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That thou hast banish'd from thy tongue with lies. Was this the cottage, and the safe abode Thou told’st me of? What grim aspects are these, These ugly-headed monsters ? Mercy guard me! 695 Hence with thy brew'd inchantments, foul deceiver; Hast thou betray'd my credulous innocence With vizor'd falsehood, and base forgery? And wouldst thou seek again to trap me here With liquorish baits fit to insnare a brute? : 700 Were it a draft for Juno when she banquets, I would not taste thy treasonous offer; none But such as are good men can give good things, And that which is not good, is not delicious To a well-governd and wise appetite.
705 Comus. O foolishness of men ! that lend their ears To those budge doctors of the Stoic fur,
694. –What grim aspects are being headed like sundry sorts of these,] So Drayton, Polyolb. wild beasts. S. xxvii.
696. Hence with thy brew'd Her grim aspect to see.
inchantments,] Magical potions, And Spenser, F. Q. v. ix. 48.
brewed or compounded of in
cantatory herbs and poisonous -With griesly grim aspect
drugs. Shakespeare's Cauldron Abhorred Murder.
T. Warton. is a brerved inchantment, but of
another kind. T. Warton. 605. These ugly-headed mon 698. -and base forgery?] In sters?7 In Milton's Manuscript, the Manuscript forgeries. and in his editions, it is ougly or
702. - none oughly, which is only an old way But such as are good men can of writing ugly, as appears from
give good things,] several places in Sir Philip Sid. This noble sentiment Milton has ney's Arcadia, and from Shake
borrowed from Euripides, Medea,
h speare's Sonnets in the edition ver. 618. of the year 1609: and care must be taken that the word be not
Κακου γαρ ανδρος δωρ' ονησιν ουκ εχει. mistaken, as some have mistaken 707. To those budge doctors of it, for owly-headed, Comus's train the Stoic fur,] The Trinity Ma
And fetch their precepts from the Cynic tub,
720 Should in a pet of temp’rance feed on pulse,
nuscript had at first Stoic gown, These verses were thus at first which is better; for budge sig- in the Manuscript, nifies furred: but I suppose by Covering the earth with odours, and Stoic fur Milton intended to ex with fruits, plain the other obsolete word, Cramming the seas with spawn in. though he fell upon a very in-, numerable, accurate way of doing it. War
The fields with cattle, and the air with burton.
fowl, &c. Mr. Bowle here cites a passage 717. To deck her sons,] So he from Stowe's Survay of London, had written at first, then altered ed. 1618. p. 455. " Budge-rowe, it lo adorn, and afterwards to deck a streete so called of Budge, furre, again. and of Skinners dwelling there." 719. She hutch'd,] That is, The place and name still remain. coffered. Warburton. T. Warlon.
Hutch is an old word, still in 710. Wherefore did Nature pour use, for coffer, Abp. Chichele her bounties forth,
gave a borrowing chest to the With such a full and unwithe University of Oxford, which was drawing hand,]
called Chichele's hutch. T. WarSilius Italicus, xv. 55.
ton. Quantas ipse Deus lætos generavit in 721. feed on pulse,] So it
was at first, then fetches : but I Res homini, plenaque dedit bona suppose the allitteration of f's gaudia dextra?
offended, and then he restored Richardson.
pulse again. 712. Covering the earth, &c.]
Drink the clear stream, and nothing wear but frieze,
plumes, The herds would over-multitude their lords, The sea o'erfraught would swell, and th' unsought
diamonds Would so imblaze the forehead of the deep, And so bestud with stars, that they below
727. And live like Nature's bastards, not her sons,] In the Manuscript it was at first, Living as Nature's bastards, not her
sons, which latter is an expression taken from Heb. xii. 8. then are ye bastards, and not sons.
730. - dark'd with plumes,] The image taken from what the ancients said of the air of the northern islands, that it was clogged and darkened with feathers. Warburton.
731. The herds, &c.] Mr. Bowle observes, that the tenour of Comus's argument is like that of Clarinda, in B. and Fletcher's Sea-Voyage, a. ii. s. 1. Should all women use this obstinate
abstinence, In a few years the whole world would
be peopled Only with beasts.
And the observation is still further justified from Milton's great intimacy with the plays of the twin-bards. T. Warton.
732. The sea o'erfraught &c.] Mr. Warburton remarks, and I agree with him, that this and the four following lines are exceeding childish: and they were thus written at first, The sea o'erfraught would heave her
waters up Above the shore, and th' unsought
diamonds Would so bestud the centre with their
star-light, And so inblaze the forehead of the Were they not taken thence, that they
below Would grow inur’d to day, and come
at last &c. 734. And so bestud with stars,] So Drayton in his most elegant epistle from King John to Matilda, which our author, as we
Would grow inur'd to light, and come at last
shall see, has more largely copied for soon comes age, that will her in the remainder of Comus's
Gather the rose of love, whilst yet is speech, vol. i. p. 232. Of heaven.
time, Would she put on her star-bestudded Whilst loving thou may'st loved be • crown.
with equal crime: Sylvester calls the stars " glister. or as they are translated by “ing studs." Du Bart. (p. 147. Fairfax, 4to.) D. v. W. 1. And “ the gilt o gather then the rose, while time “ studs of the firmament,” Ibid.
thou hast, (4to. p. 247.) W. i. D. 7. T. Short is the day, done when it scant Warton.
began, 737. – and be not cozen'd] In
Gather the rose of love, while yet
thou may'st the Manuscript
Loving, be lov'd; embracing, be nor be not cozen'd.
embrac'd. 743. If you let slip time, like a And Shakespeare to the same neglected rose
purpose in Venus and Adonis, It withers on the stalk with lan Make use of time, let not advantage
guish'd head.] It was at first,
Beauty within itself would not be
wasted. It withers on the stalk, and fades Fair flow'rs that are not gather'd away.
in their prime, Milton had probably in view a
Rot and consume themselves in
little time. most beautiful comparison of the same kind in Tasso, cant. xvi. st. 743. I rather think, we are 14, 15. which Spenser has lite immediately to refer to a passage rally translated, b. ii. cant. xii. in Milton's favourite, the Midst. 74, 75. the application and summer Night's Dream, where concluding lines of which are Theseus blames Hermione for
refusing to marry Demetrius, a. Gather therefore the rose, whilst yet
i. s. 1. is prime,
But earlier happy is the rose distillid,
Beauty is nature's brag, and must be shown
Than that, which withering on the offer themselves on purpose to be virgin thorn,
seene, &c. Grows, lives, and dies, in single Buta parallelism is as perceptibly blossedness. T. Warton marked, in this passage from
Daniel's Complaint of Rosamond, 745. Beauty is nature's brag, st. 74. Works, Lond. 1601. fol.
and must be shewn Signat. M. iiij. In courts, in feasts, and high
What greater torment ever could solemnities, &c.]
have beene, So Fletcher, Faith. Sheph. a. i. Than to inforce the faire to live re8. 1. vol. iii. p. 124.
For what is beautie, if not to be seene, Give not yourself to loneness, and
Or what is't to be seene, if not adthose graces
mir'd, Hide from the eyes of men, that were
And, though admir'd, unless it love intended
desired ? To live among us swains.
Never were cheekes of roses, lockes But this argument is pursued
Ordained to live imprison’d in a more at large in Drayton's Epis.
chamber! tle above quoted. I will give
Nature created beautie for the view, some of the more palpable resem
Mr. Bowle adds a stanza of BraFie, peevish girl, ungratefull unto
gadocchio's address to Belphæbe, nature, Did she to this end frame thee such in the Faerie Queene, ii. iii. 39. a creature,
But what art thou, O Lady, which That thou her glory should increase
doost range thereby,
In this wilde forest, where no pleaAnd thou alone should'st scorne so
sure is ; ciety?
And doost not it for joyous court ex. Why, heaven made beauty, like her.
change, &c. self, to view,
T. Warton. Not to be shut up in a smoakie mew. A rosy-tinctur'd feature is heaven's 748. It is for homely features Which all men joy to touch, and to
to to keep home,] The same turn behold, &c.
and manner of expression is in
the Two Gentlemen of Verona, Here we have at least our au
at the beginning; thor's “ What need a vermeil. “ tinctured lip for that?" And
Home-keeping youth have ever
homely wits. again, All things that faire, that pure, that
749. -coarse complexions] It glorious beene,
was at first coarse beetle-brows.