way to the clubs. The editor of the London for the first publisherslate Lord Brougham and Sir David Brewster con- Messrs. Baldwin, Cradock, & Joy—met with a tributed to the Advertiser; and the letters signed very tragic death in 1821. The duel in which he “An Englishman” excited much interest. This fell arose from a quarrel between the men on the paper has always been Liberal. Mr. Grant remained London and the clever but bitter and unscrupulous the editor for twenty years.

writers in Blackwood, started in 1817. Lockhart, No. 91 (south side) was till lately the office of who had cruelly maligned Leigh Hunt and his set that old-established paper, Bell's Weekly Messenger. (the "Cockney School," as the Scotch Tories chose Mr. Bell, the spirited publisher who founded this to call them), was sharply attacked in the London. paper, is delightfully sketched by Leigh Hunt in Fiery and vindictive Lockhart flew at once up to his autobiography.

town, and angrily demanded from Mr. Scott, the “ About the period of my writing the above editor, an explanation, an apology, or a meeting. essays,” he says, in his easy manner, “circumstances Mr. Scott declined giving an apology unless Mr. introduced me to the acquaintance of Mr. Bell, the Lockhart would first deny that he was editor of proprietor of the Weekly Messenger. In his house, Blackwood. Lockhart refused to give this denial, in the Strand, I used to hear of politics and and retorted by expressing a mean opinion of dramatic criticisms, and of the persons who wrote Mr. Scott's courage. Lockhart and Scott both them. Mr. Bell had been well known as a book- printed contradictory versions of the quarrel, which seller and a speculator in elegant typography. It worked up till at last Mr. Christie, a friend of

a is to him the public are indebted for the small Lockhart's, challenged Scott; and they met at editions of the poets that preceded Cooke's. Chalk Farm by moonlight on February 16th, at nine Bell was, upon the whole, a remarkable person. o'clock at night, attended by their seconds and He was a plain man, with a red face and a nose surgeons, in the old business-like, bloodthirsty way. exaggerated by intemperance; and yet there was The first time Mr. Christie did not fire at Mr. Scott, something not unpleasing in his countenance, a fact of which Mr. Patmore, the author, Scott's especially when he spoke. He had sparkling second, with most blamable indiscretion, did not black eyes, a good-natured smile, gentlemanly inform his principal. At the second fire Christie's manners, and one of the most agreeable voices I ball struck Scott just above the right hip, and he ever heard.

He had no acquirements—perhaps not even grammar; but his taste in putting forth

* An intelligent compositor (Mr. J. P. S. Bicknell), who a publication and getting-the best artists to adorn that Bell was the first printer who confined the small letter

has been a noter of curious passages in his time, informs me it was new in those times, and may be admired in “s” to its present shape, and rejected altogether the older any. Unfortunately for Mr. Bell, the Prince of form "f."

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