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however, has come from the State, for as will be found elsewhere in this report, many liberal endowments have been received from other sources. These institutions rank with the best institutions of learning in the United States and are under the management of some of the ablest men in the nation.

BENEVOLENT INSTITUTIONS.

The seven institutions in this class are caring for 5,796 de pendents of the State, of which 4,512 are insane or feeble-minded, the remaining 1,284 being about equally divided between the Soldiers' Home and the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home. It is evident that with the increasing number of this class of persons, the capacity of these institutions must be increased. There are now in jails and poor asylums of the State 1,431 unfortunates who ought to be within these institutions. The State has invested in these benevolent institutions in real and personal property $4,845,006.78. The good accomplished by them with the money thus invested can not be estimated. Some of these institutions are more crowded than others, and the committee believes that some arrangement should be made by which patients may be transferred from a crowded hospital to one less crowded, or admitted from a district in which the hospital is crowded to a less crowded hospital in another district.

CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

These consist of the State Prison, State Reformatory, Reform School for Boys, and Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison. The number of persons in charge of these institutions is 2,553. The total value of property, real and personal, is $1,596,671.91. The reformatory idea was introduced into these institutions but a few years ago and has accomplished most satisfactory results. It is the opinion of the committee that the theory of reform has been carried further and with better results in the Prison and Reformatory than in the Reform School for Boys or Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison. The committee believes that there is a more productive field in the last two institutions for the introduction of the reform idea than in the first two. It is believed that more satisfactory results could be obtained in the Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison if the inmates of the Industrial School were so separated from those of the Woman's Prison as to remove the influence of the latter class from the former. While these institutions should be separated, they might still remain close enough together to continue under the same management.

The committee desires to commend in general the management of the institutions visited, believing that Indiana now has the services of a number of the ablest men in this country at the heads of many of these institutions.

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

PURDUE UNIVERSITY.

W. E. STONE, PRESIDENT.

This institution is located at Lafayette.

ORIGIN.

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Purdue University was organized under an act of Congress passed July 2, 1862. This act appropriated public lands to the several States for the purpose of aiding in the maintenance of colleges "where the leading objects shall be, without excluding other scientific or classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agricultural and mechanical arts." The act provides that the State shall establish not less than one college as described above, under certain conditions, among which are the following:

First. “No portion of said fund, nor the interest thereon, shall be applied directly or indirectly, under any pretext whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation or repair of any building or buildings.”

Second. “Any State which may take and claim the benefit of the provisions of this act shall provide within five years, at least, not less than one college, or the grant to such State shall cease.”

The State, by an act approved March 6, 1865, claimed the benefits of said act of Congress and assented to all its conditions and provisions.

The State received and accepted from John Purdue $150,000 and 100 acres of land, from Amos Heavilon $35,000, and from other citizens about $35,000, pledging the faith of the State to adequately and perpetually maintain the institution.

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Purdue University was established by an act of the Legislature of 1869, and was named in honor of John Purdue in consideration of his liberal donation mentioned above; but while bearing his name it is entirely under State control. The institution was informally opened for students in the spring of 1874, and formally opened in September, 1874, closing the college year with a total enrollment of fifteen in the college department and forty-nine in the preparatory department. In 1889 the Agricultural Experiment Station was established here by the United States with an annual income from the Government of $15,000, on condition that the State would properly provide it with building and lands. Up to this date the State has appropriated for the School of Agriculture $24,000, while the United States Government has contributed $150,000.

PROPERTY.

The value of all the property of Purdue University is as follows:

Buildings
Equipment
Farm

$357,000 298,000 60,000

Total

$715,000

GROWTH.

The following table will show the growth of the institution in respect to attendance since its organization, the respective figures being for the year ending June 30 of the years named:

Graduute
Students.

Year. 1875.. 1876. 1877. 1878. 1879. 1880. 1881. 1882. 1883. 1884. 1885. 1886. 1887. 1888. 1889. 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898. 1899. 1900.

1 3 1 2 2 3 3 4 2 3 11 26 34 34 32 37 27

25 . 36 . 37 50 57 62 52

Total. 15 17 60 65 76 86 113 111 106 112 127 159 230 269 328 348 419 549 582 626 633 635 664 750 749 849

Preparatory
Depurtment.

49
49
79
101
119
117
141
127
113
101
132
156
162

99 111 115 111 94 95 56

BUILDINGS.

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University Hall is a large three-story brick structure with a basement sufficiently high to be used for laboratory purposes. It is occupied by the college chapel, the halls of the literary societies, library and reading rooms, recitation rooms, and the offices of the President of the University and the Secretary of the Board of Trustees.

The Engineering Building is occupied by the departments of mechanical and civil engineering. It consists of a three-story brick and stone building in front, to which are joined several one-story wings. It has a frontage of 388 feet, a depth of 234 feet, and its floor space aggregates more than an acre in area.

Science ITall consists of a two-story front with two wings, and is devoted to the work of the departments of biology and chemistry.

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