Level Playing Field, A: School Finance in the Northeast

封面
SUNY Press, 2012年2月1日 - 365 頁
In this timely work, Jane Fowler Morse reviews the history of school finance litigation in the United States and then examines recent legal and political struggles to obtain equitable school funding in New York, Vermont, and Ontario. These three places have employed strikingly different strategies to address this issue, and Morse analyzes lessons learned at each that will benefit both public officials and citizens interested in seeking reform elsewhere. Drawing on writers from Aristotle to Cass Sunstein and Martin Luther King Jr., she also explores the concepts of social justice and equity, highlighting the connections between racism, poverty, and school funding. The result is a passionate plea for equitable funding of public education nationwide to instantiate the ideal of liberty and justice for all.
 

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內容

Education Inequity and the Level Playing Field
1
The Search for a Legal Solution in New York
31
Sharing in Vermont
67
Executive Reform in Ontario
89
The Impact of Poverty on Childrens Performance in School
119
The Impact of Racism on Childrens Performance in School
153
Education Funding and Progress
185
Appendixes
223
Notes
231
Bibliography
287
Authorities
315
Index
319
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第 13 頁 - As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his self-love, his opinions and his passions will have a reciprocal influence on each other ; and the former will be objects to which the latter will attach themselves.
第 3 頁 - It is the very foundation of good citizenship. Today it is a principal instrument in awakening the child to cultural values, in preparing him for later professional training, and in helping him to adjust normally to his environment. In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms....
第 13 頁 - The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society.
第 4 頁 - In view of our decision that the Constitution prohibits the states from maintaining racially segregated public schools, it would be unthinkable that the same Constitution would impose a lesser duty on the Federal Government.
第 3 頁 - We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
第 xi 頁 - I believe in the existence of a great, immortal, immutable principle of natural law, or natural ethics — a principle antecedent to all human institutions and incapable of being abrogated by any ordinance of man — a principle of divine origin, clearly legible in the ways of Providence as those ways are manifested in the order of Nature and in the history of the race, which proves the absolute right to an education of every human being that comes into the world...

關於作者 (2012)

Jane Fowler Morse is Professor of Education at the State University of New York at Geneseo.

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