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fect Conformity of a Being to the divine Intel
lect or Idea, which is the grand Pattern of al} Natural
created Beings. (2.) Physical or Natural Truth;
requisite to its Nature, as pure Gold is said to be Logical. true Gold. (3.) Logical Truth; as when Words
are conformable to their Ideas, or Propositions to Ethical. the Things intended. (4.) Ethical or Moral Truth;
as when our Words or Actions agree with our
first is call’d Sincerity, the latter Veracity.
venience or Agreement of Things with the Law
sess all Qualities necessary to answer the DeMetaphyfical. sign thereof. This is also (1.) Metaphysical ; as
when Things are agreeable to the Will of God,
Works, and behold they were very good. (2.)
to answer their natural End; as Corn when fit
for Seed or Food; so Air, when fine, pure, and Artificial. fit for Breathing. (3.) Artificial, as things are
made or done near or agreeable to the Standard
of Perfection, as good Writing, a good Picture, Moral. Clock, &c. (4.) Moral, which when it relates
to Man is called Virtue, or Religion when it has Perfection a regard to God. When Truth and Goodness both what.
unite in Things, it is call’d Perfection ; when ei-
perfeit. Of Signs, &c.
Sigis, Representations and Denominations of Things are reckon'd among the Mental relative Affections of Being ; but how justly I am not here to examine. Signs are the Resemblances of some outward real Beings, which are thereby represented to our Minds.
Signs are of vari
ous Kinds, as (1.) Natural, as a Beard is of Natural. Manbood. (2.) Divine ; which is by God's Ap- Divine. pointment, as the Eucharist of the Death of Christ. (3.) Human, or appointed by Men ; Human. as Livery to denote great Men's Servants. (4.) Pigneratitious Pigneratitious, or mere Tokens or Pledges, which do not represent the Thing in its felf; as the Rainbow is a Token which is only to shew and affure us, that the World will not any more be drowned. (5.) Antecedent, as profuse Manage- Antecedent. ment is of approaching Poverty. (6.) Concomi- Concomitant. tant ; as Shivering is of an Ague present. (7.) Consequent. Consequent, as a Funeral is of Death. (8.) Me- Memorial. morial, as a funeral Ring is of a Person deceased. (9.) Commonftrative, as a Tomb of a Person bu- Commonftraried there. (10.) Necessary and certain, as the tive. Morning Star is of the rising Sun. (11.) Contin
Contingent. gent and probable, as Prudence and Industry are probable Signs of a Man's thriving in the World. (12.) Prognostic, Diagnostic, &c. Signs have Prognosiic,&c. been already explain’d in Physic. Besides these, there are various Symbolical Signs and Representations of Things invented and used by Artists; as the Characters of Algebra, Music, and other Arts and Professions.
This Compendium of Ontology, 'tis hoped, will Ontology rebe sufficient to shew that this is not a dry and commended. unnecessary Science, as it is too much reputed ; but, on the contrary, that it is an excellent and useful one ; as it supplies us with just Notions and true Distinctions and Differences of Things, in regard of which it merits the first place in the Order of Sciences, and ought to be well digested in the Minds of all such as would excel in critical and polite Literature.
Of the Art of POETRY.
KOETRY or POESY is the Art, Poetry defin'd.
or rather the Faculty of making
thers who write Verses are term’d Versifiers, Poetasters, or Paultry Rhymers ; all A Poetaser. which are Terms of Reproach, and imply, that he who does not write good Verses, muft neceffarily write bad ones ; and that is a Disgrace. Accordingly Boileau advises,
Rather be Mason, ('tis arı useful Art)
Verse, especially English Verse, is composed of Verse definid. Metre and Rhyme. Metre is when every Line is Metre, what. confined to a certain Number of Syllables, (as ten, eight, or seven, commonly) and the Words so placed that the Accents may naturally fall on such peculiar Syllables as make a Sort of Harmony to the Ear. And Rhyme is the Similitude or Like- Rhyme, zuhar. ness of Sound in the last Syllables, (or those next
the last) of every two or every other Line. As
The Power that ministers to God's Decrees,
In these Lines the two last Syllables in Order of every two Lines found alike, and therefore are faid to rhyme together ; but in the following the penultimate Syllables, or those next the latt,
rhyme to each other, and this is call'd double Double Rlyme. Rhyme. As,
Then all for Women, Painting, Rhyming,
When Pulpit, Drum Ecclefiaftick,
THERE are some Verses found to have treble
Some Verses rhyme to each other alternately;
Howe'er 'tis well that while Mankind