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Q. 12. What are the duties of ministers to their people?
A. The duties of ministers to their people, are, 1. Dear and tender love to their souls. 1 Thess. ii. 7, 8, We were gentle among you as a nurse cherisheth her children ; being so affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted to you, not the gospel onJy, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us. 2. Diligent, sincere, and frequent preaching of the word unto them, with administration of all ordinances. 1 Thess. ii. 3, 4, For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor in guile : but as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God which trieth our hearts. 2 Tim. iv. 2, Preach the word; be instant in season, and out of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine. 3. Watchfulness over them, with willingness and cheerfulness. 1 Pet. y. 2, Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind. 4. Prayer for them, and praise for the grace of God which is in them. Eph. i. 15, 16, Wherefore I also, afier I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, cease not to give thanks for you, inaking mention of you in my prayers. 5. Showing themselves an example of holiness and good works unto them. Titus ii. 7, In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works. 1 Tim. iv. 12, Be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
Q. 13. What are the duties of subjects to their magistrates ?
A. The duties of subjects to their magistrales, are, 1. High estimation and honour of them. i Peter ji. 17, Fear God: honour the king. 2. Subjection to them, obedience unto their laws, so far as they are not contrary to the laws of Christ. Rom. xiii. I, Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. 3. Ready payment of their dues. Rom. xiii. 7, Render unto all their dues : tribute, to whom tribute is due ; custom to whom cusa tom. 4. Defence of them in danger i Sam. xxvi. 13,
Wherefore hast thou not kept thy lord the king ? for there came in one to destroy the king thy'lord. 5. Prayer and thanksgiving for 'them. i Tim. ii. 1, 2, I exhort, that prayers, and giving of thanks, be made for all men ; for kings, and for all that are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
Q. 14. What are the duties of magistrates to their subjects?
A. The'duties of magistrates to their subjects, are, 1. Government of their subjects under Christ, with wisdom, justice, and clemency, endeavouring above all things to promote the interest of religion among them. 2 Chron. i. 10, Give me wisdom and knowledge that I may go out and come in before this people. Chap. ii. 1, And Solomon determined to build an house for the name of the Lord, and an house for his kingdom.' 2. Making good laws for the benefit of their subjects, and appointing faithful officers, with charge of due execution of them. 2 Chron. xix. 5, 6, 7, And he set judges in the land, and said, Take heed what ye do; for ye judge not for man, but for the Lord : for there is no iniquity with the Lord our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts. 3. Care of the common safety of their subjects. 2 Chron. xvii. 1, 2, And Jehosaphat reigned in his stead : and he placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah. 4. Encouragement of them that do well, by their example, counte. nance, and reward, together with discouragement and punishment of evil doers. 1 Pet. ii. 14, Governors are for the punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well.
Q. 15. What are the duties of the younger and inferior in gifts and graces, to the aged and superior ?
A. The duties of the younger, and inferior in gifts and graces, to the elder and superior, are, 1. To rise up before them, and give place to them with reverence and respect. Lev. xix. 32, Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God. 2. Humble submission to them, so as lo.fol
low their wise counsels. i Pet. v. 5, Likewise ye young. er, submit yourselves unto the elder. 9. Imitation of them in their graces and holy conversation. 1 Cor. xi. 1, Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.
Q. 16. What are the duties of the aged and superior in gists and graces, unto the younger and inferior ?
A. The duties of the age and superior in gifts and graces, unto the younger and inferior, are, To adorn their old age, and show forth the power of their grace in a holy and exemplary conversation. Tit. ii. 2, 3, That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience : the aged women likewise, that they be in behariour as becometh holiness, teachers of good things.
Q. 17. What are the duties of equals one io another?
A. The duties of equals one to another, are, 1. To live in peace with, and sincere lore to one another, preserJ'ing each other in honour. 1 Thess. v. 13, Be at peace among yourselves. Rom. xii. 9, 10, Let love be without dissimulation. Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love, in honour preferring one another. 2. To be pitiful, courteous and affable, and ready 10 promote one another's good, and to rejoice therein. 1 Pet. iii. 8, Love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous. 1 Cor. x. 24, Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth. Rom. xii. 15, Rejoice with them that do rejoice.
Q. 65. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment ?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing any thing against the honour and duty which belongeth to every one, in their several places and relations.
Q. 1. How many ways may we sin against the fifth commandment?
A. We may sin against the fifth commandment two ways : 1. By neglecting of the cuties therein prescribed. 2. By doing any thing against ihe honour which belongeth unto every one in their several places and relations.
Q. 2. What are the sins of children against their parents ?
A. The sins of children against their parents, are, 1. Irreverence towards them, and anywise dishonouring of them, either in speech or behaviour. Deut. xxvii. 16, Cursed be he that setteth light by his father, or his mother; and all the people shall say, Amen. Prov. xx. 20, Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness. 2. Disobedience 10 their commands. Prov. xxx. 17, The eye that mock. eth at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. 3. Unteachableness and refusai of their instruction. Prov. viii. 33, Hear instruction, and be wise, and rsfuse it not. Prov. v. 11, 12, 13, And thou mourn at last, and say, How have I hated instruction, and have not obeyed the voice of my teachers? 4. Stubbornness and incorrigibleness under their reproofs and corrections. I Sam, ii. 23, 25, And he said, Why do ye such things ? for I hear of your evil dealings. Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their fa!her. 5. Wastefulness of their substance, unthankfulness for their care and favours, or anywise unkindness to them, especially when they are aged and in distress. Prov. xix. 26, He, that wasteth his father, and chaseth away bis mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach. Prov. xxiii. 22, Despise not thy mother when she is old. 6. Disposal of themselves. unto callings or in marriages, without their consent or advice. Gen. xxvi. 34, 35, And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughier of Beeri the Hitlite, and Bashemoth the daughter of Elon the Hittite; which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and io Rebekah.
Q: 3. What are the sins of parents against their children ?.
A. The sins of parents against their children, are, 1. Want of natural affection, and tenderness towards them, especially when infants, or sick and helpless. Rom. i. 31, Without natural affection. Job. xxxix. 16, She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were
not hers. 2. Too fond love, giving them their will, and subjecting themselves thereunto; together with partial love, and that expressing itself more to the less deserving, and less to the more deserving. 3. Neglect of their souls, to give them instruction, and seasonable and needful correctien ; as also neglect of their bodies, to make convenient provision for them. Prov. xiii. 24, He, that spareth his rod, hateth his son.. 1 Tim. v. 8, If any provide not for his own, he is worse than an infidel. 4. Cruelty towards them, and unreasonable provoking of them unio anger. Eph. vi. 4, Ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath. Col. iii. 21, Fathers, provoke not your cliildren to wrath, lest they be discouraged. 5. En. couragement of them, either by their commands or example, in ill-doing; or discouragement of them, either by their prohibition or frowns and displeasure, in welldoing. 6. Opposition of that which is really for their good, either in reference unto their calling or marriage.
Q. 4. What are the sins of wives against their hus. bands?
A. The sins of wives against their husbands, are, l. Want of that due reverence and honour, and endeared love, which they should have for their husbands above all others. 2 Sam. vi. 16, And Michal saw David dancing before the Lord, and she despised him in her heart. 2. Infidelity in breaking the marriage covenant, or revealing any secrets committed by their husbands unto them. Prov. ii. 16, 17, To deliver thee from the strange woman, who forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. 3. Pride and profusive spending and wasting their estates in costly clothes, beyoud their degree, or any others ways. i Peter iii. 3, Whose adorning, let it not be that outward adorning, of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel. 4. Unsubjection unto, and imperiousDess over their husbands, as if they were their foot, to be commanded by them, and not their head, to rule over them; and this accompanied with frowardness, and a contentious spirit, disturbing their husbands with their evil speeches and clamours. Prov. xix. 13, The contentions of a wife are a continual dropping. 5. Evil surmises