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The cradle of civilization.
De la Nationalité des Troyens.
La Phénicie pour faire suite a l'ecrit
ure et les inscriptions Sémitiques.
La légende de Cadmus et les établissements
Pheniciens en Grèce.
Luschan, Felix v.
The early inhabitants of Western Asia.
La civilisation Mycénienne.
La religion des phéniciens, d'après des
recherches récentes en Hollande.
L'Asie-Mineure d'après les nouvelles de
Les anciens Pelasges.
Les populations de L'Asie Mineure.
EUROPE DID NOT GIVE RISE TO A SINGLE which appeared in Europe, no one was SPECIES OF MAN
ancestral to any other; they all succesMr. Osborn's conclusions are stated sively arrived fully formed. Therefore tentatively -- that is, scientifically — as
the family trees or lines of descent of the
races of the Old Stone Age consist of a strong probabilities, not certainties. They
number of entirely separate branches, are as follows, and they represent the
which had been completely developed in conclusions which are in accord with our
the eastern mass of the great Eurasiatic present knowledge.
continent. From the earliest Paleolithic to Neo
The sudden appearance in Europe, lithic times western Europe was never a some 25,000 years ago, of a human race center of human evolution. It did not with a high order of brain was not a local give rise to a single species of man, nor leap forward, but the result of a long did there occur therein any marked evo process of evolution elsewhere. Throughlution or transformation of human types. out the whole period there was a long, The main racial evolution took place to slow process of checkered progress, the eastward, whence at first primitive marked by the rise and fall of races, of and afterward modern types of men cultures, and of industries. It is a fascifound their way westward.
nating subject, and no one has dealt with Of all the races of Paleolithic man it as ably as Mr. Osborn.
THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION The Historic Lands Along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers
Where Briton Is Fighting Turk
BY JAMES BAIKIE AUTHOR OF “SEA Kings of Crete" AND "THE RESURRECTION OF ANCIENT Egypt”
IN THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE ,
N THE southwestern corner of the and northeastern side it is bordered by a
great continent of Asia, between the fringe of mountains, gradually sloping
Persian Gulf and the border of that up toward the great northern ranges. On great elbow known as Asia Minor, which
the southern and southwestern side it the continent thrusts out westward, there
fades away into the great Arabian desert lies a land whose influence upon the his
(see map, page 216). tory of the human race it would scarcely be possible to overestimate.
SOURCE OF MESOPOTAMIA'S FERTILITY This is the place which is generally
Far up in the tableland of Armenia, recognized to have been the original home
about 800 miles in a straight line from of the human race, where, in dim and misty ages before history began, men first
the gulf, rise two great rivers—the Tiattempted to form themselves into organ
gris and the Euphrates. The former ized communities, where the Hebrew race
breaks through the mountain wall of the found its origin, and whence their first
tableland on its eastern flank and flows leader, Abraham, went out in search of in a southeasterly direction throughout the land which he should afterward re
almost its entire course. ceive for an inheritance.
The latter breaks through on the westIt is a long and comparatively narrow ern flank and flows at first westward, as stretch of country, running up from the though making for the Mediterranean. Persian Gulf toward the Taurus Moun- It then turns south and flows directly tains and that lofty tableland which we southward for awhile; then sweeps now know as Armenia. On its northern around in a great bend to the southeast