Atmospheric Processes and Systems

封面
Psychology Press, 1998 - 194 頁
Atmospheric Processes and Systems presents a concise introduction to the atmosphere and the fundamentals of weather. Examining different aspects of the mass, energy and circulation systems in the atmosphere, this text provides detailed accounts of specific phenomena, including
* the composition and structure of the atmosphere
* energy transfers
* the cycle of atmospheric water in terms of evaporation, condensation and precipitation
* pressure and winds at the primary or global scale
* secondary air masses and fronts
* thermal differences and weather disturbances.
The text includes sixteen boxed case studies, annotated further reading lists and a glossary of key terms.
 

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內容

Introduction to the Atmosphere
1
The acid rain problem
8
Ozone depletion by human activities
13
Radiative Fluxes and Energy Transfers in the Atmosphere
17
The enhanced greenhouse effect
26
Net radiation and energy transfers within the atmosphere
30
Radiation balance and energy balance modifications due to urbanisation
36
Temperature inversions and their role in air pollution episodes
48
The intertropical convergence zone
94
Models of the globalgeneral circulation
108
Upper troposphere pressure and wind systems
110
Upperair pressure and wind patterns and the generation of surface weather systems
121
Synoptic Situations
127
The role of air masses in the secondary atmospheric circulation of Europe North America and Australia
137
Weather disturbances
142
The role of Rossby waves and PFJ flow on surface highs and lows
144

Atmospheric Water
53
Suppression of vapour flux by deliberate human activities
63
The condensation process and condensation forms at or close
66
Fog dispersal and frost protection by human activities
72
Cloud seeding and precipitation modification
81
Global Pressure
85
The characteristics and dynamics of warm and cold fronts
151
The influence of El Nino and the Southern Oscillation on tropical weather disturbances
161
Tertiary circulationslocal airflows
164
Classic sea breeze fronts in southern Britain
170
References
182
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