The Science of Color
The Science of Color focuses on the principles and observations that are foundations of modern color science. Written for a general scientific audience, the book broadly covers essential topics in the interdisciplinary field of color, drawing from physics, physiology and psychology.
This book comprises eight chapters and begins by tracing scientific thinking about color since the seventeenth century. This historical perspective provides an introduction to the fundamental questions in color science, by following advances as well as misconceptions over more than 300 years. The next chapters then discuss the relationship between light, the retinal image, and photoreceptors, followed by a focus on concepts such as color matching and color discrimination; color appearance and color difference specification; the physiology of color vision; the 15 mechanisms of the physics and chemistry of color; and digital color reproduction. Each chapter begins with a short outline that summarizes the organization and breadth of its material. The outlines are valuable guides to chapter structure, and worth scanning even by readers who may not care to go through a chapter from start to finish.
This book will be of interest to scientists, artists, manufacturers, and students.
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Chapter 3 Color Matching and Color Discrimination
Chapter 4 Color Appearance
Chapter 5 Color Appearance and Color Difference Specification
Chapter 6 The Physiology of Color Vision
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absorbed absorption aliasing bipolar cells blue Brainard chro chromatic aberration chromatic adaptation chromaticity diagram CIELAB color appearance color constancy color matching color order system Color Research color vision cone contrast cortex dichromatic discrimination effect electron energy equation filter fovea function ganglion cells green human illumination intensity Journal layer lens light levels linear luminance macaque macular pigment matic measured mechanisms mixture Mollon monochromatic mosaic Munsell neural neurons normal object observer Opt Soc Optical Society perception photons photopigment photoreceptors point spread function Pokorny primaries primate psychophysical pupil quantal radiance receptive field receptor red–green region retina retinal image samples saturation scale sensor Shevell shows signals Society of America spatial frequency spectral power distribution spectral reflectance spectral sensitivity spectrum standard stimulus surface theory threshold tion trichromatic tristimulus tristimulus coordinates values Vision Research visual system Wandell wave wavelength yellow
第 15 頁 - Suppose a number of equal waves of water to move upon the surface of a stagnant lake, with a certain constant velocity, and to enter a narrow channel leading out of the lake. Suppose then another similar cause to have excited another equal series of waves, which arrive at the same channel, with the same velocity, and at the same time with the first. Neither series of waves will destroy the other, but their effects will be combined : if they enter the channel in such a manner that the elevations...
第 24 頁 - Young thinks it much more simple to suppose the absence or paralysis of those fibres of the retina which are calculated to perceive red...
第 13 頁 - Now, as it is almost impossible to conceive each sensitive point of the retina to contain an infinite number of particles, each capable of vibrating in perfect unison with every possible undulation, it the Theory of Light and Colours.
第 23 頁 - He still, however, kept me in talk, and still upon music. " To me," said he, " it appears quite as strange to meet with people who have no ear for music, and cannot distinguish one air from another, as to meet with people who are dumb. Lady Bell Finch once told me that she had heard there was some difference between a psalm, a minuet, and a country dance, but she declared they all sounded alike to her ! There are people who have no eye for difference of colour. The Duke of Marlborough actually cannot...
第 16 頁 - at no period of his life was fond of repeating experiments or even of originating new ones. He considered that, however necessary to the advancement of science, they demanded a great sacrifice of time, and that, when a fact was once established, that time was better employed in considering the purposes to which it might be applied or the principles which it might tend to elucidate.
第 9 頁 - Do not the rays of light, in falling upon the bottom of the eye, excite vibrations in the tunica retina ? Which vibrations being propagated along the solid fibres of the optic nerves into the brain, cause the sense of seeing.
第 9 頁 - Considering the lastingness of the motions excited in the bottom of the eye by light, are they not of a vibrating nature? Do not the most refrangible rays excite the shortest vibrations, the least refrangible the largest?
第 15 頁 - ... to have excited another equal series of waves, which arrive at the same channel with the same velocity, and at the same time, with the first. Neither series of waves will destroy the other, but their effects will be combined ; if they enter the channel in such a manner that the elevations of one series coincide with those of the other, they must together produce a series of greater joint elevations ; but if the elevations of one series are so situated as to correspond to the depressions of the...