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Toiling obedient, till long hours so spent
Produce exhaustion's slumber dull and deep.
The watcher's stroke,—bold-sudden-violent, —

Urges him from that lethargy of sleep,
And bids him wake to life,-to labour and to weep!

But the day hath its end. Forth then he hies
With jaded, faltering step, and brow of pain ;
Creeps to that shed,—his home, -where happy lies
The sleeping babe that cannot toil for gain ;
Where his remorseful mother tempts in vain
With the best portion of their frugal fare ;
Too sick to eat-too weary to complain-

He turns him idly from the untasted share,
Slumbering sinks down unfed, and mocks her useless care.

Weeping she lifts, and lays his heavy head
(With all a woman's grieving tenderness)
On the hard surface of his narrow bed;
Bends down to give a sad unfelt caress,
And turns away ;-willing her God to bless,
That, weary as he is, he need not fight
Against that long-enduring bitterness,

The voluntary labour of the night,
But sweetly slumber on till day's returning light.”





MEN'S London, and it is a prominent feature


in the Society's arrangements to have, “in

some one or more districts of the metropolis, Address to Young Men.

a sermon preached to young men on every

Sabbath evening." Auxiliary Societies have The objects of this Society are to afford been formed at Plymouth, at Exeter, and at you an opportunity of acquiring moral and Norwich ; and it is intended to organize intellectual instruction by which your good societies of young men on scriptural principrinciples may be strengthened and your ples for the purpose of mutual improvement minds improved; of providing the means by and doing good, first in London; and then to which those whose principles are not yet hold out a helping hand to maintain correscorrupted, may be led to cherish Christian pondence with all who are willing to act on, benevolence and cultivate Christian activity ; and carry out, our plans in their own and means for the recovery of those who cities, towns, and villages. The Periodihave wandered from the path of virtue. cal published by the Society, will be contiAlready have Young Men's Societies been nued monthly, and will be especially devoted formed in America, on the Continent, in to the discussion of questions in which England, Ireland, and Scotland. London young men are likely to feel most interested, now numbers among her best institutions namely, Religious, Literary, and Scientific several Young Men's Societies. But all the subjects; Correspondence opened with auxiother institutions of the kind, however excel- liary and kindred societies, and other valuable lent, (and with unfeigned pleasure we rejoice and interesting communications bearing in the good they have done and are doing,) | directly on the best means of promoting are more or less confined in their operations, virtuous principle, and elevating the “standwhile the British and Foreign Young Men's ard of public feeling in favour of correct Society have chosen not only the metropolis, morals.” It is intended to obtain as many not only the united kingdoms of England, rooms as circumstances may justify in the Irelan and Scotland, but the world four districts into which the committee have as the sphere of their operations. This divided the metropolis, each room to contain Society was established only last July; since a Library, and in which Lectures on various which period 16,000 scripture handbills useful and popular subjects shall be delivered have been published; sermons have been to young men by gentlemen of talent. Moral preached to young men in every part of young men coming from the country, and


those leaving the family circle in town, may, cause it is impossible that they can go into by applying at the Society's office, be di- the market with the same advantage, or rected to comfortable accommodation in make their purchases on the same terms as houses under the management of persons of though they were to be paid at an early period piety and kind dispositions.

in the course of the day, but it is the origin of much of that revolting intemperance which is visible on the morning, and in fact during the whole course of Sunday. Were this

custom abandoned, a very large proportion It is high time that a resolute stand of the wages now squandered away in the should be made against certain injurious and tap-room or the gin-shop, would be devoted to irrational social customs, which, so long as the promotion of domestic comfort and they prevail to their existing extent, present peace. a truly formidable obstacle to the final tri- The fifth custom is that of paying wages umph of temperance. The following are the in public-houses. This custom is tantacustoms to which we allude:

mount to an intolerable tax, both on the reThe first custom is that which prevails in sources and the morals of that part of the many respectable families, of giving ardent operative community which is cursed by its spirits to persons employed in occasional influence. When wages are paid in a publicdomestic services. By this agency, ruin- house, it is almost universally expected that ous habits of intemperance have frequently part of those wages should be spent, as it is callbeen formed in the cases of porters, char- ed, “ for the good of the house;" and thus the women, &c.; and by the same agency, in- gross amount of those wages is not only matemperate propensities already contracted, terially reduced, but, in countless instances, have been fearfully established and in the reign of intemperance is established, the creased.

individual character is depraved, and doThe second custom is that of offering mestic virtue and happiness are destroyed. drams, or producing spirituous liquors under The payment of wages late on Saturday a mistaken estimate of hospitality. Thus, nights, and the payment of wages in publicin many circles, if a friend make his ap- houses, are the means of accumulating a mass pearance, he must be dosed with ardent of guilt from which the mind recoils with spirits—while he remains, he must be dosed / dismay. with ardent spirits -- when he takes his de- The sixth custom, which is confined of parture, he

must be dosed with ardent course exclusively to working men, is that of spirits. Delusive hospitality! which puts connecting entrances into particular trades an enemy down a friend's throat to steal away or particular departments of trade, with drinkhis brains. Delusive hospitality! which, to ing bouts. Thus there are numerous "footobviate the imputation of niggardliness, en- ings,” “fines,” &c., which are almost always dangers the destruction of the body and the devoted to debauchery, and to the cherishing soul.

of the most ruinous habits of extravagance. The third custom is that of rendering This custom is associated with many others every important occurrence in social life an of a similar character, which our operative occasion of drinking. In what numberless readers will immediately remember, and instances are births, baptisms, entering upon which we have no space at present to describe. situations, liberation from apprenticeships,

The seventh custom is that of holding the the forming of partnerships, the ratification meetings of benefit societies, trade societies, of bargains, marriages, natal and matrimo- literary societies, &c., &c., in taverns and nial anniversaries, and even the celebration public-houses. It is of the utmost importof the funeral rights of the dead—how oftenance to the temperance cause, and to the are all these events made, if not the scenes general good of the whole population of the of absolute excess, at any rate the means of country, that in London, and in all provincial accelerating the progress and extending the towns, commodious buildings or apartments influence of intemperance !

should be prepared, in which the members of The fourth custom is that of paying wa- these societies may regularly hold their ges late on Saturday nights. Against this meetings, without being compelled to throw custom, which prevails to a deplorable ex-away, upon the spirit-cask or the ale-barrel, tent both in London and the large provincial that which might be infinitely more usefully manufacturing towns, it is absolutely ne- employed. cessary that all the friends of the temperance

The eighth custom is that of resorting, in cause should unanimously and incessantly almost every case of real or fancied ailment, protest. Not only is this custom injurious to the spirit-bottle. How general is the to the comfort of the working classes, be- practice of recommending and taking spirits

I am


when there are pains in the stomach, or pains Pope's-running through my mind the whole in the head, or pains in any other part of the evening; it was this: corporeal structure; when the individual is

And diamonds glitter on an anxious breast. wet or when he is dry ; when he suffers from cold or from heat; when he is either at home “Now, Julia, I am amazed!” or abroad; whenever he is either elated or “ Shame and remorse are the disturbers of depressed; when he either wants an appetite my peace.” or has gorged himself into indigestion. All I was thunderstruck. What! that beauthis valetudinarian drinking cannot be too tiful, gay, light-hearted creature wretched, strongly condemned. Ardent spirit, it is and that on account of sin ! true, may be used medicinally, but let it be I was absent three weeks, and when I rerecollected that in this case “every man is turned she was a devout Christian. I sought not to be his own doctor;” or else an apology a renewal of our conversation. She seemed is directly afforded for the most inveterate so grave, I thought she could not be happy, spirit-drinkers in the world, for they will very and expressed my apprehension that she readily declare that they never drink, except might be deluded. to “do themselves good!” Away with these “ Why, uncle,” said she, “do I not know frivolous excuses for personal indulgence !- that the deepest waters run stillest ? British and Foreign Temperance Advocate. satisfied. What a word that is ! yes, satisfied.

There are other causes of intemperance not You cannot understand me, but by doing as noticed in the above. One of these is the the Psalmist recommends: "Taste and see silly and pernicious habit of drinking toasts that the Lord is gracious.”” at public dinners. The tables of the Lace- I sought God, and found it as she had said. demonians are called by Plutarch, schools of sobriety, where the young were taught temper

But public dinners, among us—a re- THE Blush Or Modesty is nature's fined and Christian nation--are little better alarm at the approach of sin, and her testithan schools for teaching drinking. In the mony to the dignity of virtue. language of a popular journal of the day, we Schools IN AMERICA.—According to will add, that we are not so sanguine as to authentic accounts, the number of children expect to see this venerable and vicious usage in America, destitute of education, is about abated to any great degree, until society at equal to that of the more fortunate who large has undergone a change for the better- obtain it. More than 1,000,000 is stated to until a horror and contempt of dram-drink- be the number of the former. Of these, ing has been inculcated in the moral training 250,000 are to be found in Pennsylvania, of the young. The old are pretty nearly 18,000 in the State of New York, and 13,000 hopeless: temperance associations must ad- also in the city of New York. In Indiana, dress themselves vigorously to the task of it is contended, there are 22,000 children; enforcing infant education, there a glorious and in Illinois, 20,000 who cannot read; and field lies before them.

nearly the same number of full-grown persons in the same situation. New Jersey has 11,500 children without any kind of education; and in Kentucky, in 1833, about one

third of all the children were in the same “ Are you happy?" said I to my niece. “ No, uncle, I am only gay."

lamentable condition. “ But you have friends, kind friends; FECUNDITY OF SCHOOLS.-M. Abrahamchoice books, and taste for reading son, the great scholastic philanthropist of them: time cannot hang heavily on your Denmark, who was the first to introduce the hands."



blessings of mutual instruction into that “ I know it would seem that I ought to be country, states a most interesting fact as happy, but I am not. I seem to be afflicted connected with the spread of education, and, by the troubles of my friends; but something we cannot doubt, with the march of intellect. prevents me from entering with full satisfac- Out of a single school, founded in the early tion into their joys.”

part of the year 1819, seven had sprung up “ But your company is sought, and highly before it closed; in 1820 the number had appreciated; and when I saw you last evening, increased to 11; in 1821, to 15; in 1822, to glittering with jewels, and surrounded by ad- 35: in 1823, to 244; in 1824, to 605; in mirers, you seemed to be happy."

1825, to 1143; in 1826, to 1545; in 1827, “ So I did seem happy, but I was not; and to 2003; in 1828, to 2302; and at the end there was a line of poetry-I think it is of 1829, to 2646.

Loudon : R. Needham, Irinter, I, Belle Sauvage-Yard, Luvigate-Hill.



No. 2.]


[Vol. I.


combined; and therefore the right

exercise of it, must depend much on To understand aright the various an accurate knowledge of those other relations in which we severally stand, elements of our condition. is the first element of true and prac- Let it further be considered, that tical wisdom. Our primary and chief for such influence, or power of affectrelation is, that to God our Creator-ing others to any extent, we are resout of it flow all others, in their se- ponsible. It is a talent committed to veral forms—and therefore it is said, us by the Creator and Disposer of all that “the fear of the Lord is the be- things. We are, in the very fact of ginning of wisdom;" that is, that the our receiving it, enjoying it, holding man who knows and fulfils his relation it, or transacting in any way with it, to his God, will be truly wise in all binding ourselves virtually as accountother relations of life, and fitted for able to Him for its use according to their discharge.

its right end. That end is, the It is right also to contemplate the doing of good according to God's position which we occupy in the pro- will; and if we seek not, or do not vidence of God, and in reference to that good, we are accountable for the the world around us. For that posi- neglect or failure, and must in that tion, besides its own native import- state “fall into the hands of the living ance, involves also the foregoing rela- God," which in such circumstances tions; and it being occupied, not by must be a “ fearful thing." Thus it chance, but by the will of God, for is written, “ To him that knoweth to some specific end worthy of him who do good, and doeth it not, to him it ruleth all, it becomes us to inquire is sin.' into it, and keep it present to our This responsibility men in geminds in fulfilling our several rela- neral do not regard. There is a certions; that the knowledge of our posi- tain selfishness in fallen man, which tion may help to guide us in our dis- leads him mainly to pursue after his charge of duty.

own individual interests—and these There is besides this a certain hu- of a very low and temporary kind, man influence, which each man pos- heedless of that influence which this sesses-often unco

consciously to him- pursuit of his may be exerting over self—and which, through the sympa- many around bim, even to their prethies and circumstances of humanity, sent misery and future destruction ; is continually diffusing itself around, or there is a certain inconsiderateness This influence results much from the where selfishness may not be so proconstitution of man, the relations of minent or evident, which leaves a man society, and his position in providence unconsciously, though not irresponsi



bly, to overlook his relations and po- racter,—ever ready to begin and enter sition in the world, “and to tie up in upon that which is new. Manhood the napkin” that talent of influence often becomes jealous and distrustful, with which he might have traded. -or having taken up its path and pur

To this latter snare Youth is pe- suit, will seldom begin a new one, culiarly subject. Inconsiderateness unless it can calculate results to the is so generally found to be a cha- end ;—but youth, like the young bird, racteristic of it, that a thoughtful, re- is for trying new flights, and is ever flective, and considerate young man, ready to plan and scheme, or to fall is generally marked in his circle, and in with that which is devised for it, spoken of on that ground alone. The either for good or evil. How importpartial development of energy, un- ant that this inceptive tendency should consciousness of the effects and re- be laid hold of, and directed in its sults of power, inexperience of how aims and efforts ! much is done by a little, and a cer- Nor may we overlook that youth tain native modesty of spirit, often stands in a certain suppletory relation combine in many a Christian youth, to the rest of human society that is, whose heart has been given to Christ, it is ever filling up the vacancies of in leading to the useless expen- human life, and supplying the places diture or retention of much useful of those that fall.

If then the preenergy, or to the producing or con- sent generation of manhood be comfirming of a certain inconsiderateness paratively good (which it is not), of as to the general welfare of the world, how much importance that the supand honour of their Lord, while pur- pletory ranks of youth—so soon to suing their several callings.

succeed the former, to fill their whole And yet youth is a season or stage space in the world—be not only as of human life, peculiarly important good, but better than they! And if and fitted for usefulness; one in the present generation be evil, and which most good may be either done like the old race of stiff-necked Isor undone. Let us briefly remind raelites, doomed for their unbelief to our youthful readers of some of those perish in the wilderness, how tremencharacteristics which peculiarly mark dously important that the generation out the importance of that period of of those who are twenty years and our existence.

under, should be a God-fearing and Youth is formative ;-like the twig Christ-loving race; who shall take that has sprung up, it is but taking possession even of an earthly Canaan, its set, and forming its future cha- in the Lord's name, and fill our cities, racter. Manhood is already steeped our villages, our mountains, and our and cooled as metal that has been plains, our warehouses, countingcast: youth is yet but in a molten state, houses, and banks, our shops, our and but streaming forth in its fervour marts, our wharfs, and our ships, our into the moulds of human fashion and medical, legal, scientific and literary pursuit. How important then to lay departments of pursuit, with succeshold of that which is yet waiting to sors, holy in their character, and take its shape, and ready to be blessed in their influence, and whose moulded by circumstances and asso- whole business shall be the Lord's ciations, We speak now not of the service! moral bias, but of the more natural There is in youth too a certain temperament of youth !

buoyancy and sanguineness of temYouth too is of an inceptive cha- perament, which qualify it, under due

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