« 上一頁繼續 »
$}, Afyndeton defined. 2. Instances of it from
SALLUST, SUETONIUS, CICERO, and VIRGIL.
$ 3. Examples of this Figure from Scripture. - $ 4. What LONGINUS says upon the Afyndeton.
$ 5. A Polyfyndeton defined. $ 6. Examples of
it from Livy and Virgil. 7. Instances of --- this Figure from Scripture. $ 8. Examples of
the Afyndeton and Polysyndeton, in a passage
from DEMOSTHENES. $9. Remarks upon these *. Figures.
§ 1. Syndeton * is a Figure, occasioned by
41 the omission of conjunctive particles, which are dropped either to express vehemence or speed; or sometimes it may be from a noble negligence of nice accuracy, arising from an attention to our ideas.
$ 2. SALLUST furnishes us with an example of this sort in his description of the Moors : “ There
fr was * From A privativa & oudew, I disunite, or disjoin.
« was then, says he, an horrible spectacle in the
open plains, pursuit, fight, slaughter, capti66 vity *"
So in the Pontic triumph, CÆSAR had it inscribed in the pageants of the show, I came, I faw, I vanquifbed t; thereby signifying the rapidity of his success.
CICERO says, designing it may be the excessive rage in which CATILINE left Rome, He is gone, departed, escaped, rushed out (I. - In like mamer we see the harry of DiDo's mind, in the abrupt precipitate manner in which lhe orders her people to pursue Æneas; : ; . Go, haste, my subjects, feize the faming brands,
Extend the fails, impel the Aying oars I.
: $ 3. Scripture will furnish us with examples of this Figure: Rom. i. 29. ss Being filled with ss all unrighteousness, fornication, : wickedness, ss covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murss der, debate, deceit, malignity ; whisperers,
s backbiters, * Tum fpectaculum horribile in campis patentibus, fequi, fugere; occidi, capi. SALLUSTIUS de Bello Jugurthin, p.106. edit. MaittaiRE.
+ Pontico triumpho inter pompæ fercula trium verborum prætulit titulum, Veni, vidi, vici. Suetonius in Vit. C#SAR. § 37.
| Abiit, exceflit, evasit, erupit. Cicer. Orat, ii. in CaTIL. N. I a . viii'i i
ni • finitio,bte;; iiii ' Ferte citi flammas, date vela, impellite remos.
VIRCIL. Æneid. lib. iv. ver. 593.
* backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, ss boasters, inyenters of evil things, disobedient ss to parents, without understanding, covenantss breakers, without natural affection, implacable, 35 unmerciful.ss So Rom. iii. 11, 12. ss There is * none that understands, there is none that seeks *s after God. They are all gone out of the way, " they are altogether become unprofitable; there ss is none that does good, no, not one.ss And 1 Cor. xiii. 4---7. s Charity envies not; charity » vaunts not itself, is not puffed up; doth not $ behave itself unseemly, seeks not her own, is is not easily provoked, thinks no evil, rejoices * not in iniquity, bụt rejoices in the truth;
bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.s
$ 4. Longinus discourses concerning this Figure, and tells us, that « sentences divefted of 6 their copulatives flow loosely down, and are « poured out in such a manner as almost to out6 strip the speaker. And closing their shields
together, fays XENOPHON, they pushed, they “ fought, they killed, they were killed. So that " report of EURYLOCHus in Homer,
« We went, ULYSSES, such was your command, « Thro' the wild woods, we saw a stately, dome
“ Rise o'er the trees embofom'd in the vale; « For words of this fort, separated from one “ another, and yet precipitated by the voice, “ carry with them an energy, that at the
« same time checks, and yet accelarates the « fentence *."
The want of a scrupulous connexion,” says an ingenious Writer,“ draws things into a smaller 66 compass, and adds the greater spirit and emo« tion: the more rays are thus collected into a « point, the more vigorous the flame 7."
$ 5. The very opposite to this Figure is the Polyfyndeton I; for as the Afyndeton drops, so the Polyfyndeton on the contrary abounds with conjunctive particles.
$ 6. We have an instance of this kind in Livy; who, describing the pleasure and luxury which corrupted and foftened the army of HANNIBAL, says, “ For sleep, and wine, and feasts, 6 and strumpets, and bagnios, and sloth, that 6 through custom grows every day more be is witching, had so enervated their minds and
* Απλοκα εκπιπίει, και σιoνει προχειλαι τα λεγομενα, ολιγα dow plowoulca xat a vlov tov deyoria. “ Kas our Gaaorles, Onorr « o Zivo@wv, tes ao todas, twberlo, ewberlo, aga zorlo, emixlen« κον, απεθνησκον.” Και τα τα Ευρυλοχο,
! Hiomer, 'ws exedeves, avce dgovca, pardope' Odvocev, * Eυρομεν εν βησσησι τελυγμενα δωμαλα καλα.. Τα γαρ αλληλων διακεκομμενα, και εδεν ηταν καθεσπεσ μενα, φερει της αγωνιας εμφασιν, αμα και εμποδιζοσης τι και συνδιο280ns. LONGINUS de Sublimitate, $ 19. + Spence's Ellay on Mr Pope's Ody/ey, page 237.
From golv and ourd'sw, I conjoin much.
« bodies, that the reputation of their paft vic“ tories protected them more than their present “ strength ."
Virgil will also furnish us with an example of the same Figure; - The African bears with him all his wealth, : . And house, and houshold-gods, and armed force, a
And trusty dog, and quiver Aedg’d with darts *.
$7. We may find examples of this Figure in Scripture : Psalm xviii. 2. * The LORD is my ss rock, and my strength, and my deliverer.ss. So Gal. iv. 10. Ye observe days, and times, and ss months, and years.ss And Rom. viii. 350 ss Who ss shall separate us from the love of Christ? ss Shall tribulation, or distress, or perfecution, or ss famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword ? And again, ver. 38, 39. of the same chapter, ss For I am persuaded that neither death, nor * life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, * nor things present, nor things to come, nor ss height, nor depth, nor any other creature shali s be able to separate us from the love of God, ss which is in Christ Jesus our LORD.ss.
I Somnus enim, & vinum, & epulæ, & scorta, balneaque, : & otium consuetudine indies blandius, ita enervaverunt cor
pora animosque, ut magis deinde præteritæ eos victoriæ quam præsentes tutarentur vires. Liv. lib. xxii. $ 18.
, in Omnia fecum . . ". Í Armentarius Afer agit, tectumque, laremque, Armaque, amyclæumque canem, creslamque pharetram.
VIRGIL. Georgic. libs iii. ver. 343,