tushes of an enraged wild boar not being things to be encountered with impunity (in support of which I have but to refer the reader to the very entertaining pages of the “Sportsman in France,” by that amusing writer and thorough sportsman-Captain Tolfrey). On reaching the scene of action, however, after every endeavour in our power to get the dogs off, but without success, I found that the only alternative was to bring the matter to a speedy conclusion by putting the muzzle of my gun to his ear, and sending a charge of No. 6 through his head. The desired effect being produced, the "whoo-hoop" was then sounded, and on inspection of the carcass, we discovered three bullet holes; mine having passed completely through the body just in front of the hip bone, whilst T-'s had fractured the spine, not far from the same spot. The legs were forth with tied together, and slinging the defunct across a pole, hastily cut from the adjoining wood, he was conveyed on our shoulders to the edge of the river, which fortunately was not far distant, and where one of our boats had very apropos been sent with luncheon, and immediately dispatched on board. We then proceeded on our expedition, finding in most places an excellent average of birds, and in general lying well, and having been treated to the sight, but alas ! the sight only-of two beautiful wild fallow-deer, which, on our rising the crest of a hill, we perceived cantering quietly up the ascent on the opposite side, but far out of reach of our weapons. The sun by this time having nearly run through his daily course, we wound up the sport by a small wood and lake, which produced eight couple of cocks. We turned our steps homewards, steering as well as we could from recollection, as both vessel and harbour were far out of sight, and of course taking our chance of any thing that might be sprung en passant. On reaching a small lake surrounded with rushes, I fired at a snipe that rose near me, when to my horror at about seventy yards, exactly in my line of fire, up jumped a Greek armed up to the teeth, with pistol and yataghan in his belt, and a gun of the most preposterous length on his shoulder, and shouting at the top of his voice. It appeared that he had been lying concealed for the purpose of shooting ducks and though he had seen me coming, never bargained for his luck bringing him within the scope of a barrel. I was at first very much distressed, as I feared he must be seriously hurt; but fortunately the Grego, without which no Albanian ever moves, had turned most of the shot, so that beyond a trifling graze of one leg, no harm was done, and the gift of a few charges of English powder (the infallible road to the good graces of a Greek) soon settled the matter. We became great allies, carrying on a long conversation on affairs relating to shooting, as well as men can converse when neither of them understand a single word of the other's language ; but, what between signs and nods, we got op à savir, until at parting he insisted on my taking a couple of his ducks, for which he would accept of no remuneration. What seemed the most to strike him ith astonishment was, my detonating gun (a steel primer of my friend the Bishop of Bond-street), and I did my best to convey to him soine idea of the principle, which, as might be expected, ended in his being as wise as he was at first. After this, with the exception of picking up a few cocks amongst the bushes as we passed, we reached the bank of the

before-mentioned lagoon, through which, by the way, we were wer the necessity of wading to arrive at the shores of the harbour. Without any occurrence wortlıy of mention, if I except the laughable mistake made by one of our party, whose spaniel, a little yelping cur, had

gone in pursuit of an innocent water-wagtail, and turned a deaf car to all his master's calls, when wishing to administer a little wholesome correction, he brought his gun to liis shoulder and fired at a respectable distance, but in the hurry of the moment pulled the wrong trigger, and dispatched the leaden messenger which had been kept in reserve for the chance of another boar or deer, when, with one short squeak, the offending animal rolled over on its back, gave one or two kicks, and then lay as dead as Julius Cæsar; to restrain one's laughter was out of the question, from the look of amazement exhibited in the owner's countenance, though the loss of the dog was not perhaps much to be regretted.

On reaching the ship we found our bag consisted of forty couple of woodcocks, six of wild fowl, a few snipe and quail, and one hare, not forgetting our old acquaintance, the boar; so that, taking into consideration that we were totally ignorant of the face of the country and without guides, we had every reason to be satisfied with the day's work.

And now, gentle reader, if the preceding pages have contributed to while away a few idle moments, or have tended to excite your sporting propensities sufficiently to induce you to attempt an excursion to the same climes, my purpose will have been fully answered, and with hearty good wishes for your success,

I remain, truly yours,





The importance of supporting races, as an encouragement to the maintenance of our breed of horses, cannot be more thoroughly established than by the notice taken of it in the House of Commons during the session of 1844, when a committee was formed to inquire into certain events which had transpired, and who, in their report, strongly advocated the necessity of adopting such measures on the part of those engaged in the pursuit as shall secure themselves from the dishonest practices of disreputable individuals who had engaged in racing speculations. These regulations falling upon the members of the Jockey Club, they have had much to do; and if in the performance of their arduous duties they have perhaps not gone into many subjects which were expected, it must still be admitted they have had a most difficult and unpleasant task in hand.

Considering the importance of racing, it appears that much benefit would arise if the members of the Jockey Club were invested with legal authority to enforce the observance of their rules, and to punish ali frauduleni transactions connected with turf engagements which might be brought before them for adjudication. It would be a means of relieving our courts of law from interference in such cases, which, in many instances, are not determined by those tribunals in the equitable spirit of racing observances. There are numerous examples in which the laws of the land do not operate in unison with the acknowledged practices of various sports, and in such cases those edicts are oftentimes exceedingly injurious to the welfare of their sports. It generally happens that a man has recourse to that mode of determining a question which he conceives will be most likely to effect his purpose, and by such means not unfrequently levels a blow at the object itself, which inflicts a serious injury. The investigation of facts by men of common sense, in the ordinary occurrences of life, will more frequently lead to an equitable adjustment of a dispute, than an appeal to the law, where technicalities so frequently envelop the merits of the case as completely to darken it from the truth, and overrule the justice of the question. In racing matters how much more is this position applicable! When a dispute happens, a reference to the members of the Jockey Club is, beyond a doubt, the most likely to lead to a fair decision. They are intimately acquainted with the spirit and intention of their own laws, and can therefore propound them satisfactorily; whereas a court of law, embarrassed with the twofold technicalities of legal and racing terms, can scarcely fail to hamıper a jury with unintelligible perplexities. The members of the Jockey Club may be compared to the Houses of Lords and Commons, and should stand precisely in the same position over racing affairs-having drawn up the rules, they are the most competent to expound them.

There cannot be, I should imagine, any person, let his avocations or pursuits be what they may, who will attempt to deny that our breed of horses is superior to those of any other nation; not simply for the purpose of racing, but the general use for which man, in all climes, calls forth the services of that valuable animal. It is equally conclusive that that superiority has been effected by the ardent enthusiasm which English men have for ages evinced for the turf. I will assert it as my firmest conviction, that no man can offer a stronger proof of indifference for the welfare of his country, than to propose any measures which are hostile to the continuance of our national sports. It is well known that the return made by breeding-horses for ordinary purposes is not sufficient to remunerate the agriculturist for his outlay and trouble; deprive him of the profits of breeding for the turf and the chase, and one moment's reflection will decide that our breed of horses would lose their importance. If we were to be deprived of our horses, in the event of war with our continental neighbours, by what means would our cavalry be supplied ? The answer is obvious. We should have to purchase them perhaps from our enemies, and, if not directly from them, in such a manner that our money would find its way into their coffers to be used against us. A few years since, the French Government sent a commission to this country, to purchase horses to mount their cavalry; when many, in alarm, exclaimed against the policy of our studs being sold upon such conditions, apprehensive that those very nags might be brought forward in the charge against our soldiers-a groundless fear, and one that it is to be hoped will not be realized in any age ; but so long as we have amply sufficient whereon to provide our own troops, and they supply us with money, the sinews of war, there can be no cause for alarm.

If there be any who imagine that our breed of horses would continue to be equally perfect if racing were suffered to decline, I would inquire what other means they would substitute to remunerate breeders, and test the qualifications of the animals? The thoroughbred horse must be used to infuse courage, activity, and stoutness into the veins of the succeeding generations of the equine tribe; and although other classes may be exceedingly useful for certain purposes, the thorough-bred horse must be preserved in the stud to prevent degeneracy.

The amusement which racing affords to an immense body of the people during the summer months is a consideration which cannot be looked upon as one of minor importance. No doubt can exist of the advantages which arise to the community from the lower classes enjoying their pleasurable relaxations under the eye and in conjunction with their superiors; at the same time that it has in no degree whatever a tendency to degrade the peer, it has the effect of exalting the peasant. The mind of man is so regulated that occasional amusement is essential to his prosperity, to his health, and to the general tone of character which imparts energy to his faculties; and those who have been present at the scenes which were to be witnessed within the last twenty years, where the lower orders only assembled in the pursuit of their own diversions, uncontrolled by the presence of their superiors, will not, I am convinced, hesitate for one moment to rejoice at the change that has taken place, and patronize those amusements which so materially conduce to the amelioration of their condition, and improvement of their manners, by diverting their attention from cruelties and barbarisms of the most revolting description. Without seeking a more extensive field than the neighbourhood of Bilston, Tipton, Wednesbury, and the mining districts in that vicinity, enough might have been discovered to impress the mind with the advantages certain to accrue by introducing some attractive periodical amusements, which would divert the attention of the hard-working inhabitants of that thickly populated district.

Races having been established within their reach, they have been led to abandon their former pursuits, and have already become a very different kind of men. To have compelled them to relinquish their former amusements, without substituting some others, would have been a vain attempt. It is true their habits and manners must impress strangers with some degree of amazement; but still more would they have been astonished had they been present at their wakes and bull-baits, “when George the Third was king.'

However important it is, no doubt to control the amusements of mankind within a reasonable scope, it is perfectly inconsistent to suppose that the spirit of the most rigid propriety denies proper and seasonable recreations. The most experienced moralists do not attempt to interdict the occasional enjoyment of pleasures, genial to the minds of the people; and physiologists insist upon recreations as essential to the preservation of health.

Looking to the advantages which are diffused in a neighbourhood where large and influential race-meetings are held, Goodwood affords an example hitherto unparalelled. The vast amount of money annually expended in the surrounding towns and villages, where the visitors anal attendants to this leviathan meeting resort for accommodation, is a source of great profit to the inhabitants. The Goodwood Meeting unquestionably ranks first of all others, both with regard to the number of races r'un during the week, the amount of money to be won, and the general patronage which it experiences. To the influence and liberality of his Grace the Duke of Richmond, combined with the indefatigable exertions of Lord George Bentinck, these races are indebted for their present elevated position. Whatever the latt nobleman undertakes, the perseverance, ability, and steadiness of purpose which his lordship devotes are unequalled.

With the most admirable regulations, every owner of horses may depend upon all that is fair, equitable, and in strict conformity with the rules of racing. And there is yet another great temptation : the winning of a stake is in general a sufficient remuneration to pay a horse's expenses throughout the year; and thus owners of racehorses, tempted by such excellent prizes, are tempted to invoke the Fates, in the hope that the deities presiding over the destinies of Goodwood will smile upon them, and this often by the sacrifice of small stakes at other places of minor importance ; still the pleasing anticipation of winning a great prize will often tempt men to try their luck, although the prospect of success may be by no means flattering.

The conditions of the stakes are so admirably varied as to afford a spacious field for selection ; but one thing must be remembered : unless a man's transactions on the turf are perfectly free from frand or disreputable conduct, Goodwood is not the arena in which he can be permitted to exercise his propensities.

Stakes amounting to large sums by subscription of 300 sovs. each, down to the unpretending sum of £5 each, enable all owners of race-horses to compete; and as both weight-for-age races and handicaps are offered, every class of horse can be accommodated. The conditions of some of the stakes are so framed as to call forth the equestrian abilities of aristocratic amateur jockeys; an arrangement which does not meet the approbation of a considerable portion of the betting world, and indeed of many others whose good sense ought to prompt them with very different sentiments. In the first place, it should be observed, if the Duke of Richmond approves of it, considering the very great attention that is exercised in providing stakes to suit all tastes and conditions, it is somewhat presumptive to call in question any arrangements which his Grace sanctions. In the next, if the betting community do not find that their calcnlations can be so accurately drawn when horses are mounted by gentlemen as hy jockeys, they are not compelled to bet; there are plenty of other races upon which they can speculate, and surely they cannot be so

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