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SPEEDY TRIAL ACT OF 1974

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CRIME

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
NINETY-THIRD CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

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Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1974

41-066 O

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey, Chairman
HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan
JACK BROOKS, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Mlinois
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York
DON EDWARDS, California

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana JEROME R. WALDIE, California

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

WILEY MAYNE, Iowa JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California

TRENT LOTT, Mississippi ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts HAROLD V. FROEHLICH, Wisconsin CHARLES B. RANGEL, New York

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California BARBARA JORDAN, Texas

JOSEPH J. MARAZITI, New Jersey
RAY THORNTON, Arkansas

DELBERT L. LATTA, Ohio
ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN, New York
WAYNE OWENS, Utah
EDWARD MEZVINSKY, Iowa

JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, General Counsel
GARDNER J. CLINE, Associate General Counsel

HERBERT FUCHS, Counsel
WILLIAM P. SHATTUCK, Counsel
H. CHRISTOPHER NOLDE, Counsel

ALAN A. PARKER, Counsel

JAMES F. FALCO, Counsel
MAURICE A. BARBOZA, Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, Counsel

THOMAS E. MOONEY, Counsel
MICHAEL W. BLOMMER, Counsel

ALEXANDER B. COOK, Counsel
CONSTANTINE J. GEKAS, Counsel
ALAN F. COFFEY, Jr., Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CRIME

JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan, Chairman PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine CHARLES B. RANGEL, New York

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York RAY THORNTON, Arkansas

HAROLD V. FROEHLICH, Wisconsin WAYNE OWENS, Utah

JOSEPH J. MARAZITI, New Jersey
MAURICE A. BARBOZA, Counsel
TIMOTHY J. HART, A8sistant Counsel
CONSTANTINE J. GEKAS, A880ciate Counsel

DOROTHY C. WADLEY, Clerk

CONTENTS

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355

227

Hearings held on-

September 12, 1974.-

September 18, 1974.

September 19, 1974.---

Text of bills

S. 754

H.R. 7873

H.R. 207.

H.R. 658.

H.R. 687

H.R. 773.--.

H.R. 4807.-

Testimony of

Barris, Ivan E., attorney-at-law, Detroit, Mich.--

Ervin, Hon. Sam, a U.Š. Senator from the State of North Carolina,

accompanied by Mark Gittenstein, staff counsel --

Feikens, Hon. John, judge, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of

Michigan.-

Freed, Prof. Daniel J., professor of Law and Its Administration, Yale

Law School -----

Kirks, Rowland, Director, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts;

accompanied by Wayne Jackson, Chief, Division of Provision;
Joseph Spaniol, executive assistant; Cari Imlay, general counsel;

and James McCafferty-----
Miller, Ben R., chairman, American Bar Association, section of

criminal justice, accompanied by Herbert H. Hoffman and Len

Edwards------

Morgan, Charles, Jr., director, Washington office, American Civil

Liberties Union.----

Rakestraw, Vincent W., Assistant Attorney General for Legislative

Affairs, accompanied by H. M. Ray, U.S. attorney, Northern
District of Mississippi; James L. Treece, U.S. attorney, District of
Colorado; Earl Silbert, U.S. attorney, District of Columbia; and

Mac Redwine, legislative counsel ...
Roberts, James É., Chief Federal Public Defender, U.S. District

Court, Eastern District of Michigan...

Zirpoli, Hon. Alfonso J., judge, Northern District of California, San

Francisco---

Prepared statements-

Barris, Ivan E., attorney-at-law, Detroit, Mich.---
Cohen, Hon. William S., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Maine..
Conyers, Hon. John Jr., chairman, Subcommittee on Crime Hearings

on Speedy Trial Legislation...
Feikens, John, U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of

Michigan.-

Freed, Prof. Daniel J., professor of Law and Its Administration, Yale

Law School

Kirks, Rowland F., Director, Administrative Office of the U.S.

Courts---

Miller, Ben R., chairman, American Bar Association section of

criminal justice.-----

Morgan, Charles, Jr., director, Washington office, American Civil Lib-

erties Union....
Rakestraw, W. Vincent, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legis-

lative Affairs
Roberts, James E., Chief Federal Defender, Federal Defender Office,
Detroit, Mich.-------

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Prepared statements—Continued
Rodino, Hon. Peter W., Jr., Chairman, House Committee on the

Judiciary--------------------------------------------------
Treece, James L., U.S. attorney for Colorado.-
Zirpoli, Judge Alfonso J., Northern District of California, chairman of

the Committee of the Administration of the Criminal Law of the

Judicial Conference of the United States---
Exhibits-
Exhibit I-

Ervin, Hon. Sam J., Jr., chairman, Subcommittee on Constitu

tional Rights, Senate Committee of the Judiciary, letter dated
August 27, 1973, to Hon. Elliot L. Richardson, Attorney

General of the United States ---
Rehnquist, William H., Assistant Attorney General, letter to

Hon. Sam J. Ervin Jr.
Richardson, Hon. Elliot L., Attorney General of the United

States, letter dated October 11, 1973, to Hon. Sam J. Ervin,
Exhibit II-

Kirks, Rowland F., Director, Administrative Office of the U.S.

Courts, memorandum dated August 10, 1972, to judges and

clerks of courts
Excerpt From Preliminary Annual Report of the Director of the

Administrative Office, fiscal year 1974.
“As a Matter of fact," from handbook by Merrill A. Smith.

former Chief, Federal Probation System.
Exhibit III-

American Bar Association project on standards for criminal
justice, May 1967–

"Standards Relating to Speedy Trial"..

“Standards Relating to Pretrial Release".. Exhibit IV

Plan for achieving prompt disposition of criminal cases, U.S.

District Court for the Northern District of California.
McCafferty, James A., Chief, Operations Branch, D.I.S. Admin-

istrative Office of the U.S. Courts, memorandum to Judge

Alfonso J. Zirpoli..----
Plan for the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of

Florida for achieving prompt disposition of criminal cases.--
Appendixes-
Appendix 1-

Bradley, Paul, Office of the State Appellate Defender, First

Judicial District, letter dated September 18, 1974, to Timothy
Hart, counsel, Committee on the Judiciary...
Connolly, Sister Alethea, St. Joseph's Provincial House (New

York), letter dated October 29, 1974, to Hon. John Conyers,
Frey, Hon. Louis, Jr., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Florida, prepared statement.------
Greene, Hon. Harold H., Chief Judge, Superior Court of the

District of Columbia, letter dated October 8, 1974, to Hon.

John Conyers, Jr.------
Kirks, Rowland F., Director, Administrative Office of the U.S.

Courts, letter dated October 1, 1974, to Hon. John Conyers,
Mele, Sister Helen (New York), letter dated October 30, 1974, to

Hon. John Conyers, Jr.--
Metcalfe, Hon. Ralph H., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Illinois, prepared statement.---.
Mikva, Hon. Abner J., former Member in Congress from the

State of Illinois, prepared statement-----
O'Connor, Sister Susan Marie, St. Joseph's Provincial Home

(New York), letter dated October 27, 1974, to Hon. John

Conyers, Jr.------
Reilly, Hon. Gerard D., chairman, Joint Committee on Judicial

Administration in the District of Columbia, letter dated

October 10, 1974, to Hon. John Conyers, Jr.-----------------
Rich, Maxwell E., Maj. Gen. (Ret.), National Rifle Association

of America, letter dated September 24, 1974, to Hon. John
Conyers, chairman, Subcommittee on Crime ----

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Appendixes-Continued
Appendix 1-Continued

Tyler, Harold R., Jr., U.S. District Court (N. Y.), letter dated

October 22, 1974, to Maurice Barboza, counsel, Committee on
the Judiciary----

----------------
Appendix 2-

Beaudin, Bruce D., director, District of Columbia Bail Agency,

letter dated September 23, 1974, to Constantine J. Gekas,

counsel, Committee on the Judiciary----
Campbell, Hon. William J., senior U.S. District Judge, prepared

statement -----
Chamlee, Donald L., assistant chief of probation, Administrative
Office of the U.S. Courts, letter dated September 26, 1974, to

Constantine J. Gekas, counsel, Committee on the Judiciary --
Districts With grand juries convened 20 or less days in a 6-

month period, January-June 1974..
Imlay, Carl H., general counsel, Administrative Office of the

U.S. Courts, letter dated September 18, 1974, to Maurice A.

Barboza, counsel, Committee on the Judiciary ---
Statement of budgetary requirements relating to pretrial services

agencies ----
Appendix 3—

Speedy trial Supreme Court decisions ----
Appendix 4-

Law Review articles.---
Appendix 5—

Alaska Rules of Court --
Arizona Revised Statutes Annotated.
Arkansas Statutes—1947..
California Codes ----
Colorado Revised Statutes—1963-
Delaware Code Annotated.-
Florida Statutes Annotated.-
Georgia Code Annotated..
Idaho Code Annotated..
Illinois Statutes Annotated
Indiana Statutes Annotated
Iowa Code Annotated.
Kansas Statutes Annotated
Maryland Code Annotated..
Massachusetts General Laws Annotated.
Michigan Compiled Laws—Annotated.
Minnesota Statutes Annotated.--
Mississippi Code—1972—Annotated..
Missouri Statutes Annotated.-----
Montana Codes Revised...
Nebraska Statutes Revised.-------
Nevada Revised Statutes.-
New Jersey (rules governing the courts of the State)
New York (McKinney's 1972 Session on Laws)---
North Carolina (General Statutes).
North Dakota Century Code.
Ohio Rules of Criminal Procedure
Oklahoma Statutes Annotated.
Oregon Revised Statutes ----
Pennsylvania Statutes Annotated.
Rhode Island General Laws.-
South Carolina Code Annotated
South Dakota Compiled Laws..
Tennessee Code.
Texas Code Annotated
Utah Code Annotated.
Virginia Code-1950
Washington Code Revised --
West Virginia Code -----
Wisconsin Statutes Annotated...
Wyoming Statutes-1957.--.

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