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REPORT

OF THE

COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION,

WITH

CIRCULARS AND DOCUMENTS

ACCOMPANYING THE SAME;

SUBMITTED TO THE

SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES JUNE 2, 1868.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1868.

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DeparTMENT OF EDUCATION,

Washington, D. C, May 30, 1868. Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith to the Senate the report required of the Commissioner of Education by an act to establish the Department of Education, approved March 2, 1867. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

HENRY BARNARD,

Commissioner. Hon. B. F. WADE,

President of the Senate.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

July 27, 1868. Resolved, That 3,000 copies of the annual report of the Commissioner of Education be printed for the use of the Commissioner; and that 1,500 copies of the accompanying documents, or so many of them, not exceeding 1,500, as he may deem proper, be printed and furnished to the Commissioner, either separately or together, as he may elect; and that 3,000 copies of his report upon educational interests of the District of Columbia be printed separately for the use of the Senate. Attest:

GEO. C. GORHAM, Secretary.

CONTENTS.

Page.

REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION, 1867–63..

IX-LX

OFFICIAL CIRCULARS, WITH ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS.

1-836

NUMBER ONE

1-6

Plan of Monthly Circular.....

2

Memorial of State and city superintendents of schools ..

3

Act to establish the Department of Education ....

5

Schedule of information sought by the Commissioner

6

NUMBER TWO..

7-64

Plan for collecting and disseminating information

7

Classified index to subjects already investigated

17

Education a national interest-Washington's views

41

NUMBER THREE....

65-78

Educational Land Policy of the United States

65

Tables exhibiting national land grants for educational purposes

77

NUMBERS FOUR AND FIVE ....

79-128

Constitutional provision of the several States respecting Education.. 81

NUMBER SIX

129-310

National grants of land for Agricultural and Mechanical Arts Col.

leges

129

National Legislation....

State Legislation

135

Institutions established up to March, 1868...

215

NUMBER SEVEN....

311-368

The State and Education ....

311

The American doctrine and practice of taxation for public schools.. 311

Opinions of European educators and statesmen..

331

Practice of European republics......

337

School system of the canton of Zurich

337

NUMBER EIGHT ....

369-400

Female Education at home and abroad.

369

Co-education of the sexes...

385

The theory and experience of Oberlin College.

385

NUMBER NINE ...

401-432

Secondary or Academic Education

401

New England system of High Schools and Academies.

403

NUMBER TEN......

433-522

System of Secondary Schools in Prussia

433

NUMBER ELEVEN....

523

School Architecture..

523-648

Plans of buildings recently erected

Graded schools in 18 cities, with 137 illustrations

517

NUMBER TWELVE...

649-820

Professional Training and Improvement of Teachers

653

State Normal Schools

657

City Training Schools...

811

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