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SECTION II.

THE ALPS OF SAVOY AND PIEDMONT.

PRELIMINARY INFORMATION_Page 226.

Skeleton Tours-Page 228.

ROUTE

PAGE

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PAGE 101 Arona, on Lago Maggiore,

to Varallo, in the Val Sesia 229 102 Baveno, on the Lago Mag

giore, to Varallo, by the
Lago d'Orta and the Col de
Colma

233 103 Romagnano to Turin

235 104 Varallo to Chatillon, in the

Val d'Aosta, by the Passes
of the Col de Val Dobbia,
the Col de Ranzola, and
the Col de Jon, crossing the
Val de Lys and the Val
Challant

236 105 Vogogna, in Val d'Ossola to

Visp, in the Valais, by the
Pass of the Monte Moro
and the Valleyo f Saas

239 106 Visp to Chútillon, by the

Pass of the Mont Cervin

and the Val Tournanche . 247 107 The Val d'Aosta. Turin to Cormayeur

250 108 The Great St. Bernard.

Martigny to Austa 256 109 St. Branchier to Austa, by

the Valley of Bagnes, the
Glaciers of Charmontane,
the Col de la Fenêtre, and
the Val Pellina

265 110 Martigny to Cormayeur, by Col de Ferret

268 111 Aosta to Ponte, Val d'Orca,

by Cogne, Fenêtre de
Cogne, the Col de Reale,
and Val Soanna

269

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ROUTE
112 Ponte to Villeneuve, by the

Val d'Orca, the Col de
Croix de Nivolet, and the
Val Savaranche; detour to
the Col de Galese

274 113 Ivrogne to Bourg St. Mau

rice, in the Tarentaise, by
the Val Grisanche and Col
du Mont

278 114 Cormayeur to Bourg St.

Maurice, by the Pass of the
Little St. Bernard

280 115 Geneva to Chamouny

284 116 Chamouny to Martigny, by

the Tête Noire, Trient,

and the Col de Forclaz 299 117 Martigny to Chamouny, by the Col de Balme,

301 118 Chamouny to Cormayeur,

by the Col de Bon-homme

and the Col de la Seigne . 302 119 Sallenches to l’Hópital Conflans

306 120 Ĝeneva to Chamberry, by Annecy

308 121 Geneva to Chamberry, by Rumilly

313 122 Chamberry to Lanslebourg,

by lHópital, Moutiers Ta-
rentaise, Bourg St. Mau-
rice, Tignes, and the Col
d'Iseran

313 123 Moutiers Tarentaise to

Lanslebourg, by the Col de
Vanoise

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319 125 Pont Beauvoisin to the

.

List of RoutesThe Alps, Savoy, and Piedmont.

vii

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INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION.

§ 1. PASSPORTS. A TRAVELLER cannot reach Switzerland without a passport from a minister of one or other of the states of Europe; and, though it is seldom called for while he is in the country, yet he must be prepared to produce it whenever it is required. At the gates of Geneva, and perhaps in one or two other capitals of the cantons, passports are demanded on entering.

Persons proceeding frorn Switzerland to the Austrian states, or Bavaria, must have the signature of the ministers of those countries attached to their passports; or they will not be allowed to pass across the frontier. The ministers accredited to the Swiss Confederation reside at Bern, or at least have their passport-offices there; even when they themselves follow the Diet either to Zurich or Lucerne. Strangers, therefore, should take care to secure their visé as they pass through Bern. See Route 24, p. 67, for further particulars.

In going from Geneva to Chamouny, the signature of the Sardinian Consul is made a sine quâ non, in order to secure to that official a fee of four francs.

§ 2. MONEY. There is hardly a country in Europe which has so complicated a Currency as Switzerland ; almost every canton has a Coinage of its own, and those coins that are current in one canton will not pass in the next. Let the traveller, therefore, be cautious how he overloads himself with more small change than he is sure of requiring.

Detailed tables of Swiss coins are given below, but it is scarcely worth the traveller's while to perplex himself with their intricacies; since he will find French Napoleons and francs current nearly all over Switzerland. They are indeed, on the whole, the best coins he can take with him; and, except in some very remote situations, on the east side of the country, in the cantons of St. Gall, Appenzell, and Grisons, which border on Germany, and where Bavarian florins ( = 20 pence) and kreutzers are in common circulation, the innkcepcers always make out their bills in Fr. francs, or will do so if required.

It is necessary, however, to prevent being cheated, that the traveller should know the value of one or two Swiss coins. 1 Swiss franc, containing 10 batz 1} French franc (1 franc 48

cents.), = (nearly) 18. 2d. English. N.B. This distinction between the value of French and Swiss francs should be particularly attended to.

1 batz contains 10 rappen, and = 14d. (nearly) English. The Swiss coins most frequently met with are pieces of 5 batzen, or } a Swiss franc; 1 batz, batz, and rappen. Pieces are also coined of 1, 2, 3, and 4 Swiss francs.

Value of some Foreign Coins in Swiss Currency.
i French Napoleon = 14 Swiss francs.
1

5 franc-piece from 333 to 35 batzen.

§ 2. Swiss Money.

ix 1 French franc = (commonly) 7 batzen or exactly 6 batzen 8

rapps.
1 English shilling = 9 batzen.
1

sovereign = 17 Swiss francs 4 batzen 6 rapp3. 1 Brabant dollar 4 Swiss francs, or 40 batzen. [The Brabant dollar (kronthaler, or grosse thaler) is an advantageous coin to take into the German cantons, since, although it is worth only 5 Fr.fr. 80 cents., it passes throughout for 6 francs.] SWISS FRANCS AND BATZEN, -Reduced to their Value in the Money of

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