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and clothe, arm, and equip them in a soldierlike manner, at the expense of the United States; and the officers and men so clothed, armed, and equipped shall march to the place appointed and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled: But if the United States in Congress assembled shall, on consideration of circumstances, judge proper that any State should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than its quota, and that any other State should raise a greater number of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be raised, officered, clothed, armed, and equipped in the same manner as the quota of such State, unless the Legislature of such State shall judge that such extra number cannot be safely spared out of the same; in which case they shall raise, officer, clothe, arm, and equip as many of such extra number as they judge can be safely spared; and the officers and men so clothed, armed, and equipped shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled.

The United States in Congress assembled shall never engage in a war; nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of peace; nor enter into any treaties or alliances; nor coin money, nor regulate the value thereof; nor ascertain the sums and expenses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United States, or any of them; nor emit bills, nor borrow money on the credit of the United States; nor appropriate money; nor agree upon the number of vessels of war to be built or purchased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a commander in chief of the army or navy, unless nine States assent to the same; nor shall a question on any other point, except for adjourning from day to day, be determined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States in Congress assembled.

The Congress of the United States shall have power to adjourn to any time within the year, and to any place within the United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer duration than the space

of six months, and shall publish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof, relating to treaties, alliances, or military operations, as in their judgment requires secrecy; and the

yeas

and nays of the delegates of each State on any question shall be entered on the journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the delegates of a State, or any of them, at his or their request, shall be furnished with a transcript of the said journal, except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the legislatures of the several States.

ART. X.-The Committee of the States, or any nine of them, shall

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be authorized to execute, in the recess of Congress, such of the powers of Congress as the United States in Congress assembled, by the consent of nine States, shall from time to time think expedient to vest them with; provided that no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise of which, by the articles of Confederation, the voice of nine States in the Congress of the United States assembled is requisite.

ART. XI.-Canada, acceding to this Confederation, and joining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of, this union: but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine States.

ART. XII.—All bills of credit emitted, moneys borrowed, and debts contracted, by or under the authority of Congress before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of the present Confederation, shall be deemed and considered as a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfaction whereof the said United States and the public faith are hereby solemnly pledged.

ART. XIII.—Every State shall abide by the determinations of the United States in Congress assembled, on all questions which, by this Confederation, are submitted to them. And the articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every State.

And whereas, It hath pleased the Great Governor of the world to indine the hearts of the legislatures we respectively represent in Congress to approve of, and to authorize us to ratify, the said Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union, KNOW YE, that we, the undersigned delegates, by virtue of the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do by these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective constituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every of the said articles of Confederation and perpetual Union, and all and singular the matters and things therein contained: And we do further solemnly plight and engage the faith of our respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determinations of the United States in Congress assembled on all questions which by the said Confederation are submitted to them; and that the articles thereof shall be inviolably observed by the States we respectively represent, and that the Union shall be perpetual. In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our_hands in Congress. Done at

Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, the 9th day of July, in the year of our Lord, 1778, and in the third year of the Independence of America.*

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1 36 12 12 5 16 6 7 2

6G

66

10

66

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1. Delaware. 2. Pennsylvania. 3. New Jersey 4. Georgia.. 5. Connecticut. 6. Massachusetts.. 7. Maryland... 8. South Carolina. 9. New Hampshire. 10. Virginia... 11. New York. 12. North Carolina 13. Rhode Island. 14. Vermont.. 15. Kentucky. 16. Tennessee. 17. Ohio. 18. Indiana 19. Mississippi. 20. Illinois. 21. Alabama. 22. Maine 23. Michigan. 24. Wisconsin 25. West Virginia. 26. Louisiana. 27. Florida. 28. Arkansas. 29. Missouri 30. Iowa. 31. Kansas. 32. Nebraska. 33. North Dakota. 34. South Dakota. 35. Montana. 36. Wyoming. 37. California. 38. Nevada. 39. Utah. 40. Oregon. 41. Washington. 42. Idaho. 43. Minnesota. 44. Colorado. 45. Texas. 46. Oklahoma. 47. New Mexico 48. Arizona.

202,322 7,665,111 2,537,167 2,609,121 1,114,756 3,366,416 1,295,346 1,515,400

430,572 2,061,612 9,113,279 2,206,287

542,610

355,956 2,289,905 2,184,789 4,767,121 2,700,876 1,797,114 5,638,591 2,138,093

742,371 2,810,173 2,333,860 1,221,119 1,656,388

751,139 1,574,449 3,293,335 2,224,771 1,690,949 1,192,214 577,056 583,888 376,053

145,965 2,377,549

81,875 373,351

672,765 1,141,990

325,594 2,075,708

43
10
3
2
11
10
22
13

8
27
10

4 13 11 6 8 4 7 16 11 8 6 3 3 2 1 11 1 2 3

2,050 45,215

7,815 59,475 4,990 8,315 12,210 30,570

9,305 42,450 49,170 52,250 1,250 9,565 40,400 42,050 41,060 36,350 46,810 56,650 52,250 33,040 58,915 56,040 24,780 24,780 58,680 53,850 69,415 56,025 82,080 77,510 70,795 77,650 146,080

97,890 158,360 110,700 84,970 96,030 69,180 84,800 83,365 103,925 265,780

1789 Original 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1789 1790 1791 From Original 1792 Territory 1796 1803 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1837 1848 1863 1812 By Purchase 1845 1836 1821 1846 1861 1867 1889 1889 1889 1890 1850 By Conquest 1864 1896 1859 By Discovery 1890 N

Cession 1858 Mixed 1876 1845 Adm'd Republic 1907 By Purchase 1911 By Conquest 1912 and Purchase

66

66

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799,024 3,896,542 1,657,155 327,301 204,354

70,430 122,580 113,020

4 18 8 1 1

Total...

435 * The names of the signers are omitted.

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The population of the United States at the end of each decade was

as follows:

1790. 1800. 1810. 1820.

.3,929,214

1830. .5,308,483 1840. .7,239,881

1850 .9,638,453 1860.

1910..

12,866,020 1870. . 17,069,453 1880. .23,191,876 1890 .31,443,321 1900.

.91,107,727

.38,558,371 .50,155,783 .62,622,25) 76,303,387

Total Population of the United States:

In the States.
In the Territories

.91,639,382

587,334

92,226,716

The above statistics do not include the people of Porto Rico, Guam, Tutuila and the Philippine Islands.

A government for Porto Rico (population 1,118,012) was established in 1900. The Philippines (population, 1903, 7,635,426) are under a provisional civil government-Guam (population, 8,661), Tutuila (population, 5,800), and the Isthmian Canal Zone are under Governors, all appointed by the President.

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Census....

1

Amendment (of U. S. Con-
stitution),

(C)* 110, 110–112, 115–129
Appeals (in U.S. Courts)... 102
Appropriations:
no money to be paid with-
out....

(C) 74
to the army..

70
basis of...

59
Aristocracy:
origin of....

10
definition of...

13
Arms, right to bear.. 117
Army:

origin of standing.... 10
of the United States.. 70
appropriation to, of U.S.. 71
States not to have, with-

out consent of U. S... (C) 77
Assembly, national of France 139
Attainder, bills of.....75, (C) 77
Attorney-General..

90

Cabinet:
of England..

133
of France..

138
of Russia..

146
of Japan.

148
Ceded places..

72

. (C) 41
Chancellor, Imperial of Ger-
many.

143
Checks and balances..

40
Citizens:

privileges of . ...(C) 105
discrimination between... 105

definition of.....(C) 124, 125
Civilization, stages of...... 10
Civil officers..

96
Civil service..

92
Coastwise trade...

76
Coin and coinage. See

Money.
Colonies:
definition of...

21
government of American. 21
Commerce, regulation of,

(C) 61, 76
Commissions..

95
Committees:

of ways and means.. 58
of appropriations... 59
other...

59
in the Senate.

50
in the House...

46

Bail, excessive..

120
Bankruptcy...

65
Bills of credit.

77
Bill of Rights...

115
Bundesrath, The German... 142

Cabinet:
of United States. See

President.

* Pages indicated by (C) refer to a certain clause of the Constitution found
there.

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