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according acts adopted allowed American appear applied armed authority become belli belligerent belonging blockade bound cargo carried century chap character commerce conduct confiscation continuance contraband courts custom Declaration of Paris Denmark direct doctrine doubt duty effect enemy enemy's England English enter equipment established existing express fact fitted force foreign France French give Government ground hand hostilities immediate importance intent issued latter less limited looked Lord Martens means ment military nature naval necessary neutral object operations opinion Ortolan parties peace permitted persons port possessed practice prevent principle privileges prize prohibition Provinces provisions question reason received respect rule Russia says seized ships sovereign sovereignty Spain subjects sufficient supplies Sweden taken territory tion trade treaties United usage vessel violation waters Wheaton writers
第 67 頁 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace ; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
第 66 頁 - States shall then be at peace with such belligerent. ) 8. Fitting out and arming, or attempting to fit out and arm, or procuring to be fitted out and armed, or knowingly being concerned in the furnishing, fitting out, or arming of any ship or vessel with intent that such ship or vessel shall be employed in the service of either of the said belligerents.
第 196 頁 - Majesty for that purpose first had and obtained as aforesaid, shall, by adding to the number of the guns of such vessel, or by changing those on board for other guns, or by the addition of any equipment for war...
第 193 頁 - Considering : That maritime law, in time of war, has long been the subject of deplorable disputes; That the uncertainty of the law and of the duties in such a matter gives rise to differences of opinion between neutrals and belligerents which "may occasion serious difficulties, and even conflicts...
第 197 頁 - ... fine and imprisonment, or either of them, at the discretion of the Court in which such offender shall be convicted...
第 192 頁 - Que tout vaisseau peut naviguer librement de port en port et sur les côtes des nations en guerre.
第 64 頁 - But there is nothing in our laws, or in the law of nations, that forbids our citizens from sending armed vessels, as well as munitions of war, to foreign ports for sale. It is a commercial adventure which no nation is bound to prohibit, and which only exposes the persons engaged in it to the penalty of confiscation.
第 45 頁 - Equipments of vessels in the ports of the United States which are of a nature solely adapted to war are deemed unlawful...