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action Americans appointed arms arrived attack body Boston Britain British army British troops called camp cause chief citizens Colonel colonies command conduct Congress consequence considered constitution continued danger desire detachment determined duty effect enemy engaged exertions field fire force formed French George give hand happiness Henry hero human hundred important interest James John joined killed land letter liberty Lord manner marched ment miles military mind nature necessary North obliged obtained occasion officers party passed patriotism peace person Philadelphia Point possession President prevent principal provincials received remained respect retired retreat returned river sent ships side situation soldiers soon spirit strong success Thomas thousand tion took town United Virginia Wash Washington whole wounded York
第 206 頁 - This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind.
第 217 頁 - ... infidelity to existing engagements. I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But in my opinion it is unnecessary, and would be unwise to extend them. Taking care always to keep ourselves, by suitable establishments, on a respectable defensive posture, we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies.
第 205 頁 - In all the changes to which you may be invited, remember that time and habit are at least as necessary to fix the true character of governments as of other human institutions — that experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution of a country — that facility in changes upon the credit of mere hypothesis and opinion exposes to perpetual change from the endless variety of hypothesis and opinion...
第 197 頁 - Citizens, by birth or choice, of a common country, that country has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of AMERICAN, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism, more than any appellation derived from local discriminations.
第 213 頁 - So likewise a passionate attachment of one nation for another produces a variety of evils. Sympathy for the favorite nation, facilitating the illusion of an imaginary common interest in cases where no real common interest exists and infusing into one the enmities of the other, betrays the former into a participation in the quarrels and wars of the latter without adequate inducement or justification.
第 194 頁 - I have the consolation to believe that, while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.
第 218 頁 - I could wish — that they will control the usual current of the passions or prevent our nation from running the course which has hitherto marked the destiny of nations. But if I may even flatter myself that they may be productive of some partial benefit, some occasional good — that they may now and then recur to moderate the fury of party spirit, to warn against the mischiefs of foreign intrigue, to guard against the impostures of pretended patriotism — this hope will be a full recompense for...
第 217 頁 - ... establishing, with powers so disposed, in order to give trade a stable course, to define the rights of our merchants, and to enable the government to support them, conventional rules of intercourse, the best that present circumstances and mutual opinion will permit, but temporary, and liable to be from time to time abandoned or varied, as experience and circumstances shall dictate...
第 199 頁 - ... the Atlantic side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble community of interest as one nation. Any other tenure by which the west can hold this essential advantage, whether derived from its own separate strength, or from an apostate and unnatural connection with any foreign power, must be intrinsically precarious.
第 211 頁 - ... the payment of debts there must be revenue ; that to have revenue there must be taxes ; that no taxes can be devised which are not more or less inconvenient and unpleasant; that the intrinsic embarrassment, inseparable from the selection of the' proper objects, (which is always a choice of difficulties,) ought to be a decisive motive for a candid construction of the conduct of the government in making it, and for a spirit of acquiescence in- the measures for obtaining revenue which the public...