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our breast that little spark of celestial fire, Scripture; and, indeed, the whole of the called conscience."-Q.

sacred Volume tends, either directly or in“I think the last regulation, namely, 'La- directly, to show us its desirableness, and to bour to keep alive in your breast that little

make us possessors of it.”—W.J. W. spark of celestial fire, called conscience,'

“Dear Sir, the most important; as it is by conscience alone that we are guided through all the sidered myself much in the same situation as

“On reading your second exercise, I condangers of life, and kept clear from the an epicure, possessing the most refined and mazes of sin.

And if it is to be the gnaw- fastidious taste, seated at a table covered ings of an evil conscience that will constitute with viands of every sort, and from every the chief miseries of hell, surely we may ex- clime; greedy of all, and at a loss to depect that a pure conscience will heighten termine which should first claim his attenthe felicities of heaven, and say, with St. tion, he sits for some time motionless. At Paul in 2 Corinthians, "That our rejoicing last, however, he rises with the resolution of is this,—the testimony of our conscience.'

going gradually down the table, and care- Discipulus.

fully surveying every dish. On arriving at “ I conceive the fourth rule to be of least the bottom of the table, he finds the best dish importance, and one that often is, and may there, and selects it immediately. be, disregarded, without occasioning any very

“Following his example, I persevered to serious mischief to society. It is as fol- the end, and found the last rule of the first lows:- In writing or speaking, give to every importance. person his due title, according to his degree, For, unless this sacred flame of conscience and the custom of the place. Now, the rea- is kept alive, our hearts will become cold and son why I think this rule of little importance, lifeless, and our duty, both to our Maker, and one that may very reasonably be dis- ourselves, and our fellow-creatures, will be pensed with, is, that many of the titles and neglected. As well may we expect regudistinctive appellations known in the world, larity from a watch with its main-spring as applied to men and things, are in them- broken, or 'good fruit from a corrupt tree, selves absurd, and at variance with common as that the most important and essential of


Were a Friend to look over the the rules above-mentioned will be observed, if several rules, and decide on their merits, conscience be disregarded. this one would be pronounced most fit to be “But by a due observance of its dictates, expunged. I would write and speak of all in dependance upon divine grace, the others men in a courteous, respectful manner; but will naturally follow, and we shall be enthe due titles,' by which some persons claim abled to reverence our Maker, honour and to be addressed, are ridiculous, and have no obey our parents, respect our superiors, be warrant from Scripture.

courteous to our equals, and generous to our “ The most important rule of the list, I inferiors. take to be this:-Labour to keep alive in

“Let us, therefore, strive to have our your breast that little spark of celestial fire, hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, by called conscience.' This faculty, though it means of earnest prayer, .and frequent study frequently slumbers, and is sometimes óseared, of that word which does as with a hot iron, yet it is never quite extinct. It is a light, which lighteth every

• The choicest rules impart to keep the con

science clear.' man,' and it cannot be entirely “quenched. Therefore, by labouring to keep it alive, I Let us endeavour, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, understand that we are to be attentive to its to follow the example of the Apostle, and monitions, and to strive to have at all times constantly labour to have a conscience void of • the answer of a good conscience towards offence towards God, and towards men,' knowGod.' Taking the resolution in this sense, I ing that the end of the commandment is think it will appear to be the most important charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conof all; because, if the conscience be in a science, and of faith unfeigned.' right state, and its voice—which is said to “ That both myself, and all the readers of be the voice of God-be heeded, we shall not your valuable periodical may follow the emiact amiss; for it will regulate our whole de- nent compiler of the above resolutions, as portment, and secure the right and full per- far as he followed Christ; and that they may formance of all the duties and courtesies of not only be impressed upon our memories, life.

but written on our hearts, and practised in “The having of 'a good conscience'- our lives, is the sincere desire of, which is what I take to be chiefly implied by “ Your respectful Correspondent, the resolution—is frequently spoken of in

“ J. C. W."

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proceeded from small beginnings, and under THE GLASGOW YOUNG MEN's socieTY.

various vicissitudes of increase and decline.

It now consists of seventeen Associations of From a short account of this Society, appended to a sermon preached in its behalf, young men, in the city and suburbs. The by Mr. Greville Ewing, we learn that “its number attending in each society is various,

from six to object is the associating, in little fellowship

wards of twenty. The library meetings, of Young Men who have left the consists of about three hundred volumes. Sabbath-school, or the parental roof, and are

Having lately received considerable accession,

we have the prospect of forming several consequently more peculiarly exposed to the allurements and snares of a world lying in new associations. I am preparing an address

which we mean wickedness.”

to circulate among the By thus forming friendships founded on various Sabbath-school Teachers in the town religious principles, and by the study of the and neighbourhood, to be read by them to word of God, and the exercise of devotion, the elder scholars, to whom we look principally they may hope to receive wisdom to direct for our future members, and for whose bethem, and grace to help them in every time nefit our Society was originally projected. of need; and thus be enabled to live We have reason to bless God for his goodness soberly, righteously, and godly, in this pre- aries to preach the Gospel to the Heathens;

We have sent forth several Missionsent evil world,” and to let their light so shine before men, that others seeing their we have sent forth various preachers of the good works, may glorify their father, who is everlasting Gospel at home; and we have furin heaven.”

nished a goodly number of Sabbath-school This Society is founded on the most liberal Teachers; and our members are actively enprinciples, and contains all denominations of gaged in various religious and benevolent evangelical Christians. It has uniformly

societies. Indeed, I consider our Society endeavoured to preserve the “unity of the as a nursery of active youth, of every respirit in the bond of peace;

" and while its ligious and benevolent institution. Indeed, office-bearers and members are composed I know of no society that I would place both of Churchmen and Dissenters, they higher in the scale of general usefulness; have never allowed the “ wrath of man,

and if you, with your zeal and experience, which worketh not the righteousness of form and put into active operation, a similar God,” to divert them from the great object calculate the advantages that may result

institution in London, I cannot attempt to of promoting the best interests of the young.

The following extract of a letter from the from it; or the glory that may thereby reSecretary of the Society to D. Nasmith, and for whom all that we can do is so in

dound to Him who has done so much for us, Esq., contains a brief sketch of its history:“With respect to the formation of our

finitely short of his claims on our love and Society, as you were its prime mover, you

gratitude. will, no doubt, recollect something about it.

“I am, my dear Sir, The first Minute is dated February 13th,1824,

“ Your's, very truly,

“John FLEMING.” when a plan was submitted for its regulation, which is engrossed in the minute of that date. In this plan the leading object of the FORMATION OF A YOUNG MEN'S Society, Society is stated to be, to encourage and prepare young men for entering upon the On the 13th of December, a public meetvarious active duties of Christian philanthro- ing was held in Prince's Street Chapel, Mr. phy, such as the circulating of religious S. Blunderfield in the chair, for the purpose tracts, visiting those in bad health, and of forming a society in Norwich, when a reading the Scriptures to them, and con- series of resolutions were passed, and the neversing with them on religious subjects, cessary officers appointed. under the designation of the Glasgow Young The meeting was numerously attended, Men's Society for religious purposes. After and a considerable degree of interest was submitting the plan to persons of approved manifested. judgment and piety, it was agreed to confine The Committee proceeded to take the rethe operations of the Society to the religious quisite steps for the formation of Associations, improvement of its members ; leaving them and accordingly six have been instituted. to use their individual exertions in whatever Other Associations are in course of formaway they might consider best for promoting tion, and will be organized as soon as suitable the interest of the Redeemer's kingdom. Presidents can be provided. With this view the articles were reduced to Meetings have been held by all the above nearly their present form, and adopted at a Associations, and several interesting papers, meeting in March, 1824. Our Society has we understand, have been read by members.



and every

Among the arrangements contemplated to of usefulness in single life, seems to have be carried into effect at a convenient oppor- been marked out by the dispensations of tunity, is the establishment of a Library, with Providence; but happily we do not live in Reading-room, &c., to be accessible to all the an age or country in which we are in danger members of the several Associations. of imbibing the notion, that the adoption of

that mode of life is the highest effort of virtue or piety.

Whatever might be the sentiments of the CHARACTER THE BEST SECURITY. author, his verses are quite capable of being

read in the justest sense, as the eulogium of “ I owe my success in business chiefly to that virtuous self-control, which regulates you,” said a Stationer to a Paper-maker, as the passions of youth by the dictates of reathey were settling a large account; " but let son and religion; or, as another poet nobly me ask how a man of your caution came to sings,– give credit so freely to a beginner with my slender means?” • Because,” replied the

6 Which tames and breaks them, manages and

rides them, at whatever hour in the Paper-maker, morning I passed to my business, I always

Checks their career, and turns and guides observed you without your coat at yours.”

them, I knew both parties. Different men will

And bids our reason bridle their licentious have different degrees of success;

force." man must expect to experience ebbs and

The concluding stanzas of Buchanan's flows; but I fully believe that no one in this ode, are but the echo of those words of incountry, of whatever condition, who is really spiration, which so solemnly remind us, that attentive, and what is of great importance, the world and all the objects of human dewho lets it appear that he is so, can fail in sire and pursuit, are transitory and fleeting ; the long run. Pretence is ever bad; but but " he that doeth the will of God, abideth there are many who obscure their good qua- for ever.” lities by a certain carelessness, or even an

I am, Sir, affected indifference, which deprives them of

Yours, &c., the advantages they would otherwise infallibly

The TRANSLATOR. reap, and then they complain of the injustice of the world. The man, who conceals or disguises his merit, and yet expects to have credit for it, might as well expect to be Chastity!-victress of the guileful passion, thought clean in his person, if he chose to go Chastity !--mirror of the life primæval, covered with filthy rags. The world will not, When the stainless kingdoms were with a and cannot in great measure, judge but by golden appearances ; and worth must stamp itself,

Progeny peopled! if it hopes to pass current, even against baser metal.

Chastity !--model of the life approaching,
When the pure essence, over death triumph-




Joined with pure members shall reside in MAGAZINE.

mansions SIR,

High and resplendent ! With my best wishes for the success of your interesting publication, I beg to offer Thou alone fearest not the shafts of beauty : you the following stanzas, which may per- At the stern empire of the grave thou smilest, haps serve to fill up a corner. They are a well-knowing thou must, from the tomb translation of one of the most admired lyrical emerging, pieces of the celebrated George Buchanan ;

Rise but the greater. from the Latin. I am not without a suspicion that the author intended to sing the Live everlastingly a life recovered; praise of Celibacy, a mode of life which I Pure with pure angels, and from trees imhave no wish to promote amongst the youth

mortal ful part of society. There will always be Pluck the fruits they do, -of the life angelic, individuals for whom a path of happiness and

Emulous long since.

Loudon : R. Needham, Printer, 1, Belle-Sauvage-Yard, Ludgate-Hill.

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THE SUPERIOR FACILITIES OF YOUNG Now of all classes of society,

MEN FOR USEFULNESS. divided according to age, you possess

(Continued from puge 52.) that great element of usefulness, inIn our address on this subject, fluence, in a surpassing degree. For, contained in the last number, we spe- first, You possess


charactercified the following characteristics of istics which are most powerful in exyoung men as eminently conducive, citing and engaging sympathywhen accompanied by religion, to a namely, ardour, vivacity, and activity. life of usefulness:—their buoyancy and Age operates by the weight of its energy, their readiness to adopt new maxims, and its reputation for expeplans of activity, and their disin-rience. It makes its appeals to the terested friendships and cordial co- slow-moving judgment, and waits for operation. To these we will now the decision. But ardour-itself a add two others. You are powerful in flame-sets every thing on fire around the influence which you possess. it; and not unfrequently converts even Mutual dependence is the law of the the judgment itself into fuel for anuniverse. The particle of dust which swering its own ends. Second: You we heedlessly tread beneath our foot, associate chiefly with those who are propagates its influence beyond the most susceptible of influence—those Georgium Sidus, and is felt through of your own age. For, another of all space, in the remotest regions of the laws of nature, so obvious that it the universe. The man who, from has grown into a proverb, is, that his obscurity of station and feeble- “ like should associate with like.” ness of powers, is the last to attract So that in mingling with your youththe notice of society, is yet the centre ful cotemporaries, you enjoy all the of an ever-radiating influence : that advantage of working in fire; of influence does not terminate with operating, not on the cold and harhimself, but extends to all within his dened steel of age,

but on the ore of circle ; each of these becomes a fresh humanity in its molten state-on the centre from which the influence ema- fused material of youth. Third : nates again, and is propagated on- Another of the divine appointments is, wards ; and though propelled by new that we should not only prefer the motives, and modified by new society of our coevals, but that we circumstances at each stage of the should exercise a greater influence transmission, and soon lost perhaps over them, than any other class posto the eye of man, it still goes on in sesses. As matter operates upon silent, perhaps, but certain operation, matter, and mind acts upon mind, so to the very outermost circle of sen- minds of the same age most readily tient existence.

own each other's influence. The child VOL. I.


was more

loves and understands the child ; the many of them arise and answer the aged listen to the maxims, and con- summons, but the shadows of the fide in the judgment of the aged ; evening of life remind them that it is and the young feel most at ease in the too late. Life, with you, is yet in its society of the young. They need early morning—the day is before you. little introduction to each other. Eye Your sun, indeed, may go down while meets eye ; and, by a secret sympa- yet it is day, and you ought to stand thy, heart meets heart; and each re- prepared for the event.

But as, at signs to the other the key of his present, it is only rising in the horibosom. And, fourth : Whatever in- zon, your plans of Christian activity fluence you now possess, you have should be formed on the calculation the prospect of possessing it for that you have yet twelve hours in years to come; and the means of which you can work. augmenting it through each successive The reign of Alfred has been called year.

Influence is a seed; and a study for Kings. It is equally a though yours, at present, may be the study for every young man. For not least of all seeds, by careful cultiva- only is the source of his greatness tion, and the fertilizing blessing of traceable to his early life, but, if it be God, it may become the greatest of owing to one thing more than to anoall trees, affording shade and shelter ther, it was to a wise economy of time. to many

How important, then, that “ No one,” says Milton, it should be “wholly a right seed.” frugal than he of two precious things

You are rich in the prospect of in man's life,his time, and his revemany days to come. Life is an in- nue; no man wiser in the distribuheritance of which you have only just tion of both.” In an important sense, taken possession. A writer of a it may be said that his time was his hundred and fifty years ago, com- revenue ; and it was his wise distriplained, concerning the whole com-bution and economy of this, that pass of time, that it was too late to principally enabled him to achieve be ambitious—too near the evening those wonders of learning, legislation, of the world ; that had we lived be- government, and moral heroism, which fore the meridian of time we should so justly entitled him to be called have had ample scope for our designs; the Great, But every young man but that, living now, when the last has the same royal revenue of time. sands of time are running out, the In this respect you are an Alfred : great events of providence are over, economize your time, and become and the remainder of the world's great, Let your motto be that of duration would be too short for the Italian philosopher, " time is my achieving fame, or for the accom- estate ;and plant it with what trees plishment of any distinguished pur- you will—even the almond that bears poses. But, on the contrary, we best in old age-monly plant it at find that as time advances, events once, and you may hope to live to sit multiply, and opportunities for dis- in its shade, and to enjoy its fruit, tinction and usefulness increase. Al- when (in the beautiful language of most all the great movements of sacred allegory) your own almond Providence seem reserved for the last tree shall flourish,”—your head shall hours of time. A thousand trumpet- be white with the blossoms of old tongues call on us to take part in the age. The father and the son may passing scenes. The aged hear most alike design a temple for God; but of the calls in vain. Gladly would while the aged David can only live to

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