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soon reported his bill, with ample Winkle and Willey, of West Va., reasons for its passage--Mr. Bucka- voting with the Opposition. The lew, of Pa., making a minority report President's signature, five days therein opposition. Mr. Sumner persist- after, made it a law of the land, abolently and successfully pressed the ishing for ever the least creditable consideration of his bill, offering not and most disagreeable function of the to debate it; and, after some discus-marshals of our Federal Courts. sion, the Senate adopted an amendment proposed by Mr. Sherman, of | The District of Columbia had been Ohio, excepting the act of 1793 from governed mainly by the laws of the the contemplated repeal: Yeas 24; States which ceded it; and those Nays 17. The debate was still fur- laws were framed in the interest of ther continued; but no final action slave-holding. They presumed evewas had on the bill.
ry colored person a slave who could Mr. Morris, of N. Y., reported 67 not produce White evidence of his from the Judiciary Committee a bill freedom; and there had grown up in repealing all acts and parts of acts Washington a practice, highly lucracontemplating the rendition of fugi- tive to her Federal Marshal, but tive slaves; which was debated with most disgraceful to the city and Nagreat spirit by a score of members— tion, of seizing Blacks on the streets, Messrs. Mallory, of Ky., Cox, of Ohio, immuring them in the jail, advertisand others, opposing it as equivalent ing them, and waiting for masters to to annulling the Constitution. Mr. appear, prove property, pay charges, Mallory observed that the majority and take the human chattels away. had already crushed out the Union- Mr. Lincoln's Marshal, Col. Ward H. ism of the revolted States, and were Lamon, came with him from Illinois, now extending the process to that of but was a Virginian by birth, and did the Border Slave States, and impres- not revolt at the abundant and profisively warned the House to forbear. table custom brought to his shop by Finally, after having once moved and the practice just depicted. Gen. withdrawn the Previous Question, Mr. Wilson, of Mass., early” called the Morris moved it again ;66 when it pre- attention of the Senate to this painvailed, and the bill passed under it: ful subject; saying that he had “visYeas 88; Nays 57.
ited the jail; and such a scene of Mr. Sumner demanded the consid- degradation and inhumanity he had eration of this bill in Senate; and it never witnessed. There were perwas, after a fiery debate, ordered : sons almost entirely naked; some Yeas 25; Nays 17. Mr. Johnson, of of them without a shirt. Some of Md., endeavored to save the act of those persons were free; most of them 1793; but the Senate refused: Yeas had run away from disloyal masters, 17; Nays 22. The bill, after being or had been sent there by disloyal laid over one day to enable Mr. Da- persons, for safe keeping until the vis, of Ky., to make a speech against war is over.” He thereupon proposit, was passed :"Yeas 27; Nays 12 ed a discharge by joint resolve of all -Messrs. Cowan, of Pa., and Van persons confined in the District jail 35 Feb. 29. * Mar. 19.87 June 6.8% June 13. 8° June 21. Bo June 23, 1864. 91 Dec. 4, 1861,
NO SLAVE-TRADE-LAW OF EVIDENCE.
as fugitive slaves. In the debate | after, all such persons now in his jail. which ensued, Mr. Wilson stated This put a stop to one of the most that the French legation had recent- flagrant and glaring iniquities habitly taken to that jail gentlemen who ually perpetrated in a Christian and had traversed the world inspecting civilized community. prisons, with a view to their improvement; and that, after examin- A bill reported by Mr. Sumner, ing this, they observed to the jailer from the Select Committee on Slavethat they had never before seen but ry and Freedom, to prohibit the holdone so bad; and that was in Austria. ing of slaves on National vessels, Mr. Grimes, of Iowa, remarked that and also the coastwise Slave-Trade, he believed there was never a jail so was lost *--_Yeas 13; Nays 20-but bad as this, save the French Bastile, he again moved a prohibition of the and some of the dungeons of Venice. coastwise Slave-Trade, and of all When he visited it, a few days be laws sanctioning and regulating the fore, he found among the prisoners a same, as an amendment to the Civil boy who claimed to be free-born, yet Appropriation bill; and it was adoptwho had been confined there thirteen ed: Yeas 23; Nays 14. Thus fastmonths and four days on suspicion of ened to a necessary measure, the being a runaway slave. He further proposition was duly enacted, and stated that Marshal Lamon had for- received the President's signature on bidden Members of Congress access the 2d of July, 1864. to the prison without his written per-| Mr. Sumner proposed of another mission.
Amendment to this bill, providing Messrs. Powell, of Kentucky, that " in the Courts of the United Pearce, of Maryland, and Carlile, of States, there shall be no exclusion of Virginia, opposed the resolve; but it any witness on account of color.” was warmly supported and passed: Mr. Buckalew moved to add," or beYeas-31; Nays 4.
cause he is a party to or interested in A similar resolve had already 98 the issue tried." This was agreed been submitted to the House. No to; and Mr. Sumner's amendment, action was taken, however, upon this, thus amended, was adopted: Yeas nor upon the Senate's kindred meas- 22; Nays 16; and the bill passed, as ure; because the President, through already stated; making it the law of Secretary Seward, addressed of an or- the land that no person shall henceder to Marshal Lamon, directing him forth be precluded from giving testinot to receive into custody any per- mony either because of his color or sons caught up as fugitives from Sla- because he is interested in the pendvery, but to discharge, ten days there- ing issue. $2 Jan. 14, 1862. 93 Dec. 9, 1861. 94 Jan. 25, 1862. 95 March 23, 1864. 96 June 24. 07 June 25.
ROSEORANS'S WINTER CAMPAIGN.
dited by the conflicts of been change department har
marchet six months. With a sand de-Corps; thend rëchristened tha
GEN. ROSECRANS, on assuming' | Tennessee--our army was clustered command of Buell's Army of the around Bowling Green, whence it Ohio, found it seriously depleted could advance only so fast as the reand demoralized by the exhaustive pair of its sole line of supply should marches and indecisive conflicts of be perfected. Its designation had the last six months. With a strength been changed to “Fourteenth Army fully adequate to the rout and de- Corps;" the Department having been struction of all the forces led into curtailed, and rëchristened that of Kentucky by Bragg and Kirby the Cumberland. It was now orSmith, it had seen that State ravaged ganized into three grand divisions : throughout by that locust horde, the Right, under Maj.-Gen. McCook, which had in due time rëcrossed the with Brig.-Gens. J. W. Sill, Phil. H. Cumberland Mountains unassailed, Sheridan, and Col. W. E. Woodruff returning to East Tennessee as if in at the head of its subordinate divitriumph. Of the 100,000 men for- sions respectively; the Center, under merly borne on its muster-rolls, he Maj.-Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, with its found, on examination, no less than subordinate divisions led by Maj.-26,482 “ absent by authority”-most, Gen. L. H. Rousseau, Brig.-Gens. but not nearly all of them, doubtless, Negley, Palmer, Dumont, and Fry; in hospitals-sick or wounded; while whereof Dumont and Fry were soon 6,484 more were “absent without relieved, and Palmer transferred to authority”-in other words, had de- the Left Wing, of which Maj.-Gen. serted. His effective force was thus T. L. Crittenden had command, and
his cavalry was so inferior in num- of Brig.-Géns. T. J. Wood, H. P. bers and efficiency that the troopers Van Cleve, and W. S. Smith. Roseof Forrest and John Morgan rode crans assigned the chief command of around us at will, striking at posts his dilapidated cavalry to Maj.-Gen. and supply trains, and compelling D. S. Stanley; while Lt. Col. Julius enormous and constantly increasing, P. Gareschéman officer of rare capaexhausting details to keep open our city and merit-was placed at the communications and preserve our head of his staff, with Capt. J. St. army from starvation.
Clair Morton as Chief Engineer, The railroad from Louisville to and Col. Wm. Truesdail as Chief of Nashville had been rëopened to and Army Police. across Green river; so that, though The railroad having been rendered there was no considerable force of serviceable, Rosecrans left ? Bowling the enemy in its front Bragg's Green by special train for Mitchellsarmy being still on its tedious, toil. ville; where he took horse and prosome, circuitous retreat through East ceeded to Nashville, whose garrison, * Oct. 30, 1862.
MOORE'S DISGRACE AT HARTSVILLE.
271 commanded by Gen. Negley, he re- prised and captured Capt. Portch viewed next day. His divisions, as and a small squad of Morgan's men; they arrived, were thrown out in bringing in their arms and horses. front of the city, covering the roads A Rebel force having, about this leading southward ; the command of time, dashed across the Cumberland the Right here devolving on Gen. near Hartsville, capturing a forage Jeff. C. Davis ; Gen. R. B. Mitchell train and its escort, Major Hill, relieved Negley as commandant at 2d Indiana, chased the captors 18 Nashville, enabling him to go to the miles, recovering all we had lost, and front; while Dumont's division was killing some 18 or 20 Rebels-for merged : a new one being created, which he was publicly complimented and Brig.-Gen. J. J. Reynolds as- by Rosecrans; who, finding that signed to its command. Until the some of his soldiers were base enough railroad was fully rëopened hence to to surrender wantonly to the enemy, Louisville, our men only lived from in order to be paroled and sent homë, hand to mouth, rendering a farther had fifty of the .caitiffs dressed up advance impossible; so that Bragg's in ridiculous night-caps, and thus army had time to conclude its long paraded, before their jeering commarch and rëappear in our front at rades, through Nashville, to the MURFREESBOROUGH, before Rosecrans music of the Rogue's March; after was prepared to assume the offensive. which, they were forwarded to the
Meantime, Morgan had been ex- parole camp in Indiana. The lesson hibiting his audacity and vigor as a did not require repetition. leader of cavalry. Several daring Gen. Thomas having thrown fordashes on our supply trains below ward on our left a brigade-nearly Mitchellsville had resulted in the 2,000 strong--to Hartsville, its comcapture of a number of our wagons mand fell to Col. A. B. Moore, 104th and at least 150 men; Lt. Beals and Illinois, who allowed himself to be 20 men of the 4th Michigan cavalry surprised" by Morgan, at the head of had been picked up near Stone 1,500 cavalry and mounted infantry, river; but Gen. Stanley, reporting and most disgracefully captured ; for duty about this time, soon drove though the residue of Gen. Dumont's the Rebel raiders from our rear; and, division was at Castilian Springs, in several partisan affairs occurring only nine miles distant. Moore had directly afterward, the advantage neglected to fortify or even intrench was with us a Texas regiment himself; his vedettes were surprised being chased by Col. L. M. Kennett and picked up; Morgan advanced on some 15 miles down the Franklin him at 7 A. M., in broad daylight, turnpike; while Brig.-Gen. E. N. having previously gained his rear Kirk that day drove Wheeler out of without exciting an alarm ; when Lavergne - Wheeler himself being Moore, who had hastily taken post on wounded. Phil. Sheridan, on ano- | a hill, and who soon contrived to ther road, pressed the enemy back to evince every species of incapacity, Nolensville, without loss on our part; cowardice inclusive, surrendered, and Col. Roberts, 42d Illinois, sur- and was hurried off with about 1,500
Nov. 26. * Nov. 13. • Novi 27. 6 Nov, 28. * Dec. 7.
of his men; the residue escaping and having been accumulated at Nashgiving the alarm at the Springs; ville, and a good part of the Rebel whence Col. Harlan's brigade arrived cavalry having been dispatched to just in time to throw a few shells West Tennessee and to Kentucky, to after the escaping Rebels, scaring operate on our lines of supplythem from some of their plunder and Rosecrans determined to advance.. taking a few prisoners. Moore's men His disposable force had been were first hurried to Murfreesboro', reduced by details and by casualties stripped by the way of their blankets to 46,910 men : of whom 41,421 were and over-coats, and thence marched infantry, 2,223 artillery, and 3,266 directly up to our lines to be there cavalry--much of the cavalry very exchanged-contrary to the cartel raw. The Right Wing, under Mcagreed on by the military chiefs of Cook, numbered 15,933; the Center, the belligerents. Gen. Rosecrans ex- under Thomas, 13,395; the Left, changed them; but gave notice that under Crittenden, 13,288; beside he would do so no more. In the Morton's brigade of Engineers, numHartsville disgrace, some 150 on bering 1,700. This army was esseneither side were killed or wounded. tially weakened by its division or
Two days later, Wheeler, with a rather dispersion-into no less than large force of mounted infantry and 110 infantry and 10 cavalry regicavalry, attacked a brigade of our ments; its artillerymen serving no infantry, under Col. Stanley Mat- less than 24 batteries, or 150 guns. thews, which was foraging between Our army, now well concentrated the two armies; but was received in front of Nashville, commenced its with determined spirit, and driven advance at daylight, Dec. 26; Roseoff, with a loss of 100 to our 40. crans and staff riding out of NashMatthews returned in triumph, bring- ville to join it, several hours aftering in his train; and was publicly ward. The three grand divisions thanked by Rosecrans.
covered all the roads leading south Gen. Stanley, having received and and south-west from that city. Of distributed among his best horsemen course, it rained heavily, as usual some 2,000 revolving rifles, resolved when our Generals attempted an imto test their efficiency. Pushing portant movement in Winter; and down the turnpike leading to Frank McCook, on our right, was soon enlin, he rode into that town, driving veloped in a fog so dense as to bring the Rebel vedettes before him, taking him to a halt. Within two miles a few prisoners, gaining important after passing our picket-line, our adintelligence, and returning to his vance was resisted by heavy bodies camp in triumph.
of cavalry, well backed by infantry At length--two months' provisions and artillery; who skirmished sharply
8 Moore says he had but 1,200 men in the told, our forces were about 1,300." Moore says fight, and that he "was hemmed in on all sides the Rebel loss in killed and wounded was "about by an overwhelming force of five or six to one." 400:" Bragg says their loss in killed and wounded Bragg says Morgan had “not more than 1,200 was 125, and ours 500. Moore lays his defeat at in action," and that he took "1,800 prisoners," the door of the 106th Ohio, Col. Taffle, whom he with two guns and 2,000 small arms. The Rebel charges with intense cowardice. Banner (Murfreesboro', Dec. 11) says: “ All | Dec. 12.