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Como;— Lago di Como 209
THE ALPS OF SAVOY AND PIEDMONT.
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION_Page 226.
Skeleton Tours-Page 228.
PAGE 101 Arona, on Lago Maggiore,
to Varallo, in the Val Sesia 229 102 Baveno, on the Lago Mag
giore, to Varallo, by the
233 103 Romagnano to Turin
235 104 Varallo to Chatillon, in the
Val d'Aosta, by the Passes
236 105 Vogogna, in Val d'Ossola to
Visp, in the Valais, by the
239 106 Visp to Chútillon, by the
Pass of the Mont Cervin
and the Val Tournanche . 247 107 The Val d'Aosta. Turin to Cormayeur
250 108 The Great St. Bernard.
Martigny to Austa 256 109 St. Branchier to Austa, by
the Valley of Bagnes, the
265 110 Martigny to Cormayeur, by Col de Ferret
268 111 Aosta to Ponte, Val d'Orca,
by Cogne, Fenêtre de
Val d'Orca, the Col de
274 113 Ivrogne to Bourg St. Mau
rice, in the Tarentaise, by
278 114 Cormayeur to Bourg St.
Maurice, by the Pass of the
280 115 Geneva to Chamouny
284 116 Chamouny to Martigny, by
the Tête Noire, Trient,
and the Col de Forclaz 299 117 Martigny to Chamouny, by the Col de Balme,
301 118 Chamouny to Cormayeur,
by the Col de Bon-homme
and the Col de la Seigne . 302 119 Sallenches to l’Hópital Conflans
306 120 Ĝeneva to Chamberry, by Annecy
308 121 Geneva to Chamberry, by Rumilly
313 122 Chamberry to Lanslebourg,
by l’ Hópital, Moutiers Ta-
313 123 Moutiers Tarentaise to
Lanslebourg, by the Col de
319 125 Pont Beauvoisin to the
§ 1. PASSPORTS. A TRAVELLER cannot reach Switzerland without a passport from a minister of one or other of the states of Europe; and, though it is seldom called for while he is in the country, yet he must be prepared to produce it whenever it is required. At the gates of Geneva, and perhaps in one or two other capitals of the cantons, passports are demanded on entering.
Persons proceeding frorn Switzerland to the Austrian states, or Bavaria, must have the signature of the ministers of those countries attached to their passports; or they will not be allowed to pass across the frontier. The ministers accredited to the Swiss Confederation reside at Bern, or at least have their passport-offices there; even when they themselves follow the Diet either to Zurich or Lucerne. Strangers, therefore, should take care to secure their visé as they pass through Bern. See Route 24, p. 67, for further particulars.
In going from Geneva to Chamouny, the signature of the Sardinian Consul is made a sine quâ non, in order to secure to that official a fee of four francs.
§ 2. MONEY. There is hardly a country in Europe which has so complicated a Currency as Switzerland ; almost every canton has a Coinage of its own, and those coins that are current in one canton will not pass in the next. Let the traveller, therefore, be cautious how he overloads himself with more small change than he is sure of requiring.
Detailed tables of Swiss coins are given below, but it is scarcely worth the traveller's while to perplex himself with their intricacies; since he will find French Napoleons and francs current nearly all over Switzerland. They are indeed, on the whole, the best coins he can take with him; and, except in some very remote situations, on the east side of the country, in the cantons of St. Gall, Appenzell, and Grisons, which border on Germany, and where Bavarian florins ( = 20 pence) and kreutzers are in common circulation, the innkcepcers always make out their bills in Fr. francs, or will do so if required.
It is necessary, however, to prevent being cheated, that the traveller should know the value of one or two Swiss coins. 1 Swiss franc, containing 10 batz 1} French franc (1 franc 48
cents.), = (nearly) 18. 2d. English. N.B. This distinction between the value of French and Swiss francs should be particularly attended to.
1 batz contains 10 rappen, and = 14d. (nearly) English. The Swiss coins most frequently met with are pieces of 5 batzen, or } a Swiss franc; 1 batz, batz, and rappen. Pieces are also coined of 1, 2, 3, and 4 Swiss francs.
Value of some Foreign Coins in Swiss Currency.
5 franc-piece from 333 to 35 batzen.
§ 2. Swiss Money.
ix 1 French franc = (commonly) 7 batzen or exactly 6 batzen 8
sovereign = 17 Swiss francs 4 batzen 6 rapp3. 1 Brabant dollar 4 Swiss francs, or 40 batzen. [The Brabant dollar (kronthaler, or grosse thaler) is an advantageous coin to take into the German cantons, since, although it is worth only 5 Fr.fr. 80 cents., it passes throughout for 6 francs.] SWISS FRANCS AND BATZEN, -Reduced to their Value in the Money of