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A Stanza, or Staff of Verses, is an entire A Starza of Strain, or compleat Period in Verse: As, a Stanza Verses, sbat. of three Lines.
Nothing, thou elder Brother ev'n to Shade!
[undone With untaught Looks, and an unpractis'd
(Heart, Her Nets the most prepar'd could never shun, For Nature spread them in the Scorn of Art.
The Sense should always be finish'd in the Its Number of Stanza ; a Stanza in English Poetry cannot con- Verjes. fift of less than three, and has seldom more than twelve Verses, except in Pindarick Odes, where the Stanzas vary very much.
An Ode or Song is a certain Number of Stan-. An Ode or zas more or less, and is proper to the Lyric Song, what. Poetry, or that which was made and set to the Lyre or Harp.
A Poem is a compleat and finish'd Piece of A Poem defin'd Poetry, or any Composition in Verse.
Blank Poetry or Verse is that which has no Blank Verse Rhyme, but only Meire, Harmony of Syllables, or Poetry. and a delightful Cadence of the Accents. As thus in Milton.
I saw the rising Birth
Of Poetical Poetical Numbers, and Feet and Place, may
in the Latin, Greek, &c.) Syllables are distin-
Short: The long Syllable hath this Mark –, the phort Syllables. sort one this
Jhort one this, and a certain Number of these
long and short Syllables make a Foot, or the PoetiPoetic Foot or cal Feet of a Verse. The Place or Region of a Feet.
Foot in a Verse is its Situation in regard of the
Beginning ; as the Second, Fourth, Sixth, are Poetic Places. cali'd even Places; the First, Third, Fifth, are
calld odd or unequal Places. Poetic Feet Of Feet some be of two Syllables, some of three, and their
as here follow, Kinds,
A Spondee, two Long,
Wátěr fourfold. lambic, one Short and Long,
Tribrach, three Short,
Dactyl, one Long and two Short, Syllables.
u Počtry Anapejt, two Short andore Long, vu. Dominier.
We have no English single Words which have
If Pulse of Verse a Nation's Temper shows,
But as fome Variety is necessary to please, our
Two Syllables our English Feet compose,
If a Verse consists of fix Places or Feet, 'tis The Kinds of call'd an Hexameter Verse'; of this Sort were all Verses the Compositions of Latin and Greek Heroic Poetry, as the Æneid and Iliad. But if the Verse has but five Feet, 'tis call'd Pentameter. If a Verse abounds mostly with Tambics, 'tis callid lambic Verse; and thus it is named in respect of the other Feet.
Of the several Kinds of Feet above set down, Of the differ. the Spondee and the DaEtyl are the most consider- ent Natures able, as being the Measures used in the Hercic and Qualities
of the several Verse by Homer, Virgil, &c. These two Feet are kinds of Feet. of equal Time (for two short Syllables are equal to one long one) but of different Motion. She Spondee has an even, strong and steady Pace, which may be compar'd to a Trott. But the Motion of the Dactyl is brisk, and resembles the nimbler Strokes of, a Gallop. An inverted Dactyl is an Anapest, a very sprightly Trott, and a Motion proper to excite and enrage. The lambic is also of a light and sprightly Nature ; the Trochee is of a contrary one, fit to express weak and languid Motions; as all those Measures which move from long to Fort Syllables. The Pyrrbic and Tribracb are very rapid, as the Moloss is frow and beavy. The Verse is generally lo order'd by the skilful Poet, that it in fonie measure expresses the very Nature and Modes of the Subject, by the Number and Sound of the Feet
and Syllables. This Mr. Pope gives an elegant Instance of, when, to shew how beavy and dull the French Monosyllable Poetry is, he faith,
And ten low Words oft creep in one dull Line. Which Line is an Instance of what he reproves; for there are indeed ten Monosyllable Words, which seem to creep heavily through the Line, and make it dull and flat.
There are various kinds of Poetry constantly in Use; the Subječt, peculiar Characters, and a Poetical Description of the most considerable Sorts, I shall give the Reader from Mr. Brightland, Boileau, &c. And first
of the kinds of Poetry.
OF BUCOLICS or PASTORAL.
Of Bucolics or This sort of Poetry is callid Pastoral, because
Rural Nymphs and Swains. It is also callid
The Pastoral that sings of happy Swains,
As a fair Nymph, when rising from her Bed,
Such, lovely in its Dress, but plain withal,
Its Style must still be natural and clear,
Oppos'd to this another, low in Style,
[vile : His Writings flat and heavy, without Sound, Killing the Earth and creeping on the Ground.
Each Pastoral a little plot must own,
The Pastoral admits of Vows and Praise,
In Pastorals to know what Rules are right,
OF E L E G r.
AN Elegy is a mournful Poem, a funeral Song Of Elegs, and or Ditty ; first invented to bewail the Death of its Properties.