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advantage American association believe cent charges Chicago citizen combinations of capital common companies competing competition conference Congress consolidation consumer cost courts demand destroy discrimination dollars duty economic effect employer employment enterprise established evil existence fact factories farmer favor federal foreign free trade Freeman Knowles freight grain increase individual industrial interests interstate commerce Interstate Commerce Commission Knights of Labor labor legislation liberty manufacturers ment methods millions monopoly nation natural operation organization overcapitalization paid political porations possible practically present principles privileges production profits prosperity purpose question railroad railway rates reason regulate remedy restraint of trade result secure sell shippers Single Tax League social Standard Oil Company statute sumer tendency things Thomas Updegraff tin plate tion to-day trade unions traffic transportation trusts unions United vidual wages wealth
第417页 - A corporation is an artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law. Being the mere creature of law, it possesses only those properties which the charter of its creation confers upon it, either expressly, or as incidental to its very existence.
第137页 - It must not be forgotten that you are not to extend arbitrarily those rules which say that a given contract is void as being against public policy, because if there is one thing which more than another public policy requires it is that men of full age and competent understanding shall have the utmost liberty of contracting, and that their contracts, when entered into freely and voluntarily, shall be held sacred, and shall be enforced by courts of justice.
第366页 - Section 1 provides that every contract combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal.
第417页 - The objects for which a corporation is created are universally such as the government wishes to promote. They are deemed beneficial to the country ; and this benefit constitutes the consideration, and, in most cases, the sole consideration, of the grant.
第91页 - A monopoly is an institution, or allowance by the king by his grant, commission, or otherwise to any person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, of or for the sole buying, selling, making, working, or using of anything, whereby any person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, are sought to be restrained of any freedom or liberty that they had before, or hindered in their lawful trade.
第166页 - ... the carriage of freights from being and being treated as one continuous carriage from the place of shipment to the place of destination, unless such break, stoppage, or interruption was made in good faith for some necessary purpose, and without any intent to avoid or unnecessarily interrupt such continuous carriage or to evade any of the provisions of this act.
第430页 - What these fundamental principles are, it would perhaps be more tedious than difficult to enumerate. They may, however, be all comprehended under the following general heads : protection by the government; the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the right to acquire and possess property of every kind, and to pursue and obtain happiness and safety ; subject nevertheless to such restraints as the government may justly prescribe for the general good of the whole.
第524页 - It is not intended to say that these words comprehend that commerce which is completely internal, which is carried on between man and man in a state, or between different parts of the same state, and which does not extend to or affect other states. Such a power would be inconvenient, and is certainly unnecessary. Comprehensive as the word among is, it may very properly be restricted to that commerce which concerns more states than one.
第48页 - Perpetuities and monopolies are contrary to the genius of a free government, and shall never be allowed; nor shall the law of primogeniture or entailments ever be in force in this state.