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selves incapable to conduct it without disaster at home and dishonor abroad, and-shall be restored to the party which for thirty years administered it with unequalled success and prosperity; and in this connection we heartily indorse the wisdom, patriotism and the success of the Administration of President Harrison.
The Tariff Plank.
We renew and emphasize our allegiance to the policy protection as the bulwark of American industrial independence and the foundation of American development and prosperity. This true American policy taxes foreign products and encourages home industry; it puts the burden of revenue on foreign goods; it secures the American market for the American producer; it upholds the American standard of wages for the American workingman; it puts the factory by the side of the farm and makes the American farmer less dependent on foreign demand and price ; it diffuses general thrift, and founds the strength of all on the strength of each. In its reasonable application it is just, fair and impartial, equally opposed to foreign control and domestic monopoly, to sectional discrimination and individual favoritism.
We denounce the present Democratic tariff as sectional, injurious to the public credit and destructive to business enterprise. We demand such an equitable tariff on foreign imports which come into competition with American products as will not only furnish adequate revenue for the necessary expenses of the Government, but will protect American labor from degradation to the wage level of other lands. We are not pledged to any particular schedules. The question of rates is a practical question, to be governed by the conditions of the time and of production; the ruling and uncompromising principle is the protection and development of American labor and industry. The country demands a right settlement and then it wants rest.
We believe the repeal of the reciprocity arrangements negotiated by the last Republican Administration as a national calamity, and we demand the renewal and extension on such terms as will equalize our trade with other nations, remove the restrictions which now obstruct the sale of American products in the ports of other countries, and secure enlarged markets for the products of our farms, forests and factories.
Protection and reciprocity are twin measures of Republican policy and go hand in hand. Democratic rule has recklessly struck down both, and both must be reestablished.
Protection for what we produce ; free admission for the necessaries of life which we do not produce; reciprocal agreements of mutual interests, which gain open markets for us in return for our open market to others. Protection builds up domestic industry and trade and secures our own market for ourselves; reciprocity builds up foreign trade and finds an outlet for our surplus.
We condemn the present administration for not keeping faith with the sugar producers of this country. The Republican party favors such protection as will lead to the production on American soil of all the sugar which the American people use, and for which they pay other countries more than 1100,000,000 annually.
To all our products—to those of the mine and the field, as well as to those of the shop and the factory—to hemp, to wool, the product of the great industry of sheep husbandry, as well as to the finished woolens of the mill— we promise the most ample protection.
We favor restoring the early American policy of discriminating duties for the upbuilding of our merchant marine and the protection of our shipping in the foreign carrying trade, so that American ships—the product of American labor, employed in American ship yards, sailing under the Stars and Stripes, and manned, officered and owned by Americans—may regain the carrying of our foreign com- _ merce.
For Gold Standard.
The Republican party is unreservedly for sound money. It caused the enactment of the law providing for the resumption of specie payments in 1879. Since then every dollar has been as good as gold.
We are unalterably opposed to every measure calculated to debase our currency or impair the credit of our country. We are, therefore, opposed to the free coinage of silver except by international agreement with the leading commercial nations of the world, which we pledge ourselves to promote, and until such agreement can be obtained the existing gold standard must be preserved. All our silver and paper currency must be maintained at parity with gold, and we favor all measures designed to maintain inviolable the obligations of all our money, whether coin or paper, at the present standard—the standard of the most enlightened nations of the earth.
The Pension Question.
The veterans of the Union Army deserve and should receive fair treatment and generous recognition. Wherever practicable they should be given the preference in the matter of employment, and they are entitled to the enactment of such laws as are best calculated to secure the fulfillment of the pledges made to them in the dark days of the country's peril. We denounce the practice in the Pension Bureau, so recklessly and unjustly carried on by the present Administration, of reducing pensions and arbitrarily dropping names from the rolls, as deserving the severest condemnation of the American people.
Our Foreign Policy.
Our foreign policy should be at all times firm, vigorous and dignified, and all our interests in the Western Hemisphere carefully watched and guarded. The Hawaiian Islands should be controlled by the United States, and no foreign power should be permitted to interfere with them. The Nicaraguan Canal should be built, owned and operated
Hon. James K. Jones.
Born in Marshall co., Miss., Sept. 29, 1839; educated in classics and law; served in Confederate army; a planter till 1873; began law practice at Washington, Arkansas, and elected to Slate Senate in 1873, reelected in 1877, and became President of the body; elected, as Democnt, to 47th, 48th and 49th Congresses; elected to U. S. Senate in 1884; reelected in 1890; term expires March 3, 1897; member of Committees on Senate Kxpenses, Finance, Indian Affairs, Irrigation, etc.
Burn in Perry co., Ohio, September 26, 1841; graduated from University of Missouri, 1860; admitted to bar, 1863; practiced in New Mexico for several years; elected to Territorial Legislature in 1866, and soon after made Attorney-General of Territory; appointed U. S. District Attorney in 1868; elected Delegate to Congress, 1873; re-elected in 1875; Delegate to Republican National Conventions, 1884, 1888; large business and banking interests in Santa F6, also large land owner; moved to West Virginia, and extensively engaged in mining, timber, railroad and banking interests; appointed, by President Harrison Secretary of War, December 17, 1891; elected to U. S. Senate as a Republican, 1894; Chairman of Select Committee on Geological Survey, and member of Committees on Civil Service, Commerce. Military Affairs, Railroads and Territories.