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taking some prisoners. And now, before night. Steedman had gained giving a hand to Smith's left, Wood's a little more ground on our extreme corps resumed its advance; carrying left. And now our line was rëadby assault Hood's entire line of de- justed: Wilson's cavalry on our exfenses, taking several guns and 500 treme right; Schofield next; then prisoners, and forcing the enemy Smith in the center, with Wood on back to a new position at the foot of his left; Steedman still farther in Harpeth hills.

that direction, but less advanced. Schofield, meantime, had been sent The day's work had given us 16 up on Smith's right, so as to enable guns, 1,200 prisoners, many small our cavalry to operate freely on the arms, and 40 wagons; while our enemy's flank and rear; and, moving losses had been light. Never had rapidly, had come into action just ! men fought with more alacrity or

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in pike, and be due south 1.11 and, though but before

greater steadiness than those who now swept over the enemy's works in lay down on their arms, prepared to their front; Wilson's troopers, disfinish their work on the morrow. mounted, charging still farther to the

The second day opened with an right, and barring all retreat by the advance by Wood, pushing back the Granny White pike. And now, enemy's skirmishers eastward across hearing the shouts of victory on our the Franklin pike, and then, inclin- right, Wood's and Steedman's corps ing to the right, moving due south renewed the assault on Overton's from Nashville till he confronted hill, and, though they encountered a Hood's new line of defenses on heavy fire, swept all before them. Overton's hill, five miles from the The routed Rebels fled through the city. Hereupon, Gen. Steedman, Brentwood pass, leaving most of their pushing rapidly down the Nolens- guns, and many of their comrades as ville pike, closed in on Wood's left prisoners. flank ; while Smith came in on Wilson instantly mounted Knipe's Wood's right; Schofield, facing east- and Hatch’s divisions of cavalry, ward, threatened the enemy's left and pushed them down the Granny flank; and Wilson, still farther to White pike, hoping to reach Franklin the right, and more advanced, gained ahead of the fugitive host, and bar the Rebel rear--reaching across the their farther flight; but, after proGranny White pike, and threatening ceeding a mile, he found a barricade to cut them off from any line of across the road, and the enemy's retreat on Franklin. And now, cavalry under Chalmers behind it. while this movement against his Col. Spalding, 12th Tennessee cayrear was prosecuted, our entire front alry, charged and carried the posiadvanced till within 600 yards of tion, scattering the enemy, and taking the enemy; and, at 3 P. M., Post's some prisoners, including Gen. E. brigade, supported by Streight's, W. Rucker; but it was now too late was directed by Wood to assault to reach Franklin that night, and Overton's hill in front; while Col. our men lay down on their arms, Morgan's Black brigade was im- while the enemy pursued their dispelled by Steedman against it far- orderly flight. ther to our left.

In this two days' battle, Thomas The assault was duly made; but had taken 4,462 prisoners, including the enemy had seen all the prepara- | 287 officers (one of them a Majortions for it, had concentrated accord- General), 53 guns, and many small ingly, and now received it with such arms. Hood's invasion had been suda storm of grape, canister, and mus- denly finished, and his army utterly ketry, as our men charged over demoralized. abatis up the hill, that they were Our cavalry followed closely next driven back, terribly cut up-Col. day; Knipe's division riding over a Post being among the wounded. But rear-guard that had been posted the survivors were promptly rëformed at Hollow Tree gap, 4 miles north by Wood, and his front restored ; of Franklin ; taking 413 prisoners. while Smith's and Schofield's men, Pressing on after the fugitives, Wilinstantly charging on our right, son found them again facing him in

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Franklin, attempting to defend the suit was continued to Lexington,28 crossing of Harpeth river; but John- Ala.; when, learning that Hood had son's division, which had been sent got across the Tennessee at Baindown the Hillsboro' pike, now came bridge, Thomas ordered a halt; Gen. up from the south and struck the Steedman having already been sent enemy's rear, forcing him to decamp; from Franklin across to Murfreesleaving 1,800 of his wounded and boro', and thence by rail to Steven200 of ours in hospital here to fall son, where was Gen. Granger, with into Wilson's hands.

the former garrisons of Huntsville, Four miles south of Franklin, an- Athens (Ala.), and Decatur, with other stand was made by the enemy's directions to rëoccupy our former rear-guard; but Wilson ordered his posts in north Alabama, then cross body-guard (4th regular cavalry) to the Tennessee and threaten the enecharge through their center, while my's railroad communications. He Knipe and Hatch pressed their flanks; reached Decatur on the 27th ; only and again they were routed and scat- to learn that Hood was already so tered, losing more guns. Night now far advanced that operations south closed in, and enabled most of the of the Tennessee would be useless. fugitives to escape.

Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee had been The pursuit was kept up for sever requested by Thomas to send all the ral days; but rain fell almost inces- gunboats he could spare up the Tensantly; the country was flooded; nessee to head off Hood; and had the brooks were raging rivers ; the done so; but, though he reached fleeing enemy of course burned Chickasaw, Miss., on the 24th, dethe bridges after crossing them; stroying there a Rebel battery, and Thomas's pontoon train was away capturing 2 guns at Florence, he did with Sherman; and the roads were not intercept Hood. hardly passable in the rear of the flee- While Hood invested Nashville, he ing foe. Thus the Harpeth, Ruther- sent 800 cavalry, with 2 guns, under ford's creek, and Duck river, were Brig.-Gen. Lyon, by our right across crossed; the weather at length chang- the Cumberland to break up the ing from dreary, pelting rain to bit- Louisville railroad in Thomas's rear. ter cold; Forrest-who had been ab- Lyon was manifestly too weak to sent on a raid when our army pushed effect any thing of importance. He out from the defenses of Nashville- took Hopkinsville, Ky., and was soon rejoining Hood at Columbia, and afterward attacked, near Greensburg, forming a rear-guard of 4,000 infan- by Lagrange's brigade, and worsted; try under Walthall, and all his caval- losing one of his guns and some prisry that was still effective. With this, oners; hurrying thence, sharply purafter leaving Pulaski,as he turned sued, by Elizabethtown and Glasgow sharply on our leading brigade of to Burkesville, where he rëcrossed cavalry (Harrison's) and captured a the Cumberland, and raced southgun, which was carried off, though ward by McMinnville and Winchesthe ground on which it was lost was ter, Tenn., to Larkinsville, Alabama; almost instantly recovered. The pur- thence moving east and attacking 27 26 Dec. 25,

27 Jan. 10, 1865,

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26 Dec. 28.

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a petty post at Scottsboro', where he Stoneman, as directed by Thomas, was repulsed and his command scat- started” from Knoxville in pursuit of tered: getting over the Tennessee the now over-matched and retreating with a remnant of 200 men, but los- foe: taking three mounted brigades, ing his last gun. Being still pur- led by Burbridge and Gillem; at sued, he fled to a place known as whose head, he swept *rapidly eastRed hill; where his bivouac was ward, skirmishing, to Bristol; while surprised by Col. W. J. Palmer, Gillem, on his right, struck Duke at 15th Pa. cavalry, and 100 of his men Kingsport, capturing 300 prisoners, taken. Lyon escaped, after surren- with several well-laden trains, and dering, by seizing a pistol, shooting dispersing Duke's command. Pusha sentinel, and vanishing in the dark- ing Burbridge on to Abingdon, Va., ness. This was the final blow given where he was rejoinedby Gillem, to Hood's army.

Stoneman captured that place also; Thomas expected now to put his destroying there a large quantity of forces into well-earned Winter-quar- stores. ters; but he soon received advices Vaughan, with the Rebel frontier from Washington that this did not force of cavalry, had been flanked by meet the views of Gen. Grant, who this rapid advance, but had moved proposed to crush what was left of parallel with our column to Marion ; the Rebellion first and then rest. Ac- where Gillem now strucks him and cordingly, Gens. Smith's, Schofield's, chased him 30 miles into Wytheville ; and Wilson's corps were taken up by capturing 200 men, 8 gans, and a boats at Clifton, on the Tennessee, large train. Vaughan was again atand conveyed to Eastport, Miss; and tacked and driven at the lead mines, Gen. Wood's was directed to Hunts- 15 miles farther east, which were capville, north Alabama, preparatory to tured, and all the works destroyed. a further Winter campaign.

At Max Meadows, near this point,

Gillem destroyed the railroad and Meantime, matters of decided in- other valuable property. terest had occurred in East Tennes Breckinridge had by this time see and south-western Virginia. Gen. concentrated what was left of his Stoneman had been dispatched by various subordinate commands, and Thomas from Louisville to Knoxville had been following our advance on to take command there, while Bur- Wytheville. Stoneman now turned bridge, with all his disposable force, upon and met him near Marion, exwas sent thither from eastern Ken- pecting to give battle next morning; tucky through Cumberland gap. but Breckinridge, deeming his force Breckinridge, doubtless apprised of quite too slender, retreated across the this movement, withdrew from this mountains into North Carolina durneighborhood quite as rapidly as he ing the night; losing a few wagons had advanced; while Gen. Ammen, and caissons by our pursuit, which just arrived with 1,500 men from was not long persisted in. Chattanooga, was pushed out to This retreat-doubtless, inevitably Strawberry plains on his track, - abandoned to its fate Saltville, 28 Jan, 14. 29 Dec. 6.

30 Dec. 12.
31 Dec. 15.

32 Dec. 16.

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with its extensive and costly salt-, he had captured 1 Major-General, 7 works, hitherto successfully guarded Brigadiers, 16 Colonels, 14 Lt.-Coloand defended; and it now fell to nels, 22 Majors, 212 Captains, 601 Stoneman without a struggle: 8 Lieutenants, 89 Surgeons and Chapguns, 2 locomotives, many horses and lains, and 10,895 non-commissioned mules, and a large quantity of am- officers and privates: total, 11,857; munition, being here captured. The beside 1,332 who had been exchanged. salt-works were utterly destroyed. He had also received and adıninisterAnd now there being no hostile ed the oath of submission and amnesty force left in this quarter to over-to 2,207 deserters from the Rebel sercome, the country pretty thoroughly vice. He had captured 72 serviceable devastated, and East Tennessee ut- guns and 3,079 infantry small arms. terly cleared of the enemy-Stone- Our total loss during this campaign man and Gillem returned quietly to amounted, in killed, wounded, and Knoxville; while Burbridge led his missing, to about 10,000; which was force back through Cumberland gap less than half that of the enemy. In into Kentucky.

fact, the Rebel army had almost Gen. Thomas, in summing up the ceased to exist when Gen. Hood.results of his campaign, states, that then at Tupelo, Miss.---was "relieved from Sept. 7, 1864, to Jan. 20, 1865, / at his own request," Jan. 23, 1865.

XXXII.
SHERMAN'S GREAT MARCH.

GEORGIA-THE CAROLINAS. GEN. SHERMAN, after sending back, but, at length, cutting that," after to Chattanooga his sick and wounded, sending his parting messages, his surplus guns, baggage, and the garri army stood clear of all posts and sons of his more northern posts in communications-a strictly movable Georgia, had still under his imme- column-and commenced its memodiate command the 14th, 15th, 17th, rable march. and 20th corps, numbering 60,000 For this, it had been organized in infantry and artillery and 5,500 two grand divisions or wings: the cavalry. Concentrating these around right led by Gen. 0. 0. Howard, Rome and Kingston, Georgia, he comprising the 15th corps, Gen. P. thoroughly destroyed? such portions J. Osterhaus, and the 17th, Gen. of the railroads and such other pro- Frank P. Blair; the left, led by Gen. perty as he judged might be used to H. W. Slocum, comprising the 14th his prejudice by the enemy, reserving corps, Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, and the for the last sacrifice the telegraph 20th, Gen. A. S. Williams. Gen. which still connected him with Judson Kilpatrick led the cavalry; Grant, Washington, and the North; which careered in front and on either Nov. 2-11, 1864.

* Nov. 11. VOL. II.--44

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