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Dispositions of amorous Persons, and their strange
Propensities to obscene Pleasures. She presides
over Beauty, which is the great Fomenter of in-
pure Defires and uruchafte Love. Venus rides in a
Chariot, and no Wonder ; for who rules with
more imperious Sway, and leads more Captives
in Triumph, than the Pasion Luft ? She wears a
Crown, as being always victorious. She carried
a Looking-glass, to shew her the Frailty of her
Beauty by the Brittleness of the Glass. She was
born from the Sea, to shew the turbulent and
restless State of Lovers. She was Wife to Vul-
can; nothing being a more constant Affociate of
impure and unlawful Amours, than a dark De
formity of Mind. She play'd the Whore, was
caught in Chains of Iron, and exposed naked in
the Embrace of her Lover to the Contempt of
the Gods; and what is more common than for
a Debauchée to walk in the Iron Fetters of a
guilty Conscience, and be exposed to the Contempt

and Derision of all ?
Aurora, the By Aurora, the Poets understood no more
Dawn of the than the Dawn of the Morning, which spreads a

diffusive Lustre over all the Orient Skies, and paints the Clouds, on which she rides, with all their Golden Glory, so beauteous to behold in Sum

mer-time. The Historical VULCAN is oniy a Corruption of TubalSenfe of Vuli Cain, by an Aphoresis of the first Syllable Tu ; for cinis TubalCain.

then it will be Bal-Cain ; but the Eastern People pronounce B very often like v, which in this Case makes Val-cain, from whence Vulian casily flows. Moreover Vulcay was a BlackSmith and the God of Fire ; and Tubal-Cain was the first Artificer in Brass and Iron we read of;

and of confequence they were the fame Person, In a Plile. Secondly, in a Philosophical Serle, l'ulcan is Fire; phical Senje, thus Villaan is Laine, becaule Fire cannot be supFire.


ported without Fuel. He was cast down from Her ven, because the Lightning is darted thence; and said to fall on the sand Lemnos, because it is remarkably subject to Lightning. ?birdly, Vulcan in a Moral Sense is the Flame of Love ; he was the In a Moral Husband of Venus ; and whoever give themselves Sense, the up to her, she feldom fails to make thein Vul Flame of Love. cans, as filthy, narty, and deformid as he, as black as Hell. Every effeminate Man is a Vulcan, a Blacksmith, who with his (Cyclops,) deform'd and lightless Passions, is always toiling at the burning Forge of Lust, and making Thunderbolts which at last will fall on his own Head.

By Æolus you are to understand an antient The Fable of King of the Æolian Wands, who studied Aftronomy Æolus exand Philosophy, and particularly the Nature of the plain’d. Winds, so that he could tell what Times and how long such Winds and Tempests would be, and when it would be calm; in which kind of Skill he was the more perfected by the Clouds, Mists, and Smoke of these Inands, which always presaged great Store of Winds, so that it was generally believ'à they were under his Power, and that he could raise and calm them at his Pleasure,

JANUS was a perfect Emblem of Prudence. Janus an an. He was the most antient King of Italy, among tient King of the Aborigines, and receiv'd Saturn when his Son Italy ; and an Jupiter banisa'd him from Crete, and gave him

Prudence. Part of his Kingdom. Saturn taught him Husbandry and Coining Money ; and in short his Knowledge and Skill was such, that he was reckoni'd the wifest of all Kings, and knew things part and future. Therefore he was rever'd, and painted with two Faces, as all prudent Men, in a Sense, ought to have. For Prudence consisteth mainly in a Remembrance of things pat, and in the Forcfight of things to come. Janus holds in his Hand a Key ; fo 4 prudent Person may be said to have


Emblem of

the Key of Knowledge ; and to unlock many Doubts, Mysteries, and Intricacies which puzzle and obstruct others in the Affairs and various Exigencies of Life. Janus's Altars and Incense shew that the Honour and Adoration of the Almighty is the Effeet of Prudence and Undersi anding; and that Fools only say there is no God, and

worship none. Vesta means

VESTA is the same with Fire; as is evident Fire, and the from various Expressions in the Poets : But it is natural Heat rather supposed by Vesta is understood the Vital of the Body.

Flame or Heat of the Body, which is the first Principle of Animal Nature. The Vestal Fire was perpetual; so is the Native Heat of Bodies, which constantly warms and actuates the whole. The Vestal Virgins, if they neglected this Fire, and let it go out, were grievoully punished, and buried alive. We are those Vestal Virgins, who, if we neglect to nourish and keep up the Vital Flame of our Bodies to its due Tenor, or corrupt and weaken the fame by Debauchery and ill Courses, divers Diseases will excruciate and torture us; we stab our Reputations and bury them in Ignominy and Reproach, whilst we live ; and the Flame becoming extinct, our Memories are interr'd with

our Carcasses, and rot with them in the Grave. The Fable of By Ceres is to be understood that genial proCeres ex

lific Principle in the Earth, which is the Cause plainod Philojopbically and

of Vegetation, or of the Production and NourishMorally.

ment of Herbs, Corn, Fruits and Trees. Ceres is beautiful and well-shaped, so is the Earth array'd in all the Gaiety of vernal Verdure and flowery Pride. Ceres was born of Saturn and Ops, that is, of Husbandry and the fertile Soil; so is Corn. She wore yellow Hair ; and the Ears of Corn, when ripe, are adorn’d with that Golden Colour. She was crown'd with the Ears of Corn, so is the Earth in Harvef. Exiletbon contemn'd the Sacrifices of Ceres, defiled her Groves, &c. for

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which she punish'd him with perpetual Hunger. This shews how every (Erisetbon,) idle Person, who hates Industry, should be punish'd with Hunger and cloath'd with Rags. Ceres once absconded herself, and in her Absence a general Corruption of the Corn and Fruits ensued, and from thence sprang a great Infe£tion among all Beasts and Caitle;

the Moral of which is too easy to need explaining.

By the Image of the God Pan the Poets under- The Philosophi. stood the Universe, for the Word Pan in Greek cal Significasignifies all ; his upper Part resembled a Man, tion of the his lower Parts a Beast; because Men and Beasts make the most considerable Part of the World, and the former much the superior. His red Face represents the blushing Splendor of the Skies; his Horns those of the Moon ; his spotted Skin, the party-colour'd Firmament, or the starry Sky ; his bairy shagged Thighs and Legs, the Shrubs and Trees of the Earth ; his Goat's Feet, the Stability of the Earth ; and his Pipe of feven Reeds, the celeftial Harmony of the seven planetary Spheres.

DIANA represents the Moon ; therefore she By Diana is appears borned. Diana is said to have three Coun- meant the

Moon. tenances; so has the Moon her three Phases of New, Quarter, and Full Diana is said to be a great Huntress, because the Moon is constantly journeying round the Earth, and darting her Rays thereon. She was a Virgin, because the Moon is One, and has no Associate. 'Tis said he had a Gallant, nam'd Endymion, whom she so loved, as to de- The Fable of scend out of Heaven to kiss him ; which Fable Endymion eximplies no more than that Endymion was a great

plain'd. Astronomer, and first describ'd the Course of the Moon. Again,

As Asteon was hunting, one Day, he chanced Thie Fable of to spy Diana bathing herself in a Fountain ; and Aftz ın merabecause he dar'd to behold the Goddess naked, she

liz'd. turn'd him into a Stag, whom his own Hounds


pursued, and devour'd him. By which Fable is intimated, that those who spend their Time in over curious Researches into the Naime of secret Things, are justly made a Prey to their idle and impious Humours, and generally beggar and undo

then felves. The Moral of

By the Fables of the Sirens, Circe, Charybdis the Fable of and Scylla, is represented to us the enfnaring Nathe Sirens.

ture of Pleasures, Voluptuousness, Lust, and Gluttony. The Sirens are the vain deceitful Pleasures, which as it were sing and sooth us to sleep,

to a State of senseless Stupidity, and then never of Circe, the fail to devour us. Circe was that terrible Witcb Sorcerefs. who it is said drew down the Stars from Heaven,

and by her Sorceries turn'd all her Visitants into Hogs, Dogs, Bears, Wolves, and such like Beasts; and doth not Voluptuousness, by a kind of Sorcery, so infatuate Men and change their Natures into a fwinish, cynical, and bestial Disposition, that they rather resemble Brutes than Men? And even those who by their Wit, Learning and Virtue too, have shone like the Stars in the l'irmunent, have fallen too often from their Glory, by the inchanting Power of sensual and obscene Pleasure : None being sufficiently guarded against her, but (Ulv/jes) a virtuous, pious, and valiant Man, who scorns

the fordid Pleasures of a sensual Life. Again, Of Scylla'; Scylla is Lust, the fatal Rock on which so many

have shipwreck'd their Honely, Honour, and Forand of Cha- tunes. Ch.rybuis is the horrible Whirlpool of rybdis.

Gluilony, the insatiable Gulvh, which hath drawn down Families alive, devour'd whole Estates, and

fucks down all Things into an Abyss of Destruction. The Fable of PLUTUS or MAMMON, as being the God Plutus mora- of Riches, hath his Palue in Hell, and no Place kiz'd.

more fitting; for can any one serve the true God and Mammon? Is not Wealth the Root of all Evil? Can there be any more ready Way to


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