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(6.) An Obelisk (+) of the same Use.

(7.) A Paragraph () begins a new Head or Subject.

(8.) A Section ($) denotes the Beginning of a new Section.

(9.) A Quotation (“) shews a Passage quoted from an Author.

(10.) An Index, (67) a Hand pointing to somewhat very remarkable.

(11.) An Hyphen, (-) used to separate Syllables, as God-head.

(12.) A Parenthesis ( ) or Crotchet [ ], including one Sentence within another.

An alphabetical List of ABBREVIATIONS. A. AUlus, Afternoon.

C. P. S. Cuftos Privati Sigilli, A. B. Artium Baccalaureus, Keeper of the Privy-Seal. or Batchelor of Arts.

Cur. Curtius, Curate. Abp. Archbishop.

D. Duke, Dukedom.
Acc'. Account.

D. D. Dostor of Divinity.
A. D. or | Anno Domini, i. e. in Deut. Deuteronomy.
An. Dom. S the Year of our Lord. Dit. Ditto, the same.
Adm!. Admiral.

Do. Ditto.
Adm". Administrators.

Dum Dukedom. A. M. Artium Magister, Master E. Earl. of Arts.

Earld. Earldom. A. R. Anno Regni, in the Year of E. g. Exempli gratia, for Examthe Reign.

ple. Aft. P. G. Astronomy Profilor of Eng. English, England. Gresham College.

Ep. Epiftle. B. A. See A. B.

Esq; Esquire.
Bar. Baronet.

Ev. Evangelift.
B. D. Batchelor of Divinity. Ex. Exodus, Exposition.
Bp. Bishop.

Fr. France.
B. V. M. Bligid l'irgin Mary. F. R. S. Fellow of the Royal
C. Centu, an Hundred.

Society. C. C. C. Corpus Christi College. Gen Ro. Generalissimo. Cent. Cintum, an Hundred. Gent. Gentleman. Ch. Charles, or Church. G.R. George Rex, King George, Cl. Clericus, a Clergy man. Heb. Hebrew. Cor. Corollary.

Hicr. Hieronymus, i. e. Jerom.

Hund,

Hund. Hundred.

P. M. G. Profeffor of Music al Id. Idem, the fame.

Gresham College. i. e. id eft, that is.

Pr. Prieft.
I. H. S. Yesus Hominum Salvator, P. S. Poftfcript.

Jesus the Saviour of Men. Q. Queen, Question.
IXƏTE, for 'insis Xersos Oei Tids/9. Quasi, as it were.

Swtip, i. e. Jesus Chrift, the 9. d. Quafi dicat, as if he should Son of God, the Saviour.

say. Jac. Jacobus, James.

R. Rex, King; or Regina, Queen. J.D. Jurium Doctor, i.e. Diełor Reg!. Regent. of Laws.

Reg. Prof. Regius Professor, i. e, Jes'. Jefuit.

Royal, or King's Professor. Jno. John.

Rel. Religion. K. King.

Rev. Revelation. K". Kingdom.

Ro. Romans. K! Knight.

R'. Right.
L. Lord, Lake.

S'. Saint.
L. or I. Liber, a Book. Serj. Serjeant.

Sery. Servant.
Lap. Ladyship.
Ld. Lord.

Sh. Sbire.

Sol. Solution.
.
LL. D. Legum" Doctor, i. c. S'. Sir.
Doctor of Laws.

S.S. T. P. Sacro-Sanctæ Theoloa Lp. Lord/bip.

gia Profeffor, a Doctor of DiLr. Letter.

vinity. M. Marquis.

T. Thomas. M. A. Master of Arts.

V. Virgin. Ma. Madam.

v. Vide, i. e. see. May. Majesty.

Viz. Videlicet, i. e. that is to say, Math. Mathematician.

Ul. Ultimate, the last, M. D. Medicina Doctor, i. e.

Wp. Worship. Doctor of Physic.

x". Chriftian. M'. Mafter.

X'. Chrift.
M". Mistress.
MSS. Manuscripts.

ly. Then, M. S. Memorie Sacrum, i. c. fa-'y'. That. cred to the Memory.

&. it, i. e, and. N. Note.

&c. et cætera, and the rest. N. B. Nota bene, i. e. Mark well. N. S. New Style.

Numerical Abbreviations,
O. S. Old Style.

i. One Thousand.
Per Cent. By the Hundred.
Philom. Philomathes, a Lover of V. Five Thousand.
Learning

X. Ten Thousand.
M

yo. The

L. Fifty L. Fifty Thousand.

Imprimis, In the firft Place. C. A Hundred Thousand.

Irem, Allo.

Memorandum, Somewhat to be CC. Two Hundred.

remembered. D or 1”. Five Hundred.

Ibid. Ibidem, In the same Place. DC. Six Hundred.

ipfo Fatto, In very Deed or Fact. M. OF CIĮ. A Thousand. De Fasto, Matter of fact, 1ɔɔ. Five Thousand.

De Jure, Of Right. CCIĐĐ. Ten Thousand.

Probatum eft, It is approv'd. 1ɔɔɔ. Fifty Thousand.

Vit Armis, By Force and Arms, MDCCXXXVII. One Thousand Jure Divino, By divine Right. Seven Hundred and Thirty Seven. Alias, Otherwise.

Ipfe Dixit, Himself says fo.
Latin WORDS explain'd.

Sizes of Books.
Errata, Errors.
Corrigenda, Things to be cor-

Folio. A Book of the largest Size, rested.

in which a Sheet makes two Addenda, Things to be added.

Leaves. Mutanda, Things to be alter'd.

4o Quarto. That in which a Sheet

makes four Leaves. Delenda, Things to be blotted out. Pro, For.

Etavo. Having a Sheet folded Lege, Read.

into eight Leaves. Dele, Blot out, or erase.

12mo Duodecimo. Having a Sheet Finis, The End.

folded into twelve Leaves; and we call it a Book in Twelves.

Of.

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Of RHETORIC and ORATORY;

or the Art of SPEAKING with ELOQUENCE and PeRSUASION.

R

JOHETORIC is the Art or Facul- Rhetoric de

ty of Speaking well and ornamen- fined'; how it
tally on any Subject. Or as Ari- differs from

Oratory.
stotle has defined it ; It is the Fr-
culty of observing what every Sub-

ject affords of Use to Persuasion. This is a general Definition, including equally both Rhetoric and Oratory. For these two differ only as Theory and Praćtice; the Business of a Rhetorician being to lay down Rules and Precerts for Speaking elegantly, and that of the Orator to use and apply them commodiously in Practice to the Purpose of Persuasion.

This Art doth consist of four great Parts. Rhetoric con(1.) Invention; which excogitates and finds out fifteth of four such Reasons, Motives, and Arguments as are ad- great Parts.

In apted to persuade or gain the Agent and Belief of the Hearer or Reader. (2.) Disposition ; Difpofition. which is the proper and most advantageous placing, disposing and ranging the Arguments and Subje:1- Matters before invented in a proper and requisite Order and Methou. (3.) Elocvtion ; which Flocutis. provides a Di&tion enrich'd and embellish'd with all the Ornament of proper Tropes and Figures ; and in which chofen Words are adapted to express the things invented, with Force and Energy'. (4.) Pronunciation ; which regards the Delivery Pronunciation. of the Discourse or Oration with an agreeable Modulation of the Voice, and becoming Gesture

of the Body. Of In-vention, INVENTION, as was said, is the finding the firf Part such Arguments as are proper to persuade, and of Rhetoric.

gain Belief. These Arguments are divided into Artificial, and Inartificial. The Former are the proper Object of the Invention of him who writes ; the Latter he borrows from abroad, and

accommodates them to his Subject. Artificial Ar. Of Artificial Arguments there are three Sorts, guments of

(1.) Reasons or syllogistica! Argumentations ; which three Sorts.

most directly convince the Understanding, and Reasons or Ar- effect Belief. These are derived from various gumentations. Topics ; either such as afford an absolute Certainty,

and then they become Demonstrations : Or from
Ratiocination or Reasoning from Causes, Effects,
Subjects, Adjurilts, Kind, Species, the whole, the
Part, and other logical Topics : Or lastly, from

Topics of Probability and Verifimilitude. (2.) The Manners. Those which we may call the Manners, and

whereby the Orator ingratiates himself with the Audience or Reader, and conciliates their good Opinion or Favour. This is promoted by his own Manners, as his Prudence, Wisdom, Learning, Prolity, Modefty, &c. Or the Manners of the Auditors; as their Passions, Habits, Age, Fortunes, and Stations; to all which he must have a tender critical Regard. Or, lastly, the Manners of the Nuion or Country; as Liberty in a Republic ; the Laws in a Democracy; Riches in an

Aristocracy; and the Royal Prerogatives in a MoThe Paffions. narchy. (3.) The third Kind of Arguments are

call’d the Pallions ; their Design and Use being to excite ard nove, or else to calm and compose the Pallions ; and nothing concerns an Orator more than to acquire a nice Judgment and Skill in affecting the Passions, and striking them singly

as

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