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YOUTH ADMONISHED,

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THICK-SKINNED ANIMALS.

collect the materials, the youthful the knowledge of it, that knowledge Solomon erects the edifice, and lives will always abundantly reward us. to behold it filled with clouds of Besides, our knowledge and love of glory. Design a temple for God-a the past can never be too extensive ; magnificent structure of holy deeds, for the past is our best guide to the and you may hope to live to stand future; or rather, perhaps, our best beneath its ample dome, and cause it means of so regulating the present, as to resound with the high praises of that the future will be what we God.

desire.

No class of animals now found in a living state upon the surface of our

globe, have more of this tendency to LEARN, heedless youth, thy minutes to

connect the present state of things improve,

with that which has long gone by, Nor midst the wilds of passion rove; than the “ thick-skinned ” animals, Think, when life's winter chills the purple

or Pachydermata, as they are called stream, No second spring renews the vital flame.

by systematic writers.

This name is If early virtue rectify the heart,

nothing else than a literal translation E’en age must smile, and Death no dread of “thick-skinned ” into Greek,impart.

11xxus, pachys, meaning "thickness," and deguatos, dermatos, ^ of skin.” These Greek compounds are, however,

very useful in the sciences; they are All living creatures are interesting very expressive ; they are not subin their nature, all are useful in the ject to the changes of living language ; place and element which the Creator they are known to the learned of all has assigned them, and very many nations, without translation ; they are are directly useful to man. But learned with little difficulty, and very there are some classes of them which likely the little effort which the unhave what may perhaps be considered derstanding of the name demands, a higher interest than this,-in being tends to fix the subject in the memory. the chief sources of information that Be that as it may, such is the meaning we have respecting the ancient history of the name in the present instance. of our globe, at times so very re- It must be admitted that “thickmote, that every other record is silent skinned” is a very short and imperconcerning it.

fect character upon which to define And we must not slight these me- and describe a class of animals. But, morials of the far-distant eld, and in the class alluded to, there is hardly suppose that they are fit only for the a better, at least among those exteramusement of a certain number of our nal and visible ones which are open race who appear to spend their time in to every body without any labour of the more laborious researches into the inquiry. wonders of the world, for no other ap- The number of genera of which this parent purpose than that of wondering order of animals is made up, is very at them, or getting themselves won- limited ; and many of them are so dered at in return. The wisdom and different from each other, in form, in goodness of God are co-infinite with habits, and in action, that it really aphis power; and therefore we may rest pears to be little more than a collection assured, that wherever he has placed of fragments. They are also nearly an object, which entices us to seek all very local in their distribution ;

once

means

and from the extant ones, of which the water, and the leaves and twigs the remains are met with in the of trees. It is evidently a fragment ground in countries where there are of á race

which was

more few or no native ones in the living generally distributed; for the remains state, we are led to conclude, that at of one very like that which still exists some former period of the world's in Africa, and also of some smaller history, they must have been far ones, are common in the fossil collecmore characteristic inhabitants, and tions of ancient bones in many parts the places far better adapted for them of England. than they are now.

3d. The Rhinoceros is a singular The living genera are: 1st. The animal; and “the horn on the nose, Elephant, of which there are two dis- from which it gets its name Pivos, tinct species; the one a native of rhinos

, meaning nose," and regas, the south-east of Asia, and the adja- keras, horn." There is, however, cent isles, and the other a native of another meaning of the word rhinos, southern and central Africa. The which brings us nearer to the true Asiatic one is the elephant of common character of the curious nasal horn of language. It is the more docile ani- this animal. Rhinos

skin," mal of the two, and the only one which and the horn is a growth out of, or has been brought into any sort of an appendage to, the skin only. subjection by man. It has the head The bones of the nose are indeed lengthened, the forehead concave, the greatly enlarged, and fortified for upears small, and the ivory tusks small holding this instrument; but the inin the females. The African has the strument itself is only a tuft of hairs head short and round, the ears very or bristles, soldered together, and large, and the tusks of the female without any case of bone, as there is nearly as large as

those of the in the true horns which grow upon male, they are also more compact the heads of ruminating animals, and and furnish better ivory. They also in the horny appendages to fish, live in the damp woods near the which, according to their forms, are great rivers and marshes of tropical called hoops, or nails, or claws. A countries, and feed on the tall and blow upon this horn is not, in conserank herbage, and the leaves and quence of its being attached merely young branches of trees.

to the skin, so painful as one upon a 2d. The Hippopotamus, of which true horn, and it is not liable to come there is only one living species, con- off as these sometimes do ; but it is fined to the great rivers of Africa, easily worn, and when in confinebut abundant in some of them, espe- ment, the animal, by rubbing it cially in the warmer latitudes. It is against its den, often wears it to a a large and strong animal, armed with mere stump. most formidable teeth ; but it does There are several species of these not appear to use them for any animals ; but they are all confined to warlike purpose,

either for attack or the south-east of Asia, and the centre for defence. It looks very formi- and south of Africa. One inhabits dable in the water, however; and it India, chiefly the marshy jungles' tooften does mischief on the banks, by wards the mouth of the Ganges. It pulling up part of the crops, and has but one horn, and is remarkable trampling down far more with its for a deep fold across the shoulders,

Its chief food is the roots and another in front of the thighs. It is and stumps of plants which grow in not so large as the elephant ; but it is

great feet.

Few men,

a remarkably clumsy animal; and sometimes find practised in situations though it inhabits its marshes, and feeds the most out-of-the-way for ensuring on coarse herbage in perfect tranquillity anything like success to the parties in its ordinary states, it is a terrible thus engaged, that of my acquaintance, animal when roused. The rhinoceros Mr. T. T., could not well be outdone. of Java has a single horn, like the In- Born and brought up in the city of Londian one; but it differs in the appear- don, where he had early shown a conance of the skin, which has fewer siderable taste for painting in waterfolds altogether, though there is a colours, he married rather early in very huge one on the neck, and the life the daughter of a respectable surface generally is covered over with tradesman, who, however, did not small angular tubercles. This species approve of the match she had made has not been found but in Java. A with this admirer of the fine arts. third species found in Sumatra, has T., who had calculated upon some the skin almost without folds, and pecuniary assistance from his fatherentirely without tubercles. It has a in-law, soon discovered that a wife round horn on the nose, in the rear and young family had to depend solely of the ordinary one. These have all upon his own success in the line he front or incisive teeth, of which the had adopted, namely, that of a malarge ones are two in each jaw, as in rine landscape painter. the gnawing animals. A fourth spe- with so few personal friends to pacies is found in Africa, with two horns, tronise them, and with so moderate and the skin like that of Sumatra ; a share of real talent, ever succeeded but without any incisive teeth, either | better than did the subject of this palarge or small.

per; and for many years he continued These are all animals of very great perfectly satisfied with the situation strength ; but it does not appear that he found himself occupying in the there is any possibility of turning that eyes of the public, and of an enlarged strength to any purpose of use to man. and improved circle of friends and The animals belong to wild nature, acquaintances. While he found it and their place even in that is a very necessary to devote all his time and peculiar one.

energies to his profession, in order to The three genera which we have provide for the comforts and necessinoted form the most peculiar section ties of an increasing family, he had of the living pachydermata. But no opportunities to attend to matters there are some extinct species of all entirely foreign to his situation. But or most of these; and there are other when his success in business gave analogous genera which are also ex- him more leisure to meddle with tinct. The relations between them other people's affairs, and, forand the existing ones, are among the sooth, to canvas national projects means that we have of tracing the and matters of high state, then, for connexion between the past state of the first time, he began to grumble our globe and the present.

and fret at his situation. For some years he continued to attend political

clubs and meetings, where he imbibed

EXEMPLI- ultra-radical notions, and strong preFIED IN A SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF judices against kingly forms of goT. T., THE ARTIST.

vernment: and falling in with some Of the many unlikely trades, occu- recently published works in favour of pations, and professions, which we particular settlements in the United

TALENTS

MISDIRECTED:

came

no

was

States, he was not long in making up exhausted. He had not been long an his mind on the subject; for the inhabitant of that part of the world, following year he was on his way to before he began to suspect that he that country of " liberty and equal- might-in spite of the national debt, lity;"! and during the same, summer and enormous taxation of his native he purchased a tract of land, and be country--have been almost as com

a settler in the then newly- fortably situated as he found himself established British Settlement.

in the land of freedom." This susFor a time he was amused, and picion, however, he took care to keep perhaps gratified, by the appearance from the knowledge of his wife and of every thing wild and new around family; but to them, poor souls, no him ;-but he gave up the profession such surmise was necessary to conthat had so long maintained his family vince them, that they had exchanged respectably, and turned “gentleman all the comforts and delights of farmer.” Knowing nothing, however, London, for a thousand privations about farming, even in his own coun- and hardships they had already entry, it could not be expected that he countered. could know much in the country he To be sure, he was worse had adopted. In the first place, it off than many of his countrymen, necessary

that the immense who had, like himself, been inveigled forest-trees should be removed from into that miserable part of the counthe soil which they encumbered, and try, by the shameless misrepresentathat required a knowledge, and a tions practised, but too successfully, muscular power, which Mr. T. and by artful and designing individuals. his young family did not possess. But this was but poor consolation, To be sure, at the commencement of when he looked forward to the time his farming career, he possessed a when he would not be able to procure small sum in cash, which he had pru- even the commonest necessaries of dently intended to keep as a contingent life, much less many of the little fund; but he had been assured by comforts and luxuries of his native the ever-plausible land-jobber, that city. He once more, therefore, turned the produce of his farm would be his thoughts to the profession he had quite sufficient for the maintenance of laid aside when he first joined the his family. And so it might be, settlement: but what prospect of some fifteen or twenty years hence; success could he reasonably hope for but T. had not calculated or rather here? The marine of the backwoods was not aware- —that it would require consisted of here and there a small that length of time before the stumps of lake, surrounded by tall, but unthe trees could be ploughed up, and the picturesque forest-trees; with probaland levelled and brought into a state of bly some hollowed-out old pine-tree, common cultivation. But there is an as the only vessel ever navigating old saying, "while the grass grows their still and lonely waters. Here the horse starves,” which might be was not much real material for the very aptly applied in the present artist's pencil; but certainly much case; for when T. found that the space for the imagination to luxuriate trees were absolutely to be cut down, in. But T.'s imagination was a matand burnt, before anything could be ter-of-fact one; so that he could not raised upon his farm, he was obliged get beyond introducing a few aquatic to apply to his little fund before men- birds, and, perhaps, hoisting a small tioned, which soon became completely sail in the hollowed-out old pine-tree.

This new

But, admitting that there had been make a new experiment, at his friend's scenes and situations well adapted for suggestion; and, actually this time a display of the talents of our artist, succeeded beyond his expectations. something peculiarly necessary to- To be sure, they had not been very wards the chief end and aim of his art high. In the course of six months would have been wanting-a market he“ took” some three or four dozen and demand for his pictures! The land of the settlers, --in water-colours,jobber always professed to be an en- of various sizes and finishes, for courager of the fine arts, and was in- which he was paid in rye, wheat, duced to purchase the few really cre- Indian corn, buckwheat, potatoes, ditable pieces from T.'s portfolio ; but butter, wool, and flax, with sundry as he had a demand against the artist small quantities of meat. for some portion of the land he had project procured him sufficient stores sold him, he simply gave him credit for house-keeping purposes for a in his books for the sum agreed whole year: for, besides the numerous upon for the pictures; and the poor jobs he had among the farmers, he painter received not one dollar of cash was also patronised by some of the for what had cost him weeks, nay, shop-keepers in the distant little town months, of unremitted labour. He of M- who paid him for their would, at times, attempt something portraits in such goods as he might quite out of his line of performances, want out of their stores. But alas! but certainly more in character with this business of portrait-painting could the scenes by which he was sur- not last for ever ; for, after the first rounded, and succeeded in producing run, it was discovered that very few some strange looking scenes in the of the portraits resembled the origiwilderness-always taking care to in- nals; besides, nearly all that were troduce a sufficient number of the capable of paying a few bushels of “ beasts of the forest” into the fore-grain, or two or three sheep, had alground. These pieces were certainly ready sat to Mr T., and very few new of a character calculated to gain ap- settlers came amongst them. probation with the native Americans; Portrait-painting, therefore, became a but the great difficulty occurred,—the thing out of date; and no kind friend want of cash to become possessed of was able to strike out anything new, them.

in order that the artist's talents The artist was now at a loss in might not be idle. It could not be which way to make his talents of the done! and want, which had often smallest account in that part of the threatened his family, actually got world; but, a lady, a countrywoman possession of his white-washed cotof his, persuaded him that he could tage. He and his boys exerted thempaint very beautiful and correct "selves to compel a few acres of miserportraits.' " And, although,” argued able soil to produce sufficient grain she, very sensibly, “the inhabitants and potatoes for a scanty sustenance ; of our district will not be capable of but it could not be done; and the paying you the cash for your pro- following season, which brought Mrs. ductions, yet I feel very confident T. a small remittance from her friends that few of them would not be willing in England, saw the distressed family to pay you a moderate consideration escape from the British Settlement, for your services in grain, or labour, and shortly afterwards settle in the or some other sort of farm-produce.” city of New York. His marine talents

T., good-naturedly, was willing to were there once more called into suc

now

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