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America wa The first who effe&tually discover'd it was for discover'd
one CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, or Colon,
and on August 2. On the 12th of Oftober follow.
1506. Farther difco
AMERICUS VESPUCIUS, a Native of Flover'd by Ame- rence, made the next considerable Discoveries in ricus Vespu. two Voyages, the first of which he undertook it the Name of May 20. 1497, and the other May 11. 1500. America. From him the whole Continent was call'd Ame
rica; though North America is said to have been
Countries, &c. by various other Persons.
bere is a Queftion difficult to solve, since it has
certain the Phænicians had an early Acquaintance
The Earth being divided among the Sons and The Beginning
Mnarchy by themselves into Societies, and to establish Laws
B b 2
one Tutamus assisted Priamus King of Troy when besieged by the Greeks; and Sardanapalus, the last of them, who was the most voluptuous and effeminate Man in the World; and being besieged in Nineveh, at the End of two Years he
erected a Funeral Pile, and burnt himself therein. From the This ancient Asyrian, and first of MonarDisolution of chies, having govern’d Afia above 1300 Years, the Affyrian being dissolved on the Death of Sardanapalus, Empire arose fwo others,
there arose up two other Empires in its Stead, the viz. The Baby- one founded by Arbaces (the Scripture Tiglathlonian and Pileser) Governor of Media, and the other by Persian.
Belesis (the same as Nabonassar) Governor of Babylon, these being the two principal Commanders that headed the Conspiracy whereby the foriner Empire was brought to an End. These having, on their Success, divided the Empire between them, Belejis (who in Scripture is callid Baladan) had Babylon, Chaldea, and Arabia ; and Arbaces had Media, Persia, and the neighbouring Provinces. And these were the Beginnings of the Babylonian or Chaldean Empire, and that of the Medes and Persians. This happen'd in the 7th Year of the Building of Rome, and in the 747"} Year before Christ, and in the 12th Year of
Fotham King of Judab. Their Continue The Empire of Babylon and Chaldea subfifted ance and Dif- from its first Founder Belesis, to the Death of its folution. last Monarch Darius the Mede, and Uncle of
Cyrus, the Space of 210 Years. Also the Empire of the Alfyrians and Persiaiis continued entire from Arbaces to Sennacherib; in the 5th Year of whose Reign (and the 37.h of the Empire) the Medes revolted, and made Deioces King the next Year; and 30 Years after the Empire of Asyria was united with that of Babylon under Eserhadden, and in the 19th Year of Manajjah King of Judab; and thus continued till the predicted Cyrus Gene
ral of the Medes and Persians arose and subdued
Persian Empire Asia, and Part of Africa in time, from India to under Cyrus. Ethiopia inclusively.
In the 141st Year of the Babylonian Empire, The Kingdoms King Nebuchadnezzar, in the 20th Year of his of Israel and
During the Period from the first great Mo- of various
GREECE contain'd, in its ancient Extent,
IN HELLAS was founded the most ancient of the four-
it was govern’d by 17 Kings, from the Year of the World, or A. M. 2448 to 2914, the Space of 466 Years ; the first of whom was Cecrops an Egyptian, who founded it, and the laft Codrus ; after whom the Athenians abolish'd the Kingly
Power, declar'd Jupiter their only King, and inPerpetual stituted the (2.) Perpetual Archontes; the first of Archontes. whom was Medon, and the last Alcmeon. There
were 13, and they govern’d about 316 Years : They instituted the Olympiads, and built the
Temple of Jupiter Olympius, one of the Wonders Decennial of the World. (3.) The Decennial Archontes, Arcbontes. who ruled only 10 Years each. Of these there
were 7; the first was Creon or Charops, and the
last Eryxias : This Government continued 70 Annual Years. (4.) Annual Archontes, who were chosen Archontes.
yearly; and this State lasted about 761 Years. The State of
SICYONE underwent two States of GovernSicyone ; ment. (1.) Monarchical, founded about A. M. Monarchical,
1900 by Ægialeus the first King ; after him succeded 25 others, the last of which was Zeuzippe.
This State endured about 900 Years. (2.) $6Sacerdotal, or cerdotal, or that by the Priests of Apollo ; the first Hierarchica!. of whom was Archelaus, and the last Charidemes.
This Government lasted about 40 Years; afterwards it continued a Free State for 33 Years,
when 'twas seized by the Kings of Mycene. The fixfold
CORINTH underwent six States: (1.) Tha State of of the Sisiphides, 7 Kings; the first of which was Corinth.
Sisiphus, about A. M. 2593, and the last HianThe ifiphides. tidas: These ruled 269 Years. (2.) The HeraThe Heraclides. clides, 4 Kings; the first was Aletes, and the last
Primius : They govern’d 134 Years. (3.) The TheBacchides. Bacchides, 8 Kings; the first of whom was Baltris,
and the last Automene : This State continued 177 The Prytanes. Years. (4.) The Prytanes ; these were annual
Magijlrates, who ruled about 121 Years, when they fell under the Dominion of the Tyrants