網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

fect Conformity of a Being to the divine Intel

lect or Idea, which is the grand Pattern of al} Natural

created Beings. (2.) Physical or Natural Truth;
which is when a Thing has all the Effentials

requisite to its Nature, as pure Gold is said to be Logical. true Gold. (3.) Logical Truth; as when Words

are conformable to their Ideas, or Propositions to Ethical. the Things intended. (4.) Ethical or Moral Truth;

as when our Words or Actions agree with our
Thoughts, and our Deeds to our Words ; the

first is call’d Sincerity, the latter Veracity.
Of Goodness Goodness or Bonity is defined to be the Con-
or Bonity.

venience or Agreement of Things with the Law
and Standard of their Nature, so that they pos-

sess all Qualities necessary to answer the DeMetaphyfical. sign thereof. This is also (1.) Metaphysical ; as

when Things are agreeable to the Will of God,
and answer bis Designs. So he survey'd his

Works, and behold they were very good. (2.)
Natural. Physical or Natural ; when they are capable well

to answer their natural End; as Corn when fit

for Seed or Food; so Air, when fine, pure, and Artificial. fit for Breathing. (3.) Artificial, as things are

made or done near or agreeable to the Standard

of Perfection, as good Writing, a good Picture, Moral. Clock, &c. (4.) Moral, which when it relates

to Man is called Virtue, or Religion when it has Perfection a regard to God. When Truth and Goodness both what.

unite in Things, it is call’d Perfection ; when ei-
ther are wanting in any Degree, the Being is im-

perfeit. Of Signs, &c.

Sigis, Representations and Denominations of Things are reckon'd among the Mental relative Affections of Being ; but how justly I am not here to examine. Signs are the Resemblances of some outward real Beings, which are thereby represented to our Minds.

Signs are of vari

cus

ous Kinds, as (1.) Natural, as a Beard is of Natural. Manbood. (2.) Divine ; which is by God's Ap- Divine. pointment, as the Eucharist of the Death of Christ. (3.) Human, or appointed by Men ; Human. as Livery to denote great Men's Servants. (4.) Pigneratitious Pigneratitious, or mere Tokens or Pledges, which do not represent the Thing in its felf; as the Rainbow is a Token which is only to shew and affure us, that the World will not any more be drowned. (5.) Antecedent, as profuse Manage- Antecedent. ment is of approaching Poverty. (6.) Concomi- Concomitant. tant ; as Shivering is of an Ague present. (7.) Consequent. Consequent, as a Funeral is of Death. (8.) Me- Memorial. morial, as a funeral Ring is of a Person deceased. (9.) Commonftrative, as a Tomb of a Person bu- Commonftraried there. (10.) Necessary and certain, as the tive. Morning Star is of the rising Sun. (11.) Contin

Neceffary.

Contingent. gent and probable, as Prudence and Industry are probable Signs of a Man's thriving in the World. (12.) Prognostic, Diagnostic, &c. Signs have Prognosiic,&c. been already explain’d in Physic. Besides these, there are various Symbolical Signs and Representations of Things invented and used by Artists; as the Characters of Algebra, Music, and other Arts and Professions.

This Compendium of Ontology, 'tis hoped, will Ontology rebe sufficient to shew that this is not a dry and commended. unnecessary Science, as it is too much reputed ; but, on the contrary, that it is an excellent and useful one ; as it supplies us with just Notions and true Distinctions and Differences of Things, in regard of which it merits the first place in the Order of Sciences, and ought to be well digested in the Minds of all such as would excel in critical and polite Literature.

Of

253

Of the Art of POETRY.

P

KOETRY or POESY is the Art, Poetry defin'd.

or rather the Faculty of making
Verses. And a Poet is he who A Poet, who.
hath this Art, Faculty, or Skill
in its genuine Perfeltion. All o-

thers who write Verses are term’d Versifiers, Poetasters, or Paultry Rhymers ; all A Poetaser. which are Terms of Reproach, and imply, that he who does not write good Verses, muft neceffarily write bad ones ; and that is a Disgrace. Accordingly Boileau advises,

Rather be Mason, ('tis arı useful Art)
Than a dull Poet : For that Trade accurst
Admits no Mean betwixt the best and worst.
In other Sciences, without Disgrace
A Candidate may fill a second Place:
But Poetry no Medium can admit,
No Reader suffers an indif'rent Wit.

Verse, especially English Verse, is composed of Verse definid. Metre and Rhyme. Metre is when every Line is Metre, what. confined to a certain Number of Syllables, (as ten, eight, or seven, commonly) and the Words so placed that the Accents may naturally fall on such peculiar Syllables as make a Sort of Harmony to the Ear. And Rhyme is the Similitude or Like- Rhyme, zuhar. ness of Sound in the last Syllables, (or those next

the

the last) of every two or every other Line. As
thus,

The Power that ministers to God's Decrees,
And executes on Earth what he forefees,
Callid Providence, or Chance, or fatal Sway,
Comes with resistless Force, or finds or makes

her Way.

[ocr errors]

In these Lines the two last Syllables in Order of every two Lines found alike, and therefore are faid to rhyme together ; but in the following the penultimate Syllables, or those next the latt,

rhyme to each other, and this is call'd double Double Rlyme. Rhyme. As,

Then all for Women, Painting, Rhyming,

Drinking,
Besides ten thousand Freaks which died in

Thinking.
Or thus ;

When Pulpit, Drum Ecclefiaftick,
Was beat with Fift instead of a Stick.

Treble Rhyme.

THERE are some Verses found to have treble
Rhyme, or wherein the Antepenult, or third Sylla-
bles from the last in every two Lines do rhyme ;
but as this is not worthy PraEtice, so it is not
worthy Mention.

Some Verses rhyme to each other alternately;
As,

Howe'er 'tis well that while Mankind
Through Fate's fantastic Mazes errs,
They can imagin'd Pleasures find,
To combat against real Cares.
Fancies and Notions we pursue
Which ne'er had Being but in Thought,
And, like the doating Artist, wooe
The Image we ourselves have wrought.

A Stanzia

« 上一頁繼續 »