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| trating on Milledgeville, which was
Thus far, our infantry had mainly been busied with destroying railroads
Georgia; each subordinate commandBOSTWICKI LOUIS V.
er being instructed to live on the CAUGUSTA
country so far as possible; saving to
the utmost the twenty days' bread, WAYNESBORO forty days' beef, coffee, sugar, &c.,
and three days’ forage, contained in STATESBOROVICE
our wagons. Helping the trains ÇAMERONA
across the Ocmulgee and its tribu
taries, and up the long, steep hills WEDEN.
beyond, had been the principal labor SPRINGFIELD
of the march; which was intended to
average 15 miles per day... NICHALLISTENING SAVANNAH
Kilpatrick held the laboring oar. 10_1159301 50 Moving south' from Atlanta with SITERMAN'S MARCII TO THE SEA.
Howard, he had been confronted at flank of the infantry, so as to screen, East Point by Rebel cavalry; with
advance and the points to which it to Flint river, which he crossed at was directed. Each wing had its Jonesboro' at 7 A. M. next day; folseparate and efficient pontoon train. lowing the enemy to Lovejoy's, where Gen. Sherman marched and camped they had taken post in the old Rebel first with one wing, then with the works, having two guns. Dismountother.
ing Murray's brigade, Kilpatrick atMoving rapidly to Atlanta,' How-tacked and carried the works, capturard advanced thence by McDonough, ing 50 prisoners; Atkins's brigade Monticello, and Clinton, to Gordon;* soon after charging the fleeing foe, while Slocum advanced by Coving- and taking their guns. Kilpatrick ton, Madison, and Eatonton, concen- pushed thence by McDonough and
3 Nov. 14. Nov. 23. .Nov. 23. Nov. 16. * Nov. 15.
Monticello to Clinton; whence he į taxed the best efforts of our engineers made a dash at Macon, driving in and axmen. the enemy's cavalry; but was unable At Millen, on the Central railroad, to carry the defenses, which were half way from Sandersville to Savanheld by infantry and artillery. He, nah, was a great prison-camp, where burned a train of cars, and broke up some thousands of our captured solthe railroad; covering all the roads diers had long endured unspeakable which diverged eastward from Ma- privations. Sherman was intent on con, by the aid of Wolcott's brigade reaching and liberating them. To of infantry, which was sharply this end, he had sent Kilpatrick, assailed from Macon, but worsted with most of our cavalry, far to our and beat off its assailants; while left, so as to give the impression that the right wing marched by to Gor- he was making for Augusta rather don.
than toward the coast, lest the prisHoward now advanced to the oners should be removed from Millen. Oconee at Ball's ferry, where a small Kilpatrick had advanced from Milforce in his van crossed on a raft, but ledgeville by Sparta and Gibson was driven back with loss. When to Waynesboro',12 skirmishing with his two corps had been brought up, Wheeler, who constantly menaced, and a detachment thrown across the but did not seriously attack him ; swift current in boats, the enemy had and now Kilpatrick learned that the decamped. Meantime, the Georgia enemy had taken the alarm and reCentral railroad had been demolished, moved the prisoners from Millen: so and the right wing pushed on, keep- he judged it wiser to fall back on ing to the right of that road, and the left wing than to persist in a hazencountering no serious resistance. ardous, unsupported advance, which Sherman was here with Blair; How- had no longer a motive. In effecting ard with Osterhaus.
this retreat, Kilpatrick and his staff, Slocum had moved out of Mil with the 8th Indiana and 9th Michiledgeville simultaneously with How- gan, were, through a misapprehenard's advance from Gordon, and had sion of orders, cut off from the main concentrated at Sandersville,' driving body and very nearly surrounded by out a small party of Wheeler's cav- Wheeler ; but they fought their way alry. Thence, the left wing followed out and rejoined their comrades with the Central railroad, breaking it up little loss. Wheeler pressing on, Kilto the Ogeechee, which it crossed 10 patrick dismounted, selected a good at Louisville; whence it kept north position, threw up a breastwork, and of that road, striking out for the received the enemy's charge; which, Savannah river. The roads and though desperately made, was rebridges in our advance, bad at best, pulsed at all points with little loss. were of course made worse by the He then moved on a few miles and enemy; while the great swamps camped, unpursued; being soon rewherein this region abounds ren- enforced by Col. M. C. Hunter's brigdered the movement of our trains ade of Baird's division, which Jeff. and guns a matter of difficulty, and C. Davis, hearing of his peril, had S Nov. 24-5. 9 Nov. 26.
10 Nov. 28-9. . 12 Nov. 25-28. :
sent from the left wing to his aid. , off, taking a gun and some prisoners. The need of assistance, however, was He followed the fugitives across the now over. Kilpatrick now joined Little Ogeechee to within 8 miles of the left wing, and covered its flank the city, where he halted, and rewhen it again advanced.
sumed breaking up the Gulf railSherman, still with Blair, crossed " road; King's bridge having been the Ogeechee near Barton, advancing burned by the enemy. No force reto Millen ;'Howard, with Wood's mained in our front here save the and Corse's divisions of the 15th garrison of Fort McAllister. And corps, still moving south of the Ogee- now Blair's pontoons were laid across chee on the old dirt road to Savan- the Ogeechee, near Fort Argyle, and nah; while Hazen's and John E. the two wings thus substantially uniSmith's divisions, keeping farther to ted before Savannah. the right, reached Statesboro'.14 Ha- Slocum had set forward from Louiszen had a skirmish here with a regi- ville "—the 20th corps in advancement of cavalry, which was easily and had moved down between the driven ; but the roadless swamps Savannah and the Ogeechee; finding were vanquished with more difficulty. the roads mainly of quicksand, coated Wood threw 's over the Ogeechee, by by a thin crust of firmer sand, which a foot-bridge, Williamson's brigade, was soon cut through by our trains, which moved down the left bank; rendering their movement barely while Corse crossed his division on possible, and requiring miles of corpontoons at Jenks's bridge, some dis- duroy. At intervals, the Rebels had tance below; Rice's brigade, in ad-fallen trees across the roads, but not vance, having a smart skirmish with exactly where they were wanted. a Rebel battalion which disputed The 14th corps had advanced farther the passage ; losing 5 men and taking to the left, with Kilpatrick still 17 prisoners. The right wing now farther east; Sherman's object being moved down both banks of the riv- still to threaten Augusta and beer; Osterhaus crossing Cannouchee wilder the enemy as to his purpose. creek; while Blair encountered 16 a Thus Kilpatrick, supported by Baird, Rebel force holding an intrenched was thrown out again to 'Waynesline, with guns in position and rifle- boro’; fighting 18 Wheeler and drivpits in front, in a dense swamp, ing him 8 miles across Briar creek; where his men had to wade knee- while Baird destroyed the Augusta deep to form line of battle. The railroad; when the 14th was concenenemy were not in great force, how- trated on Jacksonboro', and all moved ever, and were easily driven : two rapidly down Briar creek toward the brigades pushing on to the Savannah Savannah ; Baird and Kilpatrick in and Gulf railroad and breaking it; the rear, which was now pressed by while J. E. Smith's division closed Wheeler, with sharp skirmishing, but up on Corse's, and Corse pressed on with little loss on either side. Gen. toward Savannah. He was opposed Morgan, in Davis's van, was halted, by 600 infantry and 2 guns; but his near Ebenezer church, a strong fieldadvance brigade quickly ran them work in his front, which seemed to · 13 Nov. 30. 13 Dec. 2. 14 Dec. 4. 15 Dec. 6–7. 16 Dec. 9. 17 Dec. 1. 18 Dec. 4. 18 Dec. 9.
be firmly held; but night fell while gle, McAllister was ours. Her garhe was preparing to attack it, and it rison of 200 surrendered; having 40 was found empty next morning. or 50 killed and wounded to our 90. Morgan's and Carlin's divisions en- Among the spoils were 22 guns and camped next day 10 miles from much ammunition. . . Savannah; and here the 20th corps Sherman watched till he saw our passed them and pushed toward the colors hoisted over the fort, and city. Thus, on the 10th of Decem- heard the cheers of the victors as ber, Savannah was completely be- they fired their pieces into the air; leaguered, and the mystery which had when, taking a boat, he went with hung over Sherman's march and its. Howard down to the fort and condestination dispelled.
gratulated Hazen; rowing thence Hazen was in front of Fort. McAl down the Ogeechee till he met the lister on our left, and had been ex- National tug Dandelion, Lt.-Com'r changing shots with it-hoping thus Williamson; who informed him that to attract the attention of our fleet Capt. Duncan, whom Howard had blockading the coast, when Gens. sent down the Ogeechee in a canoe, Sherman and Howard rode 20 to Dr. to run by the fort and communicate Cheves's rice-mill to reconnoiter that with Foster and Dahlgren, had safely fort. Kilpatrick had just been sent reached them several days before, across the Ogeechee with a like pur- and that they might be expected pose, and to open communication, if here directly. possible, with our fleet off the coast. Foster arrived in the Nemaha durAbout noon, as the two Generals ing that night; and Sherman met scanned the fort through their glasses, Dahlgren on board the Harvest it was observed to open fire inland Moon next day.; sending by him to from several guns; while Hazen's Hilton Head for heavy guns whereskirmishers could be discerned ap- with to bombard the city--those proaching it, and the smoke as of a which he had brought through Georsteamer was visible off the mouth of gia in his Winter march being inthe Ogeechee. A signal from Hazen adequate. When several 30-pounder now imported that he had invested Parrotts had reached him, Sherman the fort. Sherman signaled back formally summoned * Hardee, who that it was important to carry it held the city, and who refused; sugthat day. The steamer signaled that gesting that he was not yet completeshe was sent by Gen. Foster and ly invested. Slocum was now orAdmiral Dahlgren to communicate dered to get the siege-guns into with our army, but was in doubt position, while Sherman started a to whether to approach the fort as hos- pay a flying visit to Hilton Head, to tile or friendly. At that moment, arrange with Foster for stopping the Hazen's bugles sounded the charge; exit from Savannah toward Charleswhen his division rushed over tor- ton. Being detained by high and pedoes and abatis, through a shower adverse winds, however, he was met, of grape, up to and over the parapet, in one of the inland passages among and, after a brief but desperate strug- the Sea Islands, by an army tug 20 Dec. 13. 21 Dec. 17.
32 Dec. 20.
23 Dec. 21.
sleston. The /20,000 ational se
with the news that Hardee, with a , of fodder, had been gathered from force reported at 15,000 men, had the country and issued to our men evacuated the city during the dark and animals; while 5,000 horses and and windy night of the 20th; cross- 4,000 mules had been pressed' into ing the Savannah on a pontoon- the National service. Of cotton, bridge, and marching up the cause- 20,000 bales had been burned; while way road toward Charleston. The 25,000 more were captured in Savanmovement had been unsuspected by nah. Of negroes, 10,000 had abjured our pickets; and, when next morn- the delights of bondage to follow the ing broke, Savannah was ours, and National flag; beside thousands more Hardee beyond the reach of pursuit. -most of them women and children He had destroyed, under cover of a --who had had been most shamefully heavy fire, which he kept up through driven back by certain of our offithe day and evening of the 20th, the cers 4 at the crossings of rivers; and Navy Yard, two iron-clads, many pitilessly rëconsigned to Slavery, and smaller vessels, and a large quantity thus to their masters' vengeful wrath. of ammunition, ordnance stores, and Sherman made some little atonement supplies of all kinds. His guns he for this cruelty by assigning lands could not even wait to spike, lest his on the Sea Islands, deserted by Rebflight should be detected. As our els, to the Blacks who had followed bombardment had barely commenced, him to the coast. the city was surrendered almost The merit of Sherman's achieveintact; while, of its cotton, a large ment is dwarfed to vulgar appreciashare had been made over to the tion by circumstances which should Confederacy, and so was an incon- rather exalt it. It is true that Hood's testable prize.
movement on Nashville had withWe had lost, in that march of 255 drawn' the main obstacle from his miles, which was substantially the path; yet it was still possible to have conquest of Georgia, six weeks' time confronted him on the Oconee, and and 567 men; whereof 63 were kill then on the Ogeechee, with 30,000 ed, 245 wounded, and 159 missing. men, one-third of them mounted; and To offset these, we had taken 1,328 thus have compelled him to repeated prisoners and 167 guns. Our ammu- concentrations, assaults, and flank nition expended was inconsiderable; marches, which might have exhaustwhile our 65,000 men and 10,000 ed his food if not his munitions, and horses had lived generously off a left him helpless while encircled by State wherein our captives in thou- foes and vast stretches of inhospitasands had died of virtual starvation ble swamps and forests. The counand kindred agonies because (as was try, which yielded bounteous subsistalleged) their captors were unable to ence to an army covering a breadth subsist them. Aside from sheep, of 40 miles and advancing from 10 to swine, fowls, sweet potatoes, and 20 miles per day, would have proved rice, whereof they had found an utterly inadequate in the face of a foe abundance, 13,000 beeves, 160,000 able to detain him a week at each bushels of corn, and over 5,000 tons considerable river and drive in or cut
24 Gen. Jeff. C. Davis appears to have been prominent in this inhumanity.