« 上一頁繼續 »
DANA'S, DAVIDSON'S AND GRIERSON'S RAIDS.
off his foraging parties; forcing back | Rebel force which it defeated, after his cavalry on his infantry. Georgia an obstinate fight; destroying several was swiftly and cheaply traversed, miles of the railroad, including the simply by reason of the admirable bridge, with locomotives, cars, cotdispositions which left the enemy in ton, and valuable stores. The other, doubt as to his objective, and para- under Gen. Davidson, moved simullyzed, at Macon, Augusta, Savannah, taneously from Baton Rouge to Tan&c., forces which should have been gipahoa, where it broke up the same concentrated to oppose his advance. railroad, destroying bridges, &c.;
Sherman announced his crowning pushing on to Franklinton and West triumph to President Lincoln as fol- Pascagoula; meeting little resistance, lows:
taking some prisoners, and causing “I beg to present you, as a Christmas
alarm for the safety of Mobile. gift, the city of Savannah, with 150 heavy A third and more important guns and plenty of ammunition, and also about 25,000 bales of cotton."
mounted expedition was dispatcheda
by Gen. Dana from Memphis, 3,500 The President responded as fol
strong, led by Gen. Grierson, southlows: EXECUTIVE MANSION,
eastward through north Alabama to “WASHINGTON, D.O., Dec. 26, 1864. Tupelo on the Mobile railroad, which “MY DEAR GEN. SHERMAN:
was thoroughly broken up southward “Many, many thanks for your Christmas gift--the capture of Savannah.
to Okolona; Col. Karge, by the way, “When you were about to leave Atlanta surprising * a Rebel camp at Verona, for the Atlantic coast, I was anxious, if not
dispersing the force holding it, capfearful; but, feeling that you were the better judge, and remembering that nothing turing 32 cars, 8 warehouses filled risked, nothing gained,' I did not interfere.
with ordnance and supplies, which Now, the undertaking being a success, the honor is all yours; for I believe none of us
were being loaded for Hood's army went further than to acquiesce. And, tak on 200 wagons taken by Forrest from ing the work of Gen. Thomas into the ac
Sturgis at Guntown. All were decount, as it should be taken, it is indeed a great success.
stroyed. . “Not only does it afford the obvious and At Okolona, Grierson intercepted a immediate military advantages, but, in showing to the world that your army could be
dispatches from Dick Taylor, at Modivided, putting the stronger part to an im bile, promising rëenforcements, which portant new service, and yet leaving enough
deserters said would arrive at 11 to vanquish the old opposing forces of the whole-Hood's army-it brings those who
A. M. next day. He decided, theresat in darkness to see great light.
fore, to attack at daylight, and did “Please make my grateful acknowledg
so : the Rebels being intrenched at a ments to your whole army, officers and men. | “Yours, very truly, A. LINCOLN." little station known as Egypt, with
4 guns on platform cars, and some Two separate expeditions were sent 1,200 to 2,000 men. While the fight out from the Mississippi to distract was in progress, two trains came up the enemy's attention from Sherman, the road with rëenforcements for the and prevent a concentration against enemy; but Grierson interposed behim. One of them, under Gen. Dana, tween these and his stationary foes, was dispatched from Vicksburg; en- repelling the former, and routing the countering;26 on the Big Black, a latter; capturing and destroying a 25 Nov. 25. 28 Dec. 21.
27 Dec. 25.
as Dec. 27.
train, taking 500 prisoners, and dis-, intrenched on Honey hill, covering persing the force at Egypt. Among Grahamsville and the railroad. Astheir killed was Gen. Gholson. saulting this, he was stoutly fought
Making feints in different direc- and worsted, recoiling at nightfall; tions, Grierson now moved south- having suffered a loss of 746 in killed, westward ; striking the Mississippi wounded, and missing. Central at Winona, and tearing it up Foster now threw two brigades, for miles on either hand; while the under Gen. E. E. Potter, across the 4th Iowa pushed south to Bankston, Coosawhatchie to Devaux Neck, bedestroying there. Confederate.cloth tween the two branches of Broad and shoe factories. Grierson moved river, whence Potter advanced and from Winona to Benton; where Col. seized a position within cannon-shot Osband engaged and defeated Col. of the railroad, which he fortified and Wood's Rebel cavalry. The expedi- held, while the rest of Foster's movtion made its way thence to Vicks- able column was brought up to his burg with 500 prisoners, 800 beeves, support. Here, Foster received his and 1,000 negroes; having destroyed first news of Sherman's appearance immense amounts of Rebel property, before Savannah, and proceeded at most of it of great military value, in- once to the Ogeechee to meet him. cluding 95 cars, 300 wagons, 30 full By Sherman's direction, he held on warehouses, &c., with a total loss of to his position; and, after Hardee had 27 killed, 93 wounded, missing. fled past to Charleston, he occupied Among its prisoners were 100 who without resistance the Rebel works at had been recruited from among our Pocotaligo, and at the railroad crossmen famishing in Rebel prison-camps, ings of the Coosawhatchie and Tulliwho had taken this course to save finny. Gen. Foster was preparing their lives.
to operate, under Sherman's orders,
against Charleston, when he was Gen. Foster, commanding on the relieved - because of his suffering Sea Islands, being directed by Gen. from an unhealed wound-by Gen. Halleck to make a demonstration in-Gillmore. land in behalf of Gen. Sherman, who was expected near Pocotaligo at the Gen. Sherman remained over a end of November, was enabled to month at Savannah, resting and respare from his various garrisons but fitting his army preparatory to fur5,000 men for this service. At the ther and more arduous efforts. He head of this force, he ascended Broad had intended to resume his advance on river on steamboats, landing 2 at the 15th of January, 1865; at which Boyd's Neck; immediately pushing time, accordingly, the 17th corps, out Gen. J. P. Hatch to seize the Gen. F.P. Blair, was taken by water Charleston and Savannah railroad around by Hilton Head to Poconear Grahamsville. Hatch, missing taligo, whence it menaced Charlesthe way, failed to reach the railroad ton; as the left wing, Gen. Slocum, that day, and was confronted, next with Kilpatrick's cavalry, moved morning, by a strong Rebel force up the Savannah to Sister's ferry, 29 Nov. 30.
30 Dec. 6.
31 Dec. 12.
SHERMAN ENTERS SOUTH CAROLINA.
threatening an advance on Augusta | army, with its trains, to traverse her
Gen. Sherman thus pursuing his whole extent, from south-west to favorite strategy of dividing the ene- north-east, in mid-winter, was a phymy's forces and distracting his atten- sical impossibility. Yet, to provide tion from his real objective, so as to against the chance of Sherman's provprevent a concentration to resist him ing able to overcome the resistance in the difficult, inhospitable region of the elements, Gov. Magrath had, through which his course lay. ; by proclamation, summoned $4 to the .
Incessant rains, which flooded most field as militia every White male in of the adjacent country, giving the the State between the ages of 16 and Savannah at Sister's ferry a surface 60, not already in the service; prowidth of nearly three miles, submerg- claiming that those who did not voling the causeway road, and breaking untarily come out should be forced up Gen. Slocum's pontoon-bridge, out, and that all former exemptions compelled a delay of a fortnight; dur- would be disregarded. ing which, Savannah was made over Ample time had been afforded for to Gen. Foster: Gen. Grover's division felling her abundant trees across her of the 19th corps having been sent narrow roads--that being about the by Gen. Grant to form its garrison. last conspicuous service which her Some feints were made from Poco- slaves were constrained to render to taligo of an advance on Charleston; their masters. Wheeler's troopers Foster's position between the Coo-hovered around our advance, watchsawhatchie and Tullifinny abandoned ing for chances; while a brigade of as no longer of use; and at length, infantry lay behind the Salkehatchie the flood having somewhat abated at Rivers's bridge, prepared to disSherman's whole army moved" nearly pute its passage. This, however, was northward; Slocum, with Kilpatrick, brushed" aside by a turning movecrossing the Savannah at Sister's ferry ment from below-to make which, or Purysburg, and moving on Barn- Mower's and G. A. Smith's divisions. well and Beaufort's bridge, threaten- of Blair's corps waded through a ing Augusta; while the right wing, swamp three miles wide, covered keeping for some distance west of the with water, one to four feet deepCombahee and Salkehatchie, should the weather having become bitterly cross at Rivers’s and at Beaufort's cold-the two Generals wading at bridges and push rapidly for the the head of their men. Once over, Edisto; thus flanking Charleston and the Rebels were quickly driven off in compelling its precipitate evacuation disorder, retreating behind the Edisto by the enemy, after they should have at Branchville: our loss here being been kept paralyzed so long as might 18 killed and 70 wounded. Our inbe in apprehension of a siege. fantry pressed rapidly after them;
Southern South Carolina is so in the enemy burning the bridges veterately and generally a swamp, over the Edisto while our men and was now so sodden and covered broke up the South Carolina railroad with water, that the belief was com for many miles; and Kilpatrick, mon among her people that for an skirmishing heavily with Wheeler,
33 Jan. 18, 1865. 88 Feb. 1. 34 Dec. 29, 1864. 25 Feb. 3, 1865.
overed with moderel, open grou
18 Augusta on
CROSSING OF THE EDISTO AND CONGAREE. 699 moved by Barnwell and Blackville to guns of a substantial fort on the Aiken, threatening Augusta. Thus, north side, with a smaller work or by the 11th, our whole army was on bridge-head on the south : the apthe line of the railroad aforesaid, proach being over level, open ground, tearing it up, and holding apart the covered with mud from the recent enemy's forces covering Augusta on inundation. Gen. Chas. R. Woods, one hand and Charleston on the other. whose division had the advance,
Our right was now directed on turned the bridge-head by sending Orangeburg; the 17th corps crossing up Stone's brigade through a cypress the South Edisto at Binnaker's swamp on the left; when the enemy bridge, while the 15th crossed at decamped, after having fired but not Holman's bridge, farther up; the destroyed the bridge, which was two approaching at Poplar Spring: promptly repaired; so that our guns the 17th moving swiftly on Orange- were brought over, and at night the burg bridge over the South Edisto, head of the column bivouacked near and carrying it by a dash; the enemy the fine bridge over the Congaree trying to burn it with but partial suc- leading into Columbia, which was cess. A battery was in position be- fired and consumed as our van aphind it, covered by a parapet of cot- proached it next morning. ton and earth, with wings extending. The left wing, under Slocum, had so far as could be seen. Blair con- found the crossing of the swollen fronted it with G. A. Smith's divi- Savannah so difficult, that it was not sion, and sent his other two to a entirely clear of that river till the point two miles below, where pon- 7th; but it had encountered thencetoons were quickly laid and Force's forth very little resistance; Wheeler's division crossed; Mower's holding cavalry being the only force that the bridge as a support. When infested its march, and this being Force emerged from the swamp on kept quite busy by Kilpatrick alone. the right flank of the Rebels at Augusta was full of Rebel stores; Orangeburg, they gave way; when and, in painful apprehension of a Smith pushed over; occupied their visit from Sherman, was defended by works, repaired the bridge; and by such Georgians as could be mustered 4 P. M. the whole corps was in and for militia ; but Sherman had no noaround Orangeburg, tearing up the tion of molesting or being molested railroad leading to Columbia; press- by them. The shattered remnant of ing thence, so soon as possible, on that Hood's army-once more consigned metropolis, regardless of Branchville to Jo. Johnston—was making its way, or Charleston on their right; as Sher- under Cheatham, from north Missisman knew that, being thus flanked, sippi across Sherman's track through they must be abandoned rather than Georgia to his front in the Carolinas, run the obvious risk of losing the but was not yet near enough to give troops by whom they were held us trouble : so Slocum, unvexed by
The 15th corps was again resisted any obstacle but the necessity of corat the crossing of the Congaree; duroying the interminable swamps where the bridge was swept by the he must traverse, crossed the South
26 Feb. 15.