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should have realized in his own life such an edifying social standard encourages the belief j that reformers who aspire to create a better society are fighting on behalf of an essential American national instinct.

In any event, the value inherent in Mark Hanna's example and life are durable — although they are not likely to be prized at their actual worth until greater harmony is restored between national traditions and individual ideals. Since Mr. Hanna's death, the trend of American politics has been diverging, not merely from his economic and political system, but from his peculiar emphasis upon the personal aspect of political relations. Politicians are coming to group themselves around principles and to behave as if devotion to principle was a sufficient excuse for a shabby treatment of political friends and for flagrant injustice to political opponents. No doubt some such tendency is natural during a period of changing conditions and fermenting ideas — in which the call of new convictions persuades men to break long-established ties and to repudiate time-honored traditions. But reformers should not accept I ■the change too complacently. Human beings are more real than ideas or principles. Principles divide as well as unite. They inspire doubt as well as faith. If they are destined to conquer, they must have their militant and aggressive phase, yet while they are militant, they are in part untrustworthy. They do not become essentially trustworthy, until they have conquered and are embodied in men to whom candor, fairplay and loyalty in their personal relationships are of as much importance as devotion to principle. They do not become essentially trustworthy, that is, until they have become humanized. Once they have become humanized, their interpreters will place a fairer estimate upon the representatives of an earlier system, like Mark Hanna, whose life realized so much that was characteristic and good in the tradition of his own day and generation.

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INDEX

Abolitionism, sympathies of Hanna

family with, 12.
Actor acquaintances and friends of Mr.

Hanna, 75.
Adams, Charles Francis, praises Mr.

Hanna's services as director of Union

Pacific R. R., 131 n.
Aiz-les-Bains, Mr. Hanna takes the

cure at, 449.
Akron meeting (1903), speech of Mr.

Hanna at, 417.
Aldrich, Senator Nelson, 429, 459.
Alger, Russell A., 130-131, 180, 194.
Allison, Senator, 179, 180, 191, 459;

President McKinley's choice for

Vice-President in 1900, 308.
Anderson, A. T., candidate for Cleve-
land postmastership, 154.
Anderson, David, school-teacher in

New Lisbon, 20-22.
Andrews, Sherlock J., 38, 91.
Andrews, W. W., 38.
Anthracite coal strike, of 1900, 389;

of 1902, 393-400.
Aristotle, "Politics" of, quoted on

intemperate conduct of demagogues

and resulting dangers, 225.
Arlington Hotel, Washington, the

Hannas' home at, 458-459.
Armor-plate question, the, 285-288.
Army service of Mr. Hanna, 44-46.
Ashtabula, Ohio, ore-handling business

of Rhodes <fe Co. at, 60-61; attacks

on Mr. Hanna based on lease of

docks at, 69.
Assessment of campaign contributions,

system of, organized by Mr. Hanna,

219-220, 325-326.

Bacon, Henry, designer of Mr. Hanna's

sepulchre, 456.
Baird, S. H., 43.

Baldwin, Judge George E., quoted, 94.
Baldwin, Mrs. S. Prentiss, 34.
Bank (Union National) in Cleveland

organized by Mr. Hanna, 70-72.
Banks, assessment of, by Mr. Hanna

for campaign funds (1896), 220.

Barrett, Lawrence, friendship between
Mr. Hanna and, 75.

Bartlett, A. C, 389.

Bayne, William M., 127, 128, 154.

Beveridge, Senator, 287, 429, 431, 457.

Blaine, James G., defeats Sherman for
nomination for the Presidency, 122-
124; dark horse at Convention of
1888, 135; mentioned, 151.

Bliss, Cornelius N., Treasurer of
Republican National Committee in
campaign of 1896, 213; refuses to
run for Vice-President in 1900, 308-
309; quoted on Mr. Hanna's view
of the Presidential nomination for
1904, 438-439.

Bone, J. H. A., 69.

Bosses, early opposition of Mr. Hanna
to and subsequent cooperation with,
114-115; contest waged with, by
McKinley and Hanna, in 1895-96,
177-180; while making use of, Mr.
Hanna never joined the ranks of, 188-
189; victory in his first Senatorial
election due to Mr. Hanna's differing
from the, 265.

Bourne, E. H., 71; reminiscence of Mr.
Hanna by, 98.

Bradbury, "Billy," New Lisbon inn-
keeper, 34-35.

Brainard, O. D., quoted, 86.

Branley, Assemblyman, 253.

Brewer, Dr. George E., 450, 453, 454.

Bribery, charge of, in connection with
Mr. Hanna's Senatorial campaign,
259-264.

Brown, Bennett, 93.

Brush, Charles, 170.

Bryan, William J., McKinley con-
trasted with, as a speaker, 167; nom-
ination of, in 1896, 204, 209; an
earlier election date would have
meant the success of, 209; class and
sectional feelings aroused by, in
campaign of 1896, 210-211; reasons
for especial appeal of, to public
opinion, 210-211; personal stumping
tour by, 214-215; defeat of, by

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McKinley by a large majority, 216-
217; speaks in Ohio against Mr.
Hanna in the Senatorial campaign,
247, 249; the Democratic candi-
date in 1900, 304; Mr. Hanna's
speech against, at Lincoln, Nebraska,
338-339; decisive defeat of, by Mc-
Kinley (1900), 341.

Buffalo, assassination of President
McKinley at, 358-360.

Bunau-Varilla, Philippe, French Pan-
ama Canal Co.'s engineer, 381.

Burke, Vernon H., 253, 254, 260, 288-
289.

Burton, Theodore E., "Life of Sher-
man" by, quoted, 136, 233; con-
troversy between Mr. Hanna and,
over Cleveland postmastership, 154;
works in Mr. Hanna's interests in
Senatorial campaign, 254; advises
President Roosevelt on Ohio ap-
pointments, 438.

Bushnell, Governor Asa, 176; reluc-
tant appointment by, of Mr. Hanna
to Sherman's former seat in Senate,
239-241; a leader in conspiracy
against Mr. Hanna for Senator, 251;
injures his own political career in
attacking Mr. Hanna, 256; death
of, 452.

Butterworth, Benjamin, 132, 138, 151,
462; warm friendship of, for Mr.
Hanna, and letters by, 154-156.

Campaign contributions, systematizing
of, by Mr. Hanna, 219-223, 324-326.

Campaign literature, volume of, in
McKinley's first election (1896),
217-218.

Campbell, James E., and patent ballot-
box episode, 153.

Campbell, Thomas C, 259, 262.

Canals, development of, in Ohio, for
transportation purposes, 28-29.

Capital and Labor problem, Mr.
Hanna's interest in, 386-410.

Card, Jonathan F., 50.

Card-playing, recreation found in, by
Mr. Hanna, 459.

Carnegie, Andrew, 170.

Carter, Dr. E. P., 454.

Carter, Thomas H., 167, 288, 293.

Cartoons of Mr. Hanna, 224, 339, 340,
365, 370.

Catholics, political support of, given to
Mr. Hanna, 434.

Chadwick, Admiral F. E., quoted, 237.

Chandler, Frank M., letter of Mr.

Hanna to, 299; advice given to, by
Mr. Hanna, on selection of assist-
ants, 300.

Chandler, Senator, 287.

Chapin, George W., 46, 51.

Charities, extent of Mr. Hanna's, 461-
463.

Chautauqua speeches on the labor
question by Mr. Hanna, 396-397,
404.

Chinese exclusion legislation, 373, 374.

Chisholm, Henry, 66.

Chisholm, William, 170.

Church, Mr. Hanna's attitude toward
the, 461.

City of Superior steamboat, 40.

Civic Federation. See National Civic
Federation.

Civil Service law, indifference shown by
Mr. Hanna to, 299.

Clark, M. B., 43.

Clarke, John H., Democratic nominee
for Senator in 1903, 430.

Clarkson, Ohio, founding of, 3.

Clarkson, James S., 178, 180.

Class feeling aroused by Democrats in
election of 1896, 210-211.

Clay, Senator, tribute paid by, to
Mr. Hanna's power, 343.

Clayton, Powell, 123, 214.

Cleveland, Ohio, removal of Leonard
and Robert Hanna to, 32; early
years of the Hanna family in, 36-46;
advantages of situation of, 40, 54-56.

Cleveland, Grover, anti-protectionist
campaign of (1888), 143 ff.; effect on
McKinley's prospects of defeat of
Harrison by, 167; business depres-
sion and panic during administration
of, 168-169; weakening of adminis-
trations of, by mistakes in selections
for office, 297.

Cleveland City Ry. Co., Mr. Hanna
and the, 77-83.

Cleveland Iron Mining Company, 59.

Cleveland Rolling Mills Company, 59.

Cleveland Transportation Company,
59, 61.

Coal miners, labor troubles with, and
part taken by Mr. Hanna in, 89-95,
389, 393-400.

Coal mining business of Mr. Hanna's
firm, 56-57, 62.

Columbiana County, Ohio, 1, 8.

Commerce and Labor, establishment of
Department of, 373, 374.

Conciliation and Arbitration, Depart-
ment of, of Civic Federation, 389;
D. R. Hanna chosen a member of,
389-390; interest of M. A. Hanna
aroused in, 390-391; work of, in
connection with anthracite coal
strike of 1902, 393-400.

Conger, A. L., 176.

Conkling, Roscoe, 116, 117.

Connell, Charles C, historian of New
Lisbon, 22.

Converse ancestry of M. A. Hanna, 6-7.

Converse, George O., 3 n.

Converse, Hattie, school-teacher, 17,
19-20.

Converse, Helen, 34.

Converse, Samantha (Mrs. Leonard
Hanna), 5-7, 17.

Corbett, Henry W., 277.

Corporate interests, development of,
with Republican supremacy, 296-
297; position of, as an issue, in
McKinley campaign of 1900, 305-
306, 323-327.

Corruption, political, Mr. Hanna's
attitude toward, 80-83; emphasis
laid on objections to use of campaign
funds for, by Mr. Hanna, 184-185.

Cortelyou. George B., 359, 360; con-
siders that McKinley was an abler
politician than Mr. Hanna, 365;
testifies to Mr. Hanna's influence
with President Roosevelt, 372;
good offices of, in preserving friendly
relations between Hanna and Roose-
velt, 437.

Cowles, Edwin, editor of Cleveland
Leader, 66, 67, 68, 118, 119; defeats
Mr. Hanna in election as delegate
to National Convention of 1884, 120-
121.

Cox, George B., 129, 176, 252; letters
from Mr. Hanna to, 294-295, 426.

Cox. Peter, quoted, 86-87.

Crawford County system of direct
primaries, 355-356.

Cromwell, William Nelson, 378.

Cuban reciprocity question, 375.

Cullom, Senator, 179, 183.

Currency issue, rise of the, 168-169;
in Republican platform in 1896, 192-
205; Democrats take a positive
attitude toward, in Convention of
1896, 204-205; settlement of, by the
56th Congress, 282.

Daugherty, H. M., 292, 295.

Davenport, Homer, distorted impres-
sions of Mr. Hanna promulgated
by cartoons by, 224, 339, 340, 370.

Davis, Senator, 179.

Dawes, Charles G., 183, 214; work of,
in persuading Mr. Hanna to ac-
quiesce in nomination of Roosevelt
for Vice-President, 316.

Debating club, New Lisbon, 23-24.

Dempsey, James H., quoted, 104-105;
cited on Mr. Hanna's ambition to
become Senator, 231-232; on Mr.
Hanna as a public speaker, 244;
mentioned, 463.

Depew, Chauncey, 283.

Dewstoe, Charles C, 300.

Dick, Charles, 166-167, 175, 177, 181;
Secretary of Republican National
Committee in 1896, 214; mentioned
in connection with bribery charges
brought against Mr. Hanna, 260,
289 n.

Dingley Law, the, 249; passage of,
275; Mr. Hanna's contributions to
making of the, 276.

Dixon family, the, 3.

Dolliver, Jonathan, mentioned for
Vice-Presidency in 1900, 309, 311.

Dolliver, Victor, companion of Mr.
Hanna's on speaking tour of North-
west (1900), 334-335.

Donaldson, J. C, state committeeman,
161; political aide of Senator Sher-
man, 234; correspondence of, quoted,
235-236.

Dover, Elmer, 245, 322, 334, 346, 360,
423, 424, 441, 453; testimony of,
to even disposition of Mr. Hanna,
and remarks on value of Mr. Dover's
services, 461.

Droste, Charles F., 253, 254, 256, 258.

Durbin, Winfield T., work of, in
campaign of 1896, 214.

Easley, Ralph M., secretary of National
Civic Federation, 388, 389. 392, 393;
quoted on Mr. Hanna's work to
settle anthracite coal strike, 395.

Eels, Dan P., 66.

Ellsler, John, 72-73.

Ellwood, William. 93.

Employees, Mr. Hanna's relations with
his, 86-89, 95, 338, 339, 387-388.

Engineer, incident of the, and Mr.
Hanna, in Nebraska tour, 337.

Eshelby, Edward O., 253.

Europe, trips to, by Mr. Hanna, 281,449.

Everett, Sylvester T., 66, 71, 72, 121.

Fairbanks, Charles M., 190; men-
tioned for Vice-Presidency in 1900,309.

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