ePub 版
[ocr errors]




Take strain’d Galbanum Zss. Aja-Fætida zii.
Yellow Wax zi. Camphire zss. Oil of Amber
gut. x.

Make them into a Plaister for the
GLYSTERS consist of Materials comport-
ing with the Intention, whether Cathartic, Emol-
lient, Cordial, Restringent, &c. as in the Common
Laxative Glyfter following.
Take common Glyster Decoclion zx. Honey of
Mercury Zii. Common Salt Zss. Oil of Cams-
mile zi. Mix for a Glyfter to give milk-warm.
INJECTIONS are made, in like man-
ner, of a liquid Form, and according to the
following Example of one for a Gonorrbæa.
Take Rhasis's White Troches ziii. Campbire zi.

Dissolve them in Spring-Water Zxii. for an I:-
jection, to be injected into the Urethra two or
three times a day.

SUPPOSITORIES are generally made
with a Bit of the Aloephangine Pill, or the Extract
of Rudius ; and for Children they mostly use
Violet Comfit, fold by the Confectioners. This
being rolld up in a convenient Bigness and Shape,
is dipp'd in Oil, or rubb'd over with Butter to
facilitate their Passage: And thus others are
made of proper Materials for Parts and Purposes.

FRONTALS are Forms of Medicine fo
call'd because applied to the Temples and Fore-
bead in violent hot beating Pains of the Head,
and when the Eyes are afflicted with Rheums,
&c. Thus for a Cephalic Frontal,
Take Rose Cake, fry it in Vinegar, and sprinkle
it with Powder of Nutmegs, zi. Zedoary zss.
and Camphire zii. This, when applied, is to
be moisten’d with Vinegar so often as it grows
dry, till it has answer'd its End.

EPITHEMS are any outward Applica-
tion, but chiefly those of a liquid Form, like Fo-


[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]



mentations, as may be seen by the following
Recipe for an excellent Cephalic Epithem.

Take Hungary Water zvi. Compound Spirit of

Lavender, and Spirit of Saffron, ā zii. Apo-
ple&tic Balsam zi. Oil of Cloves gut. x. Mix
and rub the Temples, Nostrils, &c. therewith
in swooning Fits and nervous Disorders of the

STERNUTATORIES are all Things that, Sternutatories.
when applied to the Nostrils, will excite Sneez-
ing, as all sorts of Snuffs ; but in some particu-
lar Exigencies, some special Sternutatory may be
necessary ; and the following is preferable to all
other Medicines to this Purpose.

Take Sal Volatile Oleof. zii. Spirit of Lavender
gut. xx. Damask Rose-Water, or Orange
Flower Water, zss. Mix for Use.

SACCULUS, or Bag, is a Form sometimes Sacculus.
used in common Practice, and order'd in extem-
poraneous Prescriptions. These Medicinal Bags
are filld with proper Simples, and applied to
the affected Part sometimes dry, and sometimes
dipp'd in hot spirituous Liquors, and applied as
hot as can be born. They are also wore upon a
Part very often for a considerable time, &c.
The following is reckon’d very good for weak
Take dry'd Mint Zss. Wormwood, Thyme, Red
Rose-Water, ā zii. Balaustines, Angelica Root,
Caraway Seeds, Nutmegs, Mace, and Cloves,
ā zi. Make all into a gross

, Powder, put it into
a Bag, and wear it on the Stomach for som
SUFFIMENTS or Fumes having been al- Suffiments.
ready describ'd as to their Nature and Manner of
Use, it only remains that I here fubjoin an Ex-
ample of their Composition, which take in that

[ocr errors]


which is prescrib'd against the Falling down of the
Take Myrrh, Mastich, Cinnamon, and Spike-
nard, ă zi. Mint and Red Roses ā zii. Zedo-
ary and Pimento ā zss. Make into a gros
Powder to burn upon a Chafingdish of Coals
under a Chair with a Hole in it, over wbicb
the Patient is to fit and receive the Fumes.
A NODULE is only a few Medicinal
Simples tied close up in a little Piece of Silk,
and suspended in Juleps, Apozems, &c. and are
often serviceable held under the Nose ; for which
Cause they are often prescrib'd, as in the follow-
ing Manner.
Take Species Diambræ zss. Oil of Cloves, La-
vender, and Marjoram, ā gut. iii. Volatile Sul
Ammoniac zi. Rub them together, and tie us
in a Piece of Silk for Use. N. B. This belt
frequently under the Nose, proves a very useful
and grateful Cephalic.

CUCU PHA is an ancient Form of quilting Spices into a Cap to be wore upon the Head in Disorders of the Nerves and Head, but are now very rarely prescribed or used ; though they may be useful on many Accounts.

A PESSARY is an oblong Form of Medicine to thrust up into the Uterus upon some Exigencies; and one for promoting the Manjes may be made as here prescrib’d. Take Powder of Myrrh zii. Savin Tops, Oil of Aniseed, ā öss. with the Yolk of an Egg bring them into the Consistence of an Unguent, sobib rub over Pieces of Gentian Root, form'd S. A.

TURUNDÆ, or Pellets for the Tooth-ach, are thus to be made :

Take Mastich ei. Campbire and Opium ā gr. ii.
Oil of Origany gut, i. Make into a Pellet. Or,
Take Frankincense and Matthew's Pill ā gr. x.
Oil of Cloves gut. i. and make into a Pellet.




These are the most usual and considerable Forins of Medicine of the Officinal or Extemporaneous Kind now in Use. As for Brotbs, Pafts, Pease, Tents, Necklaces, Ptisans, Possets, &c. they are some of them well known, others frivolous and chimerical, and all of two little Moment to be mention'd here.


CHEMISTRY, or, as it should be wrote, Of Chemistry. Chemistry, is an Art whereby sensible Bodies contain’d in Vessels are so changed by means of certain Instruments, and especially fire, that their several Parts of different Natures become difunited or separated, their several Powers and Virtues are thereby discover'd, with a view to the Uses of Medicine, Natural Philosophy, and other Arts and Occasions of Life.

Chemistry boasts an Antiquity superior to all Its Antiquity, other Arts, and equal to that of Fire itself, or, at least, the Knowledge of its Use ; Egypt being the Country which first produced it, and TubalCain the Heathen Vulcan) its Inventor,

This Art in various Places and by divers and various Persons has receiv'd many and different Deno- Denomination. minations. As (1.) Poietice, the Art of making or producing Things, (viz. by Fire.) (2.) Chrysopoiesis, the Art of making Gold; and therefore, by way of Pre-eminence, the Arabians call'd it (3.) Alchemy, which has been since applied to the Art of making Gold and finding the Philosopher's Stone ; and they who profess this are calld the Adepti or Adepts. (4.) The Hy[opic Art, by Pa- Adefts. racelfus, from Psal. li. 7. (5.) The Hermetic Art from Hermes Trismegistus, its supposed Inventor. (6.) The Spagyric Art, or the Art of Extracting,

and ColleEling, viz. the Virtues of Things. (7.) Pyrotechny. Pyrotechny, or the Art of Fire, as being the prin

cipal Agent made use of; and Chemists are therefore cali'd Pyrotechnists.

In this Art we shall just consider (1.) The Subject, which are all natural compounded Bodies, whether of the Fossil, Vegetable, or Arimal Kind. (2.) The Operations, as Calcination, Sublimation, &c. (3.) The Instruments ; as Fire, IVater,

Menstruums, various Vessels, &c. Three King

The CHEMISTS distribute the Subjects doms of Ches of their Art into three Kinds, which they call the mistry,

three Kingdoms, viz. The Fosil Kingdom, the Vegetable Kingdom, and the Animal Kingdom: And these three grand Genera, or Kinds of Bodies, comprehend all the lesser and subordinate Species and Classes of Bodies of what Nature fo

ever. The Fosil

THE FOSSIL KINGDOM contains Kingdom. whatever is dug up out of the Bowels of the

Earth ; and all Bodies thus dug up are callid

Fofils or Minerals. There are of two Sorts, Simple Folils. Simple and Compound, Simple Ffils are such

whole Parts are all of the fame Nature ; and are of four Species. (1.) Metals, which are in number Six, viz. Gold, Silver, Lead, Copper, Iron, Tin; to which some add Mercury or Quick-filer. (2.) Salts, of which are the following Kinds : Sea-Salt; Sal-Gem, or Rock-Salt; Nitre, or Siis Petre; Sal-Ammoniac ; Borax; Alum; a vague Salt, or faline Acid. (3.) Stones, Vulgar and Precious. Precious Stones, call'd also Geins and Jewels, are either entirely Transparent, as the Diamond, Emerald, &c. Or elle Brilliant or Shining, as the Bobemian Granate ; or Lastly, Semi-Trarsparent, as Oculus Casi, Opal, &c. (4.) 'Earibs, of which there are various Sorts ; as Chalk, Ciay, Maris, Sand, &c.


« 上一頁繼續 »